• Title, Summary, Keyword: Work and child care

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Mothers' Time Use in Child Care and Market Child Care Services Depending on Their Employment Status (유아기자녀를 둔 어머니의 종사상지위별 자녀돌보기 시간사용과 유료 자녀양육서비스 선택)

  • Cha, Sung-Lan
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.373-384
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    • 2006
  • This study analysed the effect of mothers' work status on time use in child care and use of market child care services. There were two major questions: Do self-employed (and family worker without being paid) mothers have a flexible work schedule and so can they care her child(ren) well? If it is true, is the work status as self-employee related to non-market child care services? To answer these questions, 1,196 samples were selected from the Time Use Data of 1999, which had been administered by Korea National Statistical Office. Major results were as follows: First, a mother who is family workers without being paid made time to care children frequently more than wage earners. Second, according to regression analysis, mothers' work status was one of the important variables to explain child care activity frequency. Third, among categories of child caring ('physical caring', 'non-physical caring', and 'caring of the others'), mothers spent more frequently in 'caring of the others', and had higher probability to use market child care services. But the more frequently a mother made time in 'non-physical caring' for her child, the lower probability to choose market child care services. In conclusion, it was certain that self-employed mothers benefit from a flexible time schedule at work places. But the relationship of child care activity frequency with use of market child care services was inconsistent.

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A Study on 'Care Work' Directionality of Child Care Helper in Healthy Family Support Centers (건강가정지원센터 아이 돌봄 활동가의 '돌봄 노동' 방향성 연구)

  • Lee, Eun-Joo;Jun, Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.27-40
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the motive of participating in the care work, the overall cognition survey for the care work and the infant care practice areas required in the care work for the child care helpers who activate in the care work, and search for methods of specializing infant care and care experiences on the results. Results of study showed that firstly, middle- or the late middle-age women participated in the care worker recognized care work as productive labor to create economic value and that secondly, the child care helpers' recognition degree of self-development and job satisfaction through performance of care work was wholly high level and that there was will of participation in training for self-development but actual participation rate was low due to restrictions by general conditions. Thirdly, the infant care practice areas and their particular contents that the child care helpers recognized in the care work necessary were highly shown in the whole. The requested level of education for safety management, play guidance, humanity guidance for infant and child was high. Point to discuss is that occupation stability and occupation image must be raised through the public job-hunting system for the child care helpers. In addition, a tailor-made education support suitable for the child care helpers' career stage is needed. Education support by the performance of infant care practice area and the educational requirements must be provided to major rearers to ensure that they can function as behavioral and emotional supporters. Finally, a support system for continuous self-management.

Working Mothers' Work-Child Rearing Strain and Their Demand on Back-up Care Services (취업모의 일-자녀양육 양립 부담감과 영유아기 자녀를 위한 시간연장 보육서비스 요구)

  • Lee, Wan-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.117-126
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the difference of working mothers' work-child rearing strain and their demand on special care services according to each mother's work conditions and childcare situation. 477 working mothers who have only one child each were gathered by the use of the purposive quota sampling method and analyzed with t-test, F-test, correlation, and multiple regression. The main results showed that working mothers had high work-child rearing strain and demand on special care services when their working conditions were inflexible and they were not satisfied with the care services for their child. The major variable which explained working mothers' demand on special care services was e their work-child rearing strain.

Effect of Child Care Center Director's Work Stress and Servant Leadership on Burnout: The Moderating Role of Organizational Stewardship (어린이집 원장의 스트레스 및 서번트 리더십이 소진에 미치는 영향: 청지기 정신의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Yu Mi;Chung, Hana
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.55 no.6
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    • pp.649-659
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    • 2017
  • This study investigated the effect of a child care center directors' work stress and awareness of their servant leadership on burnout. The subjects of this study were 200 child care center directors in Incheon. They responded to 'Work Stress Scale', 'Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI)', 'Servant Leadership Scale'. There were five subscales of Servant Leadership Scale (altruistic calling, emotional healing, wisdom, persuasive mapping, and organizational stewardship). Data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Pearson's correlation and hierarchical regression. Moderating effects were examined using analysis procedures of Baron and Kenny. The major results were as follows. First, child care center directors' burnout and work stress were positively correlated. Child care center directors' burnout and awareness of their servant leadership (emotional healing, wisdom, persuasive mapping, and organizational stewardship) was negatively correlated. Second, child care center directors' work stress, emotional healing, persuasive mapping and organizational stewardship affected their burnout. This means that the work stress of child care center directors increases their burnout. However, the child care center director's servant leadership is a factor in reducing burnout. Third, child care center directors' work stress and organizational stewardship had an interaction effect on burnout. The results suggests that child care center directors' organizational stewardship needs to be considered as an important factor for decreasing their own burnout. We also discussed implications and suggestions for future research and policy makers.

Needs of Center-based Child Care Health Programs in Parents with Ill Children (급.만성질환 영유아 부모의 건강관리 특수보육에 대한 요구)

  • Bang, Kyung-Sook;Han, Kyung-Ja;Choi, Mi-Young
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.17-25
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the recognition on center-based child care health programs for parents with ill children. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study with convenient sampling method was used and 136 parents were recruited from two university hospital outpatient departments and hospitalized wards, and they completed a structured questionnaire. Results: Majority (57.4%) of parents experienced a leaving work early or being absent from their work due to children's illness. Most dissatisfying factors in child care centers were child health management. Most of parents agreed on the need for a center-based child care health program, and wanted a better management of health care by health professionals in child care centers. Conclusion: These results support that there is a great demand for center-based child care health programs. These special programs are needed for reducing a child rearing burden for working mothers and overcoming the low birthrate in Korea. Health-care programs in child-care settings can help parents meet the health needs of their children while reducing absenteeism from work, thereby contributing to job stability. These results suggest discussions of the related policy with child care centers responsible and national health and educational authorities.

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The Relationship between Job Stress and Turnover Intention of Child Care Teachers and the Moderating Role of Motivation for Child Care Work (보육교사의 직무스트레스와 이직의도의 관계에서 교직선택동기의 조절효과)

  • Ahn, Na Rae;Kim, Hee Sue;Ahn, Sun Hee
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.87-102
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between job stress, turnover intention, and the moderating roles of motivation for child care work. The subjects were 238 child-care teachers who were worked at child-care centers in Seoul. Questionnaires were used to rate job stress, turnover intention, and the motivation for child care work of teachers. The collected data were mainly analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Duncan test, Pearson's correlation and the multiple regression analysis. The main results of this study were as follows. First, there were differences in turnover intention according to individual characteristics such as career at the current child-care center and total career. Second, job stress was positively correlated with turnover intention, and negatively correlated with active motivation and material motivation. And turnover intention was negatively correlated with active motivation and material motivation. Third, a moderator effect of the active motivation was found in the relationship between the job stress and the turnover intention. Especially the active motivation is suggested to reduce the negative results of job stress and turnover intention. Therefore, the results indicate the importance of the active motivation which is considered as an aptitude, interest, affection for children and self realization when child-care teachers make a decision to enter the child-care work profession.

The effect of Child Care-Work Ability Program on Efficacy of Child Care, Role Performance, and Sensitivity of Infant Teachers (보육직무능력 프로그램이 영아교사의 보육효능감, 보육교사역할수행, 교사민감성에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Hyoun Ji;Han, Seong Min;Jeon, Kyung Ah
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.39-56
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    • 2010
  • The purposes of this research are to examine the effect of child care-work ability program; improve efficacy of child care, infant teacher's role performance, and infant teachers' sensitivity about demanding of infants by doing education of improving efficacy of child care, role performance and infant teachers' sensitivity at the nursery center. The subjects of this research are 44 child-care teachers from Jungup city. They are divided into 22 teachers in experiment group and 22 teachers in control group. And teachers answered questionnaires as either pre-test or post-test for evaluating efficacy of child care, and teacher's role performance, and teachers' sensitivity. There are the results of this research. Efficacy of child care, infant teacher's role performance and sensitivity of experimental group members who participated in child care-work ability program significantly increased comparing to its control group members. Finally, we could prove the effect of program which was carried out to child care teachers on improving efficacy of child care, infant teacher's role performance and sensitivity.

The Policy Demand of the Family Sector for Work-Family Balance (맞벌이 가정의 일-가정 균형을 위한 가정생활 영역의 정책적 요구 : 자녀돌봄 및 가사노동을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Hee-Keum;Seo, Ji-Won
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.61-81
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the policy demands of the family sector for work-family balance, with a focus on the child care and household labor provisions. For empirical analysis, data were collected from 197 dual-income families with at least one young child under age 10 in the metropolitan area via self-administered questionnaires. The major findings of this study were as follows. First, child care provisions for working mothers and fathers were insufficient and unfair, and the ratio of child care provisions offered by familial child care network was high. The characteristics of child care provisions for working parents were associated with family structure, working conditions, and demographic variables. Second, household labor provisions for working mothers and fathers were also insufficient and unfair, and the ratio of socialization was high. Third, the level of family satisfaction varied by the level of child care and household labor provisions, respectively, controlling family structure, working conditions, and demographic variables. The empirical results of the study provided policy implications for work-family balance.

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Differences in Time Deficit and Time Satisfaction According to the Types of Child Care Time of Dual-earner Couples with Preschool Children (미취학자녀를 둔 맞벌이부부의 자녀양육시간 유형에 따른 시간부족감 및 시간사용만족도의 차이)

  • Park, Eun Jung;Lee, Seong-Lim
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.97-111
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the typology of child care, investigate the characteristics of child care types, and analyze the differences in time deficit as well as time satisfaction by the types of child care for dual-earner couples with preschool children. The data source for this research was the 2009 Time Use Survey conducted by the Korea National Statistical Office. Dual-earners aged 20 to 59 years completed 1,568 time diaries, which were analyzed using chi-square, cluster analysis, and ANOVA analysis. Child care time was classified into three types in the three categories of child care, household work sharing and leisure sharing for both males and females respectively. Three types for husbands were named "vulnerable", "household work child care predominant" and "leisure predominant". The three types for wives were named "vulnerable", "household work child care oriented" and "household work child care". The characteristics of each type depended on age, education, weekly working hours, gender role of husbands and age, weekly working hours of wives. The vulnerable type of wives showed the highest level of time deficit. Based on the results, implications for Public policy on child care and various types of education as well as programs were suggested.

A Qualitative Study on the Process of Child Care Leave (육아휴직과정에 관한 질적 사례 연구)

  • Kim, Seon-Mi;Koo, Hye-Ryoung;Lee, Seung-Mie
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.21-40
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    • 2014
  • This qualitative study focused on the motives and patterns of child care leave by analyzing its facilitating and constraining factors. Fourteen participants were interviewed in-depth using non-structured interview questions. Motives for child care leave include mothers' active choice, mothers' inevitable secondary choice, and mothers' instrumental choice. The patterns of child care leave in terms of total period, time, and distribution vary according to individual circumstances and occupational culture surrounding child care leave for female workers. Female workers will occasionally use this child care leave as a rare opportunity to take a rest during their labor lifecycle and to achieve work-family balance.