• Title, Summary, Keyword: adolescent

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Adolescent Smoking Behaviors and the Related Risk Factors in Korea: A Descriptive Literature Review

  • Moon In-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2004
  • This study conducted descriptive literature review on adolescent smoking and the related factors to realize significance of adolescent smoking onset in Korea and to identify risk factors of smoking incidence. Korean adolescent smoking status was generated based on the cumulated data of the Korean Association of Smoking and Health. Risk factors of adolescent smoking were identified based on 18 studies written in English, with cross-sectional research design and published as a peer-reviewed journal article between 1994 and 2003. The results were as follows. 1. Korean adolescent smoking rate was the highest among OECD affiliated countries; in particular, male adolescent smoking incidence was very serious. 2. Risk factors related to smoking of adolescent population were personal factor, friend factor, family factor, and mass-media factor. Demographic characteristics, attitudes on smoking, and willingness of smoking, and health behaviors were selected as personal factor of smoking. 3. Best friends smoking was a strong factor of students' smoking set. Prevalent popularity of smoking in peer-group allowed students to feel free to smoking. 4. Concerning family factor related to smoking status, parents' smoking and sibling's smoking were significant indicators of adolescent smoking status. 5. Seeing smoking behaviors and scenes through films, TV shows, drama, and advertisement was a significant risk factor of adolescent smoking status.

The Effects of mothers' Conspicuous Consumption on Adolescent Conumers' Conspicuous Consumption (어머니의 과시소비가 청소년소비자의 과시소비에 미치는 영향)

  • 이승신
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.33-44
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    • 1999
  • This study investigates the importance of the role of mother to reduce conspicuous consumption of adolescent consumers. This study analyzes that the socio-demographic variables of adolescent consumers consumer ability the degree of materialism and the level at which the conspicuous consumption of the mother affect the conspicuous consumption of adolescent consumers. Analysis of the data collected from this study will be used to assist in reducing conspicuous consumption of adolescent consumers. A survey was conducted by questionnarire with 597 adolescent consumers attending middle and high school located in Seoul and their mothers. The results of this study show that the effect of conspicuous consumption of the mother was the most significant factor on the conspicuous consumption of adolescent consumers. The following factors were correlated with higher conspicuous consumption levels in adolescent consumers: 1) higher level of conspicuous consumption of the mother: 2) a lower evel of the moths consumer attitude ; 3) the lower educational level of the mother ; 4) whether the mother worked outside of the home rather than stayed at home full-time; and 5) less household income.

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Stability and Reciprocal Effects of Abuse and Neglect by Parents and Adolescent Depression and Delinquency (부모의 학대 및 방임과 청소년의 우울 및 비행의 안정성 및 상호적 영향)

  • Kim, Minjoo;Doh, Hyun-Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.133-148
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This study focused on the stability and reciprocal effects between abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency. We examined both parent and child effects by adopting the transactional model proposed by Sameroff (2009). Methods: Using autoregressive cross-lagged modeling, data from the $2^{nd}$ to the $4^{th}$ wave of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study (KCYPS) were analyzed. The sample consisted of 1,982 adolescents who were $8^{th}$ graders in 2011. Data were collected at three different phases: when participants were in $8^{th}$ grade (T1), $9^{th}$ grade (T2) and $10^{th}$ grade (T3). Results: First, the effects of abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency showed stability from the $8^{th}$ to the $10^{th}$ grade. Second, abuse at T1 and T2 had effects on adolescent delinquency at T2 and T3, respectively, but not on adolescent depression. In terms of child effects, abuse was influenced by adolescent depression only. Adolescent depression and delinquency had no reciprocal effects. Finally, there were reciprocal effects between neglect on one hand and adolescent depression and delinquency on the other. That is, there were child effects as well as parent effects. No significant effects were found in the reciprocal relations between adolescent depression and delinquency. Conclusion: The present study found the stability of abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency. Furthermore, this study identified the child effects as well as parent effects, thus supporting the transactional model of neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency.

Effect of School-Based Social Skills Training Program on Peer Relationships: Preliminary Study

  • Roh, Hong-Shik;Shin, Jung-Uk;Lee, Jae-Woo;Lee, Yeon-Woo;Kim, Tae-Won;Kim, Ji-Young;Park, Mi-Ri;Song, Gang-Sik;Seo, Sang Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.14-25
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a school-based social skills training program on peer relationships in children and adolescents and to assess the plan for effective school-based mental health services. Methods: The Child and Adolescent Mental Health Promotion Team of Bugok National Hospital conducted 7-sessioned school-based social skills training for elementary and middle school students (n=90). Changes in peer relationships were evaluated before and after application of the program using a name generator question. Results: The social skills training program increased peer relations, indicating significant changes in social network indices. Conclusion: The social skills training program positively influenced peer relationships. The school-based social skills training program can be expected to have positive effects on school-based mental health services. Future investigation is needed to validate the long term effects of this program.

The Effects of the Adolescent’s Perception of Grandparent’s Clothing Behavior on their Attitude toward the Grandparent. (조부모 의복행동에 대한 청소년의 지각이 조부모에 대한 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • 이영숙;김용숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2000
  • The purposes of this study were to identify the adolescent’s perception to grandparent’s clothing behavior, the effect of grandparent’s clothing behavior on the attitudes toward their grand parents, and the variables related to the adolescent’s attitudes toward their grandparent affecting grandparent’s clothing behavior. The results of this study may provide the foundations for the continuing family educational material to promote the grandparent-grandchildren relationship. Questionnaires were distributed to middle and high school students in Chonbuk Province through school teachers from June 9th 18th. 1999. and 485 questionnaires were analysed. Frequencies percentages, factor analysis. Cronbach’s a. t-test, F-test. and Duncan’s Multiple Range test were used for data analysis. The results were as follows: 1. The adolescent’s perception level of grandparent’s clothing behavior was higher when grandparents were younger. healthier and wealthier. in separate living status. and in case of younger and more female adolescents. In case of separate living status. the adolescent’s perception level was higher when grandparent and adolescent contacted frequently. 2. The adolescent’s perception level of grandparent’s clothing behavior was favorable when their total attitude toward grandparent was positive, especially in economic, intellectual. personality, and family relation aspects. 3. The effects of the perception of grandparent’s clothing behavior on the adolescent attitude toward their grandparent were higher in case of grandmother. female adolescent. and separate living status, less educated. and in worse health status grandparent.

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The Influence of Adolescent-perceived Family Cohesion, Family Adaptability, and Family System Types on Parent-Adolescent Relationship (청소년이 지각한 가족응집성, 가족 적응성 및 가족체계 유형이 부모-청소년기자녀관계에 미치는 영향)

  • 전귀연
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.157-173
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of family cohesion, family adaptability, and family system type on parent-adolescent relationship. For this study, adolescents' perceptions of family cohesion, family adaptability, and parent-adolescent relationship quality were utilized. The 443 subjects were selected randomly from the second grade of middle and high schools in the city of Taegu. The survey instruments were AFCESⅢ and CAM/CAF. Factor analysis, Cronbach's α, MANOVA, and Scheff test were conducted for the data analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows: (1) Adolescents who perceived their family as high in cohesion reported the highest quality parent-adolescent relationship in comparison with other levels of cohesion. (2) There were differences in adolescents' evaluations of parent-adolescent relationship quality by their perception of family adapability levels. Namely, adolescents who perceived family adaptability to be low level-i.e. rigid family-showed the relatively severe problems in the parent-adolescent relationship. (3) Adolescents did show some differences by types of family system in their evaluations of parent-adolescent relationship quality. Adolescents reported the highest quality parent-adolescent relationship when they perceived their families as balanced family.

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Effects of Adolescent's Alienation, Depression, Family Environment and School Maladjustment on Suicidal Ideation (청소년의 소외감, 우울과 가족환경 및 학교생활 부적응이 자살생각에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Yoon-Suk;Lee, Kyung-Nim
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.8
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    • pp.27-37
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the effects of adolescent's alienation, depression, family environment and school maladjustment on suicidal ideation. Data were collected from 577 second graders from high school. The results were as follows: Firstly, family's abuse had a direct and an indirect effect through alienation and depression on adolescent's suicidal ideation. Home stress, family support and socioeconomic status had an indirect effect through school maladjustment, alienation and depression on suicidal ideation. Secondly, school maladjustment in dating had a direct effect on adolescent's suicidal ideation. School maladjustment in relations with teacher and peers and in learning activities had indirect effects through alienation and depression on adolescent's suicidal ideation. Thirdly, adolescent's depression had a greatest direct effect on suicidal ideation. Adolescent's alienation had a direct and an indirect effect through depression on adolescent's suicidal ideation and was the most important predictive variable of adolescent's suicidal ideation.

The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Communication, Emotional Intelligence and Parentification on the Psychological Well-being of Adolescents (청소년의 부모-자녀의사소통, 정서지능 및 부모화경험이 심리적 안녕감에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jung-Min;Lee, Yu-Ri
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.13-26
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    • 2010
  • This study investigates the effects of parent-adolescent communication, emotional intelligence and parentification on the psychological well-being of adolescents. Participants were 712 middle and high school students from Seoul. The collected data were analyzed through a Cronbach's $\alpha$, two-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and stepwise multiple regression. The results are as follows: 1) While parent-adolescent communication, parentification, and psychological well-being differed by grade, emotional intelligence did not differ by grade. 2) Father-adolescent communication, regulation of emotion, expression of emotion, practice of emotion, recognition of emotion and mother-adolescent communication were significant predictors of the psychological well-being of middle school students. 3) The recognition of emotion, father-adolescent communication, practice of emotion, regulation of emotion, and mother-adolescent communication were significant predictors of the psychological well-being of high school students. 4) Emotional intelligence played a partially mediating role in the relationship between parent-adolescent communication and psychological well-being.