• 제목/요약/키워드: X-ray diffraction patterns

검색결과 418건 처리시간 0.169초

Structural and Optical Properties of CdS Thin Films Deposited by R.F. Magnetron Sputtering

  • 황동현;안정훈;손영국
    • 한국진공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국진공학회 2011년도 제40회 동계학술대회 초록집
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    • pp.149-149
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    • 2011
  • CdS films were deposited on glass substrates by R.F. magnetron sputtering method and the films were annealed at various substrate temperatures ranging from room temperature to $300^{\circ}C$. Structural properties of the films were studied by X-ray diffraction analysis. The structural parameters as crystallite size have been evaluated. The crystallite sizes were found to increase, and the X-ray diffraction patterns were seen to sharpen by increasing substrate temperatures. X-ray diffraction patterns of these films indicated that they contain both cubic (zincblende) and hexagonal (wurtzite) structures as a mixture. Optical properties of the films were measured at room temperature by using UV/VIS spectrometer in the wavelength range of 190 to 1100nm and optical absorption coefficients were calculated using these data. The energy gap of the films was found to decrease, and the band edge sharpness of the optical absorption was seen to oscillate by annealing. The results show that heat treatments under optimal annealing condition can provide significant improvements in the properties of CdS thin films.

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마게마이트(${\gamma}$-Fe$_2$O$_3$)대한 연구 I -분말 X-선 회절무늬의 Rietveld 분석- (An Study on the Structure of Maghemite(${\gamma}$-Fe$_2$O$_3$) I -Rietveld Analysis of Powder XRD Patterns-)

  • 신형섭
    • 한국세라믹학회지
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    • 제35권10호
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    • pp.1113-1119
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    • 1998
  • Crystal structure of needle-shaped maghemite(${\gamma}$-{{{{ { {Fe }_{2 }O }_{3 } }}) has been studied by the Rieveld analysis of powder X-ray diffraction patterns. The tetragonal space group P41,.3212 and cubic space group P41,.32 have been have been used for the refinement of X-ray diffraction patterns. The crystal system of maghemite is closed to tetragonal more than cubic. The tetragonal lattice parameters are a=8.3460$\AA$ and c=25.034$\AA$ The standard X-ray diffraction pattern of the tetragonal maghemite analyzed with space group P41,.3212 is proposed.

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Effects of Cereal Powders with Dietary Fibers on Retrogradation Properties of Jeungpyun, a Korean Traditional Fermented Rice Cake

  • Park, Mie-Ja;Kim, Hye Young L.
    • 한국환경보건학회지
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    • 제29권4호
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    • pp.48-54
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    • 2003
  • This study investigated retrogradation properties of Jeungpyun substituted for cereals with dietary fibers of 60% of brown rice, and barley. Quality changes during storage periods of the functional Jeungpyun, were studied using $\alpha$-amylase iodine enzyme digestion methods, X-ray diffraction patterns, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The barley substituted samples showed significantly lower retrogrdation rates than those of control when examined by $\alpha$-amylase method. The Relative crystallity by X-ray diffraction patterns had typical A type in all samples with appealing big crystallity around its diffraction angle 23$^{\circ}$degrees as storage periods were increased. The brown rice and barley Jeunpyun made smaller crystallity than that of control, representing slower retrogradation rates. The batter controls had significantly lower ΔH than the other compared samples when measured by DSC, but had significantly higher ΔH after 30 days of storage, implying that the control required more energy for regelatinization after the 30 days of storage.

Studies on Thermal Decomposition of Barium Titanyl Oxalate by Factor Analysis of X-Ray Diffraction Patterns

  • Seungwon Kim;Sang Won Choi;Woo Young Huh;Myung-Zoon Czae;Chul Lee
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • 제14권1호
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    • pp.38-42
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    • 1993
  • Factor analysis was applied to study the thermal decomposition of barium titanyl oxalate (BTO) which is used as the precursor of barium titanate. BTO was synthesized in $H_2O$ solvent and calcined at various temperatures. The X-ray diffraction patterns were obtained to make the data matrix of peak intensity vs. 2${\theta}$. Abstract factor analysis and target transformation factor analysis were applied to this data matrix. It has been found that the synthesized BTO consists of the crystals of $BaC_2O_4{\cdot}0.5H_2O\;and\;BaC_2O_4{\cdot}2H_2O$ as well as the amorphous solid of TiO-oxalate. The results also indicate that the BTO was transformed via $BaCO_3\;to\;BaTiO_3\;and\;Ba_2TiO_4$ during the thermal decomposition.

수용액계에서 합성한 $BaTiO_3$의 선구물질에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Precursor of $BaTiO_3$ Synthesized in Water)

  • 김승원;허우녕;이철
    • 분석과학
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    • 제5권4호
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    • pp.409-415
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    • 1992
  • $BaTiO_3$의 선구물질을 하소시키는 과정에서 얻은 X-선 회절 패턴에 인자분석법을 적용하였다. 선구물질은 수용액계에서 바륨과 티타늄의 질산염용액을 시발물질로 하여 합성하였으며 이를 여러 온도에서 하소시킨 후 X-선 회절 패턴을 얻었다. X-선 회절각에 대한 피이크세기로 구성된 데이타 매트릭스에 인자분석법을 적용시켜 3개의 인자가 존재함을 확인하였다. 3개의 인자는 $BaCO_3$, $BaTiO_3$$Ba_2TiO_4$였으며 하소온도에 따른 3가지 성분의 상대적인 농도 변화를 규명하였다.

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$BaTiO_3$계 박막형 열전센서소자 개발 (Development of Thermal Sensor Devices in the $BaTiO_3$ Systems)

  • 송민종
    • 한국전기전자재료학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국전기전자재료학회 2003년도 제5회 학술대회 논문집 일렉트렛트 및 응용기술연구회
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    • pp.100-104
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    • 2003
  • $BaTiO_3$ ceramic thin films were manufactured by rf/dc magnetron sputter technique. We have investigated crystal structure, surface morphology and PTCR(positive-temperature coefficient of resistance) characteristics of the specimen depending on second heat-treatment temperatures. Second heat treatments of the specimen were performed in the temperature range of 400 to $1350^{\circ}C$. X-ray diffraction patterns of $BaTiO_3$ thin films show that the specimen heat treated below $600^{\circ}C$ is an amorphous phase and the one heat treated above $1100^{\circ}C$ forms a poly-crystallization. In the specimen heat-treated at $1300^{\circ}C$, a lattice constant ratio (c/a) was 1.188. Scanning electron microscope(SEM) image of $BaTiO_3$ thin films of the specimen heat treated in between 900 and $1100^{\circ}C$ shows a grain growth. At $1100^{\circ}C$, the specimen stops grain-growing and becomes a poly-crystallization.

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Effects of In Vitro Degradation on the Weight Loss and Tensile Properties of PLA/LPCL/HPCL Blend Fibers

  • Yoon Cheol Soo;Ji Dong Sun
    • Fibers and Polymers
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    • 제6권1호
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2005
  • PLA/LPCL/HPCL blend fibers composed of poly (lactic acid) (PLA), low molecular weight poly ($\varepsilon$-caprolactone) (LPCL), and high molecular weight poly ($\varepsilon$-caprolactone) (HPCL) were prepared by melt blending and spinning for bioab­sorbable filament sutures. The effects of blending time and blend composition on the X-ray diffraction patterns and tensile properties of PLA/LPCL/HPCL blend fibers were characterized by WAXD and UTM. In addition, the effect of in vitro degra­dation on the weight loss and tensile properties of the blend fibers hydrolyzed during immersion in a phosphate buffer solu­tion at pH 7.4 and 37$^{\circ}C$ for 1-8 weeks was investigated. The peak intensities of PLA/LPCL/HPCL blend fibers in X-ray diffraction patterns decreased with an increase of blending time and LPCL contents in the blend fibers. The weight loss of PLA/LPCL/HPCL blend fibers increased with an increase of blending time, LPCL contents, and hydrolysis time while the tensile strength and modulus of the blend fibers decreased. The tensile strength and modulus of the blend fibers were also found to be increased with an increase of HPCL contents in the blend fibers. The optimum conditions to prepare PLA/LPCL/HPCL blend fibers for bioabsorbable sutures are LPCL contents of $5 wt\%, HPCL contents of $35 wt\%, and blending time of 30 min. The strength retention of the PLA/LPCL/HPCL blend fiber prepared under optimum conditions was about $93.5\% even at hydrolysis time of 2 weeks.

$BaTiO_3$계 세라믹의 미세구조와 열전센서에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Microstructure and Thermal Sensor Devices of the Thin Films in the $BaTiO_3$ Systems)

  • 송민종
    • 한국전기전자재료학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국전기전자재료학회 2005년도 춘계학술대회 논문집
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    • pp.135-139
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    • 2005
  • Thin films of $BaTiO_3$ system were prepared by radio frequency(rf)/dc magnetron sputtering method. We have investigated crystal structure, surface morphology and PTCR(positive-temperature coefficient of resistance) characteristics of the specimen depending on second heat-treatment temperatures. Second heat treatments of the specimen were performed in the temperature range of 400 to $1350^{\circ}C$. X-ray diffraction patterns of $BaTiO_3$ thin films show that the specimen heat treated below $600^{\circ}C$ is an amorphous phase and the one heat treated above $1100^{\circ}C$ forms a poly-crystallization. In the specimen heat-treated at $1300^{\circ}C$, a lattice constant ratio (c/a) was 1.188. Scanning electron microscope(SEM) image of $BaTiO_3$ thin films of the specimen heat treated in between 900 and $1100^{\circ}C}$ shows a grain growth. At $1100^{\circ}C$, the specimen stops grain-growing and becomes a poly-crystallization.

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동부와 녹두전분 Gel의 노화특성 비교 (Comparison on Retrogradation Properties of Cowpea and Mung Bean Starch Gels)

  • 윤계순
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • 제21권6호
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    • pp.672-676
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    • 1992
  • 동부와 녹두 전분 gel의 텍스쳐 비교에 관한 연구의 일환으로 저장중의 노화 특성을 노화속도, 결정화도의 변화 및 이장량을 측정하여 비교하였다. 두 시료 전분 gel(30%)을 $20^{\circ}C$에서 저장하여 Avrami방정식으로 계산한 시간 상수는 동부 전분 gel이 1.9215일, 녹두 전분 gel이 1.984일로 거의 비슷하였으며 노화된 시료 전분 gel(10%)의 X-선 회절도는 모두 2${\theta}$ ; $17.2^{\circ},$ $22^{\circ},$ $24.0^{\circ}$ 에서 peak를 보여 B도형을 나타냈다. 한편 이장량은 두 전분 gel(6~10%) 모두 농도가 낮을수록 많았고, 저장 1, 2일째에 가장 많았으며 그 이후로 이장량의 증가율은 서서히 둔화되어 저장 6일째에 농도와 시료에 따라 17~34.9%에 이르렀다.

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$CeO_2$첨가에 따른 YBCO고온초전도 후막의 특성 (Characterization Of YBCO HTSC-Thick film With addiction of $CeO_2$)

  • 윤기웅;임성훈;홍세은;강형곤;한용희;한병성
    • 한국전기전자재료학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국전기전자재료학회 2000년도 하계학술대회 논문집
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    • pp.239-242
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    • 2000
  • To fabricate YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{x}$ thick film using diffusion process, $Y_2$BaCuO$_{5}$ and BaO+CuO as the material of substrate and the doping material were selected. CeO$_2$ in the doping material was mixed. As another doping material, YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{x}$ was prepared for the comparison with BaO+CuO doping material. Each doping material was patterned on $Y_2$BaCuO$_{5}$ substrate by the screen printing method and then was annealed above peritectic reaction temperature of YBCO with a few step. It could be observed by X-ray diffraction patterns and SEM photographs that through the diffusion process of the $Y_2$BaCuO$_{5}$ and BaO+CuO, the YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{x}$ phase was formed. With an amout of addition of CeO$_2$, the thickness of a formed YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{x}$ decreased. x/ decreased.

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