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Maternal Parenting, Mother-Adolescent Conflict, and Adolescent Self-Esteem (어머니의 양육행동 및 모-자녀간 갈등과 남녀 청소년의 자아존중감간의 관계)

  • 윤지은;최미경
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.237-251
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    • 2004
  • The main purpose of this study was to examine the relations between maternal parenting, mother-adolescent conflict, and middle adolescents' self-esteem with a sample of 271 high school students enrolled in 2nd year at high school in Seoul, and their mothers. Data was analysed using correlations and regression analyses. Maternal affection, monitoring and reasoning were positively related with and maternal physical abuse and neglect were negatively related with adolescent self-esteem. Maternal over-expectation and intrusiveness were not related with adolescent self-esteem in boys, but were negatively related with adolescent self-esteem in girls. In both adolescents' and mothers' report, mother-adolescent conflict was related negatively with adolescent self-esteem. In mothers' report, mother-adolescent conflict was not related with adolescent self-esteem in boys, but was negatively related with adolescent self-esteem in girls. In adolescents' report, maternal affection, monitoring and reasoning were negatively related with mother-adolescent conflict, which maternal over-expectation, intrusiveness, neglect, and physical abuse were positively related with mother-adolescent conflict. In mothers' report, maternal affection, monitoring and reasoning were negatively related with mother-adolescent conflict. Mediating roles of mother-adolescent conflict in relation of maternal parenting and adolescent self-esteem were examined. In adolescents' report, mother-adolescent conflict perceived by male adolescents played a mediating role between maternal monitoring, reasoning and physical abuse, representatively, and adolescent self-esteem. And mother-adolescent conflict perceived by female adolescents played a mediating role between maternal parenting with the expectation of maternal affection and adolescent self-esteem. In mothers' report, mother-adolescent conflict perceived by mothers only played mediating role between maternal monitoring and adolescent self-esteem. So, mediating roles of mother-adolescent conflict were more emphasized in the adolescents' report than in the mothers' report. Therefore, the fact that maternal parenting except affection affects the adolescent self-esteem indirectly through mother-adolescent conflict can be found. Implying that maternal affection is crucial in implying positive self-esteem of adolescents.

The Effects of Attachment, Self-Esteem and Impulse Control on Adolescent Delinquency (청소년의 애착, 자아존중감 및 충동통제가 비행에 미치는 영향)

  • 이경님
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.8
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    • pp.191-206
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of adolescent attachment to mothers and peers, self-esteem and impulse control on delinquency. The subjects were 624 eighth and eleventh grade students in Busan. The subjects rated themselves on questionnaires regarding attachment to mothers and peers, self-esteem, impulse control and latent delinquency. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) Male adolescent delinquency increased with grade. But no grade difference was found in female adolescent delinquency. And male adolescent had more delinquency than female adolescent. 2) Grade had a direct and indirect effect through attachment to peers and impulse control on male adolescent delinquency and was the first positive contribution factor. Impulse control had a direct negative effect on male adolescent delinquency. Attachment to mothers had an indirect negative effect through self-esteem on male adolescent delinquency. Attachment to peers had an indirect negative effect through self-esteem and impulse control on male adolescent delinquency. Self-esteem had an indirect negative effect through impulse control on male adolescent delinquency. 3) Attachment to mothers had a direct and indirect effort through impulse control on female adolescent delinquency and was a first negative contribution factor. Impulse control had a direct negative effect on female adolescent delinquency. Attachment to peers had an indirect negative effect through impulse control on female adolescent delinquency. Grade had an indirect negative effect through impulse control on female adolescent delinquency. Self-esteem had no effect on female adolescent delinquency.

The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Communication and Friendship Quality on Adolescent Happiness (부-자녀 및 모-자녀 의사소통과 친구관계의 질이 중·고등학생의 행복감에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun, Kibong;Doh, Hyun-Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.149-164
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine the direct effects of parent-adolescent communication and its indirect effects through adolescent friendship quality on happiness among both middle and high school students. Methods: Participants in this study were 1,126 adolescents (667 middle school students and 459 high school students) in Seoul and Gyoung-gi Do. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires for adolescents, which included measures of parent-adolescent communication, friendship quality and happiness. Data were analyzed by t-tests, correlations, and SEM using SPSS 22.0 and Mplus 6.0. Results: For middle school students, father-adolescent communication had direct and indirect effects on happiness. However, mother-adolescent communication did not directly or indirectly affect adolescent happiness. Specifically, only father-adolescent communication had an significant indirect effect through friendship quality on adolescent happiness. For high school students, father-adolescent communication had direct effects on happiness, while mother-adolescent communication had significant indirect effects on adolescent happiness via friendship quality. Conclusion: This study underscores the importance of parent-adolescent communication and friendship quality in predicting adolescent happiness with differences in direct and indirect paths between middle and high school students. These findings emphasize the role of parent-adolescent communication and friendship quality in developing programs to improve the happiness of adolescents.

Exploration of variables related to mother-adolescent conflict (어머니-청소년 자녀간의 갈등에 관련된 변인)

  • 김수연
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.181-192
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to explore variables that influence mother-adolescent conflict. Independent variables were adolescent's physical maturation, mother's self-esteem, and mother-adolescent communication pattern. The results were as follows: First, the degree of mother-adolescent conflict perceived by adolescents was low in general, but high in homework and academic achievement. Second, no sex difference was found in the degree of mother-adolescent conflict. Third, the mother-adolescent conflict was not significantly related to both of adolescent's physical maturation and mother's self-esteem. However, mother-adolescent communication meaning that the more open the communication between mother and adolescent was, the less conflict was found between them.

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The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Communication and Adolescent Optimism on Conflict-Coping Styles (부모-자녀간 의사소통과 남녀 청소년의 낙관성이 갈등대처방식에 미치는 영향)

  • Suh, Haein;Shin, Nana
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.65-82
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The main purpose of this study was to examine the direct and indirect effects of parent-adolescent communication (through adolescent optimism) on adolescent conflict-coping styles. Methods: A total of 337 high school students participated in this study. They completed questionnaires about communications with their parents and their own optimism and conflict-coping styles. Data were analyzed using t-tests, correlations, and SEM. Results: Neither father- nor mother-adolescent communication had direct effects on adolescent conflict-coping styles. However, mother-adolescent communication had an indirect effect on conflict-coping styles, mediated by adolescent optimism. Adolescents who had open communication with mothers displayed higher levels of optimism, which led to more positive conflict-coping styles. In addition, multigroup analyses revealed that there were significant gender differences in direct and indirect effects. For boys, mother-adolescent communication directly influenced adolescent conflict-coping styles; however, father-adolescent communication did not directly or indirectly affect adolescent conflict-coping styles. For girls, neither father- nor mother-adolescent communication had direct effects on conflict-coping styles; only optimism had a significant effect on conflict-coping styles. Conclusion: The findings from this study suggest that communication with mothers and fathers have different effects on adolescents' conflict-coping styles. These findings have implications for future research and practice by emphasizing the importance of parent-adolescent communication and optimism in designing conflict-coping programs for adolescents.

Correlates of Adolescent Achievement Motivation : Socioeconomic Status, Maternal Expectations and Emotional Support, and Adolescent Self-Esteem (청소년의 성취동기와 관련된 변인들 : 가정의 사회경제적 지위, 어머니의 기대 및 정서적 지지와 청소년의 자아존중감)

  • Lee, Woon-Kyung;Doh, Hyun-Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.43-59
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    • 2005
  • A sample of 578 adolescents responded to self-report questionnaires. Results showed that parental education levels and occupation and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were positively related to maternal expectations. Adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were related to maternal emotional support and adolescent self-esteem. Adolescent achievement motives were positively related to parental education levels and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status. Maternal expectations/emotional support and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were positively related to adolescent achievement motivation. Maternal expectations played a mediating role between parental educational levels and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status and adolescent achievement motives. Maternal emotional support and adolescent self-esteem played mediating roles between adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status and achievement motives.

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The effects of maternal depression and adolescent's self-esteem on the adolescent's social anxiety (어머니의 우울과 청소년의 자아존중감이 청소년의 사회불안에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Sun-Yoon;Lee, Ji-Min
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.835-845
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of maternal depression, adolescent's self-esteem and adolescent's sex, grade, birth order on the adolescent's social anxiety. for this purpose, data from 334 middle school students and their mothers were collected. frequency, percentage, Cronbach's a, MANOVA and multiple regression analysis were used for data analysis. The main results were as follows. First, there were not significant differences of adolescent's social anxiety according to adolescent's sex, grade and birth order. Second, there were not significant effects of adolescent's sex, grade, birth order and maternal depression on three subordinate factors of adolescent's social anxiety, but adolescent's self-esteem had significant effects on fear of negative evaluation, social avoidance and distress(new), and social avoidance and distress(general) as subordinate factors of adolescent's social anxiety.

Family Relationship Predictors of Parent-Adolescent Conflict: Cross-Cultural Similarities and Differences

  • Bush, Kevin R.;Peterson, Gary W.;Chung, Grace H.
    • Child Studies in Asia-Pacific Contexts
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.49-68
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of the present study was to examine how dimensions of socialization practice and relationship quality may function to manage or increase parent-adolescent conflict. Of particular concern was to examine the comparative efficacy of potential predictors of parent-adolescent conflict across three cultural groups consisting of samples from Mainland China, Russia, and the U.S. as well as across gender-of-parent/gender-of-adolescent dyads from each culture. Findings from a sample of 1,365 adolescents indicated that adolescents' perceptions of parental influences on parent-adolescent conflict differ across cultural groups and gender-of-adolescent. The use of punitive behavior by parents was the strongest and most consistent predictor of parent-adolescent conflict across all cultural groups and gender dyads, suggesting that a general pattern exists for punitiveness to increase parent-adolescent conflict cross-culturally. Perceptions of support, monitoring, conformity to parents, and autonomy from parents influenced parent-adolescent conflict within some of the cultures and selectively for adolescent boys and girls.

Adolescents and the Environment: Effects of Environmental Factors on the Socialization of Adolescents (청소년과 생활환경: 생활환경이 청소년의 사회화에 미치는 영향)

  • 정영숙;김영희;박경옥;이희숙;채정현;이종섭
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.175-197
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    • 1999
  • The effects of environmental factors on adolescent's socializaion were examined. Data were drawn from 1,412 adolescents. A hypothesized model was tested the links among housing, family conflicts, parent-adolescent relationship, family stress, prier relations, mass media, school atmosphere, consumption, consumer socialization, and adolescent's socialization. Adolescent's internal socialization was directly related to father-adolescent relationship, mother-adolescent relationship, family stress, housing, peer relations, school atmosphere, consumer socialization. The external socialization was directly rebated to father-adolescent relationship, mother-adolescent relationship, housing, peer relations, school atmosphere, and consumer socialization. Mass media wits the most important factor which could be predicated the adolescent's socialization . The findings are consistent with a growing body of literature showing that the environmental factors are related to the adolescent's socialization.

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Maternal Parenting, Mother-adolescent Conflict, and Individuation of Adolescents (어머니의 양육행동 및 모-자녀간 갈등과 남녀 청소년의 개체화간의 관계)

  • Hwang, Young Eun;Doh, Hyun Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.133-154
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    • 2004
  • This study examined the relations between maternal parenting, mother-adolescent conflict, and adolescent individuation with a sample of 271 high school students (156 boys and 115 girls) living in Seoul. Data were analyzed by correlations and regressions. Maternal monitoring, reasoning and affection were positively related to connectedness and separateness, two subscales of adolescent individuation, and maternal over-expectation, intrusiveness, physical abuse and neglect were negatively related to connectedness and separateness. Mother-adolescent conflict was negatively related to connectedness and separateness. Maternal monitoring, reasoning and affection were negatively related to mother-adolescent conflict, and maternal over-expectation, intrusiveness, and physical abuse and neglect were positively related to mother-adolescent conflict. Mother-adolescent conflict played a mediating role between maternal parenting and adolescent individuation.

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