• Title, Summary, Keyword: amplitude equalizer

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An RF Amplitude Equalizer ; Improved Passband Flatness of a Bandpass Filter

  • Hwang, Hee-Yong;Jung, Jung-Seong;Yun, Sang-won
    • Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.83-87
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    • 2001
  • Many communication systems require bandpass filters with sharp skirt frequency characteristics in order to avoid the interferencce, which results in more order in the filter design. However, because of the limited Q values bandpass filters made of small sized ceramic resonators suffer from relatively large ripples at the band edges as the order of the filter increases. In order to compensate the large ripples while maintaining the sharp skirt frequency we propose a new RF amplitude equalizer. The equalizer made of two pole bandpass filter and an amplifier whose amplitude characteristics are the reverse of those of the bandapss filter. At the cellular band 9-pole bandpass filter with 10 MHz bandwidth exhibits 3 dB ripple when 8mm*8mm ceramic coaxial resonators are used. We added the RF equalizer to this filter and the flatness is improved as less than 1 dB.

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Design and Realization. of the Dual-mode Channel Filter and Group-Delay-and-Amplitude Equalizer for the Ka-band Satellite Transponder Subsystem

  • Sungtek Kahng;Uhm, Man-Seok;Lee, Seong-Pal
    • Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.140-146
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, the design of a channel filter and its group-delay-and-amplitude equalizer is carried out for the Ka-band satellite transponder subsystem. The 8th order dual-mode filter is employed for high selectivity around the band-edges with an elliptic-integral function response and has an in-line configuration. The 2-pole, reflection-type, group-delay equalizer is designed and manufactured to reduce the group-delay and amplitude variation, which can be large for such a high order filter. It is noted that in both the filter and equalizer, adopting the dual-mode coupling mechanism leads to less mass and volume. Through measurement, the performance of the realized group-delay-equalized filter is shown to meet the equipment requirements and to be appropriate for the satellite input multiplexer.

Design of Amplitude Equalizers with Improved Characteristics and Their Applications (개선된 특성을 갖는 진폭 등화기의 설계와 응용)

  • Lee Song-Yi;Yun Sang-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, we designed amplitude equalizer which is composed of amplifier, complementary shaping filter and attenuator in order to improve flatness of high order bandpass filter. We modified Chebyshev polynomial and calculated the prototype elements for complementary shaping filters by network synthesis. The amplitude equalizer is realized that it connects the 4th order complementary shaping filter designed by using calculated the prototype elements to the amplifier compensating for insertion loss and improving return loss, and with the attenuator for gain control. Using proposed amplitude equalizer, We certificated improvement in flatness of 13th order bandpass filter at WiBro band.

A design of V-shape RE Equalizer using dielectric resonator (유전체 공진기를 이용한 대역 평탄도 개선용 V-shape RF Equalizer의 설계)

  • 신재완;정중성;황희용;김윤조;류재수;정승환;윤상원
    • Proceedings of the Korea Electromagnetic Engineering Society Conference
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    • pp.132-135
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    • 2002
  • A RF amplitude equalizer is designed to improve in-band flatness of Rf filters and/or systems using two dielectric resonators and a 90$^{\circ}$ hybrid. The equalizer has good return loss characteristics and V shaped S$_{21}$ response in passband which is suitable to compensate the ripple degradation due to insufficient quality factors of used resonators or narrow band width of filters or systems. After being connected to the equalizer, a 5-pole BPF at 1957MHz, which has 10 MHz bandwidth and 6㏈ ripple, shows only 1.8㏈ in-band ripple and good in- and out- band matched responses within used hybrid bandwidth without additional matching networks.

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Design of a Dielectric Resonator Filter with Improved Flatness Passband for WiBro band (통과대역 내 평탄도를 개선한 휴대인터넷 대역 유전체 공진기 여파기 설계)

  • Lee, Song-Yi;Yun, Sang-Won
    • Proceedings of the Korea Electromagnetic Engineering Society Conference
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    • pp.13-16
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    • 2005
  • Many mobile communication systems require bandpass filter with sharp skirt characteristics and consequently a filter was formed by more order. It needs to improve flatness in passband. In this paper, amplitude equalizer was used to improve the flatness of passband. We modified Chebyshev prototype filter by use of network synthesis and computed the prototype elements for Shaping filter. We designed and realized a 13-order combline bandpass filter and 4-order amplitude equalizer with coaxial dielectric resonators at WiBro band. The measured results show $\pm$0.82 dB amplitude difference in passband, 6 dB improved flatness.

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Design and Implementation of the GHz-Band Wide (2~18 GHz) Linear Equalizer

  • Kahng, Sung-Tek;Ju, Jeong-Ho;Moon, Won-Gyu
    • Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.42-46
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    • 2007
  • This paper presents a linear amplitude equalizer developed to secure the linearity of the slope of the amplitude over the frequency band ranging $2\sim18\;GHz$. The circuit model is featured by the resistor placed between each pair of a transmission-line and a stub. The design includes finding the values of resistors and stubs to have the optimal linear slope and return loss performances. The measured data show the acceptable performances of the slope variation and return loss over $2\sim18\;GHz$.

An Adaptive Equalization of Amplitude Chrominance Distortion by using the Variable Step-size Technique

  • Chutchavong, Vanvisa;Janchitrapongvej, Kanok;Benjangkaprasert, Chawalit;Sangaroon, Ornlarp
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.2065-2069
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    • 2004
  • This paper presents an adaptive equalizer using finite impulse response (FIR) filter and least-mean square (LMS) algorithm. Herein, the variable step-size technique (VSLMS) for compensating the amplitude of chrominance signal is utilized. The proposed equalizer can be enhanced and compressed the chrominance signal at color subcarrier. The LMS algorithm employed in simplicity structure but gives slow convergence speed. Thus, the variable step-size is very attractive algorithm due to its computational efficiencies and the speed of convergence is improved. In addition, experimental results are carried out by using the modulated 20T sine squared test signal. It is shown here that the adaptive equalizer can be equalized the amplitude chrominance distortion in color television transmission without relative delay distortion.

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Adaptive Equalization Algorithm of Enhanced CMA using Minimum Disturbance Technique (최소 Disturbance 기법을 적용한 향상된 CMA 적응 등화 알고리즘)

  • Kang, Dae-Soo
    • The Journal of The Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 2014
  • This paper related with the ECMA (Enchanced CMA) algorithm performance which is possible to simultaneously compensation of the amplitude and phase by appling the minimum disturbance techniques in the CMA adatpve equalizer. The ECMA can improving the gradient noise amplification problem, stability and roburstness performance by the minimum disturbance technique that is the minimization of the equalizer tap weight variation in the point of squared euclidiean norm and the decision directed mode, and then the now cost function were proposed in order to simultaneouly compensation of amplitude and phase of the received signal with the minimum increment of computational operations. The performance of ECMA algorithm was compared to present MCMA by the computer simulation. For proving the performance, the recovered signal constellation that is the output of equalizer output signal and the residual isi and Maximum Distortion charateristic and MSE learning curve that are presents the convergence performance in the equalizer and the overall frequency transfer function of channel and equalizer were used. As a result of computer simulation, the ECMA has more better compensation capability of amplitude and phase in the recovered constellation, and the convergence time of adaptive equalization has improved compared to the MCMA.

Design and Implementation of the GHz-Band Wide(6 GHz~18 GHz) Linear Equalizer (GHz-대역폭(6 GHz~18 GHz) 선형 등화기의 설계 및 구현)

  • Kahng, Sung-Tek;Ju, Jeong-Ho;Moon, Won-Gyu
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2007
  • In this paper, a microstripline-type linear amplitude equalizer is implemented to achieve the linearity of the slope of the amplitude over $6{\sim}18$ GHz with resistors inserted between their immediate pairs of a TX-line and a stub. The values of resistors and stubs are explored to have the optimal linear slope and return loss performance. Experiments reveal the slope of around 9 dB variation and return loss of less than 10 dB desired over $6{\sim}18$ GHz and validate the design methodology.

Advanced-CMA Blind Equalizer by Improvement of the RCA Cost Function (RCA 비용 함수를 개선한 Advanced CMA 등화기 알고리즘)

  • Yoon, Jae-Sun;Lim, Seung-Gag
    • The Journal of The Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.127-133
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, the concerned CMA (Constant Modulus Algorithm) adaptive equalizer convergence rate and residual inter-symbol interference using cost function in order to improved to the ACMA (Advanced CMA). The CMA method compensates amplitude but does not compensate phase. On the other hand, The RCA (Reduced Constellation Algorithm) method compensates both the amplitude and the phase but it has the convergence rate problem. MCMA method is a way to solve the phase problem of CMA method compensates both the amplitude and the phase after respectively calculating the real and imaginary components. But it is more than poor CMA method in the complexity of hardware and the compensation performance. The cost function can advantages by improving the CMA and a MCMA (Modified CMA) equalizer so that the amplitude and phase retrieval the equalization steady-state to reduce the error by using ISI and faster convergence rate and performance is good SER (Symbol Error Ratio) was confirmed by computer simulations.