• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wistar Rat

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Susceptibility of various animals to Pneumocystis carinii infection (카리니주폐포자충 장염에 대한 여러 포유동물 및 흰쥐 계통에 따른 감수성)

  • Hong, Sung-Tae;Park, Kyeh-Hyun;Lee, Soon-Hyung
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.277-282
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    • 1992
  • Pneumocystis carinii (Pc) is an important opportunistic pathogen of immune compromised hosts, and is known to infect various animals. The present study observed the infection status of 6 mammals and 3 strains of albino rats with Pc after suppression of their immunity. Methyl-prednisolone was injected once a week and tetracycline was supplied with water for 5 to 21 weeks. Hamsters, guinea pigs, rabbits, dogs, cats and pigs were negative by impression smear, and only the rats were found infected by Pc. All of the three strains of rats, Sprague-Dawley(SD), Wistar(W) and Fisher(F), were infected by Pc but W rats showed heavier degree of infection in earlier period than F or SD rats. The present findings suggest that W rat is the best among the animals used in the present study for production of Pc.

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Protective Effect of DA-9601, an Artemisiae Herba Extract, on Radiation-induced Colitis in Wistar Rats

  • Ahn, Byoung-Ok;Oh, Tae-Young;Ryu, Byoung-Kweon;Kim, Soon-Hoe;Kim, Won-Bae;Kang, Seung-Hee;Chun, Mi-Son;Yoon, Jung-Hee
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed to examine the effects of DA-9601, a novel antiulcer agent extracted from Artemisiae Herba, on radiation colitis in the rat. Female Wistar rats received a 30 Gy dose of irradiation to the 2 cm of distal colon in length using an intrarectal applicator system. 30 mg/tg or 100 mg/kg of DA- 9601 was administered orally 30 min before and 4 h after radiation on day 1. And the same dose of DA-9601 was given to the animals twice a day from day 2 to 14. As a reference control, sucralfate suspension (100 or 300 mg/head) was given as an enema based on the same treatment schedule of DA-9601. Body weight change and the frequency of diarrhea were recorded during the observation period as markers of radiationinduced injury, All animals were sacrificed on day 15 for evaluation of macro- and microscopic findings and mucosal myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. Radiated animals showed diarrhea, mucosal redness and histologic changes characterized by edema and eosinophilic infiltration of the periglandular lamina propria with loss of colonic epithelium. Radiation also significantly increased mucosal MfO activity of affected colon f\\\\\\\\`<0.05). However, most of these changes were completely protected by oral administration with DA-9601. DA-9601 reduced radiation-induced histologic alteration significantly in a dose-related manner (P<0.05). In addition, mucosal MPO activity in rats receiving high dose of DA-9601 decreased significantly when compared with that in radiated control. High dose of sucralfate (300 mg/head) alleviated radiation-induced histologic lesion, but failed to reach statistical significance. The results of this study suggest that DA-9601 can be useful for the prevention of acute clinical symptoms of radiation proctocolitis and that decrease of mucosal MPO by DA-9601 plays a role in its protective mechanism(s), at least in part.

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Effects of ANTORIN R-10 on Ovarian Morphology, Follicular Development and Serum Estradiol Level in Immature Wistar Rats (미성숙 Wistar 랫트에서 ANTORIN R-10이 난소형태, 난포발육 및 혈중 호르몬 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Eun-Ju;Yoo, Jae-Gyu;Song, Hye-Jin;Song, Seung-Hee;Rho, Gyu-Jin;Choe, Sang-Yong
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.563-567
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    • 2007
  • This study evaluated the effect of ANTORIN R-10(pFSH), a commercially available follicle stimulating hormone on ovarian morphology, on follicular development and serum estradiol levels in rats. Immature female Wistar S/T rats(27 day old; 80-100 g B.wt) maintained under controlled environmental conditions($22{\pm}2^{\circ}C$; 50% humidity; 12 h light/12 h dark cycle) with free access to standard laboratory feed and tap water were utilized. Animals were allowed to acclimatize to the new environment for at least 2 weeks before being included in the experiment. Rats were randomly allotted to 5 groups(Control, SL 0.1AU, SH 0.2AU, TL 0.1AU and TH 0.2AU). ANTORIN R-10 was subcutaneously injected twice daily for 3 days. Twenty hours after hormone treatment, blood was collected to estimate the serum estradiol $17-\beta$ concentration. Immediately, all rats were sacrificed and the ovarian morphology, ovary weight and number of follicles were recorded. Ovaries were fixed for histomorphological examination. Higher standard and treatment groups were significantly increased on ovary weight and the number of follicles more than 1mm compared with lower standard and treatment. However, no difference revealed between standard and treatment groups. ANTORIN R-10 was similar effects of follicles development and maturation compared with House standard FSH.

Study on the sexing of preimplantation mouse embryo exposed to H-Y ntisera I. Sexing of mouse embryos by cytolytic assay (H-Y항체에 의한 생쥐초기배의 성판별에 관한 연구 I. 세포발육능검사에 의한 성판별)

  • 양부근;김정익
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 1988
  • There studies were conducted using inbred ICR mice to examine the sex of preimplantation mouse embryo. The morphological normality of mice embryos treated with the culture medium containing rat H-Y antiserum(10%, v/v) plus complement(20%,v/v) was observed and also the sexing of embryos was investigated by chromosomal analysis. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1. The viability of preimplantation mouse embryos, which were incubated in vitro with different media condition, was scored 68.9-85.5% in control group. However, 151 embryos normally developed up to blastocyst and 160 embryos were retarded growth or destroyed out of total 311 embryos treated in the medium containing H-Y antiserum(10%, v/v) plus complement(20%,v/v). 2. H-Y antiserum was prepared from inb red rats (Wistar and Donryu strain) with different immunization times (4, 5 and 6th) to examine the specific titer of embryos by the number of immunization. Precentage of normally developed embryos incubated either in the medium containing the antiserum of Wistar plus complement or Donryu plus complement was revealed 50.9, 47.4 and 50.0% (4, 5 and 6th immunization and 47.8, 41.2 and 48.7%, respectively. 3. Twenty two females and five males were identified out of fourty-eight normally developed embryos incubated in the medium containing H-Y antiserum plus complement by chromosomal analysis.

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Charateristics of Voltage Dependent Calcium Uptake and Norepinephrine Release in Hypothalamus of DOCA-salt Hypertensive Rats

  • Lee, Jean-Young;Kim, Hae-Jung;Jung, Eun-Young;Chung, Hye-Joo;Ko, Kwang-Ho
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.171-176
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    • 1993
  • Purpose of the present study was to clarify the role of noradrenergic neural activities in hypothalamus for either triggering or maintaining hypertension in deoxycorticosterone (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats. Two groups of animals were prepared: 1) normotensive Wistar rats and 2) DOCA-salt induced hypertensive rats. Voltage dependent $^{45}Ca^{++}$ uptake, endogenous norepinephrine release, and the catecholamine content in the hypothalamus of DOCA-salt hypertensive and normotensive Wistar rats were compared. Animals at 4, 6 and 16 week-old of two groups were sacrificed by decapitation and hypothalamus was dissected out. Voltage dependent calcium uptake and norepinephrine release were determined from hypothalamic synaptosomes either in low potassium or high potassium stimulatory condition by using $^{45}Ca^{++}$ isotope and HPLC-ECD technique. Degrees of voltage dependent $^{45}Ca^{++}$ uptake and norepinephrine release in hypothalamic synaptosomes of 16-week-old DOCA-salt hypertensive rats were significantly greater than those of age matched normotensive control rats. The norepinephrine and dopamine contents of hypothalamus were about the same in two groups of animals. These results suggest that the alteration of evoked norepinephrine release related to calcium uptake in hypothalamus may play a role in the maintenance of hypertension in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats.

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Effect of Marine Protein Supplementation on Lipid Profile of Growing Rats Compared to Soybean Protein and Casein

  • Narayan, Bhasakar;Yamaguchi, Kohei;Hosokawa, Masashi;Fukunaga, Kenji;Nishiyama, Toshimasa;Miyashita, Kazuo
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1330-1335
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    • 2009
  • Although beneficial effects of dietary plant proteins on lipid metabolism are well documented, not much information exists on the influence of different seafood proteins on the lipid metabolism. The present study evaluated the effect of 2 marine proteins (tuna protein and scallop ovary proteins) in comparison to casein and soy protein in male Wistar rats. The concentration of total lipids in the plasma of rats fed experimental diets was significantly lower from that of control (278.2 mg/dL) group (p<0.05); and, the liver lipid content was not significantly different (p>0.05). Fecal excretion of cholesterol and bile acids was significantly higher in marine proteins and soy protein fed groups compared to casein only fed control (6.1 and 6.4 mg/day, respectively) group (p<0.05). No significant differences were observed in the mRNA concentrations of different transcriptional factors (p>0.05).

Anti-aging Effect and Gene Expression Profiling of Aged Rats Treated with G. bimaculatus Extract

  • Ahn, Mi Young;Hwang, Jae Sam;Yun, Eun Young;Kim, Min-Ji;Park, Kun-Koo
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.173-180
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    • 2015
  • Extract from Gryllus bimaculatus crickets inhibits oxidation at the DNA level, with reduced production of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG). Microarray analyses were performed with a rat 28K cDNA clone set array to identify the gene expression profiles of aged (10 months old) Wistar Kyoto rats treated for one month with 100 mg/kg G. bimaculatus ethanol extract to assess the effects. The extract produced a meaningful anti-edema effect, evident by the inhibition of creatinine phosphokinase activity. The weights of abdominal and ovarian adipose tissues were reduced and the proportion of unsaturated fatty acids in adipose tissues was increased in an extract dose-dependent manner. Compared with untreated control rats, rats treated with the extract displayed the upregulation of 1053 genes including Fas (tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 6), Amigo3 (adhesion molecule with an immunoglobulin-like domain), Reticulon 4, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme (Hmgcr; a reductase), related anti-fatigue (enzyme metabolism), and Rtn antioxidant, and the downregulation of 73 genes including Ugt2b (UDP glycosyltransferase 2 family), Early growth response 1, and Glycoprotein m6a. Data suggest that G. bimaculatus extract may have value in lessening the effects of aging, resulting in a differential gene expression pattern indicative of a marked stress response and lower expression of metabolic and biosynthetic genes.

Altered Cardiac $Na^{+}$,$K^{+}$-ATPase Activity in Prehypertensive Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat

  • Lee, Shin-Woong-;Lee, Jeung-Soo-
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.300-300
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    • 1994
  • $Na^{+}$,$K^{+}$-ATPase activity, $Na^{+}$-dependent phosphorylalion, and [$^3$〕ouabain binding in sarcolemma prepared from 4 week old spontaneously hypertensive rat(SHR) ventricles were compared to the same parameters in sarcolemma from age matched normotensive Wistar-Kyoto(WKY) rat ventricles to examine whether the reduced myocardial $Na^{+}$-pump activity in SHR is an inherited enzymatic defect or a second phenomenon due to sustained hypertension. The total body weights, ventricular weights, and blood pressures were the same for SHR and WKY. No significant differences in sarcolemmal protein content and protein recovery were noted between the two pups. Sarcolemma isolated from SHR ventricles showed sigificantly less $Na^{+}$,$K^{+}$-ATPase activity and number of phosphorylation sites when compared to snrcolemma 1mm the WKY ventricles. Equilibrium binding of [$^3H$〕ouabain and the turnovcr number of myocardial $Na^{+}$,$K^{+}$-ATPast however, wee the same for both groups. These results. indicate that the low affinity(${\alpha}$, or ${\alpha}_1$) isoform for ouabain is reduced in SHR compared to WKY but that the high affinity(${\alpha}$+, or ${\alpha}_2$) isoform is the same in ventricles of SHR and WKY. The reduced amount of at isoform of the $Na^{+}$,$K^{+}$-ATPasc in prehypertensive SHR ventricles may play some pole in the development of hypertension.

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Scanning Electron Microscopic Observation on the Rat Oviductal Epithelium in each Segment during Normal Sexual Cycle (백서난관상피(白鼠卵管上皮)의 주사현미경적(走査電子顯微鏡的) 관찰(觀察))

  • Lee, Jae-Hyun
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.10 no.1_2
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    • pp.41-51
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    • 1980
  • Scanning electron microscopic observation of the oviductal epithelium was carried out on the virgin white Wistar rat during normal sexual cycle, and obtained the results as follows; Rat oviductal epithelium during the normal sexual cycle generally consisted of two types of cells: ciliated and non-ciliated cell. The ciliated cells had cilia which was measured $0.2{\mu}$ in width and $3-5{\mu}$ in length. According to the length of microvilli and the distribution in each segment, the non-ciliated cell was further subdivided into four types of cells; NC-I, NC-II, NC-III, and NC-IV. The morphologic characteristics of each type of cells were also ascertained by SEM observations.

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Electron microscopy study on the change of Paneth cells of rat after irradiation (방사선 조사가 흰쥐의 Paneth 세포 변화에 대한 전자현미경적 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Sam;Chung, Ji-Sook;Chung, Kyung-A;Roh, Young-Bok
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.20-28
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    • 1995
  • This study observes the change of small intestine mucosa paneth cell by changing the amount of radiation to rat. It uses the rat(Wistar) of 250-300g as the experimental animal and irradiation equipment is Gammacell 3000Elan System. and the irradiation is conducted for 500Rad group for 34sec., 1000rad for 68sec., and 1500Rad for 102sec. once on the whole body of each group, eachgroup is anesthetized with ether after 24hours. its small intestine is extrated and then it is observed by transmission electronic microscopy. The experimental results are as follows : 1. 500 Rad Group The Slightly elongated form of mitochondria and rough endoplasmic reticulum are observed in 500 Rad group. 2. 1000 Rad Group Golgi apparatus is appeared as the extended plasmodium, secretory granules exist only external membrane due to the self-fusion, the number of mitochondria that are changed as L-type are reduced, rough endoplasmic reticulum is distributed with the expanded form. 3. 1500 Rad Group The number of Golgi apparatus and granules is remarkably reduced, mitochondria is changed into C-type and free ribosomes can be observed instead of the reduction of rough endoplasmic reticulum.

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