• Title, Summary, Keyword: Yukwa

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Quality Characteristics of Yukwa Added with Various Sugar Alcohols (당알코올 첨가 유과의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Mi Hye;Oh, Myung Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.428-436
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to investigate the use of sugar alcohols (sorbitol, erythritol, and xylitol) as alternative sweeteners for replacing sucrose in Yukwa (traditional Korean oil-puffed rice snack). The moisture contents of Bandegi (dried Yukwa dough) and Yukwa containing sugar alcohols were higher than that of control (containing only sucrose). The microstructures of control and Bandegi containing sugar alcohols showed uniformly and finely distributed air holes. Expansion ratio and oil absorption of Yukwa containing sorbitol and 30% erythritol were higher than those of control. Appearance and cross section of control and Yukwa containing sorbitol, 30% erythritol, and 30% xylitol showed a good shape. The lightness (L) of control was significantly lower than Yukwa containing sugar alcohols, whereas redness (a) and yellowness (b) were higher than those in Yukwa containing sugar alcohols. Hardness of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was significantly lower than that of control, and that of Yukwa containing sorbitol was the lowest. Peak number of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was significantly lower than that of control, and that of Yukwa containing 60% erythritol and 60% xylitol was the lowest among all samples. In the sensory evaluation, color of control was deepest, whereas that of Yukwa containing 60% xylitol was lightest. Volume and air hole uniformity of Yukwa containing 60% erythritol and 60% xylitol were inferior than those of other samples. Sweetness of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was lower than that of control, whereas oily flavor was stronger. Hardness of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was lower than that of control, and Yukwa containing xylitol showed the lowest hardness among the samples. Crispness of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was lower than that of control. There were no significant differences in overall acceptability between control and Yukwa containing 30% sorbitol and 30% erythritol. Overall, sorbitol and erythritol were appropriate as a 30% replacement for sucrose when preparing Yukwa.

Effects of Chlorella Powder on Quality Characteristics of Yukwa (클로렐라 분말 첨가가 유과의 품질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Hee-Sook;Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.178-187
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    • 2016
  • The principal objective of this study was to investigate the quality characteristics of Yukwa prepared with chlorella powder. The tested concentrations of chlorella powder were 0, 1, 2, and 3%. As more chlorella powder was added, spread ratio, moisture content, and volume increased, whereas L-value and a-value decreased and b-value increased. The hardness of Yukwa made with 3% chlorella powder was highest among the samples. The results of the sensory evaluation test show that Yukwa with 1% chlorella powder was significantly more preferable in term sof overall acceptability. The acid value and peroxide values were lower in Yukwa prepared with chlorella powder than the control. Yukwa prepared with chlorella powder showed strong inhibition of lipid oxidation. Thiobarbituric values were lower in Yukwa prepared with 2% chlorella powder compared to Yukwa prepared with 1% and 3% chlorella powders and control Yukwa. These results suggest that chlorella powder can be applied to Yukwa for high quality and functionality.

Effects of Punching and Drying Process on Quality Characteristics of Yukwa Dough and Yukwa Bandegi during Preparation of Yukwa (유과 제조 시 반죽과 반대기의 품질 특성에 미치는 꽈리치기 공정과 건조 공정의 영향)

  • Lee, Mi Hye;Oh, Myung Suk
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.1029-1040
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    • 2015
  • Effects of punching and drying process on quality of Yukwa were determined. Lightness (L) of Yukwa dough with punching was higher than that with no punching. Air cell distribution of Yukwa dough was fine with higher punching. Microstructure of Yukwa dough showed a broken surface structure with increasing punching. Hardness and adhesiveness of Yukwa dough decreased after 5 min of punching and then increased with higher punching. Expansion ratio of Yukwa base with punching at 155 rpm for 5 min was highest among the samples. Appearance of Yukwa base with no punching showed a poor shape and cross section, whereas Yukwa base with punching at 95 rpm for 10 min showed the best appearance and cross section and Yukwa base with punching at 155 rpm for 5 min also showed good appearance. The moisture content of Yukwa Bandegi after 24 hr of drying was 14.93%. Microstructure of Yukwa Bandegi showed a broken surface structure and empty spaces with increased drying time. Expansion ratio of Yukwa base with 24 hr of drying at $40^{\circ}C$ was highest among the samples. Overall, optimum punching conditions were 10 min of punching at 95 rpm or 5 min of punching at 155 rpm and optimum drying condition was 24 hr of drying at $40^{\circ}C$.

Effect of Mulberry Leaf(Morus alba Linne) Powder Addition on Quality of Yukwa (유과 제조 시 뽕잎 분말 첨가가 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Jae-Sil
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.643-650
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    • 2015
  • The principal objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of Yukwa prepared with mulberry leaf (Morus alba Linne) powder. The moisture, crude protein, crude lipid, crude ash, dietary fiber, and rutin contents of used mulberry leaf powder were 6.65%, 19.50%, 3.26%, 18.24, 38.91 and 0.54%, respectively. The tested concentrations of mulberry leaf powder were 0, 3, 5, and 7%. The Yukwa were stored at $45^{\circ}C$ for 40 days. Yukwa dough prepared with mulberry leaf powder had a lower pH compared to the control group. As more mulberry leaf powder was added, the spread ratio, moisture content, and volume increased. As more mulberry leaf powder was added, L-value decreased while a and b values increased with increasing mulberry leaf powder content. The hardness of Yukwa made with 7% mulberry leaf powder was the highest among the samples. In the sensory tests, Yukwa with 5% mulberry leaf powder received the highest scores. The acid value and peroxide values were lower in Yukwa prepared with mulberry leaf powder than control. Yukwa prepared with mulberry leaf powder strongly inhibited oxidation of lipids. The thiobarbituric values were lower in Yukwa prepared with 5% mulberry leaf powder than in Yukwa prepared with 3% and 7% mulberry leaf powders and control Yukwa. These results suggest that mulberry leaf powder can be applied to Yukwa to achieve high quality and functionality.

Quality Characteristics and Determining the Shelf Life of Red Pepper Yukwa (고추 유과의 저장 중 품질특성 변화 및 유통기한 설정)

  • Park, Jung-Mi;Yoo, Jin A;Kang, Hye-Jeong;Eom, Hyun-Ju;Kim, Sang Hee;Song, In Gyu;Yoon, Hyang-Sik
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.655-662
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to investigate the changes in the quality properties of red pepper Yukwa (red pepper liquid fermented with lactic acid bacteria was added to the Yukwa) during the storage period. To determine the shelf life of red pepper Yukwa, the rice Yukwa (control) and red pepper Yukwa were stored at 15, 25, and $35^{\circ}C$ for 70 days. Also, the quality properties of red pepper Yukwa, such as acid value, peroxide value, texture, color, and sensory evaluation were measured. Although the acid value of rice Yukwa and red pepper Yukwa increased during storage, the red pepper Yukwa showed a lower acid value score (1.09mg KOH/g) than that (1.19mg KOH/g) of the rice Yukwa. Nevertheless, these values did not exceed the guideline maximum values of 2.0 g KOH/g specified in the Korean Food Code. The peroxide values of samples had significantly increased after 42 days. Especially, the peroxide value scores for the rice Yukwa and red pepper Yukwa were the highest at 146.49 and 126.79 meq/kg at $35^{\circ}C$, respectively. Hardness and brittleness in textural properties increased up to 70 days. The sensory values for the red pepper Yukwa for overall acceptance, taste;texture and appearance were the highest. The results indicated that by using the 'Visual Shelf life Simulator for foods' of the Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) the shelf life of red pepper Yukwa is estimated to be 274.78 days.

Quality Characteristics of Yukwa Pellets and Yukwa Bases According to Ratio of Soju Addition (소주 첨가비율이 유과반대기 및 유과바탕에 미치는 품질특성)

  • Kim, Ji-Youn;Shim, Ki-Hoon;Choi, Ok-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.583-587
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    • 2011
  • This study evaluated the quality characteristics of yukwa pellets and yukwa bases on the ratio of soju addition (0, 25, 50, 75, and 100% v/v). Yukwa base with 50% ratio of soju addition displayed the highest diameter, volume and specific volume. The yukwa base with 75% ratio of soju addition displayed the longest in length. The weight of yukwa base increased as the ratio of soju increased. Lightness increased in yukwa pellet and yukwa base as the ratio of soju increased. Lightness of yukwa base was higher than yukwa pellet, but yellowness and redness of yukwa base were lower than yukwa pellet. Air cell size of yukwa base decreased as the ratio of soju increased. The compression and cutting force of yukwa base with 50% ratio of soju addition were lowest, while yukwa base with 0% soju was highest. In the sensory evaluation, preference of color increased as the ratio of soju addition increased. Yukwa base with 50% ratio of soju addition was the highest in internal compactness, mouth-feel, and overall preference. The results show that a soju ratio of 50-75% addition for total liquid is useful in the production of high quality yukwa base.

Study on Quality of Yukwa by Substitution with Resistant Starch (저항전분 대체에 따른 유과의 품질에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Mi Hye;Oh, Myung Suk
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.407-417
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    • 2016
  • Effects of resistant starch as a functional substitute on the quality of Yukwa were determined. Replacement ratios of resistant starch were 2, 4, and 6% of glutinous rice flour. Regarding pasting properties of Yukwa dough replaced with resistant starch, initial pasting temperature significantly increased and peak viscosity significantly decreased with increasing resistant starch. The moisture contents of bandegi and Yukwa base replaced with resistant starch were higher than that of the control. The expansion ratio of Yukwa base replaced with resistant starch significantly decreased with increasing resistant starch, and there were no significant differences in the oil absorption ratio. Lightness (L) of Yukwa base replaced with resistant starch increased significantly with increasing resistant starch. Appearance of Yukwa base replaced with resistant starch showed a shortened length and increased width with increasing resistant starch, and cross-section showed an oval shape, fine air cell distribution, and increased outer layer thickness. Hardness and peak number increased significantly with increasing resistant starch. The overall acceptability of Yukwa base replaced with 6% resistant starch was the highest among the samples, but the result was not significant. The above results show that resistant starch substitution in Yukwa improved the texture and further could improve health functionality due to its dietary fiber content. Resistant starch was appropriate as a 6% replacement for glutinous rice flour in Yukwa.

Quality Characteristics of Yukwa by Addition Safflower and Storage Period (홍화 첨가와 저장기간에 따른 유과의 품질 특성)

  • Park Geum-Soon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.463-471
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    • 2004
  • The objectives of this study were to investigate quality characteristics of Yukwa which containing 0, 1, 3, 5% of safflower chemical properties showed that degree of expansion of Yukwa were decreased as the amount of safflower increased, while fat absorption increased. Fatty acid of Yukwa were increased as the amount of safflower increased. Sensory properties showed that cripsness of Yukwa were significant difference(P<.001) in the Yukwa with Safflower. L-value decreased by the addition of safflower, while a-value and yellowness increased. The mechanical properties showed that hardness and brittleness was the highest in the Yukwa with 5% safflower. Later 4 weeks and 6 weeks of storage, 3% and 5% safflower containing Yukwa showed decrease peroxide value and acid vale. respectively.

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Quality Characteristics of Yukwa Prepared with Mugwort Powder Using Different Puffing Process (팽화방법을 달리한 쑥 분말 첨가 유과의 품질 특성)

  • Yang, Sun;Kim, Mun-Yong;Chun, Soon-Sil
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.340-348
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to develop new method for the manufacture of Yukwa, a Korean oil-puffed rice snack with a soft texture, using a far infrared ray electric roaster. The Yukwa base is traditionally expanded using oil, but the Yukwa base tends to develop unpleasant rancid odors or off-flavors during storage. In this study, the DPPH radical scavenging activity of mugwort powder was evaluated. Baked and fried Yukwa samples were added with 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0% of mugwort powder and left untreated as a control, and then tested for moisture content, expansion rate, color, hardness, and sensory evaluations. The samples with higher concentrations of mugwort powder, evidenced a more profound tendency toward DPPH radical scavenging activity. The moisture content of Yukwa dough tended to increase with the addition of mugwort powder. As the mugwort powder content increased, the moisture contents of the Yukwa base and the Baked Yukwa increased. The moisture content and expansion rates of the fried Yukwa did not differ significantly. The samples containing the mugwort power evidenced a lower expansion rate than was observed in the control group. The lightness of the baked and fried Yukwa was reduced with increased mugwort powder content. The greenness of the baked and fried Yukwa was at a minimum upon the addition of 2.0% mugwort powder. The yellowness of the baked Yukwa did not differ significantly between the samples. As the mugwort powder content increased, the yellowness of the fried Yukwa increased. The hardness of the baked and fried Yukwa tended to increase with the addition of mugwort powder. In the sensory evaluations, the baked Yukwa scored higher than the fried Yukwa, and all of the sensory characteristics of baked Yukwa scored highest in the samples without mugwort powder, but also scored fairly well with 1.0 and 1.5% mugwort powder. In conclusion, these results demonstrated that 1.0~1.5% of mugwort powder should be added to Yukwa baked in a far infrared ray electrical roaster in order to optimize physiological functions and keep overall acceptability reasonably high.

Comparison of Some Characteristics Relevant to Yukwa(Fried Rice Cookie) made by Different Processing Conditions (제조조건을 달리한 유과의 품질 비교)

  • 최영희;윤은경;강미영
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 2000
  • Physicochemical and sensory characteristics of Yukwa(fried rice cookie) made by different processing condition were investigated to estabilish the optimum expansion of Yukwa. The expansion rate and crispness of Yukwa prepared by soaking waxy rice for 24 hours was satisfactory . Addition of 15% soy slurry gave better effect on increasing the expantion rate, crispiness and sensory preference than no addition of soy slurry . Yeast, Soju(distilled liquor) , Mackeali(rice wine, turbid) and Chunju(rice wine, clear) as expansion reagent were added to Yukwa prepration . Yeast and Mackeali among tested expansion reagent showed better expansion rate and lower hardness meausred by texturometer than Chunju. Yukwa added chungju showed more fine structure and lower expantion rate than others. Microwave puffed Yukwa was less expansion rate, but same level of crispiness and hardness compared with oil puffed. And no difference in sensory characteristics such as degree of crispiness and stickiness of microwave puffed and oil puffed.

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