• Title, Summary, Keyword: Women by Marriage

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A Qualitative Study on Marriage Migrant Women's Experiences in the World of Life (결혼이주여성의 생활세계 체험에 관한 질적 연구)

  • Lee, Hyoung-Ha
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.269-277
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to capture how marriage migrant women, who are burdened with the luggage of the social, cultural, and historical 'past,' reconstruct their own 'experiences in reality' as subjective agents after their immigration into a new space. By applying a phenomenological method, this study analyzes the world of life in which marriage migrant women come to have experiences in the dimensions of bodilihood, spatiality, temporality, and relatedness. As a result of the analysis, marriage migrant women never think of their bodiliness as the subject of discrimination though they have some differences in skin colors and cultural aspects, and make efforts to overcome prejudices in reality withtheir pride of body. As for the spatiality, marriage migrant women attempts at a spatial turn in which they reconstruct a novel sociocultural space. With respect to the temporality, marriage migrant women recognize themselves not as passive subjects who only resent reality but as being prepared for future actively. As for the relatedness, marriage migrant women show life in which they pioneer their own areas on the basis of extended personal relations.

A Study on Marriage Types and Courtship - focused on working women - (결혼유형에 따른 배우자 선택 과정의 차이에 관한 연구 - 취업 여성을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim Jin-Hee;Kim Yang-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.37 no.12
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    • pp.13-28
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    • 1999
  • This study aimed to analyze the process of courtship form having date and marriage toward women who had job before marriage. The objects were 27.36 years old and had 9.59 months marital life at average. This study conducted structured questionnaires using the reflection of spouse selection procedure. By using collected data through questionnaires, it conducted descriptive statistics, cluster analysis and t-test. The type of marriage would be divided into the emotional marriage group and the implemental marriage group The emotional marriage group had longer dating time and more satisfaction of spouse selection than the implemental group. On value variable, the emotional marriage group had more subjective selection standard and more expectation social and emotional benefit than the latter group. On search variable, the emotional marriage group estimated the relation stability and satisfied the relation with spouse more than the implemental marriage group and expected the less possibility to meet new partner.

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Effects of an Integrative Art Therapy Program on Self-Efficacy and Conflict Coping Strategies in Marriage Migrant Women (결혼이주여성을 위한 통합예술치료 프로그램이 자기유능감 및 갈등대처방식에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Sun-Hee
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.565-575
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an integrative art therapy program for marriage migrant women to improve self-efficacy, learn conflict resolution strategies, and establish close family relationship. The participants of the program were limited to marriage migrant women residing in A City who lived in Korea for more than two years. 30 women for the experimental group and 31 women for the control group were randomly sampled. Eight sessions were offered. A pre-test was conducted in the first session and a post-test was done one month after the program was finished. The results of the program suggested that the experimental group had a higher effect on self-efficacy and conflict resolution strategies than the control group. The integrative art therapy program for marriage migrant women conducted in this study aims for marriage migrant women to recover confidence and actively establish happy marital and family relationship by providing an opportunity to make success experience. Moreover, the program is intended to be applied to the field to build up the foundation of family and social adjustment in marriage migrant women.

Factors Affecting Opinions on Marriage of Unmarried Women in Their 30's in Korea: Based on 2012 Social Survey (한국 30대 미혼여성의 결혼견해 영향요인: 2012 사회조사 기반)

  • Lee, Sung-Hee;Gweon, Hyun-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.606-616
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted in order to identify factors affecting opinions on marriage of unmarried women in their 30's in Korea. Analysis of data on 529 unmarried women in their 30's, which were taken from the 2012 social survey, was analyzed. Data were analyzed using ${\chi}^2$ test, hierarchical logistic regression analysis as well as descriptive statistics by SPSS version 20.0. Results showed that age(Exp(b)=.90,p=.025), opinions on divorce(Exp(b)=3.81,p<.001) and remarriage(Exp(b)=3.09,p=.001), and value on marriage(Exp(b)=.80,p<.001) were independent predictors of opinions on marriage. Economic activity(Exp(b)=19.58,p=.003) was found to be an independent predictor of opinions on marriage for the 35-39 year old women differ from 30-34 year old women predictors. Findings of this study indicate a need for developing family and marriage value-centered education and the low-fertility policy for the 35-39year old actively working women considering factors affecting opinions on marriage.

An Analysis of Factor Attitude on the Induced Abortion before Marriage in Women (미혼여성의 인공유산에 대한 대학생의 인식 및 태도유형)

  • Oh Mi-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.293-312
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    • 1998
  • This study was designed to find the characteristics and patterns in subjectivity of an attitude on the induced abortion before marriage in women for a university student. Q-methodology was used as a research design and the research procedures were as follows. Q-sampling has been derived from the literature review and interview. Its credibility and validity were also tested by nursing and methodology professors. Total of 34 statements were selected. P-sampling has been drawn and 49 samples were selected. Based on 9 point scale, the slected respondents rated their operant definition on the induced abortion before marriage in women. The results of above procedures were analyzed by PCQ program. The attitude about the induced abortion before marriage in women were analyzed based on the typal array, extreme comments, and the demographic information of study subjects. The results revealed that there were three types of attitude about the induced abortion before marriage in women. The three types were named as follows ; 1) The first type, agree of conservative perspectives, was consisted of 15 subjects. They emphasized the sanctity of human life and the right of life that will never allow the killing fetus and prevention of induced abortion. 2) The second type, agree of liberal perspectives, was consisted of 10 subjects. They insisted the right to choice for women to control their body, so women have appropriate reason, they could choice induced abortion. 3) The third type, agree of compromise perspectives, was consisted of 7 subjects. They emphasized prevention of induced abortion but allowed under social permission. As a result, this study discovered three types of the attitude about the induced abortion before marriage in women. By identifying the nature of each of these types, this study can be useful to develop efficient strategies for preventing induced abortion.

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A Study on the Oral Health Belief and Oral Health Behaviors of Marriage Immigrant Women in Multi-cultural Family (다문화가정 결혼 이주여성의 구강건강신념 및 구강건강행태에 관한 조사)

  • Ku, In-Young;Ryu, Hae-Gyum
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.456-465
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    • 2015
  • Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of oral health belief on oral health behaviors for marriage immigrant women in multi-cultural family and provide basic data that could help develop programs necessary to improve oral health awareness and change attitude. Method. Self-administered questionnaire was used in marriage migrant women using eight multi-cultural centers in Yeongnam region from October to December, 2013 and 256 copies were finally analyzed. The statistically analysis was performed using SPSS 18.0, with the statistical significance level set at p<.05. Results. As for the effects of oral health belief on oral health behaviors, the experience of scaling was affected by sensitivity(${\beta}=2.787$), by seriousness(${\beta}=.568$), and the experience of oral health education status was affected by seriousness(${\beta}=.214$), usefulness(${\beta}=.155$). Conclusions. It is necessary to analyze the effects of oral health belief on oral health behaviors, making positive efforts to develop preventive oral health management and oral health education programs, and make fundamental policies for improving oral health in multi-cultural family so that marriage immigrant women can make efficient oral health management.

Birth Outcomes among Native-born and Foreign-born Women in Korea: Focusing on Preterm Birth and Low Birth Weight (외국인 여성과 한국인 여성의 출산결과 비교: 조산아 및 저체중아를 중심으로)

  • Ryu, Jungkyun;Choi, Yool
    • Journal of health informatics and statistics
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    • pp.255-266
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study compared the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight between native-born and foreign-born women. Methods: By Using the birth registration data, every woman who gave birth between 2010 and 2016 in Korea was included in the analysis. Duration from marriage to pregnancy was measured by month and multiple socioeconomic and demographic characteristics were controlled. Preterm birth (<37 weeks) and low birth weight (<2.5 kg) were used for outcome variables. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used for data analysis with Stata. Results: The risks of preterm birth and low birth weight for native-born and foreign-born women differed according to the duration of marriage or birth order. For the first infant, foreign-born women were more likely to have pereterm birth or low birth weight than the native-born in the early stage of marriage but nativeborn women had higher risks than the foreign-born in the middle and later stage of marriage. For the second infant, foreign-born women were less likely to have pereterm birth or low birth weight than the native-born regardless of the duration of marriage. Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrates that the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight for foreign-born women is concentrated on the early stage of marriage. Institutional and cultural supports should be given to foreign-born women to help their early settlement in the Korean society.

A Life-History Approach to the Practice of Early Marriage in Ethiopia (에티오피아의 조혼 관습에 대한 생애사적 접근)

  • Seol, Byung-Soo
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.42
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    • pp.69-106
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    • 2016
  • Early marriage in contemporary society has brought about many problems. The practice is encouraged by gender inequality, poverty and social norms. It reproduces social power imbalances including increased economic vulnerability of women, low educational attainment of girls, gender inequality at home and in the labor market, physical and sexual violence against women and their health problems. The Ethiopian government increased the minimum legal age of marriage for women from 15 to 18 years, by revising its family code in 2000 and newly adopting a criminal law in 2005 that includes punishment against any harmful tradition. Nonetheless, early marriage is still widely practiced in many parts of rural Ethiopia. This is because the practice has long been embedded and deeply rooted in the lives of the people. Earlier literature on early marriage in Ethiopia tends to focus only on women's experiences and regard that all early-married people, particularly women, are unhappy with their lives. This paper attempts to explore the issue of early marriage through voices of people with diverse socioeconomic backgrounds, in order to address the limitations of the previous literature. This article aims at examining why early marriage has occurred in Ethiopia and how it has affected family life and women's educational attainment, focusing on the case of Meki town. As seen from this study, it is true that early marriage generally had negative influences on the lives of women. However, it is equally true that some men are also victims of the practice while some women have improved their lives by means of it. This implies that we need to listen to the voices of diverse people when we examine early marriage.

An effect of the financial resources on the willingness to marriage formation among the never married in their 30s (30대 미혼남녀의 결혼의향에 대한 경제자원의 효과)

  • Koh, Sun-Kang;Auh, Seongyeon
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.63-79
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that influence the willingness to marriage initiation(WMI) among the never married in their 30s. In particular, we examine the effect of financial resources on the WMI. A data set from the National Survey of Marriage and Childbirth (2009 Wave) were analyzed. We find that the effect of financial resources on the WMI are different by gender. Home ownership is a statistically significant factor in the logistic regression model for men, but not in the model for women. Women with higher earnings are more likely to be single and unemployed men are more likely to be single than employed men. In the Korean societal contexts, these findings support the bi-standard of financial resources between male and female in the marriage market.

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Difficulties of Health Behavior of the Migrant Inter-marriage Women (결혼이주여성의 건강행위 어려움)

  • Byun, Soung-Won
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.631-637
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    • 2013
  • This study was an attempt to understand difficulties of health behaviors of the Migrant inter-marriage women and to describe the meaning of their experiences. The research data of difficulties of health behaviors of the Migrant inter-marriage women were collected in 2010 from April to May by using in-depth interviewing and observation method. Data from interviews and participant observations were analyzed according to Colaizzi's method. The findings shows that the central phenomenon for difficulties of health behaviors of the Migrant inter-marriage women are lack of health information, suffer through cultural differences, uncomfortable for using the health care centers and ends in the feeling of loneliness.