• Title, Summary, Keyword: acoustic blanking

Search Result 8, Processing Time 0.052 seconds

Stamping Tool Wearing Analysis by Time-Frequency Analysis (시간-주파수 분석에 의한 금형 마모 분석)

  • Lee, Chang-Hee;Han, Ho-Young;Seo, Geun-Seok;Kim, Yong-Yun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.407-413
    • /
    • 2010
  • This paper reports on the research which analyzes acoustic signals acquired in progressive compressing, hole blanking, and burr compacting process. An acoustic sensor was set on the bed of hydraulic press. Acoustic signal is generated from progressive stamping process. First the signal acquired from the unit process; compressing, blanking or compacting, is studied by Fourier Transform and Short Time Fourier Transform. The blanking process emitted ultrasonic signal with more than 20kHz, but the compressing and compacting processes emitted acoustic signals with lower than 10kHz. The combined signals periodically acquired right after the tool grinding were then analyzed. 70-80kHz signals appeared in time-frequency domain, but not in the frequency domain, the magnitude of which was related to the tool wear. Short Time Fourier Transform made up for the Fourier Transform in analyzing the emitted signal for stamping process in the ultrasonic domain.

Characterization of Acousto-ultrasonic Signals for Stamping Tool Wear (프레스 금형 마모에 대한 음-초음파 신호 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Yong-Yun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.386-392
    • /
    • 2009
  • This paper reports on the research which investigates acoustic signals acquired in progressive compressing, hole blanking, shearing and burr compacting process. The work piece is the head pin of the electric connector, whose raw material is the preformed steel bar. An acoustic sensor was set on the bed of hydraulic press. Because the acquired signals include the dynamic characteristics generated for all the processes, it is required to investigate signal characteristics corresponding to unit process. The corresponding dynamic characteristics to the respective process were first studied by analyzing the signals respectively acquired from compressing, blanking and compacting process. The combined signals were then periodically analyzed from the grinding to the grinding in the sound frequency domain and in the ultrasonic wave. The frequency of around 9 kHz in the sound frequency domain was much correlated to the tool wear. The characteristic frequency in the acoustic emission domain between 100 kHz and 500 kHz was not only clearly observed right after tool grinding but its amplitude was also related to the wear. The frequency amplitudes of 160 kHz and 320 kHz were big enough to be classified by the noise. The noise amplitudes are getting bigger, and their energy was much bigger as coming to the next regrinding. The signal analysis was based on the real time data and its frequency spectrum by Fourier Transform. As a result, the acousto-ultrasonic signals were much related to the tool wear progression.

Geophysical study about gas hydrate formation in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea (동해 울릉분지 가스하이드레이트 형성에 관한 지구물리해석)

  • Kang, Dong-Hyo;Ryu, Byong-Jae;Yoo, Dong-Geun;Bahk, Jang-Jun;Koo, Nam-Hyung;Kim, Won-Sik
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.680-681
    • /
    • 2009
  • On the basis of seismic interpretation, seismic indicators of gas hydrate and associated gas such as bottom simulating reflector (BSR), acoustic blanking, column structure, gas seepage, enhanced reflection were identified in the Ulleung Basin. Fractures, faults, sandy layer could be the migration pathways transporting fluid and gas to stability zone. The formation of gas hydrate in the Ulleung Basin include: (1) nodules, veins, layers in muddy sediments and disseminated forms in sandy layer within localized column structure, (2) disseminated forms in sandy layer, and (3) disseminated forms in sandy layer just above BSR.

  • PDF

Absolute Sonar Position on Side Scan Sonar Data Processing (Side Scan Sonar 자료처리에서 수중예인체의 절대위치)

  • Lee, Yong-Kuk;Park, Gun-Tae;Suk, Bong-Chool;Jung, Baek-Hun;Kim, Seong-Ryul
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
    • /
    • v.24 no.5
    • /
    • pp.467-476
    • /
    • 2003
  • For the seafloor acoustic image mapping of side scan sonar, the beginning step of the procedure is to fix the absolute sonar (tow-fish) position since the sonar is not hull mounted but towed astern. The technical algorithm used to calculate the actual sonar position without any other additional sub-system, i.e., the underwater acoustic position tracking system or the sonar attitude measuring device, was proposed. In the seafloor image mosaic mapping results using the sonar track (not ship track) developed in this study, any ambiguity or inconsistency of seafloor features was not found. The incidental effect from the sonar position determination procedure orients the towing direction of sonar to be smooth, consequently the swath pattern on the across-track direction becomes stable and the blanking phenomenon of the insonification area is reduced conspicuously. This technical method is considered to be an useful tool when applied toother underwater towing vehicle surveys.

Seismic Attribute Analysis of the Indicators for the Occurrence of Gas Hydrate in the Northwestern Area of the Ulleung Basin, East Sea (동해 울릉분지 북서지역 가스하이드레이트 부존 지시자의 탄성파 속성 분석)

  • Kim, Kyoung Jin;Yi, Bo Yeon;Kang, Nyeon Keon;Yoo, Dong Geun;Shin, Kook Sun;Cho, Young Ho
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.216-230
    • /
    • 2014
  • Based on the interpretation of 3D seismic profiles acquired in the northwestern area of the Ulleung Basin, East Sea, the shallow sediments consist of five seismic units separated by regional reflectors. An anticline is present in the study area that documents activity of many faults. Bottom simulating reflectors are characterized by high RMS amplitude. Acoustic blanking with low RMS amplitude is distinctively recognized in the gas hydrate stability zone. Seismic attribute analysis shows that if gas hydrates are underlain by free gas, the high reflection strength and the low instantaneous frequency are displayed below the boundary between them. Whereas, if not, the reflection strength is low and instantaneous frequency is high continuously below the gas hydrate zone. Based on the spectral decomposition of the bottom simulating reflector, the high envelope at the specific high frequency range indicates the generation of the tuning effect due to the lower free gas content. Four models for the occurrence of the gas hydrate are suggested considering the slope of sedimentary layers as well as the presence of gas hydrate or free gas.

Study on the Characteristics of Gas Hydrate Layers Distributed in the Southern Ulleung Basin, the East Sea (동해 울릉분지 남부해역에 분포하는 가스 하이드레이트층의 특성 연구)

  • Huh Sik;Yoo Hai-Soo;Kim Han-Joon;Han Sang-Joon;Lee Yong-Kuk
    • The Korean Journal of Petroleum Geology
    • /
    • v.10 no.1_2
    • /
    • pp.18-22
    • /
    • 2004
  • To identify and interpret the distribution and the characteristics of the gas hydrate layers in the Ulleung Basin, we have surveyed and gathered the multi-channel seismic data, Chirp sub-bottom profiler, SeaBeam and 12 m piston core samples since 1996. In previous works, high-resolution seismic profiles showed acoustic anomalies such as acoustic void, acoustic turbidity and pock mark which indicate the presence of gas-charged sediments. The patterns of horizontal degassing cracks originated from free methane expansion is the strong indicator of shallow gas-charged sediments in the core samples. The observation of submarine slides and slumps from destabilizing the sediments in the southern part of the Ulleung Basin may also point out that the gas had been released from gas hydrate dissociation during lowstand of sea level. The multi-channel seismic data show BSR, blanking and phase reversal. The gas hydrate layers above which large-scale shallow gases are distributed exist at the depth of about 200 m from the sea-floor with water depth of 2,100 m. From the interpretation of seismic sections in the southern Ulleung Basin, gas hydrate layers occur in the Pleistocene-Holocene sediments. These gas-charged sediments, acoustic anomalies and BSR may be all related to the existence of gas hydrate layers in the study area.

  • PDF

Gas Hydrate Occurrence in the Southwestern Slope of the Ulleung Basin, East Sea, Inferred from Seismic Evidence (동해 울릉분지 남서 사면지역에서 탄성파 특징으로부터 유추한 가스 수화물의 존재 가능성)

  • Hong, Jong-Kuk;Yoo, Hai-Soo;Jou, Hyeong-Tae;Han, Sang-Joon;Choi, Dong-Lim
    • The Sea:JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF OCEANOGRAPHY
    • /
    • v.6 no.4
    • /
    • pp.242-248
    • /
    • 2001
  • A high resolution Chirp seismic profile and a multichannel seismic reflection profile were analysed to study the possibility of gas hydrate presence in the southwestern upper slope of the Ulleung Basin. The Chirp profile shows acoustic turbidity, acoustic void, and pockmarks, suggesting the presence of shallow gas in the sediments .Slope failures appear to have occurred in association with decomposition of gas hydrated sediments. A bottom-simulating reflector (BSR) is seen in subbottom depths of 60 to 110 m below the seafloor at water depths of 750 to 1130 m. The sediments above BSR are characterized by acoustic blanking probably due to amplitude reduction caused by a mixture of gas hydrate with sediments. The interval velocity above the BSR is 1,650 m/sec and it drops abruptly to 1,080 m/sec below the BSR. The sediment column between seafloor and the BSR thins with increasing water depth, which is very closely related to increasing geothermal gradient with increasing water depth in the Ulleung Basin.

  • PDF

Seismic Amplitude and Frequency Characteristics of Gas hydrate Bearing Geologic Model (가스 하이드레이트 지층 모델의 탄성파 진폭 및 주파수 특성)

  • Shin, Sung-Ryul;Lee, Sang-Cheol;Park, Keun-Pil;Lee, Ho-Young;Yoo, Dong-Geun;Kim, Young-Jun
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.116-126
    • /
    • 2008
  • In gas hydrate survey, seismic amplitude and frequency characteristics play a very important role in determining whether gas hydrate exists. According to the variation of source frequency and scatterer size, we study seismic amplitude characteristics using elastic modeling applied at staggered grids. Generally speaking, scattering occurs in proportion to the square of source frequency and the scatterer volume, which has an effect on seismic amplitude. The higher source frequency is, the more scattering occurs in gas hydrate bearing zone. Therefore, BSR is hardly observed in high frequencies. On the other side, amplitude blanking zone and BSR is clearly observed in lower frequencies although the resolution is poor as a whole. Seismic reflections traveling through free-gas layer below gas hydrate bearing zone decay so severely a high frequency component that a low frequency term is dominant. Amplitude anomaly of BSR result from high acoustic impedance contrast due to free-gas, which is a very crucial factor to estimate gas hydrate bearing zone. Seismic frequency analysis is carried out using wavelet transform method that frequency component could be decomposed with time variation. In application of wavelet transform to the seismic physical experiments data, we can observe that reflections traveling through air layer, which corresponds to the free-gas layer, decay a high frequency component.