• Title, Summary, Keyword: Yale Face Database B

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An Efficient Face Recognition using Feature Filter and Subspace Projection Method

  • Lee, Minkyu;Choi, Jaesung;Lee, Sangyoun
    • Journal of International Society for Simulation Surgery
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.64-66
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    • 2015
  • Purpose : In this paper we proposed cascade feature filter and projection method for rapid human face recognition for the large-scale high-dimensional face database. Materials and Methods : The relevant features are selected from the large feature set using Fast Correlation-Based Filter method. After feature selection, project them into discriminant using Principal Component Analysis or Linear Discriminant Analysis. Their cascade method reduces the time-complexity without significant degradation of the performance. Results : In our experiments, the ORL database and the extended Yale face database b were used for evaluation. On the ORL database, the processing time was approximately 30-times faster than typical approach with recognition rate 94.22% and on the extended Yale face database b, the processing time was approximately 300-times faster than typical approach with recognition rate 98.74 %. Conclusion : The recognition rate and time-complexity of the proposed method is suitable for real-time face recognition system on the large-scale high-dimensional face database.

A Study on Face Recognition Method based on Binary Pattern Image under Varying Lighting Condition (조명 변화 환경에서 이진패턴 영상을 이용한 얼굴인식 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Ju;Sohn, Myoung-Kyu;Lee, Sang-Heon
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea CI
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.61-74
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, we propose a illumination-robust face recognition system using MCS-LBP and 2D-PCA algorithm. A binary pattern transform which has been used in the field of the face recognition and facial expression, has a characteristic of robust to illumination. Thus, this paper propose MCS-LBP which is more robust to illumination than previous LBP, and face recognition system fusing 2D-PCA algorithm. The performance evaluation of proposed system was performed by using various binary pattern images and well-known face recognition features such as PCA, LDA, 2D-PCA and ULBP histogram of gabor images. In the process of performance evaluation, we used a YaleB face database, an extended YaleB face database, and a CMU-PIE face database that are constructed under varying lighting condition, and the proposed system which consists of MCS-LBP image and 2D-PCA feature show the best recognition accuracy.

A Robust Hybrid Method for Face Recognition Under Illumination Variation (조명 변이에 강인한 하이브리드 얼굴 인식 방법)

  • Choi, Sang-Il
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.52 no.10
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    • pp.129-136
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    • 2015
  • We propose a hybrid face recognition to deal with illumination variation. For this, we extract discriminant features by using the different illumination invariant feature extraction methods. In order to utilize both advantages of each method, we evaluate the discriminant power of each feature by using the discriminant distance and then construct a composite feature with only the features that contain a large amount of discriminative information. The experimental results for the Multi-PIE, Yale B, AR and yale databases show that the proposed method outperforms an individual illumination invariant feature extraction method for all the databases.

RowAMD Distance: A Novel 2DPCA-Based Distance Computation with Texture-Based Technique for Face Recognition

  • Al-Arashi, Waled Hussein;Shing, Chai Wuh;Suandi, Shahrel Azmin
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.11 no.11
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    • pp.5474-5490
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    • 2017
  • Although two-dimensional principal component analysis (2DPCA) has been shown to be successful in face recognition system, it is still very sensitive to illumination variations. To reduce the effect of these variations, texture-based techniques are used due to their robustness to these variations. In this paper, we explore several texture-based techniques and determine the most appropriate one to be used with 2DPCA-based techniques for face recognition. We also propose a new distance metric computation in 2DPCA called Row Assembled Matrix Distance (RowAMD). Experiments on Yale Face Database, Extended Yale Face Database B, AR Database and LFW Database reveal that the proposed RowAMD distance computation method outperforms other conventional distance metrics when Local Line Binary Pattern (LLBP) and Multi-scale Block Local Binary Pattern (MB-LBP) are used for face authentication and face identification, respectively. In addition to this, the results also demonstrate the robustness of the proposed RowAMD with several texture-based techniques.

Analysis on the reliability of PCA-based face recognition (PCA를 이용한 얼굴인식 기법의 신뢰도에 관한 분석)

  • Cho, Hyun-Jong;Kang, Min-Koo;Moon, Seung-Bin
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.101-102
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    • 2008
  • 얼굴인식 분야에서 PCA(Principal Component Analysis) 기반 알고리즘은 비교적 간단한 구조와 높은 인식률로 인해 많이 사용되고 있지만 조명이나 얼굴 포즈 변화에 민감하다는 단점이 있다[1]. 이런 단점을 해결하기 위한 노력으로 PCA를 다른 얼굴인식 알고리즘과 결합함으로서 조명과 포즈 변화에 강인한 얼굴인식을 위만 연구가 현재 활발히 진행되고 있다. 본 논문은 PCA기반 얼굴인식에서 조명이 다양하게 변할 때 이에 따른 인식률의 변화와, 인식이 실패했을 경우에 인식 대상이 유사도 상위후보군에 들어가는지를 조사함으로서 PCA기반 알고리즘의 신뢰도를 확인하고자 한다. 이를 위해 Yale Face Database H와 Extended Yale Face Database B를 이용하여 실험한 결과 약 93%의 인식 성공률을 확인했으며, 7%의 인식 실패한 영상의 경우 그 인식하고자 했던 얼굴이 유사도를 기준으로 정렬된 학습 영상에서 상위 후보군에 속한다는 실험 결과를 얻음으로서 PCA기반 얼굴 인식 알고리즘의 신뢰성을 확인할 수 있었다.

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Accurate Face Pose Estimation and Synthesis Using Linear Transform Among Face Models (얼굴 모델간 선형변환을 이용한 정밀한 얼굴 포즈추정 및 포즈합성)

  • Suvdaa, B.;Ko, J.
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.508-515
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    • 2012
  • This paper presents a method that estimates face pose for a given face image and synthesizes any posed face images using Active Appearance Model(AAM). The AAM that having been successfully applied to various applications is an example-based learning model and learns the variations of training examples. However, with a single model, it is difficult to handle large pose variations of face images. This paper proposes to build a model covering only a small range of angle for each pose. Then, with a proper model for a given face image, we can achieve accurate pose estimation and synthesis. In case of the model used for pose estimation was not trained with the angle to synthesize, we solve this problem by training the linear relationship between the models in advance. In the experiments on Yale B public face database, we present the accurate pose estimation and pose synthesis results. For our face database having large pose variations, we demonstrate successful frontal pose synthesis results.

A Study on Face Recognition System Using Symmetric Algorithm (대칭 알고리즘을 이용한 얼굴 인식 시스템에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Sang-Kyu;Kim, Hyung-Su;Han, Young-Hwan
    • 한국정보기술학회논문지
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 2017
  • Face recognition is a method that can get images without the contact of a sensor using a camera and can identify and authenticate users. However, a face recognition system has a weakness that it is sensitive to the external factors, including lighting, the size and direction of the image. This study proposes a symmetric algorithm utilizing the symmetry of the face in order to solve the problem that the face is not recognized, influenced by the external environments, such as changes in lighting and covering in the face recognition. To find the eyes in the image of the face area during the standardization process, essential for a symmetric algorithm, Haar-like feature and Adaboost algorithm were used, and an experiment of recognition was conducted with Eigenface as a classifier. For a database, Yale Database B was used, and in an experiment, the recognition rate was compared according to the application of histogram equalization that could generally control the brightness of images. It was noted that a symmetry image applying the symmetry algorithm proposed in this study had increased a recognition rate than that of a standardized basic image, regardless of the application of histogram equalization.

Face Representation Based on Non-Alpha Weberface and Histogram Equalization for Face Recognition Under Varying Illumination Conditions (조명 변화 환경에서 얼굴 인식을 위한 Non-Alpha Weberface 및 히스토그램 평활화 기반 얼굴 표현)

  • Kim, Ha-Young;Lee, Hee-Jae;Lee, Sang-Goog
    • Journal of KIISE
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.295-305
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    • 2017
  • Facial appearance is greatly influenced by illumination conditions, and therefore illumination variation is one of the factors that degrades performance of face recognition systems. In this paper, we propose a robust method for face representation under varying illumination conditions, combining non-alpha Weberface (non-alpha WF) and histogram equalization. We propose a two-step method: (1) for a given face image, non-alpha WF, which is not applied a parameter for adjusting the intensity difference between neighboring pixels in WF, is computed; (2) histogram equalization is performed to non-alpha WF, to make a uniform histogram distribution globally and to enhance the contrast. $(2D)^2PCA$ is applied to extract low-dimensional discriminating features from the preprocessed face image. Experimental results on the extended Yale B face database and the CMU PIE face database show that the proposed method yielded better recognition rates than several illumination processing methods as well as the conventional WF, achieving average recognition rates of 93.31% and 97.25%, respectively.

Design of Robust Face Recognition System with Illumination Variation Realized with the Aid of CT Preprocessing Method (CT 전처리 기법을 이용하여 조명변화에 강인한 얼굴인식 시스템 설계)

  • Jin, Yong-Tak;Oh, Sung-Kwun;Kim, Hyun-Ki
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 2015
  • In this study, we introduce robust face recognition system with illumination variation realized with the aid of CT preprocessing method. As preprocessing algorithm, Census Transform(CT) algorithm is used to extract locally facial features under unilluminated condition. The dimension reduction of the preprocessed data is carried out by using $(2D)^2$PCA which is the extended type of PCA. Feature data extracted through dimension algorithm is used as the inputs of proposed radial basis function neural networks. The hidden layer of the radial basis function neural networks(RBFNN) is built up by fuzzy c-means(FCM) clustering algorithm and the connection weights of the networks are described as the coefficients of linear polynomial function. The essential design parameters (including the number of inputs and fuzzification coefficient) of the proposed networks are optimized by means of artificial bee colony(ABC) algorithm. This study is experimented with both Yale Face database B and CMU PIE database to evaluate the performance of the proposed system.

Collaborative Local Active Appearance Models for Illuminated Face Images (조명얼굴 영상을 위한 협력적 지역 능동표현 모델)

  • Yang, Jun-Young;Ko, Jae-Pil;Byun, Hye-Ran
    • Journal of KIISE:Software and Applications
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    • v.36 no.10
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    • pp.816-824
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    • 2009
  • In the face space, face images due to illumination and pose variations have a nonlinear distribution. Active Appearance Models (AAM) based on the linear model have limits to the nonlinear distribution of face images. In this paper, we assume that a few clusters of face images are given; we build local AAMs according to the clusters of face images, and then select a proper AAM model during the fitting phase. To solve the problem of updating fitting parameters among the models due to the model changing, we propose to build in advance relationships among the clusters in the parameter space from the training images. In addition, we suggest a gradual model changing to reduce improper model selections due to serious fitting failures. In our experiment, we apply the proposed model to Yale Face Database B and compare it with the previous method. The proposed method demonstrated successful fitting results with strongly illuminated face images of deep shadows.