• Title, Summary, Keyword: alpha-fetoprotein

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Production of Polyclonal Antibody against $\alpha$-Fetoprotein and Polyclonal Antibody-Based Competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for $\alpha$-Fetoprotein (인간 $\alpha$-fetoprotein (AFP)에 대한 폴리클로날 항체의 생산 및 $\alpha$-fetoprotein 측정용 효소면역분석법 (competitive ELISA)의 개발)

  • Michung Yoon
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.115-123
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    • 1997
  • $\alpha$-Fetoprotein (AFP) has been a useful marker in screening and/or monitoring patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, gonadal germ cell tumor, gastric carcinoma and neural tube defects. In the present study, it was attempted to produce anti-human AFP polyclonal antibodies and to develop a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the measurement of AFP in human plasma and amniotic fluid. AFP was isolated from amniotic fluid using an isolation procedure consisting of affinity chromatography and preparative polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The antibody directed against AFP was raised in rabbits. Double immunodiffusion and Western blotting methods showed that the antiserum was highly specific, reacting with only AFP-containing samples. Standard curve was obtained by using purified AFP and specific antiserum. The assay sensitivity was 5ng/ml and the working range was 5~l,000ng/ml. The within-assay and between-assay coefficient of variance (CV) was 4.5% and 8.5%, respectively. These results indicate that the assay is valuable for the measurement of AFP and found to be simple, reproducible, and accurate.

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Affinity Purification of Human Alpha-Fetoprotein (吸着 크로마토그라피法에 의한 사람 ALpha-Fetoprotein의 分離)

  • Kang, Shin-Sung;Bang, Ok-Sun;Park, Tae-Kyu
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.283-293
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    • 1986
  • For the preliminary step to make and characterize the monoclonal antibodies of human alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) was purified from 534g of human fetal tissues through the procedures of tissue extraction, DEAE-cellulose, concanavalin A-Sepharose, Cibacron Blue F3GA-agarose and immunoadsorbent affinity chromatography. The isolated AFP preparation showed a single band on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and a single precipitin are against rabbit anti-human cord serum and anti-human AFP on immunoelectrophoresis. Our AFP also displayed a single band on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The recovery of AFP was 8.76mg total.

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The Evaluation of Domestic Immunoradiometric Assay Kit for Alpha-fetoprotein (Alpha-fetoprotein 측정용 국산 방사면역측정법 시약의 평가)

  • Won, Kyoung-Sook;Ryu, Jin-Sook;Moon, Dae-Hyuk;Lee, Hee-Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.353-359
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    • 2000
  • Purpose: Although ${\alpha}$-fetoprotein is one of the most commonly used tumor markers in Korea, most of the radioimmunoassay kits for ${\alpha}$-fetoprotein have been imported from foreign countries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of a recently developed domestic immunoradiometric kit for ${\alpha}$-fetoprotein (Riakey AFP IRMA $CT^R$, Sin-Jin Medics, Seoul, Korea). Materials and Methods: We evaluated intra- and inter-assay precision, recovery rate, parallelism, and sensitivity of serum ${\alpha}$-fetoprotein measurement using Riakey AFP IRMA $CT^R$ kit. The values of ${\alpha}$-fetoprotein measured by Riakey AFP IRMA $CT^R$ kit were compared with those measured by two foreign commercial kits (${\alpha}$-fetoproteina of Radim and ${\alpha}$-feto.riabead of Abbott). Results: Intra-assay coefficients of variation on three different levels were 5.3% for 18.9 ng/ml, 3.4% for 133 ng/ml and 1.6% for 330 ng/ml. Inter-assay coefficients of variation were 9.7% for 20.9 ng/ml, 3.2% for 137 ng/ml and 4.1% for 330 ng/ml respectively. Recovery rate tests on all three different levels showed within $100{\pm}10%$. Parallelism was also good and the sensitivity was 0.63 ng/ml. There was strong correlation between the measurement of ${\alpha}$-fetoprotein by Riakey AFP IRMA $CT^R$ and that by two foreign commercial kits(r=0.98). Conclusion: The first Korean domestic immunoradiometric kit for ${\alpha}$-fetoprotein, Riakey AFP IRMA $CT^R$, performed well for clinical use.

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Serum Alpha-Fetoprotein Levels in Health Checkup Adults (건강 검진자들의 혈청 Alpha-Fetoprotein 농도)

  • Kim, Yoohyun
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.86-93
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    • 2008
  • This study was performed to investigation of the serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels in healthy adults. A total of 2,160 (male 1,415, female 745) health checkup adults were examined for AFP levels by chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) method, during the period from September, 2007 to August, 2008. The mean serum AFP level was 2.168 (0.605~20.35) ng/mL, and it was 2.309 (0.605~20.35) ng/mL in male, 1.906 (0.605~10.36) ng/mL in female, respectively. 1,816 (male 1,109, female 709) healthy adults were screened for the absence of viral hepatitis and normal alanine amino transferase (ALT) levels. The mean serum AFP level of healthy adult was 2.041 (0.605~7.83) ng/mL, and it was 2.181 (0.605~7.83) ng/mL in male, 1.822 (0.605~6.55) ng/mL in female, respectively. Serum AFP increased with age group, there was a higher level in male compared to female. These results suggests that the use of reference value of AFP in healthy adults in the Jeonbuk. With the reference value now defined, it becomes possible to compare levels in different populations.

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Production and Characterization of anti-AFP Monoclonal Antibodies (사람 alpha-fetoprotein에 대한 단일클론 항체의 생산 및 분석)

  • Kang, Hee-Kap;Tae
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.522-528
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    • 1993
  • Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against human alpha-fetoprotein (AFPI was produced by hybridizing SP 210-Ag 14 mouse myeloma cells with spleen cells of Balb/c mice immunized with purified AFP. Two subclones (D-6 and I-6) were expanded as ascite tumors in svngenic mice, and from ascitic fluid immunoglbulins were Pruified. Each anibodv was identified to be homogeneous by several criteria, and the affinity constant of D-6 and I-6 MAb to AEP was calculated to be 4.2${\times}$10-8 and 6.4${\times}$10-8 M-1, respectively. With these MAbs sensitive and accurate enzyme linked immunosorbent assay method was established.

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Administration of ethylenethiourea during organogenesis periods in pregnant rats 2. Effects on water filled multiple T-maze test and α-fetoprotein, urea and free fatty acid concentrations in amniotic fluids (Ethylenethiourea의 임신 랫트에 있어서 기관형성기 투여시험 2. 수 미로 시험과 양수내의 α-fetoprotein, 요소 및 유리지방산 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sung-hoon;Huh, Rhin-soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.419-424
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    • 1991
  • This study was carried out to investigate; the alpha-fetoprotein, urea and free fatty acid in amniotic fluids and water filled multiple T-maze test of fetuses affected by Ethylenethiourea. The S.P.F. Sprague-Dawley female rats(10 weeks) were used in this study and these animals were divided into four groups; control group I (10mg/kg/day), group II(30mg/kg/day), group III(50mg/kg/day). The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. In the water filled multiple T-maze test of F1 male rats, The time and errors from start point to goal point of 30mg/kg group are significantly(p<0.001) increased from control group in 3rd day of test. In F1 female rats of 2nd day and 3rd day of water filled multiple T-maze test, The time and some errors in 30mg/kg group are significantly (p<0.05) increased from control group. 2. Alpha-fetoprotein values of all treated groups(10mg/kg, 30mg/kg and 50mg/kg) were significantly(p<0.001) decreased from control values in the amniotic fluids. 3. Urea values of ammniotic fluids in 50mg/kg group are significantly increased from control group. 4. Free fatty acid values of ammniotic fluids in 50mg/kg group are significantly increased from control group.

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Five-Year Survival of Alpha-Fetoprotein-Producing Gastric Cancer with Synchronous Liver Metastasis: A Case Report

  • Koneri, Kenji;Hirono, Yasuo;Fujimoto, Daisuke;Sawai, Katsuji;Morikawa, Mitsuhiro;Murakami, Makoto;Goi, Takanori;Iida, Atsushi;Katayama, Kanji;Yamaguchi, Akio
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.58-64
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    • 2013
  • Alpha-fetoprotein-producing gastric cancer is associated with poor prognosis because of frequent liver and lymph node metastasis. We present a case with synchronous liver metastasis who survived for 5 years. A 69-year-old man with upper abdominal pain was referred to our hospital. Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a Borrmann II-like tumor in the lower part of the stomach. Computed tomography revealed a tumor in the left lobe of the liver. Serum alpha-fetoprotein levels were markedly increased. We performed distal gastrectomy after administering oral tegafur/gimeracil/oteracil potassium and administered hepatic intra-arterial cisplatin injection. Liver metastasis showed partial response on computed tomography. Despite left hepatic lobectomy, further metastases to the liver and mediastinal lymph nodes became difficult to control. After sorafenib tosylate administration, stabilization of the disease was observed for 4 months. We conclude that hepatic intra-arterial chemotherapy and oral administration of sorafenib tosylate may potentially improve the prognosis in such cases.

계배 발생에 따른 닭 alpha-Fetoprotein의 분석

  • 박대규;유정아
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.314-321
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    • 1989
  • 배의 발생과 분화에 따른 혈청 alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)의 생리적 기능 규명을 위한 기초실험의 일환으로, 모체와는 완전히 독립된 상태에서 발생과 분화가 이루어지는 계배의 혈청을 재료로 하여 CM-Sephadex C-50, hydroxyapatite 및 DEAE-Sepharose A-25등의 크로마토그라피 방법에 의해 닭 혈청 AFP를 분리하였다. 계 AFP는 분자량이 약 60 Kd로 사람 및 다른 포유동물 AFP의 분자량 (64-74 Kd)보다 작았다. 닭 AFP, 계배혈청 및 닭 혈청 등을 토끼에 면역하여 항체를 제조하였고, 이를 이용하여 닭의 배발생 단계에 따른 혈청 AFP 함량의 변화를 전기영동 및 면역학적 방법으로 정성 및 정량 분석을 실시하였다. 혈청 AFP 함량은 발생 7일-배 (AFP 농도 : 0.81 mg/ml)부터 점차 증가하여 13일-배에서 최고치인 2.46 mgfml로 나타났으며 그 이후 급격히 감소되어 부화 직후에는 매우 낮은 농도 (0.22mg/ml)였고 부화 4일에 거의 없어 졌으며, 이와 같은 AFP 함량의 변화는 혈청 알부민 함량의 변화와 거의 반비례 함을 알았다. For the preliminary step to investigate the site of AFP synthesis, the ontogenic characteristics and the physiological function of AFP, alpha-fetoprotein was isolated from chick embryo serum through the procedures of CM-Sephadex C-50, hvdroxvapatite and DEAE-Sephadex A-50 chro-matography. The isolated AFP was proved to be pure and its molecular weight was found to be about 60 Kd. With this purified AFP, rabbit anti-chick hor was produced. The serum AFP level in chick embryo has been investagated by using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, immunoelec-trophoresis and single radial immunodiffusion from 7 days of incubation until 4 days after hatch-ing. It was found that the AFP level is increased from 0.81 mg/ml at daw-7 embryo to maximum value of 2.46 mg/ml at day-13 embryo, followed by rapid decreases until hatching.

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Synthetic Peptide-Based Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Human $\alpha$-Fetoprotein

  • Yoon, Mi-Chung;Lee, Hyun-Hee
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 2001
  • $\alpha$-Fetoprotein(AFP) is a good marker for the detection of several diseases such as hepatocellular carcinoma, gonadal germ cell tumor, gastric tumor, and Down's syndrome. In this study, we developed ELISA, using synthetic peptides corresponding to the epitopes of AFP. Five kinds of peptides were synthesized from AFP to produce antibodies in rats that recognize AFP in human plasma as well as amniotic fluid and do not cross-react with serum albumin. All five kinds of antibodies showed good reactivities with their peptide-keyhole limpet hemocyanin conjugates. Anti-synthetic peptide 1 (R-N-E-Y-G-I-A-S-I-L, 4-13) antibody, in particular, reacted well with AEP as well as synthetic peptide 1-KLH but not with human serum albumin. The binding affinity(Kd) was 2.7$\times$10$^{-9}$M for peptide 1 and 6.8$\times$10$^{-8}$M for AEP. The range for measurement of AFP was 10~1,000 ng/ml. The within-assay and between-assay coefficients of variance(CV) were 4.83% and 10.97%, respectively. In a sample of 31 sera and 33 amniotic fluids, there was a good correlation between AFP values determined in this assay and those in a commercial kit. These results indicate that the antibodies against synthetic peptides corresponding to the epitopes of AFP are highly specific to APP and synthetic peptide-based ELISA would be useful for the measurement of human AFP.

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