• Title, Summary, Keyword: amylose content

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A New Rice Cultivar "Jogwang" with RSV Resistance and Short Growth Duration (벼줄무늬잎마름병 저항성 단기성 벼 신품종 "조광")

  • Lee, Jong-Hee;Kang, Jong-Rae;Park, Dong-Soo;Yeo, Un-Sang;Kwak, Do-Yeon;Shin, Mun-Sik;Song, You-Chun;Ha, Woon-Goo;Cho, Jun-Hyeon;Kim, Chun-Song;Jeon, Myeong-Gi;Lee, Gi-Yun;Yi, Gi-Hwan;Nam, Min-Hee;Ku, Yeon-Chung;Oh, Byeong-Geun;Kim, Myeong-Ki;Yang, Sae-Jun;Kim, Jae-Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.163-167
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    • 2009
  • Jogwang is a new early maturing japonica rice developed in 2007 from a cross between Milyang187 and YR21113-B-B at the Department of Functional Crop Science, NICS, RDA. This cultivar is very suitable to the rice-cash crop double cropping system. Heading date of Jogwang is 2 days earlier than Keumobyeo under the late transplanting cultivation on July 10 at the Yeongnam plain. The tolerance level of this variety to leaf discoloration at seedling stage is very similar to Keumobyeo. It showed slightly lower viviparous germination and premature heading. This cultivar showed resistant reactions to leaf blast and rice stripe virus disease but susceptible to bacterial blight disease and major insect pests. The ratio of milling and head rice recovery of Jogwang is 76.5% and 64.5%, respectively. The milled kernels are translucent with non glutinous endosperm. This cultivar has 7.3% protein and 18.5% amylose content. In local adaptability test, showed that the milled rice yield of Jogwang is $4.90\;MT\;ha^{-1}$. This cultivar is suitable for planting in the plain paddy fields of Honam and Yeonnam regions in Korea.

A Medium-late Maturing New Rice Cultivar with High Grain Quality, Multi-disease Resistance, Adaptability to Direct Seeding and Transplanting Cultivation, "Hopum" (벼 중만생 최고품질 복합내병성 직파 및 이앙 겸용 "호품")

  • Ko, Jong-Cheol;Kim, Bo-Kyeong;Nam, Jeong-Kwon;Baek, Man-Gee;Ha, Ki-Yong;Kim, Ki-Young;Son, Ji-Young;Lee, Jae-Kil;Choung, Jin-Il;Ko, Jae-Kwon;Shin, Mun-Sik;Kim, Young-Doo;Mo, Young-Jun;Kim, Kyeong-Hoon;Kim, Chung-Kon
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.533-536
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    • 2008
  • Hopum is a new japonica rice cultivar developed from the cross between Milyang165 and F1 crossing Milyang165 and Iksan438 at Department of Rice and Winter Cereal Crop, NICS, RDA, in 2006. This cultivar has a short grain shape and about 141 days growth duration from direct seeding to harvesting in the southern plain including Chungcheong province. This cultivar has short culm and spikelet number per panicle is similar to that of Nampyeongbyeo, while filled grain rate is lower than standard variety. This cultivar has medium size of brown rice and shows moderate resistance to leaf blast, to bacterial blight pathogens of $K_1$, $K_2$ and $K_3$ and stripe virus disease but susceptible to major virus diseases and insect pests. The milled kernel of Hopum is translucent with non-glutinous endosperm. Protein and amylose content of Hopum is about 6.5% and 18.7%, respectively. This cultivar has better palatability of cooked rice than Chucheongbyeo harvested in Gyeongki province. Its milling recovery (76.8%) and percentage of perfect-shaped milled rice (94.7%) were higher than Nampyeongbyeo. The milled rice yield of Hopum was 5.83 MT/ha (15% higher than Juan) under wet-direct seeding, 5.66 MT/ha (8% higher than Juan) under dry-direct seeding, and 6.00 MT/ha (8% higher than Nampyeong) under ordinary transplanting cultivation. "Hopum" would be adaptable for ordinary transplanting and direct seeding in the southern plain including Chungcheong province.

An Early-Maturing, Blast Resistant and High Quality Rice Cultivar "Pyeongwon" (벼 조생 단간 내도열병 고품질 신품종 "평원")

  • Ryu, Hae-Young;Jeon, Yong-Hee;Jung, Kuk-Hyun;Shin, Young-Seop;Hwang, Hung-Goo;Kim, Hong-Yeol;Kim, Myeong-Ki;Jung, O-Young;Won, Yong-Jae;Kim, Yeon-Gyu;Yang, Chang-In;Lee, Jeom-Ho;Lee, Jeong-Il;Lee, Jeong-Heui;Choi, Yoon-Hee;Yang, Sae-Jun;Ahn, Eok-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.177-181
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    • 2009
  • 'Pyeongwon' is a new japonica rice cultivar which is developed from a cross between Jinbu19 and Samjiyeon4 from North Korea by the rice breeding team of National Institute of Crop Science, RDA. Pyeongwon has about 107 days duration from seeding to heading in mid-northen plain, alpine, north-eastern coastal and southern alpine areas. It has about 67 cm culm length and tolerance to lodging. Pyeongwon has 13 tillers per hill and 82 spikelets per panicle. It showed tolerance to heading delay and spikelet sterility due to cold treatment similar to Odaebyeo. It also showed slow leaf senescence and moderate tolerance to viviparous germination during the ripening stage. Pyeongwon has resistance to blast disease but susceptible to stripe virus and brown planthopper. Milled rice of Pyeongwon has translucent kernels, relatively clear non-glutinous endosperm and medium short grain. It is characterized as a low gelatinization temperature and slightly lower amylose content (17.1%) variety compared to Odaebyeo (19.5%) and has good palatability of cooked rice. The milled rice yield performance of this cultivar was about 5.28 MT/ha by ordinary culture in local adaptability test for three years. This cultivar may be highly adaptable to the mid-northen plain, alpine, north-eastern coastal and southern alpine areas of Korea.

An Early-Maturing and High Grain Quality, Intermediate Breeding Rice Variety 'Jungmo1001' (벼 조생 고품질 중간모본 '중모1001')

  • Won, Yong-Jae;Jeon, Yong-Hee;Jung, Kuk-Hyun;Shin, Young-Seop;Kim, Yeon-Gyu;Choi, Im-Soo;Han, Hee-Seog;Oh, Myung-Kyu;Lee, Sang-Bok;Lee, Jeong-Il;Cho, Young-Chan;Choi, Yong-Hwan;Roh, Jae-Hwan;Ahn, Eok-Keun;Yoon, Young-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.606-610
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    • 2011
  • 'Jungmo1001' is an early maturing intermediate breeding line developed from a cross between Cheolweon52 and SR14694-57-4-2-1-3-2-2 by the rice breeding team of National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration (RDA) in 1994. 'Jungmo1001' has about 107 days duration from seeding to heading in mid-northern inland plain, southern alpine area and north-eastern coastal areas. It has about 73 cm in culm length with semi-erect plant type and good canopy architecture. This variety has 13 tillers per hill and 90 spikelets per panicle. Its 1,000 grain-weight of brown rice is 21.2 g which is less than 26.3 g of 'Odaebyeo'. Milled kernels are translucent with non-glutinous endosperm, low amylose content (18.1%) compared with 'Odaebyeo' palatability of cooked rice is very good. This variety shows strong resistance to cold treatment, lodging, premature heading and wilting. This variety shows moderately resistant to blast disease but susceptible to bacterial blight, stripe virus and insect pests. The milled rice yield performance of this variety is about 5.45 MT/ha by ordinary culture in local adaptability test for three years. This variety may be highly adaptable to the mid-northern inland plain, southern alpine area and north-eastern coastal areas of Korea.

Differences in Physicochemical and Textural Properties of Germinated Brown Rice in Various Rice Varieties (발아현미의 이화학적 특성 및 취반 특성)

  • Cho, Dong-Hwa;Park, Hye-Young;Lee, Seuk-Ki;Park, Jiyoung;Choi, Hye-Sun;Woo, Koan-Sik;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Sim, Eun-Yeong;Won, Yong-Jae;Lee, Dong-Hyun;Oh, Sea-Kwan
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.62 no.3
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    • pp.172-183
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    • 2017
  • Germinated brown rice (GBR) has received considerable attention over the last decade as a means of enhancing the nutritional value and health-promoting functions of rice. The effect of germination on the physicochemical and textural properties of brown rice (BR) was investigated in different rice varieties (Samkwang, Misomi, Chindeul, and Hyeonpum). Cooking properties, such as water absorption, expanded volume, and soluble solids were significantly increased by germination in all rice varieties. Textural properties (hardness, toughness, adhesiveness, and stickiness) of cooked samples were determined using a texture analyzer. Hardness and toughness were decreased by germination, whereas stickiness and adhesiveness increased significantly. These results revealed that germination leads to improvements in the cooking and eating properties of BR. In Rapid Visco Analyzer (RVA), significant reductions were observed for peak viscosity, break down, set back, and final viscosity after germination. Although the amylose content of Misomi was slightly decreased by germination, that of other varieties increased significantly. Germination induced no noticeable change in the average chain length of amylopectin in Misomi, Chindeul and Hyeonpum, but led to a significant increase in Samkwang.

Properties of Nonwaxy Rice Flours with Different Soaking Time and Particle Sizes (수침시간과 입자크기가 다른 멥쌀가루의 특성)

  • Lee, Mi-Kyung;Kim, Jeong-Ok;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.268-275
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    • 2004
  • Effects of soaking time and particle size on physicochemical properties of nonwaxy rice flour were investigated. Nonwaxy rice grains were soaked at $4^{\circ}C$ for 0, 1, 12, and 24 hr, dried at room temperature, and milled, Resulting flours were passed through 45-mesh ($<355{\mu}m,\;IL45$) and 100-mesh ($<150{\mu}m\;IL100$) sieves and separated into $<40{\mu}m\;and\;40-100{\mu}m$ series. IL45 series showed higher amount of large particles ($40-100{\mu}m$) than IL100 series. As the soaking time increased, protein and ash contents decreased, and amylose content, water-binding capacity, swelling power, and solubity of nonwaxy rice flours increased. Swelling power and solibility of nonwaxy rice flours also increased between $65-85^{\circ}C$. Water-binding capacity, swelling power, and solubility of IL100 series were higher than those of IL45 series. 12 hr-soaked nonwaxy rice flour pastes showed higher peak viscosity and breakdown but lower setback and visicosity at $95\;and\;50^{\circ}C$ than 1 hr-soaked ones. X-Ray diffractograms of nonwaxy rice flours were not affected, whereas surface appearance was affected, by soaking time and particle size.

Physicochemical Characteristics of Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam) Starch Depending on Cultivation Periods (재배기간에 따른 고구마(Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam) 전분의 이화학적 특성)

  • Han, Seon-Kyeong;Song, Yeon-Sang;Ahn, Seung-Hyun;Yang, Jung-Wook;Lee, Hyeong-Un;Lee, Joon-Seol;Chung, Mi-Nam;Nam, Sang-Sik;Choi, In-Hoo;Park, Keun-Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.750-756
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    • 2014
  • This study was performed to understand the effect of cultivation periods on the physicochemical characteristics of the starch of five sweetpotato cultivars, cultivated in Muan, Korea. Starch, protein, and ash contents increased with increased cultivation period, whereas amylose content decreased. Rapid viscosity analysis showed that the pasting temperature, peak viscosity, breakdown, setback and final viscosity increased with increased cultivation period. However, trough and final viscosity decreased. Although the onset temperature and peak temperature values increased, the conclusion temperature did not show any consistent patterns by differential scanning calorimetry. X-ray diffraction showed that the starch samples had C-type crystallinity irrespective of the cultivation period and cultivar. The starch granules were dominantly round and oval, or polygonal irrespective the cultivation period. The bigger the particle size was, the longer the cultivation period was.

Physicochemical Characteristics of Sikhye (Korean Traditional Rice Beverage) with Specialty Rice Varieties (특수미 품종에 따른 식혜의 이화학적 특성)

  • Kim, Kee-Jong;Woo, Koan-Sik;Lee, Jin-Seok;Chun, A-Reum;Choi, Yoon-Hee;Song, Jin;Suh, Sae-Jung;Kim, Sun-Lim;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.11
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    • pp.1523-1528
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to compare the physicochemical characteristics and sensory quality of Sikhye (a Korean traditional rice beverage) prepared with specialty rice varieties. The results showed that Ilpum had higher hulling recovery, milled/brown rice ratio, and milling recovery than Sulgaeng, Baegjinju, Baegjinju 1, and Dongjinchal. The alkali digestive value, protein content, and amylose contents of Sulgaeng were 6.3, 7.3% and 19.3%, respectively. The highest brix degree was $10.00^{\circ}Bx$ in Baegjinju Sikhye. The turbidity appeared at 0.4440, 0.4100, 0.3828, 0.3372, 0.1414 in Ilpum, Baegjinju, Baegjinju 1, Sulgaeng, and Dongjinchal Sikhye, respectively. There were no significant differences in pH and maltose contents among the groups. The highest L-value was 44.62 in Ilpum Sikhye. The a-value and b-value were $-1.66{\sim}-0.70$ and $-9.18{\sim}-5.19$, respectively. Finally, the sensory evaluation results indicated that there were no significant differences in appearance, aroma, and taste between the groups, and the Sulgaeng Sikhye showed higher overall quality than the Dongjinchal Sikhye as the control.

Optimal Transplanting Time for 'Saemimyeon' Production in Youngnam Province (영남지방에서 쌀면용 새미면 최대생산을 위한 이앙적기 설정)

  • Bae, Hyun Kyung;Hwang, Jung Dong;Seo, Jong Ho;Kim, Sang Yeol
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.63 no.3
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    • pp.205-209
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    • 2018
  • 'Saemimyeon,' a Tongil-type rice variety (Indica x Japonica), containing high amylose content, is suitable for rice noodle production. Currently, the major parts of the rice processing industry that include products such as rice flour and noodles are expected to partially replace the wheat flour market. The volume of the rice noodle market is growing and can contribute to the rice surplus problems and farmer's income. This study was carried out to promote productivity of 'Saemimyeon' by finding the most suitable transplanting times in Youngnam Province. The transplanting times were May $10^{th}$, May $17^{th}$, May $24^{th}$, May $31^{th}$, June $7^{th}$, and June $14^{th}$ and the planting distance was $30{\times}12cm$. The field experiment was conducted in the Miryang region (southern plain region of Korea) from 2015 to 2017. Our results suggested that the optimum transplanting dates were from May $17^{th}$ to May $31^{th}$, which resulted in an average yield of 750 kg/10 a. The average grain filling rate before May $31^{th}$ was more than 83% and it declined to 75% after June $7^{th}$. The average temperature range from heading to harvesting time was $21{\sim}25^{\circ}C$ and the estimated optimal temperature was $24^{\circ}C$, which is similar to that of May $24^{th}$ by regression equation. It is suggested that low temperature at seed maturation time caused the lower grain filling rate, and therefore 'Saemimyeon' needed to be transplanted before May $31^{th}$ for higher productivity. Estimated optimal transplanting time based on temperature was 1 ~ 2 weeks earlier than the optimum transplanting time for common japonica rice cultivars in Youngnam Province.