• Title, Summary, Keyword: ambivalence

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Ambivalence Expressed in Contemporary Fashion (현대복식에 나타난 양면감정)

  • 김인숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.50
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    • pp.97-118
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    • 2000
  • The purposes of the present research were (1) to investigate the sociological factors influencing the increase of ambivalence and the relationship between, the ambivalence and fashion change(2) to categorize sets of the ambivalence expressed for contemporary fashion and (3) to examine the frequency and the patterns of ambivalence presented for contemporary fashion. This research was conducted through in depth literature review and content analysis. Data was collected from 806 colored pictures presented on 'Collections' from 1972 to 1988. Eight types of clothing cues were incluede: look color texture decorative motifs of clothing collar sleeve and wearer's headdress/hair style and make-up. The results of this study were as follows: 1 The popularization of culture has been accelerated by mass production mass consumption and mass media. Since the 1980s postmodernism and poststructuralism have resulted in the breakdown of dualistic distinction. As the ambiguity of meaning in appearance increases the meaning is negotiated constantly for identity. 2. The most frequenctly expressed ambivalence in clothing was feminity/masculinity and tradition/modernity and wealth/poverty was the least. The number of ambivalent expression were the highest during 1990s. The rapid growth in ambivalence of tradition/modernity was found in 1970s feminity/masculinity in 1980s and modesty/immodesty in 1990s. Within a clothing style ambivalence was manifested through feminine look in white for beauty/ugliness feminine look mainly in yellow/red for wealty/poverty sexy look dominantly in black for modesty/immodesty androgynous look in black for feminity/masculinity and through ecology look most frequently in black for tradition/modernity.

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The Effects of Parentification of Early Adult Non-disabled Siblings on Ambivalence over Emotional Expression and Moderating Effects of Rejection Sensitivity (성인초기 비장애형제자매의 부모화 경험이 정서표현양가성에 미치는 영향과 거부민감성의 조절효과)

  • Son, Juhee;Park, Juhee
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.445-457
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    • 2019
  • This study investigated the impact of parentification on ambivalence over the emotional expression of early adults who had a sibling with disabilities and examined if rejection sensitivity moderated the relationship of parentification and ambivalence over emotional expression. Participants consisted of 116 siblings in early adulthood who had a sibling with disabilities (45 male; 71 female). The data were collected from 13 centers for family disability, four community rehabilitation centers, three parent societies for people with disabilities, and three self-help groups in Seoul, Busan, and Gyeonggi province. The levels of ambivalence over emotional expression, parentification, and rejecton sensitivity were measured by the Ambivalence over Emotional Expression Questionnaire (King & Emmons, 1990), the Filial Responsibility Scale-Adult (Jurkovic, Thirkield, & Morrell, 2001), and the Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire (Downey & Feldman, 1996), respectively. The PROCESS Macro program examined the moderating model. The Results indicated that both levels of parentification and rejection sensitivity increased the level of ambivalence over emotional expression of non-disabled siblings. In addition, rejection sensitivity moderated the effect of parentification on ambivalence over emotional expression. The influence of parentification on ambivalence over emotional expression was greater when the level of rejection sensitivity was high, compared to when it was low.

The Effect of Ambivalent Fashion Consuming Tendency on Continuous Information Search and Fashion Store Selection (양면적 패션소비성향이 지속적 정보탐색과 패션점포선택에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ju Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.571-586
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    • 2015
  • This study examined the effect of ambivalent fashion consuming tendency on continuous information search and fashion store selection. Surveys period was from Jan. 8th to Jan. 20th in 2014. The subjects of this study were the young 218 women who had the shopping experiences with ambivalent fashion consuming tendency in their 20s of Pusan and Kyung-nam. These surveys referred to the relevant preceding researches and were completed by some pilot researches (focus group interview, paper-pencil test). The data was analyzed by frequency analysis, reliability analysis (Cronbach's ${\alpha}$), factor analysis and regression analysis. The main results of this study were summarized like following: First, this study was based on the definition and characteristics of the ambivalent fashion consuming tendency. The current ambivalent fashion consuming tendency consisted of price ambivalence, trend ambivalence and brand ambivalence. The consumer's demographic characteristics affected trend ambivalence, brand ambivalence. Second, continuous information search was composed of entertaining information search and rational information search. Third, ambivalence fashion consuming tendency had a strong influence on continuous information search (information search and share activity). Forth, the price ambivalence, trend ambivalence and brand ambivalence, which is the factors of ambivalent fashion consuming tendency, significantly impacted on selecting the fashion store. In conclusion, ambivalent fashion consuming tendency is main related factor impacting on continuous information search and fashion store selection.

A Study on Ambivalence of Elderly Parents Toward Their Adults Children (노부모가 인지하는 성인자녀에 대한 양가감정에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Shin Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.633-647
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    • 2013
  • This study considered whether intergenerational ambivalence has implications for elderly's psychological well-being so as to improve relationship between adults children and their parents and the qualities of the elderly lives. Subjects were 346 elderly parents whose ages 60 over. The statistics used for data analysis were reliability, frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, one way ANOVA and multiple regression. The results of this study were as follows; 1)The degrees of elderly's ambivalence of their adult children were 10.07, the data showed lower than median. 2)The elderly's ambivalence level significantly according to spouse, career, religion, relation of the adults children, and ambivalence level were associated with importance of the adults children, education. 3)The variables that affect the elderly's ambivalence level were spouse, importance of the adults children, education, religion, relation of the adults children, career, which explained about 19% of the total variance.

A Qualitative Study on Intergenerational Ambivalence of Mothers with Preschool Children (취학 전 자녀를 둔 어머니의 세대 간 양가감정에 관한 질적연구)

  • Kim, In-Jee;Lee, Se-In;Lee, Sook-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.73-85
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this qualitative research is to explore the intergenerational ambivalence of mothers with preschoolers. Twenty full-time mothers and 19 working mothers were interviewed in depth. Most of the participants who received instrumental support from their mothers showed ambivalence, and especially the working mothers were more likely to feel ambivalence than the full-time mothers. However, participants who received little or no support from their mothers did not report any ambivalent feelings. Their ambivalent feelings came from both their social structure and intrapersonal contradictions. In order to avoid ambivalent feelings, some participants redefined receiving support from their mothers as a positive thing. Meanwhile, the participants who received active support tried to divert their ambivalence by providing child care support for their children, and they showed a 'repayment provision' tendency. Some working mothers and most of the full-time mothers said they would allot 'limited provision' by excluding child care support for their children. Those who were aware of this ambivalence issue sought 'reasonable provision' for their children. Depending on these results, several suggestions are presented to solve the ambivalence.

Moderating Effect of Belief Homogeneity on the Relationshipsamong Attitudinal Ambivalence towards Eating Meat, BehaviorIntention and Consumption Behavior (육류 섭취에 대한 태도양면성, 행동의도와 소비행동의 관계에 미치는 신념동질성의 조절효과)

  • Kang, Jong-Heon;Jeong, Hang-Jin
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.205-214
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to measure the moderating effect of belief homogeneity on the relation-ships among attitudinal ambivalence, behavior intention and consumption behavior. The questionnaire, which consisted of items to measure the constructs of belief homogeneity, attitudinal ambivalence, behavior intention and consumption behavior, were completed by 338 subjects in Jeonnam area. Moderated regression analysis was used to measure the moderating effect of belief homogeneity. To test validity and reliability of constructs, factor analysis and Cronbach's $\alpha$ were used in this study. Results of the study demonstrated that the moderated regression analysis result for the data also indicated a better model fit in Model 2 than Model 1. In the Model 1, the main effects of behavior intention and attitudinal ambivalence on consumption behavior were statistically significant. In the Model 2, the main effects of behavior intention, belief homogeneity and attitudinal ambivalence on consumption behavior were statistically significant. The interactional effects of belief homogeneity$\times$attitudinal ambivalence on consumption behavior were statistically significant. Moreover, the effects of attitudinal ambivalence on consumption behavior were statistically significant at all levels of belief homogeneity, except for when homogeneity was high.

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The Effects of College Students' Sociotropy and Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness on Interpersonal Problems (대학생의 관계지향성이 대인관계문제에 미치는 영향: 정서표현양가성의 매개적 역할)

  • Park, Jiae;Han, Sae-Young
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.135-150
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of sociotropy, as perceived by college students, and ambivalence over emotional expressiveness on their interpersonal problems. A total of 248 college students (127 males and 121 females) living in Seoul and Gyonggi responded to questionnaires, which included items related to sociotropy, ambivalence over emotional expressiveness, and interpersonal problem. First, college students' sociotropy was correlated with ambivalence over emotional expressiveness and interpersonal problems. It was suggested that people with high level of sociotropy experienced more emotional expressive conflict and interpersonal problems than people with low level of sociotropy. Second, male and female college students' ambivalence over emotional expressiveness partially mediated the relation between sociotropy and move toward other people, one of the interpersonal problem's subtypes. Male college students' ambivalence over emotional expressiveness has fully mediated the relation between sociotropy and move against other people, one of the interpersonal problem's subtypes. And female college students' ambivalence over emotional expressiveness has fully mediated the relation between sociotropy and move away from other people, one of the interpersonal problem's subtypes. According to gender difference, different interpersonal problems appeared. This study's results may provide some important suggestions for interpersonal problems in college students by increasing understanding of multiple dimensions according to their internal tendency and emotional expressiveness.

Study about Ambivalence and Desire for Child Birth by Working Mothers: Focusing on Mediation Effect of Multiple-role Efficacy (취업모의 양가감정과 출산의지에 관한 연구: 다중역할 효능감의 매개효과 중심으로)

  • An, Jeong Shin;Choe, Myeong Ae
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.58 no.3
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    • pp.391-400
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    • 2020
  • This study examined the relationship between ambivalence of Korean working mothers for children and their future desire for child birth. This study examined multiple-role efficacy as a mediator in the relationship between ambivalence for their children and future desire for child birth by Korean working mothers having more than one pre-school aged child. This study examined the mediation effect of multiple-role efficacy on the relationship between ambivalence and desire for child birth by working mothers. On-line and off-line survey data from 291 Korean working mothers with more than one pre-school aged child was used for this study. Collected data were analyzed using the PASW 18.0 program and descriptive statistics analyses. Structural equation modeling and bootstrapping were conducted by AMOS 20.0 program. Results showed that ambivalence for children of working mothers having pre-school aged children had no direct influence on future child birth desire. However, their ambivalence had an indirect influence on future child birth desire through multiple-role efficacy and multiple-role efficacy by working mothers had significant effect on child birth desire. In conclusion, the working mothers' multiple-role efficacy had a mediation influence on the relationship between ambivalence for children and desire of child birth. These results were discussed for designing a policy to counter low birth.

The Mediation Effects of Ambivalence for Elderly Parents on the Relations among Dependence and Intrusiveness of Elderly Parents and Psychological Well-Being of Middle Aged Children: Focusing on Gender Differences (노부모의 의존성 및 과잉간섭과 중년자녀의 심리적 안녕감 간의 관계에 있어 노부모에 대한 양가감정의 매개효과: 자녀의 성별차이를 중심으로)

  • Mun, Jung-Hee;An, Jeong-Shin
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.227-238
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    • 2016
  • This study investigates the mediation effects of adult children's ambivalence for elderly parents in the relation of psychological well-being of middle aged children with dependence and the intrusiveness of elderly parents that examines the difference of mediation effects by children's gender. We collected data from 659 middle aged children of 40 to 59 years old who have living mother or father. The main findings are as follows. First, there were mediation effects of ambivalence for elderly parents in the relation between psychological well-being of middle aged children and dependency and intrusiveness of elderly parents. The perceived dependence and intrusiveness of elderly parents had a positive influence on the ambivalence of middle aged childen for their elderly parents. Ambivalence for elderly parents had a negative effect on the psychological well-being of middle aged children. In addition, the dependence and intrusiveness of elderly parents did not directly influence the psychological well-being of middle aged children. Second, the mediation effect of ambivalence for elderly parents indicated a gender difference of middle aged children. The dependence of elderly parents affected the ambivalence for elderly parents in the woman group and the intrusiveness of elderly parents only affected ambivalence for elderly parents in the man group. The results were discussed in terms of gender difference.

Psychometrics of a Korean intergenerational psychological ambivalence scale for young adult children (한국판 세대 간 심리적 양가성 척도 타당화: 청년자녀를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jeenkyoung;Lee, Jaerim
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.105-130
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    • 2018
  • Objective: In this study, we examined the psychometric properties of the Korean Intergenerational Psychological Ambivalence Scale (KIPAS) for young adult children. Method: Data came from 1,140 Korean young adults aged 19-34, who were never married and had at least one living parent. We translated the individual-subjective dimension of Zygowicz's (2006) Intergenerational Ambivalence Scale from English to Korean. The individual-subjective dimension had eight items that directly measured intergenerational psychological ambivalence (D-KIPAS) and 10 items that indirectly measured intergenerational psychological ambivalence (I-KIPAS). Results: The D-KIPAS and I-KIPAS items showed good internal consistency both for the mother and the father. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that D-KIPAS items loaded on one factor after controlling for method effects, which allowed error variances among the four non-reversed items to covary. Both the positive and negative items of I-KIPAS had good reliability and loaded on the same factor. The mean score of D-KIPAS and the calculated score of I-KIPAS were significantly but moderately correlated, which indicates that the D-KIPAS and I-KIPAS assess correlated but distinct aspects of intergenerational ambivalence. Correlations among D-KIPAS, I-KIPAS, and the proxy variables of intergenerational solidarity and conflict supported the discriminant validity of the KIPAS. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that both D-KIPAS and I-KIPAS are reliable and valid tools to measure intergenerational psychological ambivalence among Korean young adults.