• Title, Summary, Keyword: Zero-valent iron

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Innovative Remediation of Arsenic in Groundwater by Nano Scale Zero-Valent Iron

  • Kanel, Sushil-Raj;Kim, Ju-Yong;Park, Heechul
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.87-90
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    • 2003
  • This research examines the feasibility of using laboratory-synthesized nano scale zero-valent iron particles to remove arsenic from aqueous phase. Batch experiments were performed to determine arsenic sorption rates as a function of the nano scale zero-valent iron solution concentration. Rapid adsorption of arsenic was achieved with the nano scale zero-valent iron. Typically 1 mg $L^{-1}$ arsenic (III) was adsorbed by 5 g $L^{-1}$ nano scale zero-valent iron below the 0.01 g $L^{-1}$ concentration within 7min. The kinetics of the arsenic sorption followed pseudo-first-order reaction kinetics. Observed reaction rate constants ( $K_{obs}$) varied between 11.4 to 129.0 $h^{-1}$ with respect to different concentrations of nano scale zero-valent iron. A variety of analytical techniques were used to study the reaction products including HGAAS (hydride generator atomic adsorption spectrophotometer), SEM (scanning electron microscopy) and TEM (transmission electron microscopy). Our experimental results suggest novel method for efficient removal of arsenic Iron groundwater.r.

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Dechlorination of PCE Using Zero-Valent Iron and Surfactants (Fe$^{0}$ 과 계면활성제를 이용한 PCE의 탈염소화 반응에 관한 연구)

  • 조현희;박재우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.119-123
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    • 2000
  • In-situ treatment technologies have been proposed to transform or remove pollutants from contaminated groundwater. Zero-valent iron(Fe$^{0}$ ), metallic iron, is being evaluated as a permeable reactive material to retard the transport of wide array of highly mobile contaminants in groundwater. In this research, tetrachloroethylene(PCE) dechlorination by powdered zero-valent iron in buffered aqueous solution was studied with and without the presence of surfactants. The rate of dechlorination of PCE by zero-valent iron with surfactant was much higher than without surfactant. The presence of surfactant increased the apparent rate of dechlorination because the surfactants influenced the dissolution of PCE into the aqueous phase.

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Innovative Approaches to Increase the Longevity of PRBs Containing Zero-Valent Iron

  • 이태윤;박재우;최은경;허보연
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.122-124
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    • 2002
  • The removal capacity of zero-valent iron for Cr(Ⅵ) was evaluated using batch kinetic tests. The rate constants for zero-valent iron dramatically increased as initial Cr(Ⅵ) concentration decreased. Generally, the reaction rates of Cr(Ⅵ) with zero-valent iron were faster than that of a biotic degradation of Cr(Ⅵ), and furthermore the reaction rates were inversely proportional to the initial Cr(Ⅵ) concentrations. After certain reaction time elapsed. no further decrease of Cr(Ⅵ) was observed, indicating a loss of iron reactivity. The loss of iron reactivity was primarily due to the passivation of iron surfaces with iron-Cr precipitates, but the reactivity of iron was recovered by adding iron-reducing bacteria. Even though the addition of bacteria itself removed Cr(Ⅵ), the combination of iron-reducing bactera and oxidized iron significantly enhanced the reaction rate for Cr(Ⅵ) removal. The results from column tests also confirmed that the innoculation of iron-reducing bacteria to the column containing completely oxidized iron partially enhanced the recovery of the iron reactivity.

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Removal of hexavalent chromium ion from aqueous solution using nanoscale zero-valent iron particles immobilized on porous silica support prepared by polymer template method

  • Jang, Minchae;Park, Boyeong;Lee, Hyunseung;Kim, Tae-Yong;Kim, Yangsoo
    • Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering
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    • v.35 no.10
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    • pp.2015-2023
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    • 2018
  • Porous silica supported nanoscale zero-valent iron was prepared by a polymer template method in order to effectively remove a hexavalent chromium ion (Cr(VI)) in an aqueous solution. It did not show a deterioration of Cr(VI) removal efficiency, which could be caused by the surface oxidation and agglomeration of nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI) particles. Porous silica by the polymer template method showed quite unique structure, which we named as quasi-inverse opal silica (QIOS), and it showed high surface area ($375.4m^2/g$) and fine pore size (76.5 nm). NZVI immobilized on the surface of QIOS (NZVI@QIOS) was added to an aqueous Cr(VI) solution at 0.025 g/L, and it showed over 96% Cr(VI) removal efficiency. Such a high removal efficiency of Cr(VI) was maintained over two weeks after preparation (92% after 16 days). Morphology of porous silica supported nanoscale zero-valent iron was analyzed by TEM and FE-SEM. Identification of the reaction compounds produced by the reaction of Cr(VI) and zero-valent iron (Fe(0)) was made by the application of XPS.

Reduction Characteristics of Triclosan using Zero-valent Iron and Modified Zero-valent Iron (영가철 및 개질 영가철을 이용한 triclosan의 환원분해 특성)

  • Choi, Jeong-Hak;Kim, Young-Hun
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.859-868
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    • 2017
  • In this study, the reductive dechlorination of triclosan using zero-valent iron (ZVI, $Fe^0$) and modified zero-valent iron (i.e., acid-washed iron (Aw/Fe) and palladium-coated iron (Pd/Fe)) was experimentally investigated, and the reduction characteristics were evaluated by analyzing the reaction kinetics. Triclosan could be reductively decomposed using zero-valent iron. The degradation rates of triclosan were about 50% and 67% when $Fe^0$ and Aw/Fe were used as reductants, respectively, after 8 h of reaction. For the Pd/Fe system, the degradation rate was about 57% after 1 h of reaction. Thus, Pd/Fe exhibited remarkable performance in the reductive degradation of triclosan. Several dechlorinated intermediates were predicted by GC-MS spectrum, and 2-phenoxyphenol was detected as the by-product of the decomposition reaction of triclosan, indicating that reductive dechlorination occurred continuously. As the reaction proceeded, the pH of the solution increased steadily; the pH increase for the Pd/Fe system was smaller than that for the $Fe^0$ and Aw/Fe system. Further, zero-order, first-order, and second-order kinetic models were used to analyze the reaction kinetics. The first-order kinetic model was found to be the best with good correlation for the $Fe^0$ and Aw/Fe system. However, for the Pd/Fe system, the experimental data were evaluated to be well fitted to the second-order kinetic model. The reaction rate constants (k) were in the order of Pd/Fe > Aw/Fe > $Fe^0$, with the rate constant of Pd/Fe being much higher than that of the other two reductants.

Removal of Uranium from Uranium Plant Wastewater Using Zero-Valent Iron in an Ultrasonic Field

  • Li, Jing;Zhang, Libo;Peng, Jinhui;Hu, Jinming;Yang, Lifeng;Ma, Aiyuan;Xia, Hongying;Guo, Wenqian;Yu, Xia
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.744-750
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    • 2016
  • Uranium removal from uranium plant wastewater using zero-valent iron in an ultrasonic field was investigated. Batch experiments designed by the response surface methodology (RSM) were conducted to study the effects of pH, ultrasonic reaction time, and dosage of zero-valent iron on uranium removal efficiency. From the experimental data obtained in this work, it was found that the ultrasonic method employing zero-valent iron powder effectively removes uranium from uranium plant wastewater with a uranium concentration of $2,772.23{\mu}g/L$. The pH ranges widely from 3 to 7 in the ultrasonic field, and the prediction model obtained by the RSM has good agreement with the experimental results.

A Study on Removal of Fenitrothion by Integrated Zero-valent Iron and Granular Activated Carbon Process (Zero-valent Iron와 Granular Activated Carbon의 조합공정을 이용한 Fenitrothion의 제거에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Yoon;Moon, Byung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.385-390
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    • 2010
  • This study investigated the decomposition of fenitrothion in Smithion, which is applied on the golf course for pesticide, by the integrated Zero-valent iron(ZVI) and Granular activated carbon(GAC) process. First, the removal efficiencies of the fenitrothion by ZVI and GAC, respectively, were investigated. Second, the removal efficiencies of the fenitrothion by the integrated ZVI and GAC were investigated. The removal efficiencies of fenitrothion by ZVI were higher than those of TOC. The removal efficiencies of fenitrothion and TOC by GAC were similar. As the dosages of ZVI and GAC were increased, the removal efficiencies of fenitrothion and TOC increased. However, as the dosages of ZVI for pretreatment were increased, the adsorptions of fenitrothion on GAC were hindered.

Reduction of Nitrate-nigrogen by Zero-valent Iron Adhered in Mesoporous Silicas (메조기공 실리카에 부착된 영가철을 이용한 질산성 질소의 환원)

  • Yeon, Kyeong-Ho;Lee, Seunghak;Lee, Kwanyong;Park, Yong-Min;Kang, Sang-Yoon;Lee, Jae-Won;Choi, Yong-Su;Lee, Sang-Hyup
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.139-147
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    • 2007
  • For environmental remediation of a contaminated groundwater plume, the use of zero-valent metal represents one of the latest innovative technologies. In this study, the effects of denitrification by zero-valent iron adsorbed in mesoporous silicas have been studied for groundwater contaminant degradation. The mesoporous silica was functionalized with 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTS) ligands and the zero-valent iron precipitated in the mesopore of granular silica was made by $FeCl_2$ and $NaBH_4$. Hydrogen was exchanged with $Fe^{2+}$ ions in the granular silicas. And then the ions were reduced by sodium borohydride in the mesoporous silicas. The surface area of the silica determined via the BET method ranged from 858 to $1275m^2/g$. The reductive reaction of nitrate-nitrogen indicated that the degradation of nitrate-nitrogen appeared to be pseudo first-order with the observed reaction rate constant kobs ($0.1619h^{-1}$) and to be directly proportional to the specific surface area. Therefore, the mesoporous silica with nano zero-valent iron proposed as a novel treatment strategy for contaminated groundwater was successfully implemented herein for the removal of nitrate-nitrogen.

Using Waste Foundry Sands as Reactive Media in Permeable Reactive Barriers

  • 이태윤;박재우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.62-65
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    • 2002
  • Permeable reactive barriers (PRBs) are in-situ barriers constructed in a subsurface to treat contaminated groundwater using various reactive media. The common reactive medium used in PRB is zero-valent iron, which has been widely used to treat chlorinated solvents (i.e., PCE, TCE). A disadvantage of iron media is high cost. In this study, waste foundry sands were tested to determine the feasibility of their use as a low cost reactive medium. Batch and column tests were conducted with TCE to determine transport parameters and reactivity of the foundry sands. The reactivities of foundry sands for common groundwater contaminants are comparable to or slightly higher than those for Peerless iron, a common medium used in PRBs. In addition, the TOC and clay in foundry sands can significantly retard the movement of target contaminant, which may result in lower effluent concentration of contaminant due to biodegradation. In general, PRBs 1-m thick can be constructed with many foundry sands to treat TCE provided the zero-valent iron content in the foundry sand is higher than 1%.

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