• Title, Summary, Keyword: adolescent

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Adolescent Runaway: The Impact of Family, Individual Factors and Coping Behavior (청소년의 가출: 가족적, 개인적 요인 및 대처행동의 영향)

  • 현은민
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.41-56
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    • 2000
  • This study focused on the effects of family, individual characteristics of adolescents and coping behaviors on adolescent runaway. The major findings were as follows: 1. Adolescent who had higher level of family violence, lower level of communication with parent, family cohesion and adaptability, and resource adequacy perception reported higher scores in runaway. 2. Adolescents who had higher level of emotional distress, lower level of self-esteem and self-control tended to have higher scores in runaway. 3. There was a significant difference in adolescent runaway according to coping behavior styles. 4. Maladaptive coping behaviors were significantly associated with the runaway adolescent group. 5. Adaptive coping behaviors were not associated with both runaways and non-runaways group. 6. Communication with father had a direct effect on adolescent runaway and also indirect effects through emotional stress and maladaptive coping behavior. 7. Maladaptive coping behaviors had a direct effect on adolescent runaway but adaptive coping behavior had no effect. 8. Emotional stress had an indirect effect through maladaptive coping behavior on adolescent runaway. 9. Communication with father had a direct effect and an indirect effect through self-esteem of adolescents on the adaptive coping behavior. 10. Family adaptability had a direct effect on the adaptive coping behavior.

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A Study on Ego-State, Life Position and family System of Unmarried Adolescent Mothers and Female Adolescents (청소년 미혼모와 일반 청소인의 자아상태, 인생태도 및 가족체계에 관한 연구)

  • 배영미;이형실
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.39-51
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    • 2002
  • Pregnancies of unmarried women are one of the most serious sex problems because they can negatively affect the lives and development of both unwed mothers and their extramarital children. The number of unwed adolescent mothers is growing recently, extending the seriousness of the problem. This study was conducted to explore the ego-state, life position and family systems that may cause unmarried pregnancy. The data obtained from the structured questionnaire survey of 79 unmarried adolescent mothers and 82 female adolescents were analyzed in terms of frequency and t-test using the SPSS WIN 8.0 program. The results were as follows: 1. Ego-state elements of unmarried adolescent mothers were distributed evenly in general and this falls under the All B(BBBBB) type of ego-gram, just like the adolescents. As for the subject adolescent mothers, CP was the lowest among the 5 egos. 2. As to the life position, the position of "I′m OK, You′re OK"was the highest for both groups, with slight differences. 3. With regard to the family system types sorted by the combination of family cohesion and family adaptability levels, both the adolescent. mothers and adolescents tended to perceive their families as somewhat-balanced or balanced families. 4. While the two groups of adolescent mothers and adolescents showed, on the whole, the same types for all the indicators like above, statistically significant differences were found in more detailed elements.

A Study on the Korean Adolescent Girls' Wearing Condition of Brassiere (한국 청소년기 여성의 브래지어 착용 실태 조사)

  • Choi, Young-Lim;Yang, Heesoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.741-751
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    • 2017
  • Adolescent girls experience significant breast growth is a significant secondary sexual characteristic development; their breasts are clearly different from adults' in volume, location and shape. This study was designed to understand brassiere wearing conditions and practices of adolescent girls aged between 15 and 18, as well as to identify problems and solutions so that it can serve as basic guidelines to develop patterns and sizes for adolescent brassieres. This researcher first studied brassiere wearing conditions and size fitness of adolescent girls. We analyzed the 439 collected responses from an online survey. The survey questionnaires encompassed brassiere wearing conditions and practices, brassiere size awareness, brassiere design preference, and brassiere purchase behavior. The survey found that 55.8% of the responders did not accurately understand their brassiere sizes, and those who understood their size showed a higher satisfaction and less discomfort than those who did not. This study found a requirement to educate adolescent girls on how to select and wear the right-sized brassieres. It is also necessary to promote different brassiere designs for adolescent girls' size and body shape.

Impact of Parent-Adolescent Attachment and Self-Control on Problem Behavior in Middle School Students (중학생의 부모-자녀 애착과 자기통제력이 문제행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Moon, Young-Sook;Han, Su-Jeong
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.302-310
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the attachment of middle school students to their parents, their self-control, problem behavior, and the mediating effect of self-control on the relationship between parent-adolescent attachment and problem behavior. Method: Data were collected by questionnaires from 467 students in middle schools from May 19 to 30, 2008. Data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression procedures. Result: 1. The students investigated received a mean score of 2.76 and 3.01 on attachment for fathers and mothers respectively. They received a mean score of 3.32 on self-control. The most prevalent self-perceived problem behavior among the students was going home late at night without permission followed by bullying friends for no reason and drinking. 2. Among parent-adolescent attachment, self-control and problem behavior, parent-adolescent attachment had a positive correlation to self-control and a negative correlation to problem behavior. 3. Self-control had a mediating effect on the relationship between parent-adolescent attachment and problem behavior. Conclusion: Parent-adolescent attachment influenced problem behavior through the mediating effect of self-control, and is expected to lay the foundation for the prevention of adolescent problem behavior.

The influence of income and emotional closeness with father/mother on middle and high school-adolescent's alienation (소득과 부/모와의 정서적 친밀감이 중고교 청소년의 소외감에 미치는 영향)

  • Min, Ha-Yeoung
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1105-1114
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of income and emotional closeness with father/mother on middle and high school-adolescent's alienation The subjects were 327 middle and high school students who lived with two-parent in Keoungbok and whose household income was lower \4,000,000. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression(using SPSS 12.1). Major findings were as follows: 1) Middle and high school students's alienation was difference. The level of the high school adolescent's alienation was higher than the middle school adolescent's alienation. 2) Middle and high school students's alienation was differed by level of income and emotional closeness with father/mother. The lower level of income and emotional closeness with father/mother, the higher level of adolescent's alienation. 3) Among the income, emotional closeness with father/mother, the income was more influential predictor on high school-adolescent's alienation. But the income was not a significant predictor of middle school-adolescent's alienation. emotional closeness with father was more influential predictor on middle school-adolescent's alienation.

The Influence of Adolescent's Perceptions of Parental Authority and Parenting Behaviors on Teen's Autonomy in China and the United States (부모의 권위감과 양육행동이 청소년의 자율성에 미치는 영향: 중국과 미국 청소년을 중심으로)

  • Lim, Ji-Young
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1115-1124
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    • 2008
  • Although parent-child relationships are fundamental aspects of human development across all societies, this relationship is also shaped in significant ways by culture. Therefore, the present study sought to determine whether adolescent autonomy was predicted in a similar or differential manner by several parent-adolescent variables consisting of parenting behavior, parental authority, and parents' educational attainment in samples of Chinese and American adolescents. The sample for this study included 418 Chinese adolescents and 226 American adolescents. Utilizing structural equation modeling, the results revealed that the effect of paternal authority on adolescent autonomy development is indirect, with the indirect effect being mediated by the authoritative parenting behaviors for both cultural groups. Therefore, the analyses for Chinese and European American youth generated similar association patterns, such that parenting behaviors served as a mediator in the relationship between paternal authority and adolescents' autonomy development. The significance of this present study is to contribute to existing knowledge in the field of adolescent development and to the literature on how parental behaviors and authority in collectivistic societies and individualist societies influence adolescent development.

The Ecological Variables Affecting Adolescent's Sexual Behavior (청소년 성행동에 영향을 미치는 생태학적 변인)

  • Kim, Eun-Hwa;Jeon, Gwee-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.45 no.7
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    • pp.71-91
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    • 2007
  • We investigated the ecological variables of adolescent sexual behavior. We grouped the behaviors into organism, microsystem, mesosystem, and exosystem. The variables belonging to the organism group were sexual attitude, sex, grade, sexual knowledge, sexual education, dating experience, problem behaviors, and self-control. The microsystem variables included the parent-adolescent communication about sexuality, parental monitoring, parent educational background, friend relationships, and school environment. Moreover, the mesosystem variables included family-peer and family-school relationships. The exosystem variables were comprised of neighborhood environment and pornography. The study group included 369 adolescents from the first and second grade of several high school in Daegu, Korea. We found that the factors affecting adolescent sexual behavior included grade, sex, dating experience, self-control, smoking, and pursuing sexual pleasure. As well, contact with deviant friends, father-adolescent communication about sexuality, school type, and attachment to teacher. In addition the family-peer relationship also affected adolescent's sexual behaviors as well as pornography and neighborhood environment. Lastly the variable belonging to the organism group was found to have the greatest effect on adolescent, sexual behavior compared to the other variables.

Clustering of parental and peer variables associated with adolescent risk behaviors and their characteristics -Using Mixture Model- (청소년의 위험행동에 영향을 주는 부모변인과 또래변인을 중심으로 한 집단 구분 및 그 특성 - Mixture Model을 이용하여 -)

  • Lee, Ji-Min;Kwak, Young-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.899-908
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    • 2007
  • Clusters of parental and peer variables associated with adolescent risk behaviors are explored using the mixture model. Questionnaires were completed by 917 high school freshmen in the Daegu Kyungpook area and included measures of risk behaviors, parental attachment, autonomy, parental monitoring, and peers' risk behaviors and desirable behaviors. As a result of the mixture model, five clusters were produced. Two of the subgroups were consistent with the literature of showing linear relationships among adolescent risk behaviors and above variables; a group of higher parental attachment and autonomy as well as parental monitoring, lower friends' risk behaviors, and lower adolescent risk behaviors, and a group of lower parental attachment and autonomy as well as parental monitoring, higher friends' risk behaviors, and higher adolescent risk behaviors. Two other subgroups were similar in parental attachment and autonomy, but differed in parental monitoring, friends' risk behaviors, and adolescent risk behaviors. The last subgroup was characterized by scoring the lowest parental attachment and autonomy, parental monitoring, friends' risk behaviors, and lower adolescent risk behaviors compared to other subgroups. The utility of the mixture model in research on adolescent risk behaviors is discussed in the conclusion.

The Impact of Parents' Marital Conflict and Parent-Adolescent Communication on College Students' Psycho-Social Adjustment (부모간 갈등과 부모자녀간 의사소통에 따른 후기 청소년의 심리${\cdot}$사회적 적응)

  • Lee Young-Mi;Min Ha-Yeoung;Lee Yoon-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2005
  • This study investigated the effect of parents' marital conflict and parent-adolescent communication on the psycho-social adjustment of college students. The subjects were 287 college students(107 boys and 180 girls) in Daegu and Kyoungbuk Province. Questionnaires were used to investigate the college students' depression, anxiety and school adjustment and parents' marital conflict and parent-adolescent communication perceived by college students. Data were analyzed by SPSS-WIN program, including median, mean, standard deviation, correlational analysis, and regression. Results were as follows. (1) The college students who perceived their parents' marital conflict as lower and parent-adolescent communication as positive were less depressive and less anxious and were good at school than those who perceived them as higher and negative. (2) The college students of the family with negative parent-adolescent communication and high parents' marital conflict were more negative in psycho-social adjustment than those of the family with positive parent-adolescent communication or low parents' marital conflict. (3) The regression analysis showed that college students' perception of positive parent-adolescent communication was more influential on college students' psycho-social adjustment than the parents' marital conflict perceived by college students.

A Structural Equation Modeling on Premenstrual Syndrome in Adolescent Girls (청소년기 여학생의 월경전증후군 구조모형)

  • Jeon, Jung-Hee;Hwang, Sun-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.660-671
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The aims of this study were to construct a hypothetical structural model which explains the premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in adolescent girls and to test the fitness with collected data. Methods: The participants were 1,087 adolescent girls from 3 high schools and 5 middle schools in B city. Data were collected from July 3 to October 15, 2012 using self-reported questionnaires and were analyzed using PASW 18.0 and AMOS 16.0 programs. Results: The overall fitness indices of hypothetical model were good (${\chi}^2$ =1555, p<.001), ${\chi}^2$/df=4.40, SRMR=.04, GFI=.91, RMSEA=.05, NFI=.90, TLI=.91, CFI=.92, AIC=1717). Out of 16 paths, 12 were statistically significant. Daily hassles had the greatest impact on PMS in the adolescent girls in this model. In addition, PMS in adolescent girls was directly affected by menarche age, Body Mass Index (BMI), amount of menstruation, test anxiety, social support, menstrual attitude and femininity but not by academic stress. This model explained 27% of the variance in PMS in adolescent girls. Conclusion: The findings from this study suggest that nursing interventions to reduce PMS in adolescent girls should address their daily hassles, test anxiety, menstrual attitude and BMI. Also, social support from their parents, friends, and teachers needs to be increased.