• Title, Summary, Keyword: Yeongsan river

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Inter-basin water transfer modeling from Seomjin river to Yeongsan river using SWAT (SWAT을 이용한 섬진강에서 영산강으로의 유역간 물이동 모델링)

  • Kim, Yong Won;Lee, Ji Wan;Woo, So Young;Kim, Seong Joon
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.57-70
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    • 2020
  • This study is to establish the situation of inter-basin transfer from Seomjin river basin to Yeongsan river basin using SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool). Firstly, the SWAT modeling was conducted for each river basin. After, the inter-basin transfer was established using SWAT reservoir operating parameters WURESN (Water Use Reservoir Withdrawn) and inlet function from Juam dam of Seomjin river basin to Gwangju stream of Yeongsan river basin respectively. Each river basin was calibrated and validated using 13 years (2005~2017) data of Seomjin- Juam dam reservoir storage (JAD), release, transfer and Yeongsan-Mareuk (MR) stream gauge station. The results of root mean square error RMSE, Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency NSE, and determination coefficient R2 of JAD were 2.22 mm/day, 0.62 and 0.86 respectively. The RMSE, NSE, and R2 of MR were 1.38 mm/day, 0.69 and 0.84 respectively. To evaluate the downstream effects by the transferred water, the water levels of 2 multi-function weirs (SCW, JSW) in Yeongsan river basin and the Gokseong (GS) and Gurye (GR) stream gauge stations in Seomjin river basin were also calibrated. The RMSE, NSE, and R2 of SCW, JSW, GS and GR were 1.49~2.49 mm/day, 0.45~0.76, 0.81~0.90 respectively.

Fluvial Terraces of the Lower Yeongsan River, Southwestern Coastal Region of Korean Peninsula (영산강 하류 지역의 하안단구)

  • Choi, Seong-Gil
    • The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.41-46
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    • 2004
  • The fluvia(thalassostatic) terraces have been developed among the lower Yeongsan river, near the southwestern coastal region of Korean peninsula. These thalassostatic terraces could be classified into 3 surface, i. e., Yeongsan 32m, 18m, and 10m surface, in desending order, according to the relative heights from the river floor. Yeongsan 32m, 18m and 10m surfaces were corresponded to the mMT3, mLT1 and mLT2 surfaces of Choi(2003), respectively. It was revealed that the mLT1 surface was the marine terraces which had been formed in the Last Interglacial culmination period(oxygen isotope stage 5e) in the southeastern coast of Korean peninsula.

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The Change of Phytoplankton Community Structure and Water Quality in the Juksan Weir of the Yeongsan River Watershed (영산강수계 죽산보의 식물플랑크톤과 이화학적 변화)

  • Son, Misun;Chung, Hyeon Su;Park, Chang Hee;Park, Jong-hwan;Lim, Cheahong;Kim, Kyunghyun
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.591-600
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study was to determine the changes in phytoplankton and long-term water quality of Juksan-Weir in Yeongsan River that took place between April 2010 and December 2015. The number of species used in this study was 288, which consisted of 6% of Cyanophyta, 26% of Bacillariophyta, 53% of Chlorophyta and the others (15%). The standing crops of phytoplankton ranged from $500cells{\cdot}mL^{-1}-29,950cells{\cdot}mL^{-1}$ with an average of $7,885cells{\cdot}mL^{-1}$. At the two site, 20 dominant genera of found. The dominant genera were 6 of Bacillariophyta, 6 of Cyanophyta, 7 of Chlorophyta and 1 of Cryptophyta. The most dominant genus among the phytoplankton was Stephanodiscus sp. (Total 59%, each 54% and 63%). The most dominant genus among the Cyanophyta was Microcystis sp., which had a cell abundance ratio of 17%. The results of two sites were 21% and 13%, and the upstream was higher than the downstream.

Soil Physical and Chemical Characteristics of River-Bed Sediments in River Basins (하천 퇴적토양의 이화학적 특성)

  • Zhang, Yong-Seon;Sonn, Yeon-Gye;Park, Chan-Won;Hyun, Byung-Keun;Moon, Yong-Hee;Song, Kwan-Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.963-969
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    • 2011
  • The river-bed sediments from the major river basins were analysed for the chemical and physical properties to evaluate environmental safety for the agricultural uses. The samples were taken from 16 sites of Han river, 36 of Geumgang river, 27 of Yeongsan river, and 140 of Nakdong river. The total of 219 samples from the 28 counties were taken from the surface of the sediments at the depth of 50 cm. The particle density of the sediments was greater than $2.63Mg\;m^{-3}$ and the whole range of the density was $2.60{\sim}2.69Mg\;m^{-3}$, the average particle size was 0.7 mm whereas the size range was 0.075~0.85 mm. The analyses of the particle sizes by basins showed that Han and Geumgang river had particle sizes of 0.075~0.85 mm, while Geumgang and Yeongsan river had particle sizes of 0.25~0.85 mm. Geumgang and Yeongsan river tended to have greater particle sizes. The average values of the chemical properties were 6.3 for pH, $0.16dS\;m^{-1}$ for EC, $8g\;kg^{-1}$ for organic matter, $101mg\;kg^{-1}$ for available phosphate, 0.39, 3.47, and $0.93cmol_c\;kg^{-1}$ for exchangeable potassium, calcium, and magnesium respectively. The greatest property at each basin was pH for Han river, Ec, available phosphate and exchangeable sodium for Geumgang river, organic matter, exchangeable calcium and magnesium for Yeongsan river, and exchangeable potassium for Nakdong river.

Operational Water Quality Forecast for the Yeongsan River Using EFDC Model (EFDC 수질모델을 이용한 영산강 수계 수질 예측)

  • Shin, Chang Min;Min, Joong-Hyuk;Park, Su Young;Choi, Jungkyu;Park, Jong Hwan;Song, Young Sik;Kim, Kyunghyun
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.219-229
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    • 2017
  • A watershed-river linked modeling system was developed to forecast the water quality, particularly weekly changes in chlorophyll-a concentration, of the Yeongsan River, Korea. Hydrological Simulation Program-Fortran (HSPF) and Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC) were adopted as the basic model framework. In this study, the EFDC model was modified to effectively simulate the operational condition and flow of multi-functional weirs constructed in the main channel of rivers. The model was tested against hydrologic, water quality and algal data collected at the right upstream sites of two weirs in 2014. The mean absolute errors (MAEs) of the model calibration on the annual variations of river stage, TN, TP, and algal concentration are 0.03 ~ 0.10 m, 0.65 ~ 0.67 mg/L, 0.03 ~ 0.04 mg/L, and $9.7{\sim}10.8mg/m^3$, respectively. On the other hand, the MAE values of forecasting results for chlorophyll-a level at the same sites in 2015 range from 18.7 to $22.4mg/m^3$, which are higher than those of model calibration. The increased errors in forecasting are mainly attributed to the higher uncertainties of weather forecasting data compared to the observed data used in model calibration.

Evaluation of long-term water quality management policy effect using nonparametric statistical methods

  • Jung, Kang Young;Ahn, Jung Min;Cho, Sohyun;Lee, Yeong Jae;Han, Kun Yeun;Shin, Dongseok;Kim, Kyunghyun
    • Membrane Water Treatment
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.339-352
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    • 2019
  • Long term water quality change was analyzed to evaluate the effect of the Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) policy. A trend analysis was performed for biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and total phosphorus (TP) concentrations data monitored at the outlets of the total 41 TMDL unit watersheds of the Nakdong River in the Republic of Korea. Because water quality data do not usually follow a normal distribution, a nonparametric statistical trend analysis method was used. The monthly mean values of BOD and TP for the period between 2004 and 2015 were analyzed by the seasonal Mann-Kendall test and the locally weighted scatterplot smoother (LOWESS). The TMDL policy effect on the water quality change of each unit watershed was analyzed together with the results of the trend analysis. From the seasonal Mann-Kendall test results, it was found that for BOD, 7.8 % of the 41 points showed downward trends, 26.8 % and the rest 65.9% showed upward and no trends. For TP, 51.2% showed no trends and the rest 48.8% showed downward trends. From the LOWESS analysis results, TP began to decrease in most of the unit watersheds from mid-2010s when intensive chemical treatment processes were introduced to existing wastewater treatment plants. Overall, for BOD, relatively more points were improved in the main stream compared to the points of the tributaries although overall trends were mostly no trend or upward. For TP, about half of the points were improved and the rest showed no trends.

A Two-dimensional Hydraulic Analysis Considering the Influence of River Inflow and Harbor Gate in the Bay (Harbor Gate와 유입하천의 영향을 고려한 만내의 2차원 수리해석)

  • Lee, Jae Joon;Lee, Hoo Sang;Shim, Jae Sol;Yoon, Jong Ju
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.45-55
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    • 2015
  • In this study, when seawall or harbor gate is installed for coastal disaster prevention, a two-dimensional water analysis in the bay is carried out to consider the flood amount of river inflow and effect of harbor gate. The Yeongsan river and the port Mokpo area are selcected for the study region. Then, by analyzing the hydraulic characteristics of flood flow of the Yeongsan river, we analysed the compatibility of the results in the two-dimensional hydrodynamic model. A tw-odimensional water analysis were conducted for the four cases considering whether a harbor gate is installed or not, and whether the inland water boundary condition is considered or not, also with open sea boundary condition. The results of the two-dimensional water analysis shows that water level change near the port Mokpo area is mainly caused by the discharge of the estuary barrage of the Yeongsan river because the harbor gate was installed. In addition, it is revealed that the volume of reservoir created by the harbor gate and the estuary barrage is too much small compared to the volume of the discharge from the Yeongsan river. Therefore, when the harbor gate is installed in the open sea, we concluded that a flexible management between the harbor gate and the estuary barrage of the Yeongsan river is required. A initial water level of the bay and outflow from the harbor gate are proposed for disaster prevention in the coastal area of port Mokpo.

The Distribution and Behavior of Medically-derived 131I in the Yeongsan River Basin (영산강수계 의료기원 방사성요오드(131I) 핵종의 분포 및 거동평가)

  • Kang, Tae-Woo;Han, Young-Un;Park, Won-Pyo;Song, Kwang-Duck;Hwang, Soon-Hong;Kang, Tae Gu;Kim, Kyung Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.243-250
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    • 2018
  • BACKGROUND: Recently, the use of $^{131}I$ for diagnosis and treatment of thyroid cancer has been increasing, and the radionuclide is continuously released into aquatic ecosystem. This study was carried out to investigate the $^{131}I$ concentrations in mainstreams, tributaries, and sewage wastewater treatment plants (SWTPs) of the Yeongsan River Basin and to identify their origins from the assessment of behaviors in the rivers. METHODS AND RESULTS: The water samples were collected from 19 sites including mainstreams (13), tributaries (4) and SWTPs (2). The $^{131}I$ concentration was measured using a gamma-ray spectrometry with a HPGe detector. The $^{131}I$ in SWTPs was detected mostly in the discharged effluent at the sampling sites. However, from the surface water of the rivers, $^{131}I$ was found only at two sites from each sampling period of the first (MS4 and MS10) and the second half (MS4 and MS7) of the year 2017. The concentrations of $^{131}I$ in the effluent discharged from SWTPs were in the range of 0.0870 to 3.87 Bq/L for SWTP1, and $^{131}I$ in the river revealed that it was not detected in the upper streams of the mainstreams and tributaries, while continuous detection was found in the SWTPs and downstream sites affected by the effluent. However, the concentration of $^{131}I$ decreased downstream, eventually becoming undetectable. Such behavior was closely related to the behavior found in the SWTPs. CONCLUSION: These results indicated that medically-derived $^{131}I$ was discharged to the river via sewage effluent at the SWTPs. It is necessary to evaluate the influence of aquatic ecosystems through continuous monitoring in the future.

Analysis of Correlation with Cross Sectional Area of Flow and Flow Rate Variation of Discharge Measurement Point in the Upper Stream of Seomjin River (섬진강상류 유량측정지점의 유수단면적과 유량변화에 따른 상관관계 분석)

  • Song, KwangDuck;Kim, KapSoon;Lee, DongJin;Ham, SangIn;Kim, DaeYoung;Oh, TaeYoun;Lee, JaeChoon;Lim, ByungJin
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.94-102
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to determine the variation of the water level and crosssection area for investigating changes of stream foreland, and to determine the correlation between the average flow velocity and cross-section area so as to understand the hydrological characteristics of the stream. The slope of the cross-sectional area was changed in water levels of 0.6~1.0 m and 1.8~2.0 m. The first change occurred in the low-water level season, and the second change occurred in the high-water level seasons. It is assumed that the changes occurred due to the geological transfigure. The correlation between the cross-sectional area and the average flow velocity was 0.22~0.86 in the exponential equation and 0.20~0.87 in the linear equation. The low water level had a higher correlation than the high water level, and free weirs in the upper stream showed a very low correlation. Therefore, this study provides novel information for the management of water quality in the riverside, using correlation equations of the water level and flow velocity with the cross section area.

Analysis of Geomorphological Environment forthe Jar Coffins Location in the Yeongsan River Basin in Jeonnam Province (전남 영산강 유역에 있어서 옹관묘 입지의 지형환경 분석)

  • Park, Ji Hoon;Lee, Chan Hee
    • Journal of The Geomorphological Association of Korea
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.13-25
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the location characteristics in which 'large Jar coffin' (hereinafter referred to as 'Jar coffin') distributed in the Yeongsan river basin area in Jeonnam province by means of topographic analysis. 75 Jar coffins (74.3%) in 19 relics (90.5% of total) were found in hill and 26 Jar coffins (25.7%) of two consumption relics (9.5%) were found in floodplain. Among them, 34 (45.3% of total) and 41 (54.7% of total) Jar coffins were found in the Crest surface and Sideslope of hills, respectively. In particular, 26 (34.7%) Jar coffins are mostly located in the Crest flat. This result implies that people at that might be consider the river inundation, and mostly choose hill rather than floodplain when building the Jar coffin. therefore amongtherefore among micro-landform units of the hill, it seems that the 'Crest flat' was the preferred place for the building the Jar coffin at that time.