• Title, Summary, Keyword: Work Efficiency

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A Study on the Work Efficiency of Pattern Making of Woman's Tailored Jacket by PDS (PDS를 활용한 여성용 테일러드 재킷패턴제작의 작업효율성)

  • Do, Wol-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.137-143
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to prove the work efficiency of PDS by measuring the work time on the process of pattern making of woman's tailored jacket. Also compared to the manual work time, PDS work efficiency is estimated according to experience difference. The YUKA CAD system was used. Through analysis of PDS Process, work time was measured by stop watch. Also the appearance of the 2 jackets was evaluated by a pool of evaluators consisted of graduate students and experienced professional modelist. The results were as follows: The work efficiency of PDS is higher than the work efficiency of manual work. There were significant differences of work time between work types in the expert and inexpert group. A study compared the work efficiency by PDS work type with those by manual work type according to experience difference and found that the work efficiency by PDS in the expert group was 25.3%, in the inexpert group was 35%. There were significant differences of work time between experience groups in PDS work, the work efficiency of expert group to inexpert group in the total pattern making time by PDS was 36.7%. There were no significant differences of appearance of tailored jacket between work types.

The Effects of Mobile Smart-Work IT Resources of Resource Based View on the Work Efficiency : based on moderating effects of the perceived usefulness (자원기반관점(RBV)에서 모바일 스마트워크 IT자원이 업무효율성에 미치는 영향 - 지각된 유용성의 조절효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Min-Woo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.93-102
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the Mobile Smart-Work IT resources on the work efficiency based on moderating effects of the perceived usefulness in the Resource Based View. The study has academic meanings and practical implications that studied widely based on moderating effects of the perceived usefulness through the Hierarchical regression furthermore on the existing study on hypothesis by standard multiple regression. The results showed that IT Infrastructure in the Mobile Smart-work IT resources by moderating effects of the perceived usefulness was found to bring positive effect on individual work efficiency and teamwork efficiency. On the other hand Business Application was found to bring positive effect on teamwork efficiency. Therefore, we expect that business firm and employees actively use the effects of the perceived usefulness with the trust that Mobile Smart-work IT resources bring positive effects on the work efficiency. It can improve this work efficiency and lead to strengthening the firm competitiveness.

A Study on Measuring Efficiency Improvement of Improvement Project at Black Spot by DEA (DEA를 이용한 교통사고 잦은 곳 개선사업 효율성 측정방안 연구)

  • Kim, Hyung Kyu;Lee, Soo Beom;Eom, Dae Lyoung;Won, Dong Uk;Shin, So Myoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.141-148
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    • 2017
  • Over the past 30 years, the business effects of the improvement project at black spot have been decreasing since 2010, with a reduction in the amount of government spending, coupled with proposing a uniform improvement plan. In order to promote more efficient improvement projects, it is necessary to evaluate the efficiency of local governments and improve the business methods of local governments with low efficiency. However, more sophisticated efficiency analysis methods are needed. Because in previous studies have been limited to the analysis of effects before and after the project through the simple before-after analysis. For this purpose, this study analyzed the efficiency of improvement project at black spot by local governments in Gyeonggi-do using DEA to compare and analyze efficiency in various fields. As a result, Goyang, Seongnam, Paju, Hanam and Yangju showed high efficiency local governments. For local governmetns with low efficiency, the improvement projets to improve efficiency were divided into civil engineering work, structure work, pavement work, additional work and transportation work, and the appropriate construction ratios of each local government were analyzed and presented.

An AHP Approach to Select the Task Related Technique for Work Efficiency Improvement in Shipbuilding Enterprise (AHP에 의한 조선기업의 작업능률향상을 위한 과업관련기법의 선택)

  • Kim, Tae-Soo;Lee, Kang-Woo
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2007
  • The objective of this research is to select the most effective technique among task related techniques(motion & time study, job redesign, physical environment improvement) for improving work efficiency in shipbuilding enterprise. This study consists of several principal steps. The first step is to design critical criteria in evaluating work efficiency in ship-building enterprises. The second step is to develop sub-criteria of the critical criteria. The third step is to develop a four level AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) structure using the critical criteria, sub-criteria and techniques among task related techniques. The fourth step is to develop the pairwise comparison matrix at each level of AHP structure, which was based on survey data collected at the H heavy industry. And the last step is to select the most effective technique among task related techniques using AHP analysis. The result of AHP analysis has shown clear difference in priority among task related techniques in terms of work efficiency of the shipbuilding enterprise: The reduction of normal time is more important than the reduction of allowance time in improving of the work efficiency. Motion & time study is the most important technique for the reduction of normal time, and physical environment improvement is the most important technique for the reduction of allowance time as well.

Effects of IT Resources on the Work Efficiency and Corporate Performance in The Mobile Smart-Work Environment (모바일 스마트워크 환경에서 IT자원이 업무효율성과 기업성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Min-Woo;Oh, Min-Jeong;Kim, Seung-Chul
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.165-176
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the IT resources on the work efficiency and corporate performance in Mobile Smart-Work Environment with IT convergence Technology by applying the Resource-Based View. The study has an academic meaning by empirically analyzing the effects of factors identified based on the existing study on the IT resources in Mobile Smart-Work, and practical implications to identify how the significance of the Mobile Smart-Work used as a platform of variety industries in manufacturing, logistics, service, distribution, finance, public institutions, and so on positively affects improvement of corporate efficiency and performance. The results showed that IT Infrastructure and IT skills in the Mobile Smart-work environment were found to bring positive effects on individual work efficiency, and IT skills had positive influence on team work efficiency. Also, we confirmed the individual and team work efficiency positively affect financial and market performance of business firms. Finally, we expect that business firm equipped with IT resources in the Mobile Smart-Work environment with IT convergence Technology. It can improve this work efficiency and the performance, which leads to strengthening the core competency.

Effects of Smart-Work IT-Resources on the Work Efficiency and Corporate Performance in Service Industry (서비스 산업에서 스마트워크 IT자원이 업무효율성과 기업성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Min-Woo;Kim, Seung-Chul
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2015
  • With advances in IT Smart-Work is emerging as a new way of conducting business and several companies are considering to introduce the Smart-Work digital convergence technology. In this paper, we examined the effects of the Smart-Work IT resources on the work efficiency and the corporate performances in service industry by applying the Resource-Based View. The results of the structural equation modelling analysis showed that Smart-Work IT infrastructure and individual IT skills had positive influence on individual work efficiency while business application software and IT skills affected team work efficiency. Also, we confirmed that individual and team work efficiency positively affect financial and market performance of business firms. With the findings of the study, we expect that the introduction of Smart-Work would have positive effect, at least in service industry, on work efficiency and corporate performance, which will in turn lead to gaining competitive advantage for those firms adopting Smart-Work.

A study on perceived value of work having effect on organizational attitude of dental hygienists (치과위생사들의 직업가치인식이 조직태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Hee-Suk;Kim, Young-Sun
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.65-72
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    • 2008
  • This study has collected 322 clinical dental hygienists working in Daegu and around Daegu, in order to investigate perceived value of work among dental hygienists and extent of organizational attitude and find relationship between these, and we can finds these conclusions as follows; 1. The total average point of perceived value of work is 3.36(5 is a full mark), and we could gain each points as follows; vision realizability 3.53, process efficiency 3.42, product usefulness 3.32, job significance 3.31, social recognition 3.23. 2. The total average point of organizational attitude is 3.13, and job satisfaction, organizational commitment are 3.14, 3.12 respectively. 3. Variables of perceived value of work related job satisfaction are social recognition, vision realizability, process efficiency,(Social recognition is the most effective variable, and next vision realizability, process efficiency are effective in the order named.)($R^2$=.24) and we could find that job satisfaction is proportion to perceived value of work, according to relationship of these variables. Variables of perceived value of work related to organizational commitment are also vision realizability, social recognition, process efficiency,(Vision realizability is the most effective variable, and next social recognition, process efficiency are effective in the order named.)($R^2$=.32) and we could find that organizational commitment is proportion to perceived value of work, according to relationship of these variables. According to these result, perceived value of work and organization attitude(job satisfaction, organizational commitment) of dental hygienists are affirmative. but to make their attitudes be more affirmative, the research about improving perceived value of work is needed. Especially, vision realizability and social satisfaction are very important variables at perceived value of work of dental hygienists.

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Sleep Assessment During Shift Work in Korean Firefighters: A Cross-Sectional Study

  • Jeong, Kyoung Sook;Ahn, Yeon-Soon;Jang, Tae-Won;Lim, Gayoung;Kim, Hyung Doo;Cho, Seung-Woo;Sim, Chang-Sun
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.254-259
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    • 2019
  • Background: This cross-sectional study assessed the sleep quality using the ActiGraph and investigated the relationship between the parameters of sleep assessment and the type of shift work in Korean firefighters. Methods: The participants were 359 firefighters: 65 day workers (control group) and 294 shift workers (shift work group: 77 firefighters with 3-day shift, 72 firefighters with 6-day shift, 65 firefighters with 9-day shift, and 80 firefighters with 21-day shift). Sleep assessments were performed using the ActiGraph (wGT3X-BT) for 24 hours during day shift (control and shift work group) and night shift and rest day (shift work group). The participants recorded bed time and sleep hours during the measurement period. Results: Sleep efficiency, total sleep time, and percentage of wake after sleep onset during night work were lower in the shift work group than control group (p < 0.05). Sleep efficiency decreased in night shift and increased in rest day, whereas wake after sleep onset increased in night shift and decreased in rest day (p < 0.05). Among shift work groups, sleep efficiency of 6-day shift was higher in day shift, and sleep efficiency of 21-day shift was lower in night shift than other shift groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: We found that the sleep quality in night shift of the shift work group was poorer than the control group. As to the type of shift work, sleep quality was good in 6-day shift and poor in 21-day shift. Thus, fast rotating shift such as 6-day shift may be recommended to improve the sleep quality of the firefighters.

The Effect of using Computer & Smart-phone on Decreased Work Efficiency due to Musculoskeletal Disorders ; Mediating Effect of Perceived Musculoskeletal Disorders (컴퓨터 및 스마트폰 사용이 근골격계질환으로 인한 업무능력 저하에 미치는 영향 : 근골격계 질환의 매개효과)

  • Park, Jong-Ho
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - Average using time of smart-phone for Korean people is 3 hours 39 minutes and most people who are using a computer at home and their workplace can be affected over force to neck and shoulder due to unstable body posture. musculoskeletal disorders which caused by unstable body posture can affect strongly to decrease work efficiency. So this research is designed to measure the effect of using computer & smart-phone on decreased work efficiency due to musculoskeletal disorders and mediating effect between decreased work efficiency and musculoskeletal disorders. Research Design, Data, and Methodology - The author has developed a questionnaire with 6 hypothesis on the basis of previous research result with 5 constructs. The questionnaires were also made by interview and E-mail. 300 copies of questionnaires were distributed and 282 questionnaire were used for the analysis as valid data responses. SPSS ver.21.0 were used and made Cronbach's α and reliability test, correlation, Baron & Kenny 3 step mediated regression analysis. Result - Cronbach's α shows 0.770~0.954 and C.R. is 0.963~0.997 which is higher than 0.7. and AVE was 0.867~0.933. So the data are all acceptable condition. Using for a long time of a computer & smart-phone has a positive effect on musculoskeletal disorders. This means, it can cause musculoskeletal disorders if people use a computer & smart-phone for a long time due to unstable body posture. And musculoskeletal disorders can effect strongly decrease work efficiency. This study also found out that a long time of using computer can cause musculoskeletal disorders rather than using smart-phone a long time. To check mediate effect of musculoskeletal disorders between using a computer & smart-phone and Decreased Work Efficiency, author used 3-step mediated regression analysis of Baron & Kenny (1986). Using a computer for a long time mediate partially and using a smart-phone for a long time mediate completely. This means that using a smart-phone a long time is not the actual reason to decrease work efficiency. But using level of smart-phone is increasing rapidly day by day. So we need to make additional research about this matter seriously. Conclusion - Nowadays, people can not live on without a computer & smart-phone even a moment. But, using a computer for a long time will affect to cause musculoskeletal disorders and it will effect strongly to decrease work efficiency. Before, we thought over that musculoskeletal disorders were diseases of elder people. But, we found out from this study that musculoskeletal disorders can be happen to any people, even children, or workers in heavy industry or engaged in brain work. So we need to be careful when we use a computer for a long time. People also need to be careful to keep correct body posture when using both a computer and smart-phone since a smart-phone became more popular and using time level became longer. Due to increased income and living standard of people, physical growth of young people is so rapid. But the physical environment of society is not suitable for them since it can not follow up the speed of growth. Suitable work table is very important to prevent musculoskeletal disorder which can affect decrease work efficiency. For a person, a society or country, increased productivity is very important since it can directly connected to the job satisfaction. Education and reeducation for the people is also important, but to teach them how to keep good condition of health will be more important since it can increase the quality of work efficiency and quality of life. Computer and Smart-phone is one the best invention of modern society, but it can cause mental and physical disease which can affect decrease work efficiency and productivity. So it is necessary to observe attentively for the situation continually.

An AHP Approach to Select the Task Related Technique for Work Efficiency Improvement in Shipbuilding Enterprise (AHP에 의한 조선기업의 작업능률향상을 위한 과업관련기법의 선택)

  • Kim, Tae-Soo;Lee, Kang-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Quality Management Conference
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this research is to select the most effective technique from task related techniques(motion & time study, job redesign, physical environment improvement) for improving work efficiency in shipbuilding enterprise. This study consists of several principal steps. The first step is to design critical criteria in evaluating work efficiency in shipbuilding enterprises. The second step is to develop sub-criteria of the critical criteria. The third step is to develop a four level AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process)structure using the critical criteria, sub-criteria and techniques from task related techniques. The fourth step is to develop the pairwise comparison matrix by each level of AHP structure, which was based on survey data collected at the H heavy industry. And the last step is to select the most effective technique from task related techniques using AHP analysis. The result of AHP analysis has shown clear difference in priority among task related techniques in terms of work efficiency of the shipbuilding enterprise: The reduction of normal time has more importance than the reduction of allowance time, motion & time study techniques are most important for the reduction of normal time, physical environment improvement is most important for the reduction of allowance time as well.

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