• Title, Summary, Keyword: adult

Search Result 10,030, Processing Time 0.067 seconds

A Study on the Opportunity level of Adult Education by Gender and Regions (성별ㆍ지역간 사회교육 기회격차에 관한 연구)

  • Bae Sung Eui
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.37-47
    • /
    • 2005
  • Education has been emphasized as one of tools of realizing social equality, which has its base on the ideology of equal education opportunity. The Opportunity level of adult education is important in the meaning of social equality. but these days It is being inequality. so The objectives of this study were 1) measuring the opportunity level of adult education in Korea, 2) analysing the difference adult education level by gender, regions, 3) making out the gap of the its level by social educational agencies, 4) to suggest the way to improve the opportunity level of adults educations between adults by gender, regions. The followings are the results from the study: Adult education participation level were lower. Adult education participation level per adult education type showed higher participation at private institutes, lower at cultural center of community and school's human and material resources are not properly utilized in adult educational activities. By adult education participation level per gender and location, women have a higher participation level then men, and urban areas have a higher participation level then rural areas. In case of location, environment variables is most explanatory in adult education participation level. To strive for methods to activate school-oriented adult education activities and to develop political solution to ease the resources gaps for adult education investment among regions in order not to deepen environment gaps of adult education between urban and rural areas. For adult education activation, institution and bodies in charge of adult education should expand and discover hardware and develop and distribute software. Also, adult education specialists who operate and manage these hardware and sofeware efficiently should be recruited.

  • PDF

Adult Neurogenesis in Insulted Brain

  • Kim, Byung-Woo;Son, Hyeon
    • Toxicological Research
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.107-114
    • /
    • 2007
  • Although there are some questions about the venues of adult neurogenesis, it is undoubtedly accepted that new neurons are born in adult brains. Adult neurogenesis is regulated by a wide array of factors. Insults harmful to brain, such as neurodegenerative diseases, seizure, ischemia and exposure to drugs of abuse, are intricately related to adult neurogenesis. Whereas neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by death or functional loss of specific neurons, recent studies report that they can be accompanied by neurogenesis. In addition, alcohol and drugs of abuse which have been reputed to cause irreversible damage to brain can also generate newly born cells in adult brain. As yet, however, we have little knowledge of the functional significance and roles of adult neurogenesis under pathological settings, not to mention under physiological settings. Accordingly, in this review we briefly summarize the results of studies which focus on adult neurogenesis in insulted brain, instead of trying to draw hurried conclusion regarding the relationship between adult neurogenesis and brain insults.

The effects of adult children's marriage-delay on parents' mental health (자녀의 결혼지연이 부모의 정신건강에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Soon Mi;Jun, Hey Jung
    • 한국가족관계학회지
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.131-153
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objective: This study aimed to examine the effects of adult children's marriage-delay on their parents' mental health. Furthermore, this study investigated how the influence of adult children's marriage-delay on parents' mental health could vary depending on the coresidence and employment status of the marriage-delayed adult children. Method: Two waves of Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA) were used for the analyses. Multiple regression models were conducted with 2,938 Korean parents who had at least one child, regardless of gender (aged 33~44). Results: First, adult children's marriage-delay was related to lower levels of parents' life satisfaction. Second, the levels of parents' life satisfaction were low regardless of residing with their marriage-delayed adult children, and the parents who were not living with their marriage-delayed adult children showed lower levels of life satisfaction than parents living with marriage-delayed adult children. Third, only the parents with unemployed marriage-delayed adult children showed significantly higher levels of depression. However, the levels of parents' life satisfaction were low regardless of the employment of marriage-delayed adult children, and the parents of unemployed marriage-delayed adult children showed lower levels of life satisfaction than the parents of employed marriage-delayed adult children. Conclusions: It is necessary to consider the effects of marriage, employment and coresidence of adult children on their parents in order to enhance the mental health of the parents. Also, the effects of marriage-delay on intimate relationships, such as family dynamics, need to be explored more in further research.

A Study on Adult Women′s Foundation Buying Behavior (성인여성의 파운데이션 구매행동에 관한 연구)

  • 심희란;서미아
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
    • /
    • v.50 no.8
    • /
    • pp.29-41
    • /
    • 2000
  • This study was intended to grasp the actual condition of adult women's wearing foundation garments for the Korean adult women in their 20s to 40s. For this purpose, questionnaire research was conducted for 639 adult women in their 20s to 40s living in Seoul and Kyonggi Province. As for the reason for the purchase of foundation garments, It was found that the highest proportion of the responding adult women would buy brassieres when they were needed because the old ones were threadbare, followed by the purchase of brassiere when they caught their eyes in shopping around. As for the reason for the purchase of girdles, the highest proportion of the responding adult women could buy girdles when they were needed because their old ones were wornout, and next when bargain sale began at the department store or the large shopping center. The highest proportion of the responding adult women thought the source of information on foundation garments as the window display, followed by magazine. The adult women in their 30s collected information on foundation garments through the window display when buying brassieres or girdles. As for the product evaluation criteria of foundation garments, the highest proportion of the responding adult women thought highly of the feeling of wear in brassieres and girdles, followed by dimensions in brassieres and bodily correctability in girdles. As for the place of buying brassieres or girdles, the responding adult women showed it to be the department store. followed by the discount store and the well-known agency.

  • PDF

Physiological and Biochemical Studies on the Adult Hemolymph proteins in Lepidoptera. 1. Appearance of Adult Specific Proteins in the Hemolymph of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori. (인시목 곤충의 성충체액단자질에 관한 생리성화학적 연구 1. 가잠의 성충특이체액단자질의 검출)

  • 성주일;문재유
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.20-24
    • /
    • 1988
  • Adult specific proteins, referred to as ASP-I(adult specific protein of slow mobility) and ASP-II(adult specific protein of slow mobility) at the pharate adult stage of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, were detected by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The adult specific proteins (ASP-I and ASP-II) were defined as a kind of adult hemolymph proteins without sex specificity, and the was no variation in the respective electrophoretic mobility of ASP-I and of ASP-II among the forty-one silkworm varieties. tested.

  • PDF

A Study on Growing Needs for Adult Day Service Center in Seoul under the New Longterm Care System (노인수발보장제도 도입에 따른 노인주간보호시설의 수요증가와 시설변화에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Eun-Jin;Park, Hae-Sun
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.41-50
    • /
    • 2006
  • Introduction of new longterm care policy for elderly in Korea would change many aspects of elderly care service facilities. Especially elderly home care services like adult daycare centers will expand drastically after beginning of longterm care insurance. The purpose of this study is to estimate demand of adult daycare centers by comparing with the U.S and Japanese cases. Korean government is expecting that adult daycare centers will expand ten times within 4 years. This estimate is exceeding the facility demand estimate of the U.S. and Japan. The results of population study and expecting growth rate of adult daycare centers in Seoul indicate that more than 300 centers, 4 times of the number of existing centers, are in need based on Seoul elderly population in 2004. To supply these numbers of facilities in short period, more in depth study should be followed. Existing adult daycare facilities' in Seoul were analyzed by their building and management types. Interior spaces of adult daycare centers in Korea are similar to the U.S. and Japan in space arrangements but much smaller in size. In depth study of space programming as well as overall demand survey of adult daycare centers is urgently in need for more realistic expansion of adult daycare centers.

  • PDF

The Effects of Adult Attachment on Parenting Stress in Preshooler's mothers : Marital Conflict as a Mediating Variable (유아기 자녀를 둔 어머니의 성인애착이 양육스트레스에 미치는 영향 : 부부갈등을 매개변인으로)

  • Ye, Nam-Hee;Min, Ha-Yeoung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
    • /
    • v.28 no.5
    • /
    • pp.67-74
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study investigates the effects of adult attachment on parenting stress using marital conflict as a mediating variable for mothers of preschoolers. The subjects were 370 mothers who lived with at least one preschooler in Daegu or Gyeongbuk Province. The collected data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation as well as single and multiple regressions that used SPSS Win 15.0. The results were as follows: (1) The adult attachment by mothers was negatively associated with parenting stress. The adult attachment level of mothers becomes lower as the perception of parenting stress increases. (2) The adult attachment by mothers was negatively associated with marital conflict. That is, the adult attachment level of mothers becomes lower as the perception of marital conflict increases. (3) The effects of adult attachment in parenting stress by mothers was reducing explanation when controlled for the marital conflict. Adult attachment which influenced the parenting stress of mothers was partially mediated by marital conflict. The results of the study imply that to reduce the parenting stress of mothers, there is a need to improve spousal relationships, in addition, there is a need for more active support to improve conjugal relations for mothers whose adult attachment was not stable.

A Study on Adult Learners' Perception on the Development of Life Competencies in Busan and Ulsan (부산·울산지역 성인학습자들의 생애능력개발에 대한 인식 분석)

  • Park, Jong-Un;Yoon, Hyung Keun;Kang, Beodeul;Won, Hyo-Heon
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.160-169
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to search and analyze the realities and needs of life long education, the necessity and perception of life competencies and the difference of competencies on experiences of education to support life long education system for adult learners in Busan and Ulsan. In this study, we conducted a questionnaire survey of 234 adult learners living in Busan and Ulsan. The results of this study were summarized as follows. First, adult learners perceived that life long education was very important to adults and appreciated an educational institution being managed by government. Second, adult learners thought that basic literacy competency and basic work competency were important and late fifties perceived that professional job is in important. Third, adult learners perceived that self directed learning and capacity of management are poor competencies. And they perceived that the government support adult learners who has economical difficulty. Forth, adult learners perceived that it was normal that 'professional job' and 'job transition abilities', 'women', 'the middle aged and old','the unemployed' and' low incomers' perceived that they have poor level. Fifth, according to the results of ${\chi}^2$ test for determining the statistical significance of differences in experience in lifelong learning among adult learner groups divided by their individual background, significant differences were observed in a few competencies(p<.05, p<.01).

Relation Research on Participation Valence and Learning Flow of Adult Learner in the Credit Bank System (성인학습자의 학점은행제 참여 유의가와 학습몰입 관계 연구)

  • SONG, Kyoung-Hwa;JUNG, Ju-Young;AHN, Young-Sik
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
    • /
    • v.28 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1209-1219
    • /
    • 2016
  • In knowledge based society, lifelong learning is increasing in order to meet educational needs of adult learners. Credit Bank system which is credited by individual experience, learning and qualifications are also emphasized for continuing learning participation. However, in spite of the importance of concern in the Credit Bank System, adult learners expectation and value are not high. The purpose of this study is to analyze participation valence and learning flow of adult learner in the Credit Bank System. The result of this study is summarized as follows: first, adult learners participated in the Credit Bank System to get new knowledge and skill based on internal and external motivation and requirement not involved with individual degree. Second, adult learners participating in the Credit Bank System are experiencing learning flow realizing that behavior of participation is compensated, adult learners are concentrating and feeling with satisfaction and pleasure to study. Third, participation in the Credit Bank System based on adult learner's own right learning requirement have been analyzed as it has a positive effect to the learning flow and have indicated that adult learners having high level of valence experience, recognition immersion, behavioral devotion, and egoistic immersion. Based on the conclusion, further studies are suggested.

A Study on the Relationship between Women's Values and Preference in Clothing Design (한국여성의 가치관과 의복디자인 선호도와의 상관성 연구)

  • Lee Sun Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.29-42
    • /
    • 1987
  • This study was an attempt to survey, the relationships between women's values and preference in clothing design. For the measurement of values scale was to relect the theoretical, economic aesthetic, social. political and religious values explained by Allport-vernon- Lindzey. The preference rate in clothing design consisted of 50 items and 3 factors including color, form and texture. The questionnaire were administered to a sample of women (between college students and adult) who lined in Seoul, Korea. The date for 910 respondents were analyzed by person's carrelation coefficient, to-test and $x^2$ test. Through this study, the followings were founds; 1. Aesthetic value was the mast important of female college students values and economic value was the most important of adult's values. 2. There were significant relation between values and the preference for clothing form in line and style; 1) In line preference, adult women indicated negative correlation with religious values but positive correlation with aesthetic and political values. 2) In style preference, adult women indicated negative correlation with economic values positive correlation with social values, for female college students indicated positive correlation with aesthetic social and political values. 3. There were significant relation between values and preference for texture in touch, thickness, weight, light and luster; 1) In relationship between texture and values, adult women indicated touchness preference negative correlation with theoretical and religious values, for female college students indicated positive correlation with aesthetic and social values. 2) In thickness preference adult women indicated negative correlation with theoretical values but female college students indicated positive correlation with political values. 3) In weight preference, adult women indicated negative correlation with theoretical values. But female college students indicated positive correlation with religious values. 4) In brightness preference, only adult women indicated positive correlation with social values, negative correlation with economic values. In transparency preference, adult women indicated positive correlation with aesthetic values, negative correlation with religious values. 4. There were significant correlation among color and economic, aesthetic; political and religious values, that is, evacuation and economic political values in adult women there were positive correlation with religious values in female students. 1) In chroma only adult women indicated negative correlation with religious values. In warm and cold, positive correlation with economic values in both of them. 2) In coloration, adult women like a complement color indicated negative correlation with aesthetic values, but positive correlation with political values. 5. There were significant differences in the preference of clothing design between female college students and adult women; correlationship with color variables. Evacuation, both of them indicated negative correlation with chroma positive correlation with warm and cold and coloration. In chroma, adult women indicated negative correlation with coloration and warm and cold, for female students indicated negative correlation with coloration. 6. Comparison with clothing preference: 1) In color preference, adult women liked the most white, brown, blue and black in sequence. Female college students liked the most white, also the next is blue and pink. 2) Clothing design preference, there was significant difference in warm and cold and coloration, adult women more liked than female students. In shape of clothing, both of them indicated significant difference in line and style, female students more liked sporty style. In texture, adult women more liked soft thin light weight and bright. 3) In silhouette preference, the most is H-line, female college students more liked.

  • PDF