• 제목, 요약, 키워드: adoption

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농업인의 정보 수용경로 분석 및 정보수용 제고 방안 (Analysis of Information Adoption Pathways and Strategies of Raising Information Adoption of Farmers)

  • 최상호
    • 농촌계획
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.73-87
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    • 2009
  • This study analyzed the characteristics of diverse information adoption pathways per pathway of information composition category including 'information perception', 'information assessment', and 'information adoption' and examined information adoption characteristics per pattern. In addition, differences among agricultural researchers and farmers per information adoption stage were analyzed. According to these analyses, as for farmers' information adoption pathways, while the formal extension type and the situational reaction diffusion type used the direct pathway of 'information perception ${\rightarrow}$ information adoption,'the agriculturist connection type and the systematic approach type did not use the direct pathway of 'information perception ${\rightarrow}$ information adoption' but, instead, adopted information by moving from the 'information perception ${\rightarrow}$ information assessment' pathway to the 'information assessment ${\rightarrow}$ information adoption' pathway, with information assessment as the intermediation. In the case of farmers, information adoption was the highest in comparison with information assessment and information perception in all patterns whereas, in the case of agricultural researchers, the results were exactly opposite those of farmers. By suggesting an information adoption pathway appropriate to each pattern, this study sought to enhance information adoption.

국외 입양아들의 특성과 변화 (Overseas adoption in Korea)

  • 김재윤
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.410-416
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    • 2009
  • In Korea, overseas adoption has been practiced for more than 50 years. Initially, overseas adoption began with the objective to provide permanent homes for Korean war orphans, including mixed-blood children. From 1953 to 2007, about 160,000 Korean children were placed worldwide through overseas adoption and approximately 70,000 children were adopted in Korea. During that period, Korea developed into one of leading industrial countries in the world and the family norms changed dramatically. Since 1989, the Korean government has made diverse efforts to increase domestic adoptions and to support adopted families through the revisions to Korea's Child Welfare Law. However, it is not enough to reduce overseas adoptions rapidly because the Korean government's economic support for adopted families is not adequate and Korean sentiments regarding adoption have not changed. Being an international adoptee is a unique experience, involving dissimilarities of race, ethnicity, and culture. Clearly, it is very important for us to focus on placing Korean children in the best possible environment. Therefore, Korea must make diverse efforts to reduce overseas adoptions and to encourage domestic adoption. First, Korean society has to try to reduce the number of children who need out-of-home care. Second, the Korean government and people should make an effort to increase domestic adoptions, including adoptions of disabled and older children. Finally, the Korean government and adoption agencies have to provide professional pre-adoption and post-adoption services for international adoptees and adoptive parents.

입양환경 변화에 따른 입양기관의 역할 재정립에 관한 입양기관 실무자 의견조사 (A Survey of the Opinions of Social Workers in Adoption Agencies on Their New Roles and Tasks in the Context of Changing Adoption Environment in Korea)

  • 변미희;안재진;신혜령
    • 한국아동복지학
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    • no.54
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    • pp.45-77
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구는 입양특례법의 개정과 헤이그국제아동입양협약 비준을 앞두고 있는 국내외 입양환경의 변화에 맞서, 효과적인 입양실천을 위해 입양기관의 역할 재정립 방안을 모색하고 앞으로의 과제를 제안하기 위한 정책 연구이다. 이러한 연구목적을 달성하기 위하여 본 연구에서는 주요 선진국의 입양사업 특성과 입양기관의 역할을 분석하고, 국내 입양기관 실무자를 대상으로 간담회 및 설문조사를 통해 입양특례법 개정 후 현장에서 체감하는 실질적인 변화 및 입양실천에서의 문제점, 향후 개선사항 등 변화하는 입양 환경을 진단하고, 앞으로 국내 및 국제입양에서 예측되는 변화에 따라 입양 기관에게 요구되는 역할에 대한 의견을 조사하였다. 마지막으로 문헌조사 및 실무자 조사에 대한 분석결과를 토대로 앞으로 입양사업의 방향성과 입양기관의 변화된 역할 및 앞으로의 과제를 제시하였다.

User Experience and the Multi-Stage Adoption of Mobile Apps

  • Kim, Ambrose;Kim, Kyoung-jae
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.49-79
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    • 2014
  • The adoption of technology has always been of interest to academicians and practitioners of the field of Management Information System. This is so because without proper and adequate adoption, technology-no matter how beneficial or advanced it may be-will be of little value to users. Numerous researches, such as the researches of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) or the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT), had been conducted to understand the human nature in association with the adoption or rejection of technologies that have bombarded the users. The coming of smart technologies (i.e., smart phones and devices), however, seems to have fundamentally changed the environment for adoption. The ubiquity combined with mobility of technology, especially when it comes to mobile apps, seem to make the old PC era of two-stage-pre and post-adoption models obsolete. A new model of adoption that identifies the determinants of technology acceptance and continuance is needed for the smart age. To this end, this paper undertakes an empirical study, by analyzing 229 users of Social Networking Service (SNS) mobile apps, to identify the role of user experience on the multi-stage adoption of technology, and provides results that User Experience (UX) plays the crucial role of bridging the separate stages of pre and post adoption of technologies. The paper concludes by providing practical implications of the new model as it relates to mobile apps and technologies, and recommendations for further studies to get a better understanding of technology adoption in the smart age.

정보기술 수용 후 주관적 지각 형성: 사용 경험에서 형성된 습관, 기대일치, 자기효능감의 역할 (What happens after IT adoption?: Role of habits, confirmation, and computer self-efficacy formed by the experiences of use)

  • 김용영;오상조;안중호;장정주
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.25-51
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    • 2008
  • Researchers have been continuously interested in the adoption of information technology (IT) since it is of great importance to the information systems success and it is also an important stage to the success. Adoption alone, however, does not ensure information systems success because it does not necessarily lead to achieving organizational or individual objectives. When an organization or an individual decide to adopt certain information technologies, they have objectives to accomplish by using those technologies. Adoption itself is not the ultimate goal. The period after adoption is when users continue to use IT and intended objectives can be accomplished. Therefore, continued IT use in the post-adoption period accounts more for the accomplishment of the objectives and thus information systems success. Previous studies also suggest that continued IT use in the post-adoption period is one of the important factors to improve long-term productivity. Despite the importance there are few empirical studies focusing on the user behavior of continued IT use in the post-adoption period. User behavior in the post-adoption period is different from that in the pre-adoption period. According to the technology acceptance model, which explains well about the IT adoption, users decide to adopt IT assessing the usefulness and the ease of use. After adoption, users are exposed to new experiences and they shape new beliefs different from the thoughts they had before. Users come to make decisions based on their experiences of IT use whether they will continue to use it or not. Most theories about the user behaviors in the pre-adoption period are limited in describing them after adoption since they do not consider user's experiences of using the adopted IT and the beliefs formed by those experiences. Therefore, in this study, we explore user's experiences and beliefs in the post-adoption period and examine how they affect user's intention to continue to use IT. Through deep literature reviews on the construction of subjective beliefs by experiences, we draw three meaningful constructs which theoretically have great impacts on the continued use of IT: perceived habit, confirmation, and computer self-efficacy. Then, we examine the role of the subjective beliefs on the cognitive/affective attitudes and intention to continue to use that IT. We set up a research model and conducted survey research. Since IT use implies interactions among a user, IT, and a task, we carefully selected the sample of users using same/similar IT to perform same/similar tasks, to exclude unwanted influences of other factors than subjective beliefs on the IT use. We also considered that the sample of users were able to make decisions to continue to use IT volitionally or at least quasi-volitionally. For each construct, we used measurement items recognized for reliability and widely used in the previous research. We slightly modified some items proper to the research context and a pilot test was carried out for forty users of a portal service in a university. We performed a full-scale survey after verifying the reliability of the measurement. The results show that the intention to continue to use IT is strongly influenced by cognitive/affective attitudes, perceived habits, and computer self-efficacy. Confirmation affects the intention to continue indirectly through cognitive/affective attitudes. All the constructs representing the subjective beliefs built by the experiences of IT use have direct and/or indirect impacts on the intention of users. The results also show that the attitudes in the post-adoption period are formed, at least partly, by the experiences of IT use and newly shaped beliefs after adoption. The findings suggest that subjective beliefs built by the experiences have deep impacts on the continued use. The results of the study signify that while experiencing IT in the post-adoption period users form new beliefs, attitudes, and intentions which may be different from those of the pre-adoption period. The results of this study partly demonstrate that the beliefs shaped by the behaviors, those are the experiences of IT use, influence users' attitudes and intention. The results also suggest that behaviors (experiences) also change attitudes while attitudes shape behaviors. If we combine the findings of this study with the results of the previous research on IT adoption, we can propose a cycle of IT adoption and use where behavior shapes attitude, the attitude forms new behavior, and that behavior shapes new attitude. Different from the previous research, the study focused on the user experience after IT adoption and empirically demonstrated the strong influence of the subjective beliefs formed in the post-adoption period on the continued use. This partly confirms the differences between attitudes in the pre-adoption and in the post-adoption period. Users continuously change their attitudes and intentions while experiencing (using) IT. Therefore, to make users adopt IT and to make them use IT after adoption is a different problem. To encourage users to use IT after adoption, experiential variables such as perceived habit, confirmation, and computer self-efficacy should be managed properly.

청소년의 유행채택 행동 - 의복관여의 관점에서 - (Adolescents' Behaviors on Fashion Adoption - with Reference to Clothing Involvement -)

  • 구은영;조필교
    • 복식문화연구
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.592-601
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    • 2001
  • This study focuses on fashion adoption behavior of adolescents. The impact of their clothing involvement factors and socio-demographic factors on their fashion adoption behavior was examined. Three core issues were identified for empirical test: 1) Elements of clothing involvement for adolescents; 2) Fashion adoption behavior of adolescents; 3) Impact of clothing involvement elements on fashion adoption behavior. The Likert Type questionnaires were used to measure clothing involvement and fashion adoption behavior. The data of 472 samples drawn from middle and high school students in Taegu Metropolitan City were analyzed by factor analysis, ANOVA, Scheff test, t-test and regression analysis. Main results of the study are as follows. 1 . Concept of the clothing involvement is composed of five dimensions: importance, fashion, self-expression, pleasure, and buying risk. 2. Socio-demographic factors do influence fashion adoption behavior. Average monthly pocket money, expenditures on clothes and household income are found to have statistically significant impacts on the adoption behavior. Female students are more fashion-oriented than male students. 3. The clothing involvement elements are found to have significant influences on fashion adoption behavior: fashion, importance and self-expression elements on fashion innovation; fashion, importance and pleasure elements on fashion information search.

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전자정부 서비스의 지속적 수용 강화를 위한 통합적 접근 : 실증연구 (An Integrative Approach for Strengthening Continual Adoption of e-Government Services : An Empirical Study)

  • 임세헌
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.19-41
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    • 2013
  • This study analyzed the users acceptance of e-Government services. Many IT(Information Technology) adoption studies appeared the TAM(technology adoption model) of Davis[1989] as a theoretical background. The TAM composed of three factors those are the perceived easy of use, the perceived usefulness, and intention to adoption of IT. However, TAM did not explain the consequences of intention to adoption and antecedents of the ease of use and usefulness in IT adoption. To overcome limitations of TAM, many technology acceptance studies done. In this study, the researcher suggested the IT acceptance model for explaining users adoption of e-Government service based on the model of IT acceptance of Wixom and Todd[2005]. The model of Wixom and Todd[2005] based on the TAM of Davis[1989], IT adoption model of Taylor and Todd[1995] and, IS(Information Systems) success model of Delone and Mclean[1992, 2003]. For testing our research model, the researcher collected data from 200 users of e-Government services. The researcher analyzed in measurement model and structural model using statistical software. This study analyzed relationships among interaction, information quality, Web systems quality, satisfaction, ease of use, usefulness, and attitude to explain and predict influences of the users acceptance of e-Government services. The results of this study will provide useful information about develop a strategy for usage spread of e-Government services.

ERP 시스템에 대한 조직 구성원의 저항에 관한 연구 (A Study on Resistance to the Adoption of ERP Systems)

  • 박경란;황경태;정덕훈
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2003
  • This study analyses the level of resistance which workers have against the adoption of ERP systems and the factors affecting the resistance to the adoption of the new systems. The major results of the study include 1) about 40% of workers showed resistance to the adoption of ERP systems, and 2) all six factors (technical characteristics of ERP system, functional characteristics of ERP system, implementation approach, task changes caused by the adoption of ERP system, attitude toward change, and altitude toward organization) were proved to affect the resistance to the adoption of the ERP systems. In practice, adoption of ERP system brings significant changes to workers. In order for an organization to succeed, it is necessary to reduce the resistance of workers. Since this study is performed based on a case study, the results of the study may not be generalized. However, the results of the study may provide guidance which organizations can refer in the course of effective personnel management.

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정보기술 도입 결정기준 및 영향 요인 - 혁신특성과 핵심집단 관점 - (Decision Criteria and Affecting Factors in Information Technology Adoption - Innovation Characteristics and Critical Mass Perspective -)

  • 박정훈
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.125-142
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    • 1999
  • The increased investment in technological innovations makes the investigation of factors affecting technology adoption more interesting. Several perspectives have been proposed to explain the determinants of information technology adoption. While the traditional innovation diffusion research streams try to explain and predict adoption behavior with the adopter's perceptions about the characteristics of the innovation itself, critical mass theorists argue that adoption behavior as a collective action is based on what their business partners are doing and whether there exists enough critical mass to justify the investment. Drawing on theses two perspectives, this study investigates the decision criteria in the adoption of information technology as innovation and factors affecting the decision criteria. The survey results reveal that the adoption behavior is affected both by innovation characteristics and by critical mass's activity. Correlation analysis, t-test, and stepwise regression models also show that as the environmental uncertainty is getting higher, adoption decision is affected more by what others are doing, and that highly competitive organizations seem to play the role of critical mass.

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중소기업 최고경영층의 SCM 수용 의사결정 요인에 관한 연구 (The Factors Influencing Executive Decisions about Adoption of SCM in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises)

  • 유일;소순후
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.145-167
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    • 2004
  • Given the increasing of adoption of the SCM(Supply Chain Management), especially in small and medium-sized enterprises, this study aims at identifying the key influencing factors of small and medium-sized enterprises' SCM adoption. Based on prior research on innovation diffusion theory, TPB(Theory of Planned Behavior), and IT/EDI adoption in various organizations, a model of SCM adoption has been developed and empirically tested hypotheses based on the model. The model was tested using LISREL analysis on the sample collected from 127 small and medium-sized enterprises' top management. The results show that perceived behavioral control is found to have a significant positive effect on adoption intention, and attitude and subjective norm are also important determinants of SCM adoption intention in small and medium-sized enterprises. Implications of these findings are discussed for researchers and practitioners.