• Title, Summary, Keyword: administrative method

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The Records and Archives Administrative Reform in China in 1930s (1930년대 중국 문서당안 행정개혁론의 이해)

  • Lee, Won-Kyu
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.10
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    • pp.276-322
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    • 2004
  • Historical interest in China in 1930s has been mostly focused on political characteristic of the National Government(國民政府) which was established by the KMT(中國國民黨) as a result of national unification. It is certain that China had a chance to construct a modern country by the establishment of the very unified revolutionary government. But, it was the time of expanding national crises that threatened the existence of the country such as the Manchurian Incident and the Chinese-Japanese War as well as the chaos of the domestic situation, too. So it has a good reason to examine the characteristic and pattern of the response of the political powers of those days. But, as shown in the recent studies, the manifestation method of political power by the revolutionary regime catches our attention through the understanding of internal operating system. Though this writing started from the fact that the Nationalist Government executed the administrative reform which aimed at "administrative efficiency" in the middle of 1930s, but it put stress on the seriousness of the problem and its solution rather than political background or results. "Committee on Administrative Efficiency(行政效率委員會)", the center of administrative reform movement which was established in 1934, examined the plan to execute the reform through legislation by the Executive Council(行政院) on the basis of the results of relevant studies. They claimed that the construction of a modern country should be performed by not political revolution anymore but by gradual improvement and daily reform, and that the operation of the government should become modern, scientific and efficient. There were many fields of administrative reform subjects, but especially, the field of records and archives adminstration(文書檔案行政) was studied intensively from the initial stage because that subject had already been discussed intensively. They recognized that records and archives were the basic tool of work performance and general activity but an inefficient field in spite of many input staff members, and most of all, archival reform bring about less conflicts than the fields of finance, organization and personnel. When it comes to the field of records adminstration, the key subjects that records should be written simply, the process of record treatment should be clear and the delay of that should be prevented were already presented in a records administrative meeting in 1922. That is, the unified law about record management was not established, so each government organization followed a conventional custom or performed independent improvement. It was through the other records administrative workshop of the Nationalist Government in 1933 when the new trend was appeared as the unified system improvement. They decided to unify the format of official records, to use marker and section, to unify the registration of receipt records and dispatch records and to strengthen the examination of records treatment. But, the method of records treatment was not unified yet, so the key point of records administrative reform was to establish a unified and standard record management system for preventing repetition by simplifying the treatment procedure and for intensive treatment by exclusive organizations. From the foundation of the Republic of China to 1930s, there was not big change in the field of archives administration, and archives management methods were prescribed differently even in the same section as well as same department. Therefore, the point at issue was to centralize scattered management systems that were performed in each section, to establish unified standard about filing and retention period allowance and to improve searching system through classification and proper number allowance. Especially, the problem was that each number system and classification system bring about different result due to dual operation of record registration and archives registration, and that strict management through mutual contrast, searching and application are impossible. Besides, various problems such as filing tools, arrangement method, preservation facilities & equipment, lending service and use method were raised also. In the process this study for the system improvement of records and archives management, they recognized that records and archives are the identical thing and reached to create a successive management method of records and archives called "Records and Archives Chain Management Method(文書檔案連鎖法)" as a potential alternative. Several principles that records and archives management should be performed unitedly in each organization by the general record recipient section and the general archives section under the principle of task centralization, a consistent classification system should be used by classification method decided in advance according to organizational constitution and work functions and an identical number system should be used in the process of record management stage and archive management stage by using a card-type register were established. Though, this "Records and Archives Chain Management Method" was developed to the stage of test application in several organizations, but it was not adopted as a regular system and discontinued. That was because the administrative reform of the Nationalist Government was discontinued by the outbreak of the Chinese-Japanese War. Even though the administrative reform in the middle of 1930s didn't produce practical results but merely an experimentation, it was verified that the reform against tradition and custom conducted by the Nationalist Government that aimed for the construction of a modern country was not only a field of politics, but on the other hand, the weak basis of the government operation became the obstacle to the realization of the political power of the revolutionary regime. Though the subject of records and archives administrative reform was postponed to the future, it should be understood that the consciousness of modern records and archives administration and overall studies began through this examination of administrative reform.

A study on the construction and application of administrative boundary (행정경계 구축 및 활용방안에 관한 연구)

  • Choi Yun-Soo;Park Ji-Hye;Kwon Jay-Hyoun;Mun Yong-Hyeon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography Conference
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    • pp.381-386
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    • 2006
  • Currently, 1/5,000 Digital Topographic Map covers the whole country with administrative boundary of Gu, while some region has already been constructed with 1/1,000 digital topographic map has legal boundary of Dong. Here, Dong in 1/1,000 scale represents the legal boundary which is used in the address most of time. Therefore, there is no administrative-Dong yet although it is very useful in various fields. In this study, we suggested a method to construct the administrative boundary extending to the level of Dong empirically. In addition, the practical application of the administrative boundary in GIS is discussed. Two methods are applied to construct the administrative boundary to the level of administration-Dong; using the edited cadastral map and the digital topographic map. When the edited cadastral map is used, some problems such as boundary discordance to superordinate administrative area is appeared. On the other hand, using digital topographic map showed simple construction processes and easy connection with other framework data. Therefore, it is recommended that the digital topographic map should be used in the construction of the administrative boundary It would be useful as framework data in various industries and public operations.

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An Analysis of the Trends of Korean National Health Insurance Administrative Cost (건강보험 관리운영비 추이 분석)

  • Park, Chong Yon;Suh, Nam Kyu;Um, Eui Hyeon
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.17-39
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    • 2005
  • Social solidarity, equity in financing, and efficiency in administration have been core issues in the development of Korean health insurance reformation since 1988. This study is to investigate the trend of administrative cost in Korean National Health Insurance from various aspects. For the analysis of administrative cost, the expenditures of each insurance society and the National Health Insurance Corporation are divided into 4 items of (1) insurance benefit, (2) administrative cost, (3) an agency provision accounts, (4) other expenses, and then they are reorganized. The analyses based on 5 types of the health insurance administrative cost showed that efficiency in administration has been improved generally. We, however, should consider qualitative aspects such as customer's satisfaction with health insurance administration, prompt service, control of unjust expenditure (unjust claims), and provision of medical service including health consultation in assessing efficiency of administration. And, in order to connect the administrative costs of health insurance with efficiency, we need to give a fundamentally new definition, which can contain elaborateness of expenditure in details including the structure and evaluation method of administrative costs. It may be necessary to develop new indicators or analyzing methods hereafter.

The Study on People's Satisfaction towards Public Services of Viet Nam: Evidence of Tra Vinh Provincial Center of Public Administrative Services

  • NGUYEN, Ha Hong
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.183-187
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    • 2019
  • The paper aims to provide some recommendations to improve the operational capacity of the Tra Vinh Provincial Center of Public Administrative Services and to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of management in the State administrative agencies. The study on people's satisfaction towards public services of Tra Vinh Provincial Center of Public Administrative Services was conducted by collecting primary data of 300 people who used public services provided by this Center from September 2018 to November 2018. By using the multivariate regression method, the author found that there were a number of factors affecting people's satisfaction towards public services at the Center, including procedures, service fee, and attitudes of the staff, empathy, staff capacity, and trust. These factors had an impact on people's satisfaction towards public administrative services performed by staff officers from Tra Vinh Provincial Center of Public Administrative Services. Since then, the study has proposed policy implications to improve people's satisfaction on service quality at the Center such as: Develop a flexible charge mechanism of public services; Enhance the sense of responsibility of staff officers; Pay attention to improving administrative procedures; Establish trustworthiness to people; Pay attention to professional improvement; and Build up a friendly and respectful team of staff.

Consumer needs on a Reform of Administrative Service (소비자의 행정서비스개선에 대한 요구 분석)

  • 배순영
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.129-142
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study is (1) to investigate the level of the consumer needs on a reform of administrative service and (2) to identify the influencing variables. For empirical analysis it used the data on 511 persons collected in the Chunju. The questionaire method was for data gathering. The major findings are as follows: (1) The level of consumer needs on a reform of administrative service is quite high and expecially the need on ' a government employee' is very high(2) It differed significantly according to age occupation attitude on adminstation attitude on consumerism and especially attitude on consumerism is most influencing variables.

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Categorization of Traffic Type According to Seoul-City Administrative District Using Cluster Analysis (군집분석을 이용한 서울시 행정구역별 교통유형 분류)

  • Han, Mahn-Seob;Oh, Heung-Un
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.133-140
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    • 2012
  • PURPOSES : Traffic situation of Seoul City is different each administrative district. because each administrative district population, average travel speed, etc are different. thus, regionally differentiated policy is necessary. METHODS : In this study, first, it is to implement the cluster analysis using the traffic factor of twenty-five administrative districts in Seoul, categorize it into the cluster and understand the properties. second, related factors of speed were derived. and method to increase the speed was investigated. we choose the eleven traffic factors such as the number of traffic accident cases, total length, speed, the number of cross section, the number of cross section per km, the rate of roads, registered cars, population attending office and school, population density, area. RESULTS : In the results, first, we could categorize the Seoul-City administrative district into three clusters. in order to find Factors associated with speed a simple regression analysis was performed. and the number of intersections per km is closely related to the speed. CONCLUSIONS : Through this study, transportation policies reflecting local traffic-related characteristics are required.

An Analysis of Demand Elasticity to Facilitate the Use of Public Transportation in the Administrative City (행정중심복합도시 대중교통 이용활성화를 위한 수요탄력성 분석)

  • Kim, Tae-Gyun;Park, Ji-Eun;Lee, Yun-Sang
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2018
  • Administrative city has been developed step by step aiming to being a public transport-oriented new city. In spite of its primary goal, administrative city is dominated by car-oriented tansportaion system because the supply of public transportation has not been adequately and timely performed. In this study, we investigate the current situation related to (public) transportation use in administrative city. Also, we examine the issues of traffic system through a survey on residents' consciousness about public transportation use. Additionally, the analysis of demand elasticity according to the change of the conditions of using public transportation and passenger car is conducted for passenger car users. As a result, it is analyzed that as the neighborhood is more stabilized after the completion of development the resistance to the abandonment of passenger car is higher when the tide demand control method is introduced. Therefore, it is concluded that pre-emptive public transportation supply and the management of car demand management are necessary for the activation of public transportation in Administrative city.

An Legal-doctrine Investigation into the Application of ADR to Administrative Cases (행정사건에 대한 ADR의 적용에 관한 법이론적 고찰)

  • 이용우
    • Journal of Arbitration Studies
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.459-488
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    • 2004
  • General interest in the out-of-court dispute resolution system are mounting in Korea, and the spread of ADR(alternative dispute resolution) is the worldwide trend. In addition, it was confirmed that the resolution of disputes by ADR such as the decision based on arbitration made by the Prime Ministerial Administrative Decision Committee is no longer in exclusive possession of the civil case. The activation of ADR could lead to the smooth agreement between parties by getting away from the once-for-all mode of decision such as the dismissal of the application or the cancellation of disposal and the like in relation to administrative cases for the years. In consequence, it is anticipated that the administrative litigation that applicants have filed by not responding to the administrative decision would greatly reduce in the future. But, it would be urgent to provide for the legal ground of the ADR system through the revision of related laws to take root in our society because ADR has no legal binding power relating to the administrative case due to the absence of its legal grounds. The fundamental reason for having hesitated to introduce ADR in relation to the administrative case for the years is the protective interest of the third party as well as the public interest that would follow in case the agreement on the dispute resolution between parties brings the dispute to a termination in the domain of the public law. The disputes related to the contract based on the public law and the like that take on a judicial character as the administrative act have been settled within the province of ADR by applying the current laws such as the Civil Arbitration Law, Mediation Law, but their application to the administrative act of the administrative agency that takes on a character of the public law has been hesitated. But as discussed earlier, there are laws and regulations that has the obscure distinction between public and private laws. But there is no significant advantage in relation to the distinction between public and private laws. To supplement and cure these defects it is necessary to include the institutional arrangement for protection of the rights and benefits of the third party, for example the provision of the imposition of the binding power on the result of ADR between parties, in enacting its related law. It can be said that the right reorganization of the out-of-court dispute resolution system in relation to the administrative case corresponds with the ideology of public administration for cooperaton in the Administrative Law. It is high time to discuss within what realm the out-of-court dispute resolution system, alternative dispute resolution system, can be accepted and what binding power is imposed on its result, not whether it is entirely introduced into the administrative case. It is thought that the current Civil Mediation Law or Arbitration Law provides the possibility of applying arbitration or mediation only to the civil case, thereby opening the possibility of arbitration in the field of the intellectual property right law. For instance, the act of the state is not required in establishing the rights related to the secret of business or copyrights. Nevertheless, the disputes arising from or in connection with the intellectual property rights law is seen as the administrative case, and they are excluded from the object of arbitration or mediation, which is thought to be improper. This is not an argument for unconditionally importing ADR into the resolution of administrative cases. Most of the Korean people are aware that the administrative litigation system is of paramount importance as the legal relief for administrative cases. Seeing that there is an independent administrative decision system based on the Administrative Decision Law other than administrative litigation in relation to administrative cases, the first and foremost task is the necessity for the shift in thinking of people, followed by consideration of the plan for relief of the rights through the improvement of the administrative decision system. Then, it is necessary to formulate the plan for the formal introduction and activation of ADR. In this process, energetic efforts should be devoted to introducing diverse forms of ADR procedures such as settlement conference, case evaluation, mini-trial, summary jury trial, early neutral evaluation adopted in the US as the method of dispute resolution other than compromise, conciliation, arbitration and mediation

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Data Matching Research to Use Resident Registration Administrative Data in the Population Censuses (인구총조사에 주민등록 행정자료 활용을 위한 자료매칭연구)

  • Lee, Nae-Seong
    • Survey Research
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.119-149
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    • 2008
  • In this changing, complex modern society, as one-person households, dual income households and the elderly population increases and the survey environment gets worse, the past 'method' in which high costs and much time are needed, should face the environmental change. When considering the fact that developed countries in Northern Europe such as Denmark and Finland use administrative data for the Censuses, Korea should carry out further research to use resident registration administrative data in the Registration Census. Based on administrative data, the Registration Census is expected to reduce survey costs and to increase the accuracy and timeliness of surveys. Moreover, a wide variety of statistical demand will be satisfied by producing advanced statistics through the links among administrative data. The paper examines the difference when linking both resident registration administrative data and the results of 2005 Population Census, with a view to improving the Population Census method and preparing for the information age. Also this paper presents some proposals for future Population Censuses. With confidentiality given the top priority, this paper examines the link with matching value of ages and genders at Haeundae-gu, Busan and Boeun-gun, Chungbuk for pragmatic research. Hoenam-myeon, Boeun-gun, Chungbuk marks a low matching rate. Focused on Hoenam-myeon data, this research directly compares the results of 2005 Population Census with resident registration administrative data. Births, deaths, out-migrations and in-migrations from resident registration administrative data as of November 1st 2005 are used especially to increase comparison with the results of 2005 Population Census.

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Building Knowledge Graph of the Korea Administrative District for Interlinking Public Open Data (공공데이터의 의미적 연계를 위한 행정구역 지식 그래프 구축)

  • Kim, Haklae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2017
  • Open data has received a lot of attention from around the world. The Korean government is also making efforts to open government data. However, despite the quantitative increase in public data, the lack of data is still pointed out. This paper proposes a method to improve data sharing and utilization by semantically linking public data. First, we propose a knowledge model for expressing administrative districts and their semantic relationships in Korea. An administrative district is an administrative unit that divides the territory of a nation, which is a unit of politics, according to the purpose of the state administration. The knowledge model of the administrative district defines the structure of the administrative district system and the relationship between administrative units based on the Local Autonomy Act. Second, a knowledge graph of the administrative districts is introduced. As a reference information to link public open data at a semantic level, some characteristics of a knowledge graph of administrative districts and methods for linking heterogeneous public open data and improving data quality are addressed. Finally, some use cases are addressed for interlinking between the knowledge graph of the administrative districts and public open data. In particular, national administrative organisations are interlinked with the knowledge graph, and it demonstrates how the knowledge graph can be utilised for improving data identification and data quality.