• Title, Summary, Keyword: activities of daily living

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The Effects 12 Weeks of Combined Exercise Programs on Activities of Daily Living and Quality of Living Index in the Vascular Dementia Elders (12주간 복합운동프로그램이 혈관성 치매노인의 일상생활 수행능력과 삶의 질 지수에 미치는 효과)

  • Cho, Sung-Hyoun;Kim, Seung-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.633-644
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : This study was to investigate vascular dementia elders's activities of daily living, quality of life index and to determine how much vascular dementia elders is influenced by the 12 weeks combined exercise program with aerobic training and resistance exercise. Methods : Thirty patients with vascular dementia over 65 in B geriatrics hospital were recruited this study. Activities of daily living were measured by I-ADL(instrumental-activities of daily living) and B-ADL(basic-Activities of daily living) and quality of life index was measured by GQOL-D(geriatric quality of life scaledementia). Statistical analysis was used repeated one-way ANOVA to test mean difference by using SPSS 12.0 for windows. Results : After comparing the activities of daily living of experimental group that of control group according to the period of exercise, there were statistically significant differences in I-ADL, B-ADL score test and GQOL-D index test of both experimental and control groups. There was also a significant difference in comparing the results of 12 weeks exercise of the groups. Conclusion : 12 weeks combined exercise program had a good influence on vascular dementia elders's activities of daily living and quality of life index.

An Impact of Action-Observation Training and Task-Oriented Training on Activities of Daily Living of Stroke Patients (동작관찰 훈련과 과제지향적 훈련이 뇌졸중 환자의 일상생활활동에 미치는 영향)

  • Gu, Younghwa;Kim, Bora
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2013
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to find out the impact of action-observation training and task-oriented training on activities of daily living performance of stroke patients. Method : 30 stroke patients hospitalized in D hospital located in Busan and treated were randomly allocated to Action-Observation Training Group and Task-Oriented Training Group in fifteens. To compare activities of daily living performance before and after therapy intervention, Korea-modified Barthel index (K-MBI) was carried out. Result : In both groups, activities of daily living performance of stroke patients before and after therapy intervention showed statistically significant differences (p<.05) and activities of daily living performance between two groups after therapy intervention showed statistically significant differences. Conclusion : It was found that action-observation training and task-oriented training improved activities of daily living performance of stroke patients. It is considered that the application of action-observation training and task-oriented training to clinical occupational therapy will show a positive effect on the improvement of activities of daily living performance.

Influences of Social Support, Self-esteem and Motivation for Rehabilitation on the Activities of Daily Living in Stroke Patients (뇌졸중 환자의 사회적 지지, 자아존중감 및 재활동기가 일상생활 수행능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ji Ye;Kim, Hye Sook
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.145-153
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the degree of social support, self-esteem, and motivation for rehabilitation in stroke patients and examine correlations between activities of daily living and study variables. Furthermore, this study explored factors that influence on activities of daily living. Methods: The study population was 192 stroke patients admitted in two general hospitals and two rehabilitation hospitals in M city. We collected the data using the structured questionnaires from July 11 to September 30, 2013. Results: The higher degree of social support, self-esteem, motivation for rehabilitation, the higher performance level for activities of daily living. Influencing factors of activities of daily living in the participants were motivation for rehabilitation(${\beta}$=.32, p<.001) and social support(${\beta}$=.31, p<.001). The model explained 45.9% of the variance. Conclusion: This study shows that intrinsic motivation of change in stroke patients themselves, a strong will to return to society and social supports are important factors on activities of daily living. Therefore, it is needed to develop a systemic nursing intervention improving activities of daily living in stroke patients through positive social support from patients' family members and health care providers.

A Study of Fatigue and Daily Living Activity in Patients with Chronic Liver Disease (만성 간 질환자의 피로와 일상생활 활동)

  • Park, You-Hui;Lee, Eun-Nam
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.110-118
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand the level of fatigue and daily living activities and to confirm their relationship in patients with chronic liver disease. Method: The sample consisted of 182 patients with chronic liver disease with a mean age of 42.4 years, who visited the D University Hospital and a S clinic from February, 2004 to March in 2004. Data were collected by a self reporting questionnaire on the selected variables such as fatigue and daily life activities. Collected data were analyzed by using SPSS program for descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, t-test, ANOVA. Results: Subjects showed the mild level of fatigue and slightly high level of daily living activities. They also showed a negative relationship between fatigue and daily living activities. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop nursing intervention program to reduce the level of fatigue for improving the level of daily living activities in patients with chronic liver disease.

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Effects of Muscle Electric Stimulation on Chronic Knee Pain, Activities of Daily Living, and Living Satisfaction for Korean Elderly Women (여성노인의 만성무릎통증, 일상생활활동 및 생활만족도에 미치는 근육 전기자극 요법의 적용 효과)

  • Sok, So-Hyune R.;Kim, Kwuy-Bun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.305-312
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was to examine effects of muscle electric stimulation on chronic knee pain, activities of daily living, and living satisfaction for Korean elderly women. Methods: The design was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest study. Subjects were 60 (experimental: 30, control: 30) elderly women 65 years old or above with good orientation and communication. The experimental treatment was electric stimulation on both thigh quadriceps muscles for 15 minutes per time, 3 times per week, for a total of 12 weeks. Measures were the S-F McGill Pain Questionnaire and Arthritis Impact Measurement Scale for chronic knee pain, activities measurement of daily living for activities of daily living, and living satisfaction measurement for living satisfaction. Data was analyzed through the SPSS Win 12.0. Results: Chronic knee pain by S-F MPQ (t=43.563, p=.000) and chronic knee pain by AIMS (t=31.364, p=.000) were significantly decreased in the experimental group, and the activities of daily living (t=124.353, p=.000) and living satisfaction (t=71.268, p=.000) were significantly increased in the experimental group for Korean elderly women. Conclusion: Muscle electrical stimulation decreased chronic knee pain, and increased the activities of daily living and living satisfaction for Korean elderly women. Further studies for muscle electric stimulation need to be done.

Disabled People of activities of daily living and quality of life relationship (재가장애인의 일상생활활동과 삶의 질의 관계)

  • Kim, Jeong-Won;Oh, Myung-Hwa;Chung, Hyun-Ae
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.173-180
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated the quality of life, activities of daily living, and 20 years of age or older and disabled people living in Gwangju, Naju area. Performance of Basic daily life activities and instrumental activities of daily living, and quality of life were investigating the extent to Learn these correlations, bivariate correlation analyzes were conducted. The results showed lower quality of life, lower performance of activities of daily living was instrumental activities of daily living, quality of life and more relevant. Through this study of disabled people, more independent and to lead the life of quality is high, it is trying to be helpful in the future.

Correlation of Depression and Activities of Daily Living in the Elderly (노인의 우울증과 일상생활동작능력의 관련성)

  • Jung, Soon-Mi;Park, Rae-Jun;Ro, Hyo-Lyun
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: We investigated the relationship of depression and the ability to engage in activities of daily living in the elderly. Methods: Subjects (n = 182) were 60 years or older and who attended the Senior College of Gimhae Senior Welfare Center. We collected data via a questionnaire, through a Self- recording method and through individual interviews. We collected data on personal and general characteristics, level of depression, and activities of daily living. Results: Among all subjects, 51.1% reported having depressionMild depression was reported by 29.7% (54 subjects), moderate depression by 13.2% (24 subjects), and severe depression by 8.2% (15 subjects). Activities of daily living, including walking, climbing stairs, standing from a chair and sitting on and using toilets, using a telephone, bathing, shopping, cleaning house, and managing money were significantly lower in elderly subjects who were depressed (p<0.05). The greater the level of depression, the less able they were to engage in activities of daily living. Conclusion: These findings may help us achieve early detection of depression in the elderly and provide mediated arbitration so that they can have better health condition and greater ability to engage in activities of daily living.

The Influence of Self-efficacy and Activities of Daily Living on Depression among Elderly Nursing Home Residents (요양시설 노인의 자기효능감과 일상생활수행활동이 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Myoung Sook
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.367-375
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This purpose of this study was to examine the effects of self-efficacy and activities of daily living on the level of depression among elderly nursing home residents. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted using a self-reported questionnaires completed by 163 elderly. Data were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheff? test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS 20.0. Results: The mean score for depression was 9.24, for self-efficacy 3.19, and for activities of daily living 1.85. Stepwise multiple regression analyses were used to examine the influences of research variables. Activities of daily living and self-efficacy were significant predictors of depression. The model explained 24.0% of the variables. Conclusion: As a result of this study, the activities of daily living and self-efficacy were defined as an important influential on depression. Therefore, the development nursing intervention programs is needed to reduce depression levels in the elderly to enhance daily living activities and self-efficacy.

The Change of the Living Space in 1992 and 2000 -Focus on the Activities of Daily Living and Family Events in Seoul - (대도시 가정의 생활행위 공간의 변화 -1992년과 2000년의 비교를 중심으로-)

  • 신경주;장상옥
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.109-113
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the trend of the room where activities of daily living and family events(activities of non-daily living) were performed with time. Research data was collected in 1992 and 2002 from households living in Seoul that have university student by using questionnaire surveys. Data was analyzed using the SPSS package program. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1) Living room was a multi-purpose space for various activities: receiving guests, family communication, ironing, sewing and dining as well as a kitchen. Anbang(master bed room) is the place where the couple sleeps. The room's purpose has changed from a multi-purpose space to a private space. 2) Most of the families performed the majority of the family events in the living room and Anbang. In the past, traditional events and birthday parties were performed in Anbang, but currently the trend has changed. This would mean that with time the majority of the family events were held in the living room. 3) Space planning is required to meet the dwellers' use of living room and Anbang.

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A Case Study on the Living Activities and the Use of Spaces of the Recuperating Elderly in Nursing homes at Small City (소도시 노인요양시설 요양노인의 생활행위와 공간이용 사례 연구)

  • Yang, Kum-Suek
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to clarify the actual condition of the daily living activities of the elderly with dementia in nursing homes. The thorough investigation and observation works were made from the view points of daily living behaviors and behavioral places of the recuperating elderly with dementia in nursing homes. This article discusses about the basic characteristics of the elderly and the actual condition of the daily living activities of the elderly with dementia in 3 nursing homes. The results of this study are summarized as follows; There is no wide difference between skilled nursing facilities on the characteristic of living behaviors of the elderly with dementia. Daily living activities and the use of spaces are largely influenced by the daily program and the operation policy of each nursing homes in addition to human relationship of the elderly with dementia. Common spaces such as day room, dining room plays an important role for their daily living activities, because that most of the elderly with dementia stay long during daytime. Layout of each private room and common space seems very crucial point in designing these facilities, in order to enable demented people to live their lives more independently.