• Title, Summary, Keyword: Working Hypothesis

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The Test of the Isolation Hypothesis and the Buffer Hypothesis of Demand-Control-Support Model on the Elderly Women's Productive Activity (여성 고령자의 생산적 활동에 대한 요구-조절-지지 모델의 고립 긴장과 완충 효과 검증)

  • Cho, Yoon-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.91-107
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    • 2008
  • This study investigated the isolation hypothesis and the buffer hypothesis of Demand-Control-Support model in relation to activity satisfaction and psychological well-being. The subjects were 300 elderly women participating in productive activity for example paid work, voluntary activity, and grancdhildren care. This research tested four hypotheses concerning the DCS model. Is there support for the isolation hypothesis, such that the lowest level of activity satisfaction is experienced by the elderly women working in an isolation situation(high demand-low control-low support)? Is there support for the isolation hypothesis, such that the lowest level of psychological well-being is experienced by the elderly women working in an isolation situation(high demand-low control-low support)? Is there support for the buffer hypothesis, i. e. interaction between demand, control, and support, indicating a buffering effect of support on the negative impact of high strain on activity satisfaction? Is there support for the buffer hypothesis, i. e. interaction between demand, control, and support, indicating a buffering effect of support on the negative impact of high strain on psychological well-being? Major results of this study were as follows. and were supported. Activity satisfaction and psychological well-being of the elderly women in isolation situation was the lowest among the sample. was supported that family support level buffered the negative impact of high strain on activity satisfaction. But was not supported. Only main effect of demand level was showed on psychological well-being.

A Study of the Satisfaction with Salary of the Clerical Staff in Health care Organization (병원행정직원의 임금만족에 대한 연구)

  • Kim Tae-Sung
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.8
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    • pp.103-127
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    • 2002
  • In this study, satisfaction with salary of the clerical saff in health care organization was analyzed with a view to provide data contributive to efficient wage management for the clerical staff of hospitals. For the analysis, it was investigated if there is any difference in satisfaction with wage depending on the individual and environmental characters as well as comparative factors perceived by self or by others in-and outside the working place. The findings of the analysis may be summed up as follows: First, in support of the hypothesis that the satisfaction with wage of the clerical staff in hospitals will individual factors, statistically significant difference were found in the satisfaction with wage depending on age and career, but there was little significant difference depending on gender and education. Thus, the hypothesis I in this study can be partly adopted. Second, with regard to the hypothesis that the satisfaction with wage of the clerical staff in hospitals will vary with environmental variables, significant differences were found in terms of comparative factors perceived by self or by others inside the working place and those perceived by others outside the working place, and significant difference was also shown in the comparative factors perceived by others outside the working place. Whereas, however, there was no significant difference in the satisfaction with wage depending on the position, which led to the partial adoption of the hypothesis II. This study has following limits in search of difference in satisfaction with wage of clerical staff in hospital depending on individual and environmental variables: the sample is too small to represent the general wage level satisfaction of the whole health care organizations, since the survey hasn't covered the wage level and management of the employees in all hospitals; the professional attitude and rate of fluctuation that are closely connected with the wage level are not considered.

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A Study of the Guess Pattern Hypothesis in Language Acquisition: Looking at Children′s Interpretation of Stress-Shift Constructions (언어습득 과정에서 발생하는 추측양상에 대한 연구: 강세이동구문을 중심으로)

  • 강혜경
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 2003
  • The present study, focusing on the stress-shift constructions, examines the tendency of young children to give wrong wide scope interpretation in language acquisition and questions the validity of the guess pattern hypothesis argued by Grodzinsky & Reinhart (1993). According to the hypothesis, children know that they have to construct a reference-set, keep two representations in working memory, and check whether the interpretation needed in the given context justifies selection of competing reference sets, but their working memory is not big enough to hold the materials needed to complete the execution of this task. Hence they give up and resort to a guess. 1 carried out an experiment of 16 Korean children aged 3;9 to 6;2 to find out whether children have more difficulty in the interpretation of stress-shift constructions than of constructions with a nuclear stress, and therefore perform the interpretation of the former by guessing. Assuming that the tendency is caused by a deficiency in contextual computation rather than reference set computation, I try to explain it in terms of pragmatic considerations.

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A Study on the Type of Conflict Control by the Members of Hospitals (병원조직구성원의 갈등관리유형에 관한 연구 -전라북도 병원의 행정부서와 진료지원부서 근무자를 대상으로-)

  • Kim Tae-Sung
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.5
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    • pp.227-247
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    • 2000
  • This study is aimed at searching for the ways to effectively cope with the conflicts found among the members of the hospitals by analyzing the conflict control practiced differently depending on the scale of the organization and characters of its members. The result of analysis into the types of conflict control by the members of the hospital comprising a multitude of manpower is presented as follows. 1. The hypothesis 1 which assumes that the sex will determine the type of conflict control is adopted in part at the level of p<0.05. 2. The hypothesis 2 which assumes that the working position will determine the type of conflict control is adopted in part at the level of P<0.05. 3. The hypothesis 3 which assumes that the age will determine the type of conflict control is adopted in part at the level of p<0.05. 4. The hypothesis 4 which assumes that the size of hospitals will determine the type of conflict control is adopted in part at the level of p<0.05. 5. The hypothesis 5 which assumes that the career will determine the type of conflict control is adopted in part at the level of p<0.05. 6. The hypothesis 2 which assumes that the educational background will determine the type of conflict control is adopted in part at the level of p<0.05. This study requires extended follow-up study to cover the cause of conflict and job satisfaction of the medical manpower.

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Three-dimensional object recognition using efficient indexing:Part II-generation and verification of object hypotheses (효율적인 인덱싱 기법을 이용한 3차원 물체인식:Part II-물체에 대한 가설의 생성과 검증)

  • 이준호
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics C
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    • v.34C no.10
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    • pp.76-88
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    • 1997
  • Based on the principles described in Part I, we have implemented a working prototype vision system using a feature structure called an LSG (local surface group) for generating object hypotheses. In order to verify an object hypothesis, we estimate the view of the hypothesized model object and render the model object for the computed view. The object hypothesis is then verified by finding additional features in the scene that match those present in the rendered image. Experimental results on synthetic and real range images show the effectiveness of the indexing scheme.

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The Survey for Awareness of Radiation Dose of CT and General X-ray Examination (전산화단층촬영검사와 일반촬영검사의 방사선 선량에 대한 인식도 조사)

  • Joo, Young-Cheol;Lim, Cheong-Hwan;Jung, Hong-Ryang;You, In-Gyu;Cho, Han-Byul;Yang, Oh-Nam;Kim, Min-Cheol;Yoon, Joon
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2012
  • The goal of this study is to awaken about risk occurred by CT examination. For radio-technologists working at 'S medical center' located in Seoul, we investigated a recognition about dose and risk CT and normal X-ray examination according by working experience in hospital, experience about CT examination and radiation source. For subjects of investigation, radio-technologists working at 'S medical center' located in Seoul helped us. We collected 131 questionnaires for a test of hypothesis. Cronbach @ coefficients of questionnaires were 0.825988 and 0.767161 and a rejection rate of p-value was below 0.05. SAS 9.1(SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.) statistic package was used for hypothesis test. We used Mann-Whitney test, Kruskai-Wallis test, Two sample T-test, Two sample T-test with Bonferroni's Correction and One-way ANOVA methods. P-values of hypothesis about dose of CT and normal X-ray examination were 0.2291 ~ 0.9663. p-values of hypothesis about risk were 0.1924 ~ 1.0000. All of hypothesis is over rejection rate(<0.05). This study shows that radio-technologists of S medical center recognized that CT has higher dose and risk than general X-ray examination.

Modeling Negative Stiffness Mechanism of Vestibular Hair Cell by Applying Gating Spring Hypothesis to Inverted Pendulum Array (게이팅 스프링 가설을 적용한 전정기관 유모세포의 반강성 메커니즘 모델)

  • Lim, Ko-Eun;Park, Su-Kyung
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.405-408
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    • 2007
  • Vestibular hair cells, the sensory receptors of vestibular organs, selectively amplify miniscule stimuli to attain high sensitivity. Such selective amplification results in compressive nonlinear sensitivity, which plays an important role in expanding dynamic range while ensuring robustness of the system. In this study, negative stiffness mechanism, a mechanism responsible for the selective amplification by vestibular hair cells, is applied to a simple mechanical system consisting of an array of inverted pendulums. The structure and working principle of the system have been inspired by gating spring hypothesis proposing that opening and closing of transduction channels contributes to the global stiffness of vestibular hair bundle. Parameter study was carried out to analyze the effect of each parameter on the compressive nonlinearity of suggested model.

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Effects of Work Environment on Job Satisfaction and Spontaneity Care Workers at Social Welfare Facilities

  • Kim, Moon-Jung
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.49-59
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    • 2015
  • Purpose - This purpose of this research is to verify the influence of the care workers' environment on their job satisfaction and on their voluntary behavior. Research design, data, and methodology - Data were collected from care workers at elderly medical and home care facilities in Korea in Seoul and Kyung-ki. Of 367 total respondents, 285 responses were used. This study performed exploratory factor analysis in order to verify the validity and credibility of the data. Regression analysis was conducted to verify the influence of the working environment, which encompasses the worker's relationship with the agency and with the elderly, on job satisfaction. Results - The hypothesis results were: First, from analyzing the influence of the working environment on the worker's job satisfaction, both relationship with the agency (p<.001) and relationship with the elderly (p<.05) positively affect job satisfaction; second, the exploratory analysis verifies the influence or the working environment on job satisfaction. Conclusions - The results indicate that the relationship with the agency (p<.001) and relationship with the elderly (p<.001) both positively affect the voluntary behavior of the workers.

A Study on the Effect of the Interaction and Flow of Consumers within the Company SNS on the Consumers' Affection (기업 SNS 내 소비자의 상호작용과 몰입이 소비자의 애착에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Han-Joo
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.231-250
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    • 2015
  • This study is about the effect of interaction and flow of consumers within the company SNS on the consumers' affection. Verification took place through empirical analysis based on the theoretical background. The following is the summary of the research results generated based on the research results. First, correlation between aspect of the motivation for the use of contents and interactivity is as follows. Mutual sense of solidarity (Hypothesis 1-1), influence (Hypothesis 1-2), connectivity (Hypothesis 1-3) and reactivity (Hypothesis 1-4) exerted positive(+) on the interaction. Second, correlation between aspect of the motivation for the use of contents and flow is as follows. Mutual sense of solidarity (Hypothesis 2-1), influence (Hypothesis 2-2) and connectivity (Hypothesis 2-3) exerted positive(+) effect on immersion. Meanwhile, reactivity (Hypothesis 1-4) was not statistically significant when it comes to flow. Third, interaction between contents characteristics and interaction exerted positive(+) positive on the interactivity of entertainingness (Hypothesis 3-1) and informativity (Hypothesis 3-2). Fourth, correlation between contents characteristics and flow was examined, which demonstrated that only informativity (Hypothesis 4-2) exerted positive(+) effect on the immersion. Meanwhile, entertainingness was not statistically significant when it comes to the immersion. Lastly, correlation between interaction, flow and affection is as follows. Correlation between interactivity and flow(Hypothesis 5) was not statistically significant while interactivity(Hypothesis 6) and Flow(Hypothesis 7) exerted positive(+) effect on the affection. This study presents diverse implications and significances to the working level people who use the company SNS based on these results.

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The Determinants of Health Promoting Behavior of Industrial Workers (산업장 근로자의 건강증진행위와 자아개념 및 건강의 중요성 인식에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Chung Nam
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.5-19
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    • 1998
  • This descriptive-correlational study was conducted to identify the major factors affecting health promoting behaviors. 344 workers who employed in four different manutacturing plants in Taegu and Kyungbuk area were selected by convenience sampling method. Data were collected from April let to April 18th, 1998 by ready structured questionaires. The purpose of this study was to offer the basic data for health promotion theory development and health promotion strategy planning. This study was based on Pender's Health Promotion Model and examined three variables health promoting behavior, self-concept and perceived importance of health. The Life Style and Health Habit Assessment scale(LHHA) developed by Pender(1982).The Self-concept scale developed by Choi(1972) and the Health Value scale developed by Wallston, Maides and Wallston(1980) were used for this study. Data was analyzed by percentage, mean. t-test. ANOVA, Pearson Correlation Coefficient, and Stepwise Multiple Regression. The major findings of this study are as follows ; 1. The average level of health promoting behavior practice was 63.2% and possible range was from 62 to 248 point. The mean score of respondent's positive self-concept was 75.8. 81.4% of respondents put a high priority on the importance of health. 2. There was a significant difference between the practice level in the category of general self care and less amount of working hours per day(P=0.000), less amount of working hours per week(P=0.000). There was a significant difference between the practice level in the category of nutrition and age(0.002), marital status(0.000), working hour per day(0.008), working hours per week(0.001), There was a significant difference between the practice level in the category of nutriton and sex(0.000), age(0.000), marital status(0.025), education level(0.000), working hours per day(0.002), working hours per week(0.006). There was a significant difference between the practice level in the category of sleep and rest and age(0.003), marital status(0.002), working hours per day(0.001), working hours per week(0.001). There was a significant difference between the practice level in the category of stress management and working hours per day(0.001), working hours per week(0.002). There was a significant difference between the practice level in the category of self-actualization and working hours per day(0.050). 3. General characteristics influencing the respodent's self-concept were level(P=0.009) and worksite(P=0.001). 4. The results of the hypothesis tests are as follows The first hypothesis, that "The respondent who have more positive self-concept will have higher scores in the practice of health promoting behavior." was supported(r=0.2973, P=0.0001). The second hypothesis that "The respondent who have higher perception level on importance of health will have higher scores in the practice health promoting behavior." was rejected(r=- 0665, P=0.2225). 5. The most important factor that affects health promoting behavior practice was working hours per week(6.0%). The combination of working hours per week, age, education level accounted for 10.0% of the variance in health promoting behavior. In conclusion, the results of this study on industrial workers supported Pender's health promotion model in partial and showed the relatedness between self concept and the practice of health promoting behavior. Further research is required to find factors influencing health promoting behaviors of industrial workers.

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