• Title, Summary, Keyword: aged people

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A Study on Health Care of the Old Aged People in a Rural Area (일부 농촌지역 노인의 건강관리 실태에 관한 고찰)

  • Wie, Cha-Hyung
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 1990
  • In order to find out the status of health care of the old aged people (age of 65 and over) in a rural area, a study was carried out, through analyzing the data of health care clinic for 207 old aged people with geriatric diseases, and of questionnired survey for 84 old aged people with geriatric diseases in a rural community. Su Dong-Myun. Nam Yang Zu-Gun, Kyung Gi-Do, Korea, during the year of 1989. The following results were obtained. 1) The composition rate of population of age of 65 and over was 9.8% in total, and sex-specific composition rate was 9.3% in male and 10.4% in female. 2) Utilization rate of health care clinic for old aged people with geriatric diseases was the highest rate with 37.9%, through individual letters at the first time, and showed gradually decreasing tendency afterward. 3) In the means of utilization advices to health care clinic for the old aged people. the individual letters(37.9%) at the first time were more effective than public information of the old aged hall or/and Myun office(18.4%). 4) In opinion on utilization of health subcenter-health care clinic for the old aged people "will utilize"(59.5%) was the highest and "do not know"(26.2%) "be difficult to utilize" (9.5%) and "will not utilize"(4.8%) were in the next order. 5) Out of 84 respondents, the old aged people With geriatric diseases, 73.8%(about three-fourths) of them answered "their diseases to the aggravated" (29.8%) "not to be changed"(25.0%) and "to be unknown"(19.0%), and the others(26.2% of them) "to be changed for the better". 6) Out of 62 respondents(the old aged people), answered their geriatric diseases not to be changed for the better, "no curative effect" was the highest with 43.5% of them. "could not know" (33.9%), "would not treat"(19.4%) and "could not be treated"(4.8%) were in decreasing order. 7) The old aged people, responded their diseases to be changed for the better, answered that they(patients) should make themselves(68.2%) responsible for basic effort of health care. However the old aged people responded their diseases not to be changed for the better answered that they should impute the responsibility of basic effort for health care to medical facilities or other conditions(63.0%). 8) In the reason of failure that the old aged people responded their geriatric diseases not to have curative effect, mis-control of regular habits of daily life was the highest(57.1%), and failure of taking selected medicine steadily(28.6%), and abuse of medicines(14.3%) were in decreasing order. 9) The reason order of being changed for the better that the old aged people responded their diseases to have curative effect, was keeping and control of regular habits of daily life (46.7%), taking selected medicines steadily(33.3%) and others (20.2%) respectively. 10) The courses of geriatric diseases itself are so chronic, duplicate and uncertain, and the old aged people activities for disease control are so slow, various and uncertain that continuous health education in home or/and community unit must be essential factors for effective geriatric health care.

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A study on the Acceptable Cap Torque for Processed Food Containers (고령자에 적합한 가공식품 마개의 Torque에 관한 연구)

  • Sin, Seung-Heon;Song, Byeong-Chang
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.83-97
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    • 2001
  • Korea has become an aged society according to the UN specifications. The number of the aged population will increase drastically, and the number of single aged people will also increase. Products used in our daily life are manufactured within the normal capabilities of people. Thus, aged people have encountering problems in using them. Numerous products are used in our daily lives. The purpose of this study is to find the acceptable torque for aged people to open the caps of processed food containers. Depending on the size and shape of the opening hand, hand operation has been classified into three categories. A total of one hundred and nine people participated in this study. Fifty nine people in the 20-30 year old range and fifty people in their 60-70's. Results of the study are as follows: 1) For all categories the acceptable cap torque data for the aged people are established. To satisfy 95% of the aged people, it was found that $74N{\cdot}cm$ for type A caps, and $141N{\cdot}cm$ for B type caps. and $214N{\cdot}cm$ for type C were the acceptable torque levels. 2) The appropriate level of torque for opening the cap was found to be 70% of the maximum torque for the aged people.(71.4% for type A. 71.4% for type B. 72.2% for type C). 3) Capabilities of the 70's drops sharply in function related to opening cap (maximum torque, gripping force, and wrist movement range). 4) Among aged subjects, 65.0% for type A, 42.0% for type B, and 68.8% for type C, had difficulties in opening the container caps.

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A Study on Accidents for the Aged (노인에게 발생하는 안전사고에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sang-Sub
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.41-49
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: It can be said that the aged belong to the group vulnerable to safety accidents. The purpose of this study was to investigate safety accidents to old people and provide basic data to prevent them from being in a safety accident. Result : 1. The number of the aged of traffic accident fatalities per 100,000 persons was 57.8, which was significantly higher than other OECD countries. 2. trauma for the aged, falling accounted for 60.6%, which was relatively higher than other wounds, probably because of decreased capacity of movement and reduced faculty of sensation. 3. accidents to the aged at home, 43.9% occurred in a room, which shows great risk of safety accidents to the aged in a room. 4. the aged generally showed negative awareness of social safety. Suggestion : 1. it is necessary to provide regular education about accidents through the mass media and at social welfare facilities in order for aged people to consolidate safety consciousness repeatedly. 2. it is necessary to make a brief and clear guide to prevention of accidents. 3. the Ministry of Construction and Transportation and the Ministry of Health and Welfare should give priority to designing a building for aged people and authorize construction according to the standards for establishing safety facilities for the aged. 4. it is necessary to change social consciousness. since transportation accidents can be caused not by aged people's insufficient safety consciousness but by that of all the people, it is necessary to provide society-wide education programs against dangerous driving in order to guarantee aged people's safety. 5. legal procedure to secure aged people's safety should be strengthened to reinforce legal protection for them.

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A study on sexual experiences and behaviors of aged in community (노인의 성생활 경험에 대한 서술적 연구)

  • Oh Jin Joo
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.236-251
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    • 1998
  • This study aimed at comprehending the meaning of sexual life for aged people, their strength of sexual desire and causes of change in their sexual life. It was another purpose to understand the extent of aged people's acknowledging the necessity of sexual consultation. This study adopted descriptive method using open-ended questionaires. The data for study was collected from 26 people over 65 years who reside in communities. It was gathered from April to June of 1998 through interview. The interviewee includes 16 males, 9 females and their average age was 73.3. 19 people among them have spouses. The conclusion of this study can be summarized as follows. 1) Attitude to sexual life: The meaning of sexual life for aged people is categorized as 'sense of duty', 'feeling of intimacy', 'basic desire', 'decrease of meaning' and 'meaningless'. 2) Sexual desire: Sexual desire of aged people is categorized as 'extinction', 'decrease', 'continuation' and 'restraint'. Restraint of sexual desire is due to social convention or the difficulty in fulfilling desire. 3) Causes of troubles in sexual life Causes which lead to troubles in sexual life of aged people can be categorized as 'physical', 'psychological' and 'social'. 'Physical' elements include 'incompetence of erection', 'decrease in duration of erection', 'increase in time needed to re-erection', 'declining of physical strength', 'decrease in vagina secretion' and 'worsening of health'. Among 'psychological' elements 'decrease of self-confidence', 'diminished concern of female aged people' are. 'Social elements' are 'absence of sexual parter', 'circumstances of living' and 'recognition of neighbor'. 4) Response to change of sexual life The reaction of aged people to change of sexual activities is classified as 'positive' and 'negative'. 5) Attitude to the consultation of sexual life of aged people The attitude to the consultation of sexual life in old age is classified as 'negative', 'doubtful' and 'positive'. This study explored the meaning which aged people in community attach to sexual life, the extent of their sexual desire, the causes of troubles in their sexual life, their emotional response to changes in sexual life, their recognition of necessity in sexual consultation. Considering the frequency of the statement, most of aged people who were interviewed thought much of sexual life and put emphasis on it. Those who said that sexual life has decreased meaning or is not important to them are few, Though aged people still maintain sexual desire, most of them have some trouble in sexual life. These trouble changes the sexual life, and results in negative feeling such as depression, renunciation and difficulty in relations. So they acknowledged that sexual consultation is necessary to them.

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A Case Study on the Spatial Organization in Public Areas of Silver Town (실버타운의 사례(事例)를 통한 공용공간구성요소(公用空間構成要素)와 면적(面積)에 관한(關限) 연구(硏究) - 고층형 수도권 시설의 공용공간을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi Ung;Lee Sang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.151-158
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    • 2006
  • Medical technology being developed, the increase of the aged population brings about many changes in financial standard, consciousness and lifestyle. And the increase of a nuclear family and a professional woman makes their family not to be able to support them anymore. Because aged people also don't want to rely on their family, aged people households are growing gradually. These causes make a house and a living environment of aged people to new social problems and these became elements to determine the living quality. In case of advanced nations a house considered of the physical character of aged people has been planned and they can live with various services in their houses and community that they are living without moving: But a hou! se for aged people is initial stage in Korea. And most facilities are poor and just for protection and accommodation. Although concerning a house for the aged according to revised the aged welfare law, companies are waiting to build because of problems of cognition and regulation. Therefore the plan considered of the character of the aged is being needed for the independent and comfortable living of the aged.

Thermoregulation of the Aged People in Cold, with Special Reference to Physical Insulation (노인(老人)의 한냉환경(寒冷環境)에서의 체온조절상(體溫調節相)에 관(關)한 실험적연구(實驗的硏究) - 특(特)히 물리적조절상(物理的調節相)에 관(關)하여 -)

  • Lee, Dae-Yon
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.215-230
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    • 1967
  • It has been suggested by Krag and Kountz (1950), Horvath et al. (1955) and Spurr et al. (1955) that the mechanism for prevention of heat loss is less efficient in the aged than in the young. In addition, they observed that peripheral vasoconstriction occurred more rapidly and more intensively in the aged people in response to the cold stimulus. Although it is not clear on the basis of these reports whether the Physical insulation of the aged people in cold would be different from the younger, it is evident that the vascular reactivity in response to cold seems to be altered in the aged people. Hence this investigation was undertaken to investigate the physical insulation of the aged people in a systemic manner by water immersion method which has been successfully applied to the Eskimos and Korean diving women by Rennie et al.

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The role of occupational therapist and physical therapist for the rehabilitation - based home care services (재가노인서비스를 위한 물리치료사와 작업치료사의 역할)

  • Yang, Young-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.131-139
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    • 2002
  • The proportion of the aged people in Korea has increased rapidly by more than 7% in 2000. A survey says that the changing rate from the aging society to the aged is the highest among the OECD countries. The prevalence rate of the aged population is on the increase. Chronic diseases such as arthritis and strokes limits their body's functions and activities of daily living. It is necessary that functional training. ADL training and continuous treatment be provided by Physical or Occupational Therapists. Discontinuance of treatment can cause the aged people to be in a bed state. The aged people need a variety of home care services at their convenience. Occupational and Physical therapist should play a major role in providing the rehabilitation-base home care services. Further they are expected to contribute to the extension of health care services such as home care and nursing home programs.

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A Study on The Extent of Alienation Revealed among A Group of Aged People in Seoul City (서울시내 일부 노인들의 소외정도에 관한 조사연구)

  • 김행자
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.32-43
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    • 1974
  • A steady increase in the aged population poses a great challenge to nurses with their diversities of health care needs, especially of psychological nature, such as an alienation problems among the aged. The purpose of this study is to examine the nature of alienation problems among the aged in urban areas to provide basic informations for a better understanding of aged people. In this study, the investigator has tried to identify causes of alienation in the aged, and to determine the extent of alienation in relation to sex, family structure, religion, economic status and participation in social activities. The survey was done during the period from the last part of August to the end of September 1973. After a day's training, 10 interviewers have interviewed 210 stratified random samples of people over the age of 65 residing in Seoul with the free-ended questionnaire prepared by the investigator. The result of the study was tested by Critical Ratio. Following Hypothesis have guides formulation of the study: I. The extent of alienation in old man would be higher than in old woman, II. The extent of alienation in the aged who live alone would be higher than those living with their family. III. The extent of alienation in the aged who have no spouse would be higher than who live with their spouse. IV. The extent of alienation in the people without religious beliefs would be higher than the people with religious biles. V. The extent of alienation in the aged would be higher in proportion to decreased level of their economic productivity. Ⅵ. The extent of alienation in the aged who do not participate in social activities would be higher than that of the aged who actively participate. The analytic results of the study are as fellows: 1. The extent of alienation in woman was revealed higher than that of man by showing significant difference at P〈0.01 level. (CR=3.66) Accordingly hypothesis I was denied. 2. The extent of alienation in the aged wile live alone was revealed higher than that of the aged who live with their family by showing a significant difference at P<0.01 level. (CR=7.31) So hypothesis II was supported. 3. The extent of alienation of the aged who have no spouse was revealed higher than that of the aged who live with their spouse at the significant level of P <0.01. CR=4.65) Accordingly hypothesis III was supported, 4. There was no significant difference in the extent of alienation between the people with and-without religion. Thus hypothesis IV was rejected. 5. The extent of alienation in the aged was found to be higher in proportion to decreased level of their economic ability. a. The aged with greatest income showed least alienation b. The aged with no income had a greater extent of alienation than the aged with minimal income by showing significant difference at P <0.01 level . (CR=4.82) c. The difference between the greatest income group and the minimal income group was. found to be less significant than the difference between minimal income group and the-people without income. Thus hypothesis V was positively supported. 6. The extent of alienation in the aged who do not participate in social activities was higher than that of the aged who actively participate. (P <0.01, CR=6.24) According1y hypothesis Ⅵ was supported.

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A Study on the Living Behaviors of the Aged in Old people's home and Recuperation facilities - Focused on the facilities in Kyungnam, Kyungpook and Teagu - (양로(養老)·요양시설(療養施設) 입소고령자(入所高齡者)의 생활행위(生活行爲)에 관한 연구(硏究) -경상남·북도 소재 시설을 중심으로-)

  • Yang, Kumsuek
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.87-96
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    • 1999
  • The first objective is find out some life styles on the aged by the actual condition of the daily living activities in old people's home and recuperation facilities. The second objective of this study is to clarify the living behavior patterns of the aged who are under recuperation and living by behavioral places. The thorough investigation and observation works were made to them from the view points of daily living behaviors and activities of the recuperating aged. This article discusses about the basic characteristics of the aged and the actual condition of the daily living activities of the aged in old people's home and recuperation facilities.

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A Study on the Aging Knowledge, Sexual Perception and Sexual Attitude about the Aged People in a Local Adults (일 지역 성인의 노화지식과 노인에 대한 성인식 및 성태도에 관한 연구)

  • Je, Nam Joo;Yang, Hyun Joo;Park, Meera
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.486-497
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to: (a) explore correlations between aging knowledge, sexual perception and sexual attitude of aged people among adults, and (b) provide a database to develop an educational program to instill the right perception and sexual attitude of aged people in our society. The subjects were 340 adults aged 20-59 years living in K do, B and U city. The data were collected from June 9, 2015 to August 23, 2015 and analyzed based on the means, percentages, t-tests, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficient using IBM SPSS 21.0. The subjects' score of aging knowledge was 12.12, sexual perception of aged people was 2.99, sexual attitude of aged people was 4.04. There were significant correlations between aging knowledge and sexual perception of aged people (r=0.227, p<0.001), aging knowledge and sexual attitude of aged people (r=0.369, p<0.001), sexual perception of aged people and sexual attitude of aged people (r=0.299, p<0.001). Therefore, it is necessary to provide systematic education about aging knowledge and sex of aged people by to change the perception and attitude of the elderly in our society.