• Title, Summary, Keyword: Zero-phase low-pass filter

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Optimal Power Control Strategy for Wind Farm with Energy Storage System

  • Nguyen, Cong-Long;Lee, Hong-Hee
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.726-737
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    • 2017
  • The use of energy storage systems (ESSs) has become a feasible solution to solve the wind power intermittency issue. However, the use of ESSs increases the system cost significantly. In this paper, an optimal power flow control scheme to minimize the ESS capacity is proposed by using the zero-phase delay low-pass filter which can eliminate the phase delay between the dispatch power and the wind power. In addition, the filter time constant is optimized at the beginning of each dispatching interval to ensure the fluctuation mitigation requirement imposed by the grid code with a minimal ESS capacity. And also, a short-term power dispatch control algorithm is developed suitable for the proposed power dispatch based on the zero-phase delay low-pass filter with the predetermined ESS capacity. In order to verify the effectiveness of the proposed power management approach, case studies are carried out by using a 3-MW wind turbine with real wind speed data measured on Jeju Island.

Optimization of Wind Power Dispatch to Minimize Energy Storage System Capacity

  • Nguyen, Cong-Long;Lee, Hong-Hee
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.1080-1088
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    • 2014
  • By combining a wind turbine with an energy storage system (ESS), we are able to attenuate the intermittent wind power characteristic making the power derived from a wind farm dispatchable. This paper evaluates the influence of the phase delay of the low-pass filter in the conventional smoothing power control on the ESS capacity; longer phase delays require a larger ESS capacity. In order to eliminate the effect of the phase delay, we optimize the power dispatch using a zero-phase low-pass filter that results in a non-delayed response in the power dispatch. The proposed power dispatching method significantly minimizes the ESS capacity. In addition, the zero-phase low-pass filter, which is a symmetrical forward-reverse finite impulse response type, is designed simply with a small number of coefficients. Therefore, the proposed dispatching method is not only optimal, but can also be feasibly applied to real wind farms. The efficacy of the proposed dispatching method is verified by integrating a 3 MW wind turbine into the grid using wind data measured on Jeju Island.

A Design of Programmable Low Pass Filter to Reduce the ZCP Estimation Error at High Speed BLDC Sensorless Drive (BLDC 고속 센서리스 구동의 ZCP 추정 오차 저감을 위한 Programmable Low Pass Filter 설계)

  • Seo, Eunjeong;Lee, Kangseok;Lee, Wootaik
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.63 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2014
  • This paper presents a design method of programmable low pass filter(PLPF) which reduce an estimation error of a zero crossing point(ZCP) for a high speed brushless DC(BLDC) motor drive. BLDC motor sensorless drive is possible by estimation of ZCP. The ZCP estimated by detecting a change of back-EMF polarity has the estimation error because noises exist on the measured back-EMF. Therefore a calculated commutation timing using the ZCP is inaccurate. And the inexact commutation timing leads to ripples of 3-phase current and degradation of drive performance. This paper proposes the design method of the PLPF to overcome these problems. First, a speed calculated a inaccurate period of the ZCP is analyzed in the frequency domain. Then, the PLPF that has varying cut-off frequency according to change of the speed is designed on the frequency analysis result. The proposed method is verified by the experiment.

PLL Method Using The Improved Discrete Fourier Transform (개선된 DFT를 이용한 위상 추종방법)

  • Kim, Jae-Hyung;Ji, Young-Hyok;Won, Chung-Yuen;Jung, Yong-Chae
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.91-93
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, novel phase angle following algorithm for the single phase grid-connected inverter is proposed. Gird-connected inverter needs phase angle detection for synchronization grid voltage with the inverter output. In case of single phase grid-connected inverter, zero crossing detection and virtual 2-phase PLL using digital all pass filter or digital low pass filter are used conventionally. But these methods have a weakness for harmonics, noises and ripples. The proposed method of PLL achieve DFT(Discrete Fourier Transform) using Goertzel algorithm. It can extract fundamental voltage of grid. As a results, it can obtain phase angle using digital all pass filter without effect of harmonics, noises and ripples. Simulation results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

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A Novel Active Damping Control of a Three-phase PWM Inverter with LC Filter

  • Kim, Kwang-Seob;Hyun, Dong-Seok
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.1589-1596
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    • 2015
  • A novel control method of a three-phase PWM inverter with LC filter is proposed. The transfer function of LC filter is the same as that of 2nd order low pass filter(2nd LPF) which has a zero damping ratio. A simple method of implementing 2nd LPF with damping ratio is to add resistor to inductor or capacitor of LC filter. In an industrial application, it is not practical to adopt damping resistor because it results in losses being proportional to square of current flowing through resistor. Instead of using damping resistors, the proposed active damping control(ADC) utilizes all pass filter(APF) and considers inherent processing delay of digital controller. The overall transfer function of the proposed method is the same as a 2nd LPF and its damping ratio is also controllable via control variables. Detailed design and implementation of controller is also presented. Experiments are conducted with a 7.5kVA induction motor drive system controlled by PWM converter and inverter. Test waveforms are also presented to verify the proposed LC filter control algorithm.

Unified Active Power Filter Compensating For Source Voltage Unbalance/Current Harmonics and Power Factor Simultaneously (전원 전압의 불평형과 고조파 전류 및 역률을 동시에 보상하는 통합형 능동 전력필터)

  • Lee, Jong-Kun;Seok, Jul-Ki;Lee, Dong-Choon
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.103-105
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, a novel control scheme compensating for source voltage unbalance and current harmonics and power factor simultaneously in unified active power filter systems combined with shunt passive filters is proposed, where no low/high-pass filter are used in deriving the reference voltage for compensation. Using digital all-pass filters, the phase angle and the reference voltages compensating for harmonic current and unbalanced voltage are derived from the positive sequence component of the unbalanced voltage. The amplitude of d-axis current in a series filter is controlled as zero for power factor correction. The validity of the proposed control scheme has been verified by experimental results.

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Active Power Filter Compensating for Source Voltage Unbalance/Current Harmonics and Power Factor Correction (전원 전압의 불평형과 고조파 전류 보상 및 역률 개선 기능을 가지는 능동전력 필터)

  • Lee Jong-Kun;Seok Jul-Ki;Lee Dong-Choon
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.787-790
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, a novel control scheme compensating for source voltage unbalance and current harmonics and power factor correction in unified active power filter systems combined with shunt passive filters is proposed, where no low/high-pass filter are used in deriving the reference voltage for compensation. Using digital all-pass filters, the phase angle and the reference voltages compensating for harmonic current and unbalanced voltage are derived from the positive sequence component of the unbalanced voltage. The amplitude of d-axis current in a series filter is controlled as zero for power factor correction. The validity of the proposed control scheme has been verified by experimental results.

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A Novel Control Algorithm of a Three-phase PWM Inverter with LC Filter (정현파 출력 필터를 가지는 3상 PWM 인버터 제어 기법)

  • Kim, Kwang-Seob;Hyun, Dong-Seok
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.239-246
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    • 2015
  • A novel control method of a three-phase PWM inverter with LC filter is proposed. The transfer function of LC filter is the same as that of second-order low pass filter(LPF), which has a zero damping ratio. A simple method of implementing second-order LPF with damping ratio is to add a resistor in an LC circuit. However, in a real power system, adopting damping resistors is impractical because it results in losses proportional to the square of the current flowing through the resistors. Instead of inserting resistors, the proposed control strategy utilizes the measured capacitor voltages to control the oscillation of LC circuit. The overall transfer function of the proposed method is the same as a second-order LPF, and its damping ratio is controllable via control variables. The current controller can have overshoots caused by LC filter. Improved current controller is implemented by an equivalent second-order of LC filter. A 7.5 kVA PWM converter and a PWM inverter with a 5.5 kW induction motor are set up to verify the proposed control algorithm. Test waveforms are also presented to verify the proposed LC filter control algorithm.

A $0.5{\mu}m$ CMOS FM Radio Receiver For Zero-Crossing Demodulator (Zero-Crossing 복조기를 위한 $0.5{\mu}m$ CMOS FM 라디오 수신기)

  • Kim, Sung-Woong;Kim, Young-Sik
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SD
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.100-105
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, a FM radio receiver integrated circuit has been developed based on $0.5{\mu}m$ CMOS process for Zero-Crossing FM demodulator over the 88MHz to 108MHz band. The receiver is designed with the low-IF architecture, and includes Low Noise Amplifier(LNA), Down-Conversion Mixer, Phase Locked Loop(PLL), IF LPF, and a comparator. The measured results of the LNA and Mixer show that the conversion gain of 23.2 dB, the input PldB of -14 dBm, and the noise figure of 15 dB. The measured analog block of the LPF and comparator show the voltage gain of over 89 dB, and the IF LPF can configure the passband from 600KHz to 1.3MHz with 100KHz step through the internal control register banks. The designed FM radio receiver operates at 4.5V with the total current consumption of 15.3mA, so the total power consumption is about 68.85mW. The commercial FM radio has been successfully received.

A Compensation Method of Parameter Variations for the Speed-Sensorless Vector Control System of Induction Motors using Zero Sequence Third Harmonic Voltages (영상분 3고조파 전압을 이용한 속도센서없는 유도전동기 벡터제어 시스템의 파라미터 변동 보상)

  • Choe, Jeong-Su;Kim, Jin-Su;Kim, Yeong-Seok
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers B
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 1999
  • A compensation method of the motor parameters using zero sequence third harmonic voltage is presented for the speed sensorless vector control of the induction motor considering saturation of the flux. Generally, the air-gap flux of the saturated induction motor contains the space harmonic components rotating with the synchronous frequency of the motor. Because the EMF of the saturated induction motor contains the zero sequence harmonic voltages at the neutral point of the motor, those harmonic voltages can be used as a saturation index. In this work, the rotor flux observer is firstly designed for the speed sensorless vector control of induction motor. And a novel measurement method of the space harmonic voltage and a compensation method of th LPF(Low Pass Filter) are proposed. For compensating the non-linear variations of the magnetizing inductance depending on the saturation level of the motor, the dominant third harmonic voltage of the motor is used as a saturation function of the air-gap flux. And the variation of the stator resistance owing to the motor temperature can also be measured with the phase angle between the impressed voltage vector and the zero sequence voltage. The validity of the proposed parameter compensation scheme in the speed sensorless vector control using rotor flux observer is verified by the result of the simulations and the experiments.

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