• Title, Summary, Keyword: amylose content

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Retrogradation Behavior of Rice Starches Differing in Amylose Content and Gel Consistency (아밀로오스 함량과 Gel Consistency의 차이에 의한 품종별 쌀전분의 노화특성)

  • Kum, Jun-Seok;Lee, Sang-Hyo;Lee, Hyun-Yu;Lee, Chan
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1052-1058
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    • 1996
  • The effect of varietal differences of rice starches by amylose content and gel consistency on the retrogradation behavior was studied. Setback viscosity of rice flour measured in a Brabender amylograph was significantly affected by amylose content as well as gel consistency. Increase in the rigidity modulus (E) of rice starch gels during storage determined by using texture analyzer indicated that amylose content was an important factor in terms of hardness increase. Kinetics of retrogradation showed that time constant of rice starch gels was influenced by amylose content, but not by gel consistency.

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Statistical Analysis of Amylose and Protein Content in Landrace Rice Germplasm Collected from East Asian Countries Based on Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS) (근적외선분광분석에 의한 동아시아 지역 재래종 벼 유전자원의 아밀로스 및 단백질 함량 변이분석)

  • Oh, Sejong;Choi, Yu Mi;Yoon, Hyemyeong;Lee, Sukyeung;Yoo, Eunae;Lee, Myung Chul;Rauf, Muhammad;Chae, Byungsoo
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.64 no.2
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    • pp.70-88
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    • 2019
  • A statistical analysis of 4,380 non-glutinous landrace rice germplasm collected from four East Asian countries namely South Korea (1,032), North Korea (994), Japan (800), and China (528) was conducted using normal distribution, variability index value (VIV), analysis of variation (ANOVA), and Duncan's multiple range test (DMRT) based on a data obtained from Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS) analysis. In normal distribution, the average protein content was 8.2%, and the non-glutinous rice amylose, ranging over 10%, was found to be 22.0%. Protein content in most gremplasm was between 5.4 and 10.9%, and amylose content was between 15.0 and 28.9%. The VIV was 0.50 for protein, and 0.81 for non-glutinous rice amylose content. The average amylose content was 23.34% in Chinese, 21.55% in South Korean, 21.45% in Japanese, and 20.48% in North Korean resources, while the average protein content was found to be 9.02% in Chinese, 8.06% in Japanese, 8.04% in North Korean, and 7.99% in South Korean resources. ANOVA of amylose and protein content showed significant differences at p=0.01. The F-test value for amylose content was 94.92, and for protein content was 81.82 compared to the critical value of 3.79. DMRT of amylose and protein content revealed significant differences (p<0.01). Among the various germplasm obtained from different countries, that from North Korean had the lowest level of amylose content, whereas that from South Korea had the lowest level of protein content than all other resources. Chinese resources had the highest level of amylose and protein content. It is recommended to use these results in breeding fields.

Grain properties of low amylose endosperm induced by T-DNA insertion in Rice(Oryza sativa L.) (벼에서 T-DNA가 삽입된 저아밀로스 배유의 미립특성)

  • Park, Se-Ug;Lee, Hyun-Suk;Sohn, Jae-Keun
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.29
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to determine the agronomic characteristics of low amylose lines which were derived from induced mutants by T-DNA insertion. The agronomic and physicochemical properties of the low amylose mutants were analyzed and compared with a donor cultivar 'Dongjin' and a low amylose cultivar 'Baekjinju'. The heading date of the low amylose mutants was similar to the donor cultivar 'Dongjin' and yield index of the mutants was 78~92% compared with 'Dongjin'. The amylose content of four mutants in brown rice was ranged from 16.1 to 16.7%. Among low amylose mutants, 'P50-4-4-5' was lower 3.6%(13.3%) than those of 'Dongjin'(16.9%) in amylose content of milled rice. The grain length of 'P50-4-4-5' was similar to the donor cultivar, however, thousand grain weight(18.9g) was lighter than those of 'Dongjin'. The score of alkali digestion in brown rice of 'P50-4-4-5'(5.5) was lower than that of 'Dongjin'(6.8) and similar to 'Baekjinju'(5.8). The gel consistency of 'P50-4-4-5'(84mm) in milled rice exhibited that was longer than 'Dongjin'(76mm) and 'Baekjinju'(81mm). The result of eating quality showed that 'P50-4-4-5'(78.8) was higher than those of 'Dongjin'(60.3) and 'Baekjinju'(67.2). Thus our data suggest that 'P50-4-4-5' will facilitate the development of a new cultivar with low amylose rice.

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The Chemical Quality Properties during Processing Treatment of Brown Rice Varieties with Different Amylose Content (아밀로오스 함량이 다른 현미의 품종별 가공 처리에 따른 화학적 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Jong-Gu;Kwon, Kwang-Il;Choi, Ji-Young;Choi, Jong-Dong;Choung, Myoung-Gun;Im, Moo-Hyeog
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to determine the chemical quality properties during processing treatment using the brown rice varieties with different amylose content. It was investigated using Hwaseonchalbyeo, Baegjinjubyeo, Ilpumbyeo and Goamibyeo varieties. As for the chemical properties of fried brown rice, phenolic compounds increased by the frying treatment. The component of aroma after the frying treatment, it showed that aldehydes sorts of benzaldehyde, phenylmethanal had the highest content. The content of vitamin B group during parboiling treatment and frying treatment decreased as a whole than the non-treatment brown rice. The higher the content of amylose was, the more the content of vitamin $B_2$ increased. The higher the content of amylose was, the more the content of vitamin $B_6$ and mineral contents decreased. The component of mineral during frying treatment, it showed that Mg had the highest content. The higher the content of amylose increased, the more the blue value increased. The 2,2-diphenyl-$\beta$-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) after the frying treatment was relatively increased.

Statistical Treatment on Amylose and Protein Contents in Rice Variety Germplasm Based on the Data Obtained from Analysis of Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS) (NIRS 분석 Data에 의한 국내외 육성품종 벼 유전자원의 아밀로스 및 단백질 성분에 대한 통계분석)

  • Oh, Sejong;Chae, Byungsoo;Lee, Myung Chul;Choi, Yu Mi;Lee, Sukyeung;Ko, Ho Cheol;Rauf, Muhammad;Hyun, Do Yoon
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.498-514
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    • 2018
  • A statistical analysis for 3651 genetic resources collected from China (1,542), Japan (1,409), Korea (413), and India (287) was conducted using normal distribution, variability index value (VIV), analysis of variation (ANOVA) and Ducan's multiple range test (DMRT) based on a data obtained from NIRS analysis. In normal distribution, the average protein content was 8.0%, whereas waxy type amylose and common rice amylose were found to be 8.7% and 22.7%, respectively. The protein contents ranged from 5.4 to 10.6% at the level of 95%. The waxy amylose and common rice amylose ranged from 5.9 to 11.5%, and from 16.9 to 28.5% at 95% confidence level, respectively. The VIV was 0.59 for protein, 0.64 for low amylose, and 0.81 for high amylose contents. The average amylose contents were 18.85% in Japanese, 19.99% in Korean, 20.27% in Chinese, and 25.46% in Indian resources, while the average protein contents were found to be 7.23% in Korean, 7.73% in Japanese, 8.01% in Chinese, and 8.17% in Indian resources. The ANOVA of amylose and protein content showed significant differences at the level of 0.01. The F-test for amylose content was 158.34, and for protein content 53.95 compared to critical value 3.78. The DMRT of amylose and protein content showed significant difference (p<0.01) between resources of different countries. Japanese resources had the lowest level of amylose contents, whereas, the lowest level of protein content was found in Korean resources compared to other origins. Indian resources showed the highest level of amylose and protein contents. It is recommended these results should be helpful to future breeding experiments.

Fast systemic evaluation of amylose and protein contents in collected rice landraces germplasm using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy(NIRS)

  • Oh, Sejong;Lee, Myung Chul;Choi, Yu Mi;Lee, Sukyeung;Rauf, Muhammad;Chae, Byungsoo;Hyun, Do Yoon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.70-70
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to characterize the amylose and protein contents of 4,948 rice landrace germplasm using the NIRS model developed in the previous study. The amylose contents estimated by NIRS in the standard rice were Sinseonchal (6.881%) 4.994%, Chucheong (19.731%) 18.633%, Goami (23.246%) 20.548%. Protein contents were Sinseonchal (6.890%) 6.824%, Chucheong (6.350%) 6.869%, Goami (6.777%) 7.839%. The NIRS analysis showed that 1.1-2.7%point lower in amylose and 0.4-0.6%point higher in protein than standard contents. The average amylose content of the germplasm was 20.39% with a range of 3.97-37.13%. The average protein content was 8.17% with a range of 5.20-17.45%. Amylose contents with a range of 20.06-27.02% represented 62.20% of the germplasm. Protein contents with a range of 6.78-9.75% represented 81.60% of the germplasm. Korean landrace comprised 24.9% among the 4,948 germplasm collected from 41 countries. A specific range of amylose contents showed in Korea 16.58-20.06%, in Japan 20.06-23.25%, in North Korea 23.25-27.02% and in China 27.02-37.13%. Protein contents exhibited 5.20-17.45% evenly in the whole landraces, whereas Chinese landrace particularly observed with 6.78-8.27% and 9.75-17.45%. Fifty resources were selected with low and high amylose ranging from 3.97-6.66% to 30.41-37.13% respectively. Similarly fifty resources were selected with low and high protein ranging from 5.20-6.09% to 13.21-17.45% respectively. Landraces with higher protein should be adapted to practical utilization of food sources.

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Influence of Water and Surfactants on Wheat Starch Gelatinization and Retrogradation (수분과 계면활성제가 밀전분의 호화와 노화에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.116-121
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    • 1991
  • The effects of water contents and surfactants, sodium stearoyl-lactylate, sucrose ester and distilled monoglyceride(Dimodan) on wheat starch gelatinization and retrogradation were studied by differential scanning calorimetry. The endothermic peak patterns of starch varied with water content of starch. When water content was less than 30%, gelatinization did not occur. The onset temperature of gelatinization peak of native starch was $59{\sim}60^{\circ}C$ and that of endothermal peak of retrograded starch was $50{\sim}55^{\circ}C$. The enthalpy value of retrograded starch were greatest in the $40{\sim}50%$ water content. In the presence of surfactants, gelatinization temperatures shifted slightly to higher temperatures. DSC endothermal enthalpies of the amylose-lipid complex increased. The degree of retrogradation in starch was lower with surfactant than without surfactant, but enthalpy of amylose-lipid complex did not change during storage.

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Comparison of starch properties of rice varieties in different eating quality

  • Yoon, Mi-Ra;Kwak, Jieun;Lee, Jeong-Heui;Lee, Jeom-Sig;Kim, Mi-Jung;Jung, Tae-Wook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.295-295
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    • 2017
  • Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the most important food crops in the world. The eating quality of cooked rice is the most important trait japonica rice breeding in Korea. Rice varieties that produce kernels that are firm and fluffy after cooking are generally favored in countries such as India, Pakistan, and Indonesia. Whereas varieties with kernels that maintain its shape, glossiness, savory odor, stickiness, and tenderness when cooked are preferred in Korea. This study analyzed the major physicochemical components of rice grain associated with the eating quality of 20 japonica rice varieties. Physicochemical components such as the amylose content, protein content, amylographic characteristics of polished rice, and texture of cooked rice were tested using a Tensipresser as alternative indirect methods in determining rice eating quality. Evaluation of eating quality of cooked rice using sensory test was conducted with 20 well trained members. The 20 rice varieties in different eating quality showed amylose contents of 17~20%. The amylose content of rice varieties had negative correlation with peak viscosity, however positive correlation with setback viscosity was observed. The stickiness and adhesiveness of cooked rice showed correlation with the amylose content and amylopectin chain length distribution. Rice varieties with good eating quality showed less retrogradation of cooked rice and higher hot viscosity of rice flour in amylogram.

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Effects of Amylose Content on Properties of Lintnerized Maize Starches and Yield of Resistant Starch (아밀로오스 함량이 산처리 옥수수전분의 특성 및 저항전분수율에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Shin-Kyung;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.395-399
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    • 1997
  • Lintnerization properties and yield of enzyme-resistant starch in maize starches with different amylose content were investigated. Hydrolytic patterns of starches showed two distinct stages. With decreasing the amylose content, hydrolysis extents of starch increased. X-ray diffraction patterns of Amloca, PFP and commercial maize starch were the A crystalline type, and those of Amaizo 5 and Amylomaize VII were the B crystalline type. As acid hydrolysis time increased, the relative crystallinity of starches increased. After heating-cooling treatment was repeated up to 4 times, the yield of RS increased with increasing the amylose content. The yields of RS in lintnerzed maize starches decreased with acid treatment.

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Crystalline Structure of the Extrudate of High Amylose Corn Starch (압출성형 고아밀로즈 옥수수전분의 결정 구조)

  • Kim, Ji-Yong;Lee, Cherl-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.1024-1028
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    • 1998
  • Crystalline structure of the extrudate of high amylose corn starch was studied by X-ray diffractometer and $^{13}C\;NMR$. The X-ray diffraction crystal ratio of the extrudates (barrel temperature $100^{\circ}C$ )of high amylose corn starch slightly increased from 6.08% to 8.37% by increasing feed moisture content from 25% to 45%. But extrudates of high amylose corn starch showed similar crystal ratio on various extrusion conditions. Extrudates of high amylose corn starch (feed moisture content 20%, barrel temp $140^{\circ}C$) showed more enlarged crystal structure than that of non-extrudates. The perpendicular distance of crystal increased by extrusion. Crystal ratio was changed from $6.3{\sim}8.3%$ to $4.5{\sim}5.8%$ during storage at $4^{\circ}C$. Starch configuration was examined with $^{13}C\;NMR$. Double helical content was measured by $^{13}C\;NMR$ method. The highest double helical content (60%) was obtained from high amylose corn starch extrudate (barrel temp.: $100^{\circ}C$, feed moisture content 45%). Double helical contents and resistant starch (RS) yield (pancreatin) were positively correlated. However, double helical content of the extrudates was not changed by the storage at $4^{\circ}C$.

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