• Title, Summary, Keyword: alcohol drinking

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Correlation Study on Physiological Stress from Drinking, Alcohol Abstinence Self-efficacy and Outcome Expectancy in Youths (청년기의 음주로 인한 신체적 고통, 음주 결과기대, 금주 자신감과의 관계)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hee;Kim, Jong-Im;Kim, Jong-Sung;Jeon, Hyen-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.73-82
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships among distress from drinking, alcohol abstinence self-efficacy and outcome expectancy in youths. Method: The participants in this study were 174 university students who were enrolled by convenience sampling. The data were collected from March to August, 2005. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation coefficients with SPSS 12.0 were used to analyze the data. Results: There were significant differences in the physical distress from drinking according to gender, age, residence, drinking frequency and drinking capacity. There were significant differences in alcohol abstinence self-efficacy by drinking frequency and drinking capacity. There were significant differences in drinking outcome expectancy according to gender, drinking frequency and drinking capacity. The physical distress from drinking showed a significant positive correlation with alcohol abstinence self-efficacy (r=.312, p=.000) and negative correlation with drinking outcome expectancy (r=-.353, p=.000). Alcohol abstinence self-efficacy showed a significant negative correlation with drinking outcome expectancy (r=-.387, p=.000). Conclusion: There were relationships among physical distress from drinking, alcohol abstinence self-efficacy, and drinking outcome expectancy. These findings provide the basis to prevent problems of drinking by developing alcohol control program for university students.

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A Study on Alcohol Expectancy of Elementary Schoolchild (초등학생들의 음주기대에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Mi-Suk;Park, Young-Soo
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.3
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    • pp.15-33
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    • 2002
  • Researchers' common findings is that there are positive or negative effect of alcohol expectancy on drinking behavior. Therefore we would effectively prevent troublesome drinking of the youth and university students by inquiring and controlling critical factors affecting alcohol expectancy. The purposes of this thesis are, first, to empirically test factors affecting the alcohol expectancy level of elementary schoolchild(potential drinker).; second, to suggest the necessity for development of pre-alcohol prevention programs. On the basis of previous research, eighteen factors included in four categories(general characters, environmental characters, alcohol knowledge, drinking experience) affecting alcohol expectancy level were found out. 623 subjects used in this study were drawn from 8 elementary schools in Daegu, Korea. The empirical results suggested that the alcohol expectancy level of elementary schoolchildren was negative in general. And it was proved that 9 factors were significantly correlated with alcohol expectancy level. To put it concretely(see Fig.), (1) It was proved that schoolchildren with bad environment(live in oneself, displeased drinking feeling) rather than good environment(live with parents, nice drinking feeling) for drinking had more negative alcohol expectancy. (2) Korean traditional culture that partakes of sacrificial food and drink have an influence on the first drinking of most elementary schoolchildren. And it was proved that schoolchildren with this drinking experience rather than any other motives had less negative alcohol expectancy. (3) It was proved that schoolchildren adapting themselves rather than being difficult in school life had more negative alcohol expectancy. And the more knowledge about alcohol or drinking schoolchildren had, the more they had negative alcohol expectancy (4) It was proved that schoolchildren having drinking experience or drinking at present rather than having no drinking experience or not-drinking at present had less negative alcohol expectancy. (5) It was proved that schoolchildren having strong drinking intention rather than having weak or no drinking intention in the future had more positive alcohol expectancy. Based on previous results, guideline for development of pre-alcohol prevention programs can be represented: discriminated programs development on educatee, drinking education programs development increasing the power of self-control about alcohol and drinking, social education or continuing education programs development on drinking, open preschool education to substantially prevent drinking or alcoholism etc. The findings, however, should be interpreted with caution, because this study has several limitations in measurement and sampling as follows. First, selection bias because of limited selection of sampling. It is because the subjects are drawn from only 8 elementary schools in Daegu. Second, less refined measurement ; Therefore, it is necessary to develop more detailed measures on alcohol knowledge, alcohol expectancy level especially. Further researches should be suggested and encouraged with more refined methodologies.

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Drinking Behaviors arid Drinking Problems of Adult Mentally Retarded Persons as Perceived by Family (가족이 지각한 성인 정신지체인의 음주행위와 음주문제)

  • Kim Oh Nam
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.27-43
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the drinking behaviors and drinking problems of adult, mentally retarded persons over 18 years old. It was also investigated whether gender, age, and pattern of employment create different result of drinking behaviors and drinking problems, and the variables explaining drinking problems were analyzed. One hundred forty adults, mentally retarded persons were surveyed in Seoul and KyeongGi area. The major findings were as follows; The majority of respondents ($58.2\%$) reported that they had consumed alcohol beverages sometimes prior to their having been interviewed. The average age of respondents who had consumed alcohol was 26.4 years and average age of first-use of alcohol was 22 years. For consumption frequency, $39.2\%$ of respondents reported that they drink alcohol once a month. Average alcohol consumption per occasion was 1.5 cups, and $10.9\%$ of respondents answered more than 5 cups per occasion. Regarding problems associated with drinking, $16\%$ of respondent of AUDIT and $51.4\%$ of Family CAGE answered that their children have drinking-related problems. Men drink more than women and experience more alcohol problems. Supervised employment group was the group with the greatest prevalence for drinking. For the amount of drinking, gender and employment pattern showed significant differences. Drinking problems (AUDIT and Family CAGE) of adult, mentally retarded persons were influenced by age of first-use of alcohol, frequency of alcohol use, and alcohol consumption.

The Effect of an Alcohol Education Program on Behavior Related Drinking by the Elderly with Drinking Problems (알코올 교육 프로그램이 음주문제를 가진 노인의 음주관련 지식과 행동에 미치는 효과)

  • Oh, Suk-Hee;Sun, Jung-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: In this study, the effects of an alcohol education program for elderly persons with drinking problems and the effects of knowledge of the behavior associated with alcohol use by elderly individuals with drinking problems were evaluated. Method: A single-group repeated study was conducted to evaluate 19 elderly individuals with drinking problems who used the G-city Elderly Welfare Center, with more than eight points in AUDIT results. The changes in drinking knowledge and alcohol behavior following an alcohol education program were evaluated. The effectiveness of the program was analyzed by a Wilcoxon signed rank test. and the relationship between drinking knowledge and changes in alcohol behavior was measured by Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. Results: The results indicated that drinking knowledge after conducting education increased significantly(Z=-3.826, p<.001), and that this increased knowledge resulted in significant changes in alcohol behavior(Z=-3.830, p<.001). There was a significantly positive relationship between drinking knowledge and changes in alcohol behavior(r=.464, p=0.013). Conclusion: Alcohol education programs effectively educate the elderly with drinking problems regarding alcohol, which influences their alcohol behavior.

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The relationships between drinking problems and alcohol's harm to others: Focusing on the moderating effects of alcohol expectancies (문제음주수준이 음주의 간접폐해에 미치는 영향: 음주에 대한 기대의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • JeKarl, Jung;Kim, Kwang Kee;Lee, Ji-Hyun;Kwag, Kyung Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: This study sought to explore the relationships between drinking problems and alcohol's harm to others with the moderating effects of alcohol expectancies on these relationships after controlling for demographic characteristics. Methods: Participants for this study were 1,859 men and women. We performed hierarchical regression analyses with sets of predictors (1) demographic characteristics, (2) drinking problems and alcohol expectancies, and (3) interaction terms between drinking problems and alcohol expectancies. Results: After controlling for demographic characteristics, drinking problems and alcohol expectancies had the significant effects on alcohol's harm to others in both men and women. However, the interactions between drinking problems and negative alcohol expectancy showed the significant impacts on alcohol's harm to others among men. When men had higher levels of negative alcohol expectancy, drinking problems showed stronger effects on alcohol's harm to others. Conclusions: As a result, findings from the study highlight the importance of more sophisticated public policy to prevent and to intervene drinking problems and to support those around drinkers and drinkers themselves.

A study on alcohol use & problem drinking among college students (대학생의 음주와 문제음주에 관한 연구 - 제주도 소재 대학 재학생을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Young Ah
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.57-70
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    • 2004
  • This is an exploratory study to describe drinking patterns and problem drinking and alcohol-related problem in college students. The major purpose of this study is to describe the prevalence of drinking styles, the quantity of alcohol getting drunken and the describe the frequency of drunkenness in the previous 12months prior to the survey, and to examine the patterns of how various drinking behaviors are different by drinking style. We used the scale for measuring problem drinking NAST(1), AUDIT, indicated that males drank more and more and more frequently, and had episodes of drunkenness and more accepting of drinking than females, the amount of alcohol becoming intoxicated, the frequency and quantity of alcohol consumed in the month, and the frequency of intoxicated were significantly different by drinking styles in both sexes. A problem drinking rate, danger drinker 49.3% dependence drinker 3.5% in ADULT and alcohol dependency 9.7% in NAST(1) It will be necessary to discuss about adequate policy and eucation protrams to be able to curb collegiate's alcohol abuse.

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Alcohol Consumption Rates and the Perception of Drinking Cultures Among College Students in the Wonju Area (원주지역 대학생들의 음주실태 및 음주문화에 대한 인식)

  • Oh, Hae-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.101-112
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    • 2011
  • The objective of this study was to examine alcohol consumption rates and the perception of drinking cultures among college students in the Wonju area. An examination of factors such as frequency of drinking, average quantity consumed, and frequency of heavy drinking suggested that the drinking rates were relatively high. Over 70% of subjects drank at least once a week, 66.2% typically drank more than 5 servings at a time, and 19.2% of males and 13.0% of females were heavy drinkers. It was revealed from an AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test) assessment that 71.3% of the subjects tested had various levels of alcohol-related problems. These problems were more severe in subjects that were male, selfboarding, or overweight. Alcohol related knowledge was not high because the subjects didn't know or incorrectly recognized some contents such as blood alcohol concentration, the energy content of alcohol, and the empty caloric characteristics of alcohol. Generally male, self-boarding, and overweight persons were not critical of the undesirable characteristics associated with drinking culture. Two opinions that were generally considered to be permissible were: 'Men should be able to drink' and 'Drinking is essential for a smooth human relationship'.

Study on Peer Pressure, Parental Supervision, Alcohol Expectancy and Adolescents' Drinking Behaviors of 2001 & 2006 -Focusing on the High School Students of Cheong Ju- (또래압력, 부모감독과 음주기대 및 청소년 음주행동의 변화추이 -청주지역 고등학생을 중심으로-)

  • Ryu, Na-Mi;Yoon, Hye-Mee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.891-903
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to identify relationships among peer pressure, parental supervision, alcohol expectancy and adolescent drinking behaviors between year 2001 and 2006. Three hundred high school students were given questionnaires each year on their drinking behavior. Findings of this study were; first, a adolescent drinking and the amount drinking has increased during the years. adolescent drinker ratio as adolescent drinkers were 91.3% in 2006 compared to 75.9% in 2001. The average drinking amounts were 40.82 units in 2006 and 24.9 units in 2001. Second, differences were found in adolescent drinking behaviors such as the amount of alcohol consumption, drinking frequency, & problem drinker ratio by gender, and grade. Male students over female students. Third, peer pressure, parental supervision, alcohol expectancy showed significant impacts on adolescent drinking behaviors through 2001 and 2006. Students who lack parental supervision with much higher drinking-related peer pressure along with a higher level of positive alcohol expectancy were observed to be heavy drinkers and problem drinkers. Especially, students who showed belief in alcohol's tension-relieving function and sociability function tended to over-drink, drink more frequently and as a result, experienced more drinking problems. Intervention strategies were discussed.

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The Relationship between Alcohol Use and Drinking Problems Among College Students (대학생의 음주실태와 음주문제와의 관계)

  • Lee, Mi Ra
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.4619-4628
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between alcohol use and drinking problems among college students. Data were collected by structured questionnaires from 400 college students by convenient sampling methods from September 26 to October 14, 2011. Data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 15.0 program. The results were as follows: According to the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT), subjects were classified into four groups such as 40.2% of no problem, 36.7% of drinking problem, 6.8% of high risk drinking problem and 16.3% of alcohol dependence. The alcohol use and drinking problems were significant difference for gender, age, type of residence, age of first drinking, cause of drinking, frequency and amount of drinking. The alcohol use was correlated with drinking problems: social function impairment(r=.601, p<.01), behavior problem(r=.579, p<.01), family and interpersonal impairment(r=.637, p<.01). The influencing factors of drinking problems were alcohol use(${\beta}$=.640, p=.000). This study concludes that it is necessary to establish alcohol use policies on campus and develop temperance education program to reduce alcohol consumption and drinking problems.

Analysis of Alcohol Drinking Cessation Programs on Worksites (사업장 절주 프로그램 분석 - 사업장 건강증진운동 우수사례집을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Young Im;Kim, Hyeon Suk;Kim, Souk Young;Choi, Eun Sook
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.96-105
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze alcohol drinking cessation programs to promote health status for workers on worksites. Method: Data were collected from the excellent 10 cases which were selected from "competition of health promotion programs on worksites" from 1999 to 2007 held by Korean Occupational Safety and Health Agency. Result: There were three main alcohol drinking cessation programs on worksites: health education, individual health services to change life style, and formation of supportive environments. Health education and individual health services were intervened in nine worksites. Building supportive environments for alcohol drinking cessation were implemented in 10 worksites. The most popular indicators for program evaluation were health diagnosis and percentage of alcohol drinkers. Problems to implement alcohol drinking cessation programs were low voluntary participation of labors, difficulty of applying programs to labors that had a shift duty, and complexity to evaluate the effectiveness of alcohol cessation programs due to deficits of standard instruments. Conclusion: These findings suggest that many worksites did not have alcohol drinking cessation programs and also these programs were not implemented effectively. Thus, employers, professionals and policy makers of occupational health should develop and support effective alcohol drinking cessation programs for l workers on worksites.

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