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Comparative Studies on the Dietary Fiber, Amino Acids and Lipid Components of Yullmoo and Yeomjoo (율무와 염주의 식이섬유, 아미노산 및 지질 성분의 비교)

  • Woo, Ja-Won;Lee, Mi-Suck;Lee, Hee-Ja;Kim, Hyong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.269-275
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    • 1989
  • The study was conducted to compare the components such as proximate composition, total dietary fiber(TDF) content, acid detergent fiber(ADF) content, lignin, water binding capacity(WBC), amino acid composition and lipid components from brown Job's tears, dehulled Job's tears, brown Yeomjoo and bran of Job's tears. The results from this study are summerized as follows: Total dietary fiber(TDF) content of Job's tears, brown Job's tears, brown Yeomjoo and bran of Job's tears were 2.70%, 3.86%, 4.33% and 13.3% each. Water-binding capacity(WBC) of TDF and ADF were $2.63{\pm}0.02g\;H_2O/g$ TDF and $5.89{\pm}0.15g\;H_2O/g$ ADF each. In amono acids composition of samples, glutamic acid content was the highest and the next was leucine. Chemical score of leucine in dehulled Job's tears was very high(189), in contrast lysine was very low$(22{\sim}23)$ So lysine was a first limitting amino acid in Job's tears and Yeomjoo. Neutral lipid contents were 90.89%-96.55%, glycolipid contents were 2.35%-7.48% and phospholipid contents were very low. The major fatty acids of lipid fractions were palmitic acid. oleic acid and linoleic acid.

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Water Binding Capacity of Vegetable Fiber (식이섬유의 수분결합력에 관한 연구)

  • 계수경
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.231-235
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    • 1996
  • The water binding capacity(WC) of acid detergent fiber(ADF) was estimated. The WBC of raw vegetables ranged from 5. 1g to 24.7g water/g ADF. WBC was high in pepers and low in welsh onions. The correlation coefficients between WBC and fiber components were examined to fled which component is responsible for the deteruuning ability to bind water. The correlation coefficient between WBC and cellulose was +0.8. The binding capacity of water by fiber was affected positively by cellulose. fermentation increased in WBC of ADF. Changes of no in accordance with pH changes were evaluated at pH 2, 5.2 and 6. In all cases, WBC was high In weak acid and neutral.

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Comparative digestibility of nutrients and amino acids in high-fiber diets fed to crossbred barrows of Duroc boars crossed with Berkshire×Jiaxing and Landrace×Yorkshire

  • Zhao, Jinbiao;Wang, Qiuyun;Liu, Ling;Chen, Yiqiang;Jin, Aiming;Liu, Guoliang;Li, Kaizhen;Li, Defa;Lai, Changhua
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.721-728
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    • 2018
  • Objective: This experiment was conducted to determine the differences in the apparent ileal (AID) and total tract digestibility (ATTD) of nutrients and indispensable amino acids (IAA) in high-fiber diets with wheat middlings, rice bran or alfalfa meal fed to Duroc${\times}$(Landrace${\times}$Yorkshire) (DLY) and Duroc${\times}$ (Berkshire${\times}$Jiaxing) (DBJ) growing barrows. Methods: Eighteen DLY and 18 DBJ growing barrows were randomly allotted to a $2{\times}3$ factorial arrangement involving 2 crossbreeds and 3 high-fiber diets. The experiment lasted 15 d with 10 d for diets adaptation, 3 d for feces collection and 2 d for digesta collection. Three diets were based on corn and soybean meal with 25% wheat middlings, rice bran and alfalfa meal respectively. Results: DBJ had a greater (p<0.05) AID of isoleucine, leucine, lysine, phenylalanine and valine and a lower (p<0.05) AID of methionine than DLY. The hindgut disappearance of acid detergent fiber for DBJ was greater (p<0.05) than DLY. The ATTD of gross energy, dry matter, organic matter, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber in wheat middlings diet were greater (p<0.05) than in rice bran and alfalfa meal diets. The hindgut disappearance of neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber in wheat middlings diet or rice bran diet were the highest or lowest (p<0.05), and those of alfalfa meal diet were the middle. Barrows fed rice bran diet had a greater (p<0.05) hindgut disappearance of gross energy, dry matter and organic matter and lower hindgut disappearance of neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber than barrows fed alfalfa meal diet Conclusion: DBJ growing barrows showed a significant higher digestibility of fiber in the hindgut and most IAA in the small intestine compared with DLY barrows. The digestibilities of chemical constituents and IAA were affected by the diets formulated with different fiber sources.

Effect of Gooking on Water Insoluble Dietary Fiber in Vegetables (조리방법에 따른 채소의 불용성 식이섬유 함량 변화에 관한 연구)

  • 계수경
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.116-127
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    • 1995
  • Recently, interests of dietary fiber associated with critical physiological effects have been rising in Korea physiological effect in the body. In the present study, the contents of fiber components in 15 kinds of vegetables being consumed commonly in Korea were investigated, and the effects of various treatments (cooking and Kimchi fermentation) on fiber were studied. The results are summarized as follows. Fiber contents of vegetables were 11.8∼31.9% of neutral detergent fiber(NDF), total insoluble dietary fiber, 10.9∼25.4% of acid detergent fiber(ADF), 8.8∼23.8% of cellulose, 0.6∼10.6% of hemicellulose and 1.0∼5.2% of lignin, on dry weight basis. Especially, peppers had higher contents of NDF than the other vegetables. In the vegetables used in the present study, it was found that a great portion of NDF, total insoluble dietary fiber, was composed of cellulose because cellulose covered 63% of NDF. 'Cooking increased the NDF, ADF and cellulose contents, and most change was due to the change of cellulose. The values of hemicellulose and lignin showed an Irregular pattern upon cooking. Fermentation slightly increased NDF, ADF and cellulose, while hemicellulose and lignin showed irregular pattern.

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Effects of Slope Exposure and Altitude on Productivity of Orchardgrass in Mountain Pasture (산지초지에 있어서 경사방향 및 표고가 orchargrass의 생산성에 미치는 영향)

  • Woo-Bock Chun;Kwang-Hyun Kim
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.137-140
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    • 1990
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of slope exposure and altitude on the dry matter yield and on the grass quality in mountain pasture for 2-year period from 1986 to 1987. 1. Dry matter yield and crude protein content of grasses by slope exposure in mountain pasture were higher on the northern slope than that on the southern slope and, on both sides of slope, were increased as the altitude was high. 2. Neutral detergent fiber(NDF) and acid detergent fiber(ADF) contents, and in vitro dry matter digestibility were not different between different slope exposures and between different altitudes.

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Content Comparison on Dietary Fiber and Rutin of Korean Buckwheat according to Growing District and Classification (한국산 메밀의 산지 및 종류에 따른 식이섬유와 루틴의 함량비교)

  • Lee, Mi-Sook;Sohn, Kyung-Hee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.249-253
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    • 1994
  • In this study, total dietary fiber contents, acid detergent fiber contents lignin, water binding capacity (WBC), iron binding capacity of ADF and rutin contents from Korean buckwheats were determined. Total dietary fiber (TDF) content was 3.14% in kyungbuk rice buckwheat, 5.65% in kangwon hull buckwheat and 3.35% in kangwon rice buckwheat. Acid detergent fiber (ADF) content was 2.47, 4.46 and 2.94%, respectively and lignin content was 1.14, 1.60 and 1.08% respectively. The water binding capacity of these three sample dietary fiber showed that TDF were in the range of 2.87~3.88 g %H_2O$/g DF and ADF were in the range of 4.62~5.26 g %H_2O$/g DF. The iron binding capacity of ADF at pH 5.0, 6.0, 7.0 were 79.11, 78.01, 46.16% in kyungbuk rice buckwheat, 70.63, 63.83, 53.60% in kangwon hull buckwheat and 77.67, 76.33, 50.25% in kangwon rice buckwheat. The rutin contents of these samples and their hulls were 13.54~16.41 mg/100 g groats and 12.13~14.24 mg/100 g in hulls. The rutin content of kyungbuk rice buckwheat was the highest.

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Himalayan dock (Rumex nepalensis): the flip side of obnoxious weed

  • Wangchuk, Kesang
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.57 no.11
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    • pp.34.1-34.5
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    • 2015
  • Himalayan dock (Rumex nepalensis) was evaluated for forage value and antinutrients under three, five and seven weeks cutting intervals in the temperate environment. Dry matter (DM) content was measured for each cutting interval. Forage quality parameters such as Crude Protein (CP), Acid Detergent fiber (ADF), Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF), Calcium (Ca) and Phosphorus (P) were analyzed. Plants with seven weeks cutting interval gave higher DM yield. CP and P content were significantly higher for three weeks cutting intervals. Average CP contents were 31.38 %, 30.73 % and 27.32 % and average P content 0.58 %, 0.52 % and 0.51 % for three, five and seven weeks cutting intervals, respectively. Ca content did not differ significantly between cutting intervals. The average Ca content were 0.91 %, 0.90 % and 90 %, for three, five and seven weeks cutting intervals, respectively. Tannin and mimosine contents were not significantly different between cutting intervals. Average tannin contents were 1.32 %, 1.27 % and 1.26 % and mimosine 0.38 %, 0.30 % and 0.28 % for three, five and seven weeks cutting intervals, respectively. The study concluded that R. nepalensis could be a potential source of protein for livestock. The study also suggests seven weeks harvesting interval to provide plants with high dry matter yield, high forage quality and very low levels of anti-nutrients.

Chemical Composition and Its Relationship to In vitro Gas Production of Several Tannin Containing Trees and Shrub Leaves

  • Kamalak, Adem;Canbolat, Onder;Gurbuz, Yavuz;Ozay, Osman;Ozkose, Emin
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.203-208
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    • 2005
  • The aim of this experiment was to determine the chemical composition of six commonly utilized fodder trees and shrub species in Turkey, namely Glycrrhiza glabra L, Arbutus andrachne, Carpinus betilus, Juniperus communis, Quercus libari L and Pistica lentiscus and its relationship with gas production and estimated parameters when incubated with rumen fluid in vitro. There were significant (p<0.001) differences between leaves in terms of crude protein (CP), acid detergent fiber (ADF), total condensed tannin (TCT), bound condensed tannin (BCT) and soluble condensed tannin (SCT). Crude protein contents ranged from 5.74% (Juniperus communis) to 12.59% (Glycrrhiza glabra L). Acid detergent fiber contents ranged from 25.14% (Glycrrhiza glabra L) to 39.23% (Juniperus communis). Total condensed tannin (TCT) contents of leaves ranged from 4.34% (Quercus libari L) to 20.34% (Juniperus communis). Acid detergent fiber (ADF) and total condensed tannin contents of leaves were negatively correlated with gas productions and some estimated parameters. Potential gas productions (A) of Glycrrhiza glabra L, Arbutus andrachne, Quercus libari L and Pistica lentiscus were significantly (p<0.001) higher than those of Carpinus betilus and Juniperus communis whereas gas production rate (${\mu}_{24}$) of Pistica lentiscus was significantly (p<0.001) higher than the others. Time (h) to produce 50% of total gas pool size ($T_{50}$) of Juniperus communis was significantly (p<0.001) lower than that of Carpinus betilus whereas time (h) to produce 90% of total gas pool size ($T_{90}$) of Juniperus communis was significantly lower than the others except for Pistica lentiscus. The metabolizable energy (ME) contents of leaves ranged from 8.86 to 10.39 MJ $kg^{-1}$ DM. The results obtained in this study suggested that browse species had a significant effect on chemical composition, gas production and estimated parameters of leaves. Leaves from Glycrrhiza glabra L with a considerable amount of CP had a high rank value in terms of ME. Therefore leaves from Glycrrhiza glabra L may have a high potential value for small ruminant animals in terms of rumen and whole digestibility. Leaves from other species studied require protein supplementation when they are the only feed consumed by ruminant animals.

Comparison of Different Alkali Treatment of Bagasse and Rice Straw

  • Suksombat, W.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.1430-1433
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    • 2004
  • A study was conducted to determine the effect of different alkali treatments on changes in chemical composition and on degradability of bagasse and rice straw. This study divided into 2 experiments, the first with bagasse and the second with rice straw. Each experiment comprised 9 treatments which included: untreated control; 3% NaOH; 6% NaOH; 3% urea; 6% urea; 3% NaOH/3% urea; 3% NaOH/6% urea; 6% NaOH/3% urea; 6% NaOH/6% urea. In both experiments, crude protein contents were increased from 2.0 to 12.5 units for bagasse and 3.1 to 13.7 units for rice straw by urea treatments. Ash contents of the treated bagasse and rice straw were increased over the untreated control (1.5-9.7 units for bagasse; 4.2-8.8 units for rice straw). The effects on ether extract, crude fiber, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber of the treated bagasse and rice straw were variable. Nylon bag degradability of dry matter and crude fiber were increased by treatments applying NaOH and NaOH plus urea but not urea alone. In contrast, the egradability of neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber were reduced compared with the untreated control. From these degradability studies, it can be concluded that the most efficient treatments of bagasse were those treatments with 6% NaOH, followed by treatments with 6% NaOH plus 3% or 6% urea and 3% NaOH plus 3% or 6% urea, respectively. However, when comparison was made on the cost of chemical used to treat the agricultural by-products, particularly in case of rice straw, 3-6% urea would be appropriate.

Effects of Food Waste Compost and Mineral Nitrogen Application Level on Nutritive Value and Nutrient Yields of Orchardgrass (Dactylis giomerata L.) (음식물쓰레기 퇴비와 무기태 질소 시용이 오차드그라스의 사료가치와 양분수량에 미치는 영향)

  • Jo, Ik-Hwan;Lee, Ju-Sam;Jun, Ha-Joon;Lee, Ju-Hee;Kim, Min
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2000
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of application levels of food waste compost andmineral nitrogen in 3 cuttings per annurn on the nutritive value and nutrient yields of orchardgrass (Dactylisglomerata L.). Annual food waste compost (FWC) and mineral nitrogen were applied at levels of 0, 10, 20,40 and 60 ton ha-', and 0, 90, 180 and 270 kg ha-', respectively. The contents of crude protein (CP, %) oforchardgrass were significantly higher at the application levels of 40 ton ha-' yr-' by FWC than those atapplication levels of 0 ton ha-' yr-' (p<0.05), the contents of neutral detergent fiber (NDF, %), acid detergentfiber (ADF, %) and hemicellulose were also higher in FWC applied plots, except for the FWC levels of 10and 60 ton ha-' yr-'. The contents of total digestible nutrient (TDN, %) and relative feed value (RFV) oforchardgrass were significantly higher at FWC levels of 10 and 60 ton ha-' yr-' than at levels of 0 ton ha"yr-'. Annual yields of CP and TDN were increased with increase the FWC levels. The highest contents ofCP of orchardgrass were obtained at 1st cut, NDF and ADF at 2nd cut. As the mineral nitrogen fertilizationwas increased, the contents of CP, NDF, ADF and hemicellulose of orchardgrass were significantly increased,but TDN and RFV were decreased. .Annual yields of CP and TDN of orchardgrass were significantlyincreased with increase the mineral nitrogen fertilization.(Key words : Food waste compost, Mineral nitrogen, Crude protein, Neutral detergent fiber, Acid detergentfiber)rgent fiber, Acid detergent fiber)

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