• Title/Summary/Keyword: alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity

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Alcoholic Hepatotoxicity Suppression in Alcohol Fed Rats by Glutathione-enriched Yeast FF-8 Strain

  • Cha, Jae-Young;Kim, Hyeong-Soo;Kang, Sun-Chul;Cho, Young-Su
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1411-1416
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    • 2009
  • The suppressive effects of glutathione-enriched Saccharomyces cerevisiae FF-8 strain (FF-8 GY) on alcoholinduced hepatotoxicity have been studied. FF-8 GY (256 mg/L) from the fermentation at a large scale bioreactor was used. Either of 5% FF-8 GY or 5% commercial glutathione-enriched yeast extract (GYE) with or without 30% alcohol was tested with rats for 4 weeks. FF-8 GY and GYE were found to reduce those alcohol-elevated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities. Blood alcohol and acetaldehyde were also decreased by FF-8 GY and GYE. Interestingly, FF-8 GY drastically increased both hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activities in comparison to GYE group, thus FF-8 GY would be more effective in blood alcohol and acetaldehyde reduction. Attenuated lipid droplet accumulation in hepatocytes was observed in both FF-8 GY and GYE when alcohol stimulated the accumulation. Therefore, FF-8 GY may be useful to protect liver from alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity.

GABA-enriched Fermented Laminaria japonica Protects against Alcoholic Hepatotoxicity in Sprague-Dawley Rats

  • Cha, Jae-Young;Lee, Bae-Jin;Je, Jae-Young;Kang, Young-Mi;Kim, Young-Mog;Cho, Young-Su
    • Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.79-88
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    • 2011
  • The sea tangle, Laminaria japonica has long been used in Korea as a folk remedy to promote health. Gamma-amino butyric acid-enriched (5.56% of dry weight) sea tangle was obtained by fermentation with Lactobacillus brevis BJ-20 (FLJ). A suppressive effect of FLJ on carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity has been shown previously. Alcohol administration to Sprague-Dawley rats leads to hepatotoxicity, as demonstrated by heightened levels of hepatic marker enzymes as well as increases in both the number and volume of lipid droplets as fatty liver progresses. However, FLJ attenuated alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity and the accumulation of lipid droplets following ethanol administration. Additionally, FLJ increased the activities and transcript levels of major alcoholmetabolizing enzymes, such as alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase, and reduced blood concentrations of alcohol and acetaldehyde. These data suggest that FLJ protects against alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity and that FLJ could be used as an ingredient in functional foods to ameliorate the effects of excessive alcohol consumption.

Protective Effects of Akebia quinata Fruit Extract on Acute Alcohol-induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice (급성 알코올 간독성을 유발한 생쥐에 있어서 으름 열매 추출물의 간 기능 보호효과)

  • Lee, Sang Hoon;Song, Young Sun;Lee, Seo Yeon;Kim, So Young;Ko, Kwang Suk
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.622-629
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    • 2014
  • We studied the effects of Akebia quinata fruit extract (AQ) on acute alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. AQ (30-1,000 mg/kg body weight (BW) per day) was orally administered to the study group, once daily for 1 week. On the last day of AQ treatment, ethanol (6 mg/kg BW) was orally administered to induce acute liver injury. The AQ-treated group showed significantly lower levels of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, compared to the only ethanol-treated group (ETG). The glutathione level in the AQ-treated group elevated up to 20.6%, compared to that observed in the ETG. The mRNA expression of glutathione synthetic enzymes was also higher in the AQ-treated group, compared to the ETG. The AQ-treated group also exhibited lower levels of expression of NADPH oxidase 4 and tumor necrosis factor alpha mRNA. Thus, these results show that AQ treatment can be a potential method to reduce oxidative stress and inflammation in ethanol-treated mouse liver and also that AQ can be a useful therapeutic agent for acute alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity.

Effect of Silk Fibroin on the Protection of Alcoholic Hepatotoxicity in the Liver of Alcohol Preference Mouse

  • Kang, Gyung-Don;Lee, Ki-Hoon;Do, Sun-Gil;Kim, Chung-Sub;Suh, Jun-Gyo;Oh, Yang-Seok;Nahm, Joong-Hee
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.15-18
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    • 2001
  • Silk fibroin (SF) derided from the domestic silk worm, bombyx mori, is the natural protein and widely used as bio-functional materials as well as apparels. We studied the livers protective effect of SF from alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity in the alcohol preference mouse. To increase more absorption of SF in experimental animals, molecular weight of SF was lowered by 2N of HCI aqueous solution at 10$0^{\circ}C$ for 48 hrs. SF was added to liquid diet with alcohol and fed to the alcohol preference mice for 4 weeks. To assess the liver function, the concentration of alanine aminotransferase (AlT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and cholesterol present in either blood or liver tissue were measured. As compared with non-SF treated groups the SF-treated showed significantly low concentrations of ALT, AST, cholesterol and triacylglycerol values, respectively. Histopathological examination revealed that the extent of hepatocyte injury in the SF-treated group was reduced when it was compared with non SF-treated group. These results suggest that SF may have liver protective effects against alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity.

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Asparagus cochinchinensis inhibits the ethanol-induced cytotoxicity in Hep G2 cells

  • Kim, Jeong-Joong
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2000
  • A human hepatoma cell line, Hep G2 cells are a reliable for the study of alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity. In this study, the author investigated the effect of an aqueous extract of Asparagus $cochinchinensis_{MERRIL}$ (Liliaceae) roots (ACAE) on ethanol (EtOH)-induced cytotoxicity in Hep G2 cells. ACAE dose-dependently inhibited the EtOH-induced tumor necrosis $factor-{\alpha}\;(TNF-{\alpha})$ secretion. ACAE also inhibited the EtOH and $TNF-{\alpha}-induced$ cytotoxicity. Furthermore, the author found that ACAE inhibited the $TNF-{\alpha}-induced$ apoptosis of Hep G2 cells. These results suggest that ACAE may prevent the EtOH-induced cytotoxicity through inhibition of the apoptosis of Hep G2 cells.

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Effects of Oleanolic Acid and Hederagenin on Acute Alcohol-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice (마우스에서 Oleanolic Acid와 Hederagenin이 급성 알코올성 간독성에 미치는 효과)

  • Jung, Suhan;Lee, Sanghoon;Ko, Kwang Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.307-312
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    • 2016
  • We studied the effects of oleanolic acid and hederagenin on acute alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Oleanolic acid [10 and 20 mg/kg body weight (BW)/d] or hederagenin (10 and 20 mg/kg BW/d) was orally administered to the study group for 1 week. On the last day of treatment, ethanol (5 g/kg BW) was orally administered to induce acute liver injury. The oleanolic acid-treated group showed lower levels of alanine aminotransferase compared to the ethanol-treated group (EtOH). The mRNA expression level of alcohol dehydrogenase was significantly increased in the high dosage oleanolic acid-treated group compared with the control and EtOH groups. The glutathione levels of the oleanolic acid or hederagenin-treated groups were elevated significantly compared with those of the control and EtOH groups. The mRNA expression levels of glutathione synthetic enzymes were also elevated in the oleanolic acid-treated groups. The oleanolic acid or hederagenin-treated groups also showed lower levels of mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha. Thus, these results show that oleanolic acid and hederagenin could reduce oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity in ethanol-treated mouse liver.

Effects of Phellinus spp. Extract on Alcohol Metabolic Enzymes in Alcohol-treated Rats

  • Kim, Sung-Su
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 2016
  • Alcoholism is a significant health problem in the world. The liver is the first and primary target organ for alcohol metabolism. Alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase play important roles in the metabolism of alcohol and aldehyde. In this study, I aimed to investigate the eliminatory effects of a Phellinus spp. extract on alcohol metabolism in drunken Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Male SD rats were given Phellinus spp. extract at 30 min after 40% (5 g/kg) alcohol ingestion. To assay the effect of Phellinus spp. extract on blood alcohol concentration, blood samples were taken from the tail vein at 1, 3 and 5 h after alcohol ingestion. The concentrations of alcohol, alcohol dehydrogenase, and aldehyde dehydrogenase in Phellinus spp. extract treated rat were significantly lower than that of the control with a time-dependent manner. In addition, the alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities of Phellinus spp. extract-treated groups were altered compared to those of the control group. These results suggest that Phellinus spp. extract intake can have a positive effect on the reduction of alcohol, alcohol dehydrogenase, and aldehyde dehydrogenase concentrations in the blood and may alleviate acute alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity by altering alcohol metabolic enzyme activities. Phellinus spp. extract is thus a good nutraceutical candidate.

Effect of Zinc-enriched Yeast FF-10 Strain on the Alcoholic Hepatotoxicity in Alcohol Feeding Rats

  • Cha, Jae-Young;Heo, Jin-Sun;Cho, Young-Su
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1207-1213
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    • 2008
  • The possible protective effects of highly zinc-containing yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, FF-10 strain, isolated from tropical fruit rambutan on acute alcoholic liver injury in rats were evaluated. Zinc concentration in this strain was 30.6mg%. The activities of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and $\gamma$-glutamyl transpeptidase ($\gamma$-GTP) were highly increased when alcohol was treated, relative to the normal rats. Also, a highly significant increase in the blood alcohol and acetaldehyde levels by alcohol treatment was observed. Administration of FF-10 strain markedly prevented alcohol-induced elevation of the activities of serum ALT, AST, and $\gamma$-GTP, and the levels of blood alcohol and acetaldehyde, and these reduced levels reached to that of normal rats. As compared with alcohol treated control rats, the FF-10 strain supplementation showed highly decreased the triglyceride concentration in serum. Alcohol treatment induced the marked accumulation of small lipid droplets, hepatocytes necrosis, and inflammation, but FF-10 strain administration attenuated to alcohol-induced accumulation of small lipid droplets and hepatocyte necrosis in the liver. Therefore, the current finding suggests that zinc-enriched yeast FF-10 strain isolated from tropical fruit rambutan may have protective effect against alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity.