• Title, Summary, Keyword: acculturative stress

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Socio-cultural Readjustment of Korean Students Returning from Overseas

  • Choi, In-Hwa
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.87-98
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    • 2009
  • This study examines the socio-cultural readjustment of the Korean students returning from overseas study at an early age. For this study 259 returnee students from elementary through high school completed a questionnaire which covered aspects such as school adjustment and re-acculturative stress in relationship to gender, grade, number of parents accompanying the students overseas, length of overseas stay, age of return, length of stay in Korea, and the acculturative stress experienced in a host culture. The findings indicate that re-acculturative stress level of returnee students is higher than the level of the acculturative stress, and that the two are positively related. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses reveal the grade and acculturative stress of returnee students as a significant predictor of school adjustment. The length of overseas stay and acculturative stress significantly predicted the re-acculturative stress level. The acculturative stress significantly affected both school adjustment and re-acculturative stress of returnee students back in Korea.

The Effects of Acculturative Stress and Resilience on Depression of University Students from North Ko (탈북 대학생의 문화적응 스트레스와 레질리언스가 우울증상에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Chae Yeong;Park, Ju Hee
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.313-324
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    • 2014
  • This study investigated the effects of acculturative stress and resilience on the depression of university students from North Korea, and examined the moderating effect of resilience on the relation between acculturative stress and depression. The participants of this study were 116 university students from North Korea (53 males and 63 females) aged between 20 and 35 years. The participants were asked to respond either to a written questionnaire or to an online survey system designed to measure research variables. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and a hierarchical regression. The moderating effect of resilience was examined by means of a hierarchical regression. The major findings were as follows: first, an increase in the level of acculturative stress increased that of depression, whereas an increase in the level of resilience decreased that of depression. Second, the moderating effect of resilience on the relation between acculturative stress and depression was statistically significant. That is, the negative influence of acculturative stress on depression was greater when the level of resilience was low, compared to when it was high. In summary, both acculturative stress and resilience had significant effects on the depression of university students from North Korea. Moreover, resilience buffered the detrimental effect of acculturative stress on their depression.

Social Support and Acculturative Stress in Migrant Workers (외국인 노동자의 사회적 지지와 문화적응 스트레스)

  • Lee, Soon-Hee;Lee, Young-Joo;Kim, Sook-Young;Kim, Shin-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.899-910
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to collect basic data on social support and acculturative stress in migrant workers. Methods: Between August, 2007 and January, 2008 171 immigrant workers completed data collection using a questionnaire. Workers were recruited from 2 churches, one in Seoul and the other in Gyeonggi Province. Mean and standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and Stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: The average score for social support was 3.73 (${\pm}0.65$) and for acculturative stress, 2.52 (${\pm}0.65$). There were significant differences acculturative stress according to gender (t=2.152, p=.033), kind of job (t=2.597, p=.040), and have community or not (t=2.899, p=.005). There was a significant negative correlation between social support and acculturative stress (r=-.270, p=.001). Factors influencing acculturative stress were existence of participants having a community of people from their home country or not ($R^2=.151$, p=.002). Conclusion: More studies are needed to identify the variables that influence acculturative stress in immigrant workers.

Acculturative Stress and Marital Adjustment among Marriage Migration Females: Focusing on the Mediating and Moderating Effects of Ego-Resilience (결혼이주여성의 문화적응스트레스와 부부 적응: 자아탄력성의 매개효과 및 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyun-Suk;Kim, Hee-Jae;Choi, Song-Sik
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.153-176
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between marriage migration females' acculturative stress and marital adjustment, especially the mediating and moderating effects of ego-resilience. The structural equation models were tested by setting marriage migration females' acculturative stress as a prediction variable, their marital adjustment as an outcome variable and their ego-resilience as mediator and moderator variables. The sample consisted of 172 marriage migration females from Busan. I analyzed the data using correlation analysis in order to discover the correlation coefficient of those variables among acculturative stress, ego-resilience and marital adjustment. I used the structural equation model (SEM) for investigating the relationship among acculturative stress, ego-resilience and marital adjustment and for investigating the mediating effects of ego-resilience. I also used multiple group analysis and two way ANOVA to investigate the moderating effects of ego-resilience. The results of structural equation modeling were as follows: first, it was proved that ego-resilience was exerted as a mediating variable, because acculturative stress appeared to affect marital adjustment in relation to ego-resilience. Therefore, marital adjustment was evident when ego-resilience was low. Second, it was proved that ego-resilience was exerted as a moderating variable, because those with low ego-resilience experienced high acculturative stress and low marital adjustment, and those with high ego-resilience experienced low acculturative stress and high marital adjustment. Such findings point out the importance of considering personal characteristics, like ego-resilience, in the relationship between acculturative stress and marital adjustment.

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A Study of Place Attachment to Home, Acculturative Stress, and Psychological Adjustment Among Korean Youth in the United States (재미 한인청소년의 집에 대한 장소애착, 문화적응 스트레스와 심리적 적응에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Jin-Suk;Qin, Desiree B.
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.33-48
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    • 2011
  • This study examined the relationships between place attachment to home, acculturative stress, and psychological adjustment among Korean youth in the United States. In particular, this study sought to better understand how place attachment to home and acculturation stress impacts upon youth's psychological adjustment, as measured by depression and self-esteem. The subjects consisted of 225 Korean youths (113 males and 111 females) residing in Michigan in the USA, of whom 47.6% attended middle school while 52.4% of whom attended high school. The instruments utilized were the acculturative stress scale (Sandhu and Asrabadi, 1994), the place attachment scale (Choi, Lee, & Han, 2009), Radloff's depression scale (CES-D), and Rosenberg's self-esteem scale. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to assess the predictive effects of place attachment to home and acculturative stress on youth's psychological adjustment, alongside controlling demographic variables. The findings indicated that place attachment to home and acculturative stress impacted upon depression and self-esteem, as experienced by the youths examined. These results have implications for our understanding of the importance of both youths' place attachment to home and acculturative stress in the acculturation process.

Impacts of Social Support and Acculturative Stress on Depression among Korean Registered Nurses in the United States (재미한인간호사의 사회적 지지, 문화적응 스트레스가 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Young-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.192-202
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the impacts of social support and acculturative stress on depression among Korean registered nurses in the United States. Method: In total, 137 nurses were recruited through direct interviews and online surveys. The data were collected through a structured questionnaire from June 1, to September 16, 2012, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheff$\acute{e}$'s test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS WIN 14.0. Results: Social support significantly differed by the length of one's nursing career in US, monthly income and perceived health status. Acculturative stress significantly differed by the length of one's nursing career in US and types of employment setting. Depression significantly differed by the total length of one's nursing career, type of employment setting, and perceived health status. Moreover, Depression was negatively correlated with social support; positively correlated with acculturative stress; social support was negatively correlated with acculturative stress. Factors influencing depression were acculturative stress, perceived health status, and social support, which explained about 23% of the total variance. Conclusion: These results suggest that an adaptation program that decreases acculturative stress and improves social support should be developed and implemented for Korean nurses to help them successfully integrate into the healthcare system of new country.

Acculturative Stress and Current Perception of Stress in Korean Immigrants (미국이민 한국인의 문화변용 스트레스와 일상생활 스트레스정도에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Hye-Sook;Kim, Mi-Yong
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.43-55
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was a descriptive study to assess the relationships between acculturative stress and current perception of stress in Korean immigrants. Methods: The subjects consisted of 154 community-dwelling Korean immigrant living in the USA. Data collection was conducted through the use of questionnaires. The instruments for this study were Acculturative stress (12 items), The Global Assessment of Recent Scale(8 items). The collected data were analysed using SPSS PC 12.0 Programme for Frequency, Percentage, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan test and Pearson's correlation coefficient according to the purpose of this study. Results: 1) The average item score for acculturative stress was 17.17. The average item score for current perception of stress was 26.56. 2) Acculturative stress was positively related to current perception of stress (r=.360, p<.01). 3) Acculturative stress was significantly different according to educational level (F=2.709, p=.047), occupation (F=16.202, p=.000), perceived income comfort level (F=26.666, p=.000), and type of residence (F=2.672, p=.050). The Current perception of stress was significantly different according to age (F=7.380, p=.000), marital status (F=5.354, p=.006), perceived income comfort level (F=12.738, p=.000), and type of residence(F=4.207, p=.007). Conclusion: Theses findings help to clarify relationships between acculturative stress and current perception of stress in Korean immigrants. Therefore, the result of study provide clues for the quality of life of Korean immigrants.

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The Effects of Korean Ability and Self-Esteem on Acculturative Stress of Marriage-Based Immigrant Women: Focused on Vietnamese, Filipino, and Chinese Women in Daegu (한국어 능력, 자아존중감이 결혼이주여성의 문화적응스트레스에 미치는 영향: 대구지역 베트남, 필리핀, 중국여성을 중심으로)

  • Kwon, Bok-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.61 no.2
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    • pp.5-32
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    • 2009
  • This study investigates the effect of self-esteem and Korean ability on acculturative stress of marriage-based immigrant Asian women in Korea. It also attempts to find out whether self-esteem has any mediating effect between Korean ability and acculturative stress. By using purposive sampling method, 280 samples were collected among Vietnamese, Filipino, and Chinese women in Daegu from Oct. 12th to Nov. 3rd, 2008. The results are as follows: The higher the score of self-esteem and that of Korean ability is, the lower the score of acculturative stress is respectively. It is proved that self-esteem has mediating effect between Korean ability and acculturative stress. Therefore it is emphasized that programs which can improve self-esteem should be provided to marriage-based immigrant women, especially to those who do not have sufficient Korean ability. Sending money to home country shows both direct and indirect effects and subjective economic evaluation shows direct effects on acculturative stress score. For the purpose of the study acculturative stress scale has been modified based on Sandhu and Asrabadi(1994), which turns out to be useful to measure acculturative stress of marriage-based immigrant Asian women in Korea because it reflects their life circumstances quite well. Some practical implications of social work are suggested through discussion.

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Variables Affecting College Adaptation among International College Students in Korea (국내 외국인 유학생의 개인적 배경, 자아존중감, 문화적응 스트레스가 대학적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Baik, Jee-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.119-131
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    • 2011
  • The main purpose of this study was to examine the effect of demographic variables (gender, SES, period of residence in Korea, place of residence, type of program, Korean ability), self-esteem, and acculturative stress on the college adaptation of international college students in Korea. 346 (196 male, 150 female) students from three universities in Jeollanam province completed the Self-Esteem, Acculturative Stress Scale for International Students and The Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ). While gender had no influence on the college adaptation of international college students, SES, period of residence in Korea, place of residence, type of program and Korean ability had significant influences. Also it was found that acculturative stress, type of program, self-esteem and place of residence had significant influence on academic adaptation whereas self-esteem, acculturative stress, type of program, and Korean ability had significant influences on social adaptation. Related to emotional adaptation, acculturative stress, place of residence, and self-esteem were significant variables. Finally, acculturative stress, type of program, self-esteem and place of residence were significant variables of institutional attachment.

Acculturative Stress, Depression and Drinking Problems of Korean International Students in the United States (재미 한인대학생의 문화적응 스트레스, 우울과 음주문제)

  • Lee, Soon Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.366-375
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of drinking problems in Korean international students in the United States. Methods: The subjects involved this study were 190 Korean international students in the United States. Data were measured using a drinking problems questionnaire, an acculturative stress scale for international student, and the CES-D. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 17.0 program to calculate mean, standard deviation, ANOVA, Sheff$\acute{e}$ test and pearson's correlation coefficient. and stepwise multiple regression. Results: 1) The mean score of the degree of perceived acculturative stress was $2.15{\pm}0.63$, of depression was $17.67{\pm}9.85$, and of drinking problems was $15.03{\pm}15.52.2$) There were significant correlations between acculturative stress and drinking problems (r=.506, p<.001), between depression and drinking problems (r=.6726, p<.001), and between acculturative stress and depression (r=.453, p<.001). 3) In stepwise multiple regression analysis the most powerful predictor of drinking problems were acculturative stress (${\beta}$=.243, p<.001), and depression (${\beta}$=.562, p<.001). Conclusion: Based on the results, practical implications for reducing the acculturative stress and improving the psychological well-being of Korean students were discussed.