• Title, Summary, Keyword: Yeongsan river

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A Study on Variability of Consecutive Dry Days by Riverbasin in South Korea (한국의 유역별 연속건조일의 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Ho;Kim, Eun-Kyung;Heo, In-Hye
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.666-678
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    • 2011
  • This study is aimed to examine the variability of consecutive dry days in South Korea. The country is divided into six basins including Han river, Nakdong river, Geum river. Seomjin Yeongsan river, Eastern Coast area and Island area, and three extreme precipitation indices-related to dry days are analyzed at sixty weather stations. Trends of max number of consecutive dry days were unstable during 1973~2010. Variability range of max number of consecutive dry days trends in Nakdong and Seomjin Yeongsan river was larger than that in Han and Geum river. Recently, the range in Nakdong and Seomjin Yeongsan river was bigger and bigger. Maximum dry spell was observed in autumn and winter in most of riverbasins. Especially, Maximum dry spell in winter was more frequent than in other seasons in Nakdong river. Variability range of persistence dry spells was smaller than that of max number of consecutive dry days. However, the increasing trends of the Geum river and the Seomjin Yeongsan river are statistically significant in recent. In Nakdong river, difference between persistence dry spell average and persistence dry spell median was larger than any other riverbasin. It means that there is strong possibility of occurrence of long term consecutive dry days in Nakdong river.

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Evaluation of River Water Quality by MBOD Method (MBOD법에 의한 하천의 수질평가 -영산강과 섬진강을 중심으로-)

  • 김명숙
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.49-62
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    • 1983
  • Evaluation of water quality of Yeong San river and Seomjin river by using of newly simplified MBOD method was performed. Of course, thought that there is some differences between nutrient demands of heterotrophic bacteria and those of Algae which obtain it by photosynthesis, but it has little influence on evaluation of Algae Growth potential. The result of this study were as follows: 1) In both river, the value of Chemical analysis and MBOD method of inorganic salts reveals as nearly same result. 2) Though organic pollution of Seomjin river is less than that of Yeongsan but inorganic contamination is somewhat advanced BOD 2.8 ppm. and MBOD 340 ppm. in Seomjin river but BOD 22 ppm. and MBOD 480 ppm. in Yeongsan river. 3) Both river have tendency to reveal higher Nitrogen value is MBOD=MBOD -P

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Variation of cyanobacteria occurrence pattern and environmental factors in Lake Juam (주암호 유해남조류 출현양상과 환경요인 변화)

  • Chung, Hyeonsu;Son, Misun;Ryu, Hui-Seong;Park, Chang Hee;Lee, Rury;Cho, Misun;Lim, Chaehong;Park, Jonghwan;Kim, Kyunghyun
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.640-651
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    • 2019
  • The study analyzed the relationship between harmful cyanobacteria and physicochemical factors in Lake Juam from 2005 to 2018. The research locations were designated St. 1 (Juam-Dam) and St. 2 (Sinpyong). Harmful cyanobacteria was found in four genera (Microcystis sp., Anabaena sp., Aphanizomenon sp., Oscillatoria sp.). The average standing crops of harmful cyanobacteria in both locations were 2,575 cells mL-1 and 2,557 cells mL-1 from 2005 to 2011. Since 2012, there has been a significant decrease that the measurements were 42 cells mL-1 and 82 cells mL-1 from 2012 to 2018. To analyze the reason for the decrease in harmful cyanobacteria, Pearson's correlation and t-tests were performed on data collected during the summer period (June-September). Pearson's correlation showed a significantly positive correlation with total nitrogen(TN), outflow, and storage and a negative correlation with electrical conductivity. T-tests were conducted in two different periods and showed decreases in total nitrogen, electrical conductivity, and residence time. The average rainfall was decreased from 263.3 mm (2005-2011) to 219.9 mm (2012-2018) and total nitrogen was decreased from 0.912 mg L-1 (2005-2011) to 0.811 mg L-1 (2012-2018) and the same variability was seen in TP (total phosphorus). Therefore, it seems that the low-rainfall decreased the nutrients (TN) and variability in the TP, resulting in a decrease in harmful cyanobacteria in Lake Juam.

Succession of Cyanobacterial Species and Taxonomical Characteristics of Dolichospermum spp. (Nostocales, Cyanophyceae) in the Weir Regions of the Nakdong River (낙동강 보 구간에서 남조류의 천이 및 Dolichospermum 속(Nostocales, Cyanophyceae)의 분류학적 고찰)

  • Ryu, Hui-Seong;Shin, Ra-Young;Seo, Kyung-Ae;Lee, Jung-Ho;Kim, Kyunghyun
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.503-513
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    • 2018
  • Freshwater cyanobacterial genus Dolichospermum is one of the most commonly spotted types of phytoplankton, whereas a limited number of studies on morphology of Dolichospermum spp. have been performed in South Korea. The purpose of this study is to investigate the succession pattern of cyanobacteria after weir construction, as well as morphological characteristics of Dolichospermum spp. from natural samples collected in the weir regions of Nakdong River. A total of 31 cyanobacterial taxa observed in this study were classified as belonging to 15 genera, 5 families, and 3 orders. Among them, morphological characteristics in the four species were classified into genus Dolichospermum, for most of the planktic former members of the genus Anabaena, were observed through light microscopy. Water bloom frequently occurred in the middle region of Nakdong River, the maximum number of cyanobacterial species appeared in the lower region of Nakdong River. The appearance of order Chrooccocales was only observed during summer when population density of Microcystis aeruginosa reached an annual peak. In contrast, filamentous cyanobacteria was observed throughout the whole year, even if when water temperature was lower than $5^{\circ}C$. It implied that the low-temperature-adapted filamentous cyanobacteria can grow in a range of water temperatures. Coil diameter of D. crassum from natural samples was $75{\sim}140{\mu}m$ ($ave.=91.3{\mu}m$; n = 94), slightly larger than those reported by previous studies. Dolichospemum smithii ($Kom{\grave{a}}rek$) Wacklin et al. 2009, was described for the first time in Nakdong River.

Analysis of Hydraulic Characteristics of Yeongsan River and Estuary Using EFDC Model (EFDC-NIER 모델을 이용한 영산강 하구 물흐름 특성 분석)

  • Shin, Chang Min;Kim, Darae;Song, Yongsik
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.580-588
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    • 2019
  • The flow of the middle and downstream of the Yeongsan River is stagnant by two weirs of Seungchon and Juksan and the estuary dam and maintained in freshwater. In this study, the Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code-National Institute of Environment Research(EFDC-NIER) model was applied to the Yeongsan River to simulate water flow, temperature, and salinity stratification. The EFDC-NIER model is an improved model which can simulate multi-functional weirs operation, multiple algal species, and the vertical movement mechanism of algal based on the EFDC model. The simulation results for the water level, water temperature, velocity, and salinity reproduced the observed values well. The mean absolute error(MAE) of the model calibration in the annual variations of the water level was 0.1-0.3 m, water temperature was 0.8-1.7 ℃, velocity was 4.5-7.1 cm/sec, and salinity was 1.5 psu, respectively. In the case of scenario simulation for the full opening of the estuary dam, the water level of the estuary dam was directly impacted by the tide so it was predicted to rise - 1.35 m to 0.2 m on average sea level. The velocity was also predicted to increase from 2.7 cm/sec to 50.8 cm/sec, and the flow rate to increase from 53 ㎥/sec to 5,322 ㎥/sec.

A Comparison Between Reduction Methods for BOD Loadings to Achieve Water Quality Standards at the End of the Yeongsan River (영산강 하류부의 목표수질 달성을 위한 BOD 부하량 삭감방법의 비교)

  • 황대호;정효준;이홍근
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2001
  • The key point in establishing water quality management measures is how to decide the load reduction for pollution sources. This study was performed to compare reduction methods for BOD loadings to achieve water quality standards at the end of the Yeongsan river. The target year is 2006 and 2011 and reduction methods are uniform treatment and treatment by influence rate. Using QUAL2E model, the study was performed under the conditions of establishing and non-establishing the publicly owned treatment works(POTWs). Uniform treatment which allocate the same reduction rate to pollution sources showed that all streams into the river should be applied for the reduction. However, treatment by influence rate which allocate the reduction rate by the order of influence rate showed that achieving target quality might be possible with a few streams for the reduction. But total amount of load reduction of streams was not significantly different from two methods.

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Limnological Study on Spring-Bloom of a Green Algae, Eudorina elegans and Weirwater PulsedFlows in the Midstream (Seungchon Weir Pool) of the Yeongsan River, Korea (영산강 중류 (승촌보)의 봄철 녹조류 Eudorina elegans 대발생과 봇물 펄스방류에 대한 육수학적 고찰)

  • Shin, Jae-Ki;Kang, Bok-Gyoo;Hwang, Soon-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.320-333
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    • 2016
  • This study was carried out to elucidate the development of unprecedented water-bloom caused by a single species of colonial green algae Eudorina elegans in the upstream area of the Seungchon weir located in the Yeongsan River from late April to May 2013. The Yeongsan River is typically regulated system and the waterbody is seriously enriched by both external and internal sources of nutrients. Seasonal algal outbreaks were highly probable due to various potential factors, such as the excessive nutrients contained in treated wastewater, slow current, high irradiation and temperature, in diatom (winter), green algae (spring) and bluegreen algae (summer). Spring green-tide was attributed to E. elegans with level up to $1,000mg\;m^{-3}$(>$50{\times}10^4cells\;mL^{-1}$). The bloom was exploded in the initial period of the algal development and after then gradually diminished with transporting to the downstream by the intermittent rainfall, resulting in rapid expansion of the distribution range. Although the pulsed-flows by the weir manipulation was applied to control algal bloom, they were not the countermeasures to solve the underlying problem, but rather there still was a remaining problem related to the impact of pulsed-flows on the downstream. The green-tide of E. elegans in this particular region of the Yeongsan River revealed the blooming characteristics of a colonial motile microalga, and fate of vanishing away by the succeeding episodic events of mesoscale rainfall. We believe that the results of the present study contribute to limno-ecological understanding of the green-tide caused by blue-green algae in the four major rivers, Korea.

Monitoring of Pesticides in the Yeongsan and Seomjin River Basin (영산강 및 섬진강 수계 중 농약 분포 조사)

  • Lee, Young-Jun;Choi, Jeong-Heui;Kim, Sang Don;Jung, Hee-Jung;Lee, Hyung-Jin;Shim, Jae-Han
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.274-281
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    • 2015
  • BACKGROUND: A lasting release of low levels of persistence chemicals including pesticides and pharmaceuticals into river has a bad influence on aquatic ecosystems and humans. The present study monitored pesticide residues in the Yeongsan and Seomjin river basins and their tributaries as a fundamental study for water quality standard of pesticides.METHODS AND RESULTS: Nine pesticides(aldicarb, carbaryl, carbofuran, chlorpyrifos, 2,4-D, MCPA, methomyl, metolachlor, and molinate) were determined from water samples using SPE-Oasis HLB(pH 2) and LC/MS/MS. Validation of the method was conducted through matrix-matched internal calibration curve, method detection limit(MDL), limit of quantification(LOQ), accuracy, precision, and recovery. MDLs of all pesticides satisfied the GV/10 values. Linearity(r2) was 0.9965- 0.9999, and a percentage of accuracy, precision, and recovery was 89.4-113.6%, 3.1-14.0%, and 90.8-106.2%, respectively. All pesticides exclusive of aldicarb were determined in the river samples, and there was a connection between the positive monitoring results and agricultural use of the pesticides.CONCLUSION: Monitoring outcomes of the present study implied that pesticides were a possible non-point pollutant source in the Yeongsan and Seomjin river basins and tributaries. Therefore, it is required to produce and accumulate more monitoring results on pesticides in river waters to set water quality standards, finally to preserve aquatic ecosystems.

Hydrological Studies on the Comparison and the Derivation of Unit Hydrography in the small River Systems. (소하천수계의 단위유량도 유도 및 비교에 관한 수문학적 고찰)

  • 이순혁
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.4739-4749
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    • 1978
  • This studies were conducted to derive synthetic unitgraphs and triangular unitgraphs correlated with watershed characteristics which can be used to the estimation and control of flood for the rational development of Agricultural water resources. Derived Synthetic unitgraphs and Triangular unitgraphs can be applied to the ungaged watersheds were compared with average unitgraphs by observed data. Seven small watersheds were selected as studying basins Han, Geum, Nakdong, Yeongsan and Inchon river system. The results summarized for these studies are as follows: 1. Average unitgraphs by observed data and dimensionless unitgraphs for synthesis were derived for all river systems. 2. Peak discharge per unit area of the unitgraph, qp, was derived as qp=10-0.389-0.0424Lg with a high significance. 3. Formulas for the base width of unitgraph of 50 and 75 percent for peak flow for each water systems was adopted as Table 5. 4. The base length of the unitgraph, Tb, in hours in connection with time to peak, Tp, in hours was expressed as Tb =4.3Tp. 5. Peak discharge, Qp, were obtained as Table 6 by the Triangular form to all subwatersheds. 6. Relative errors in the peak discharge of the synthetic unitgraphs showed to be 7.3 percent to the peak of observed average unitgraphs except errors of peak discharge for Yeongsan river system. This indicates that Synthetic unitgraphs for the small watersheds of Han, Geum, Nakdong and Inchon river systems can be applied to the ungaged watersheds. On the other hand, It was confirmed that the accuracy of Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph with only 1.6 percent as relative errors was approaching more closely to the observed average unitgraph than that of synthetic unitgraph with relative errors. 23.9 percent for Yeongsan river system. 7. Errors in the peak discharge of the triangular unitgraph to the observed average unitgraph showed to be 0.6 percent to 7.5 percent which can be regarded as a high precision within the range of 200 to 500$\textrm{km}^2$ in area. On the contrary, application of triangular unitgraph within the range of 200$\textrm{km}^2$ in area has defined as a unsuitable method because of high relative errors, 26.4 percent to 61.6 percent.

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Change in Taxonomic Composition of Phytoplankton and Environmental Factors after Construction of Dike in Yeongsan River Estuary (하구언 건설 전.후의 영산강 하구 식물플랑크톤 군집 및 환경 변화)

  • Shin, Yong-Sik;Yoon, Bo-Bae
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.212-224
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    • 2011
  • The Yeongsan River estuary, located in the south west coast, was a typical estuary before a dike was constructed in December 1981. After the construction, the water quality and plankton communities are expected to change. We investigated the change of phytoplankton community and environmental properties in the Yeongsan River estuary by comparing the data collected recently with the results reported before and/or shortly after the construction. Concentrations of $NH_4$-N were significantly increased in the freshwater zone. Concentrations of DO at the surface, $NO_2+NO_3$ and $NH_4$-N were increased while the concentrations of $PO_4$ at the surface were decreased in the seawater zone. The number of green algae species was decreased in the freshwater zone. The number of diatom species was decreased while the numbers of green algae and dinoflagellates were increased in the seawater zone. This study can provide information for better management of the Yeongsan River estuary since no comparison study has been documented between the phytoplankton community before and after the construction of the dike in the estuary.