• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wistar Rat

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Histological Changes of Rat Preputial Gland during Normal Sexual Cycle and Sex Hormone Treatment (성주기(性週期) 및 성(性)호르몬 주사(注射)에 따른 Rat 포피선(包皮腺)의 조직학적변화(組織學的變化))

  • Lee, Jae-Hyun;Woun, Bong-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.99-105
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    • 1979
  • In order to know the histological changes of rat preputial gland during normal sexual cycle and sex hormone treatment, matured Wistar rats (B.W.about 200g) were used for the experiment. Rats were subcutaneously given $2{\mu}g$ 17-${\beta}$-estradiol (Sigma) and 2.5g progesterone (Nakarai Chem., Japan) daily in 0.5ml propylen glycol for ten days respectively. The results obtained are as follow: At the stage of estrus and metestrus, the eosinophilic crystalloid granules and large vacuoles in the acinar cells appeared numerously, and the excretory ducts were severely extended. The developed connective tissue between the acinus were also found. At the stage of proestrus and diestrus, however, the small vacuoles and a few eosinophilic crystalloid granules appeared in the acinar cell. In the estradiol treatment, on the other hand, severely extended excretory ducts and a small number of the eosinophilic crystalloid granules compared with the progesterone treatment were found. The cyst-like structure was found, and in that the acinus disappeared completely. In the progesterone treatment, remarkably extended excretory ducts and nomerous appearance of oval formed eosinophilic granules in the acinar cells were found. As these findings, it could be suggested that the secretion of rat preputial gland was active at the estrus and metestrus stage, and estrogen may concerned in the secretion, land progesterone in the formation of secretory products.

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Changes of Amino Acid Neurotransmitter Contents in Rat Brain by Toluene Inhalation (톨루엔 흡입이 뇌내 아미노산 신경전달물질 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • 이선희;신대섭;김부영
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 1995
  • The effects of toluene inhalation on the contents of amino acid neurotransmitters in rat brain were investigated and blood toluene concentrations inducing changes of behavior and amino acid neurotransmitter contents in rat brain were observed. Male wistar rats were exposed to toluene vapor (single dose : 1700, 5000 and 10000 ppm for 2 hrs, repeated dose : 1700 and 5000 ppm for 2 hrs/day$\times$6 days). Toluene concentrations in blood and the inhalation chamber were assayed by GC with headspace sampler. HPLC method following PITC derivatization was used to measure the amino acid contents in brain tissues such as frontal cortex, caudate, hippocampus, cerebellum and brain stem. Glutamic acid and aspartic acid levels were increased by single inhalation of toluene (5000 ppm) in all the brain areas assayed in this experiment. In caudate and cerebellum, taurine levels were decreased by single inhalation of low dose toluene (1700 ppm), but increased by repeated administration. At high blood toluene concentration, GABA levels were increased in all the brain areas assayed in this experiment and the increasing extents of inhibitory amino acid contents measured in caudate and hippocampus were greater than those of excitatory amino acids. These results suggest that the changes of amino acid neurotransmitter contents in brain by exposure to toluene may modulate toluene-induced behaviors.

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Effect of Splenectomy on the Blood Picture according to Gestation Periods in Rats (비장적출이 임신 rat의 혈액상에 미치는 영향)

  • 정원철;오석두;성환후;정진관;윤창현;이병오
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.157-165
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    • 1994
  • This experiment was examined the effect of splenectomy on the hematology in pregnant wistar rat. Only animals that had been shown regular 4-day estrous cycles for more than two cycles were used. The day after mating with the same male animal ws designated Day 0 of pregnancy. Spleen was removed from Day 0(early), 6(middle) and 13(late) of pregnant rat, respectively. Blood sample was collected at Day 1, 7, 14 and 21 of the pregnancy. 1. RBC was increased significantly(P<0.05) to the progress of pregnancy in control rat. The late splenectomized rats were decreased significantly(P<0.05) at Day 21 of pregnancy than control rats. 2. Hb was increased significantly (P<0.05) at 21th day of pregnancy in late splenectomized groups than others group. 3. In the late splenectomized rats, Ht was decreased significant (P<0.05) due to the progress of pregnancy and decreased significantly (P<0.05) at Day 21 of pregnancy in all splenectomized groups. 4. WBC was increased significantly (P<0.05) at Day 1 of pregnancy in splenectomized groups compared with control. 5. In differential leukocyte rate, the Basophils and Monocytes was not significantly changed. Neutrophils was increased significantly(P<0.05) at Day 14 and 21 than Day 1 and 7 of pregnancy in control. Lymphocytes was decreased significantly(P<0.05) in control due to progress of pregnancy. Neutrophils was increased and Lymphocytes was decreased significantly(P<0.05) in splenectomized groups compared with control.

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Effect of P. ginseng on the expression of c-Fos in the brain of Wistar rats with testosterone induced benign prostatic hyperplasia

  • Jang, Hyang Mi
    • Journal of Biomedical and Translational Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.108-112
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    • 2017
  • The lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) show in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The three major micturition centers in brain are pontine micturition center (PMC), ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG), and medial preopticnucleus (MPA) regions. Previous study showed that c-Fos expression change was associated with LUTS. In present study, the effect of P. ginseng on c-Fos expression in PMC, vlPAG, and MPA regions in rat brain was tested. P. ginseng is the four year-old Korean ginseng. It was collected at the department of medicinal crop research (Eumsung-gun, Chungbuk, Korea) in September 2010. The four groups (n = 6) are control group, BPH-induced group, BPHinduced and P. ginseng-treated group, and BPH-induced and finasteride-treated group. BPH in rats was induced by testosterone. After 4 weeks, all animals were sacrificed to evaluate c-Fos expression in PMC, vlPAG, and MPA regions in rat brain. The c-Fos expression was evaluated in the regions of rat brain by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Present results showed that c-Fos expressions in PMC, vlPAG, and MPA regions in brain of rats in the BPH-induced group were higher compared to c-fos expression of the control group. The increased c-Fos expression in three regions (PMC, vlPAG, and MPA) were decreased by treatment with P. ginseng (200 mg/kg). These results suggest that P. ginseng has an inhibitory effect on the symptoms of BPH and is associated with regulation of c-Fos expression in the brain in a testosterone induced BPH rat model.

Histopathological Studies on the Experimental Lead Poisoning in Rats (실험적 납중독 랫드의 조직병리학적 관찰)

  • 권오덕;신태균
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.70-75
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    • 2000
  • This study was undertaken to find out the effect of lead on histopathological changes in rat. Thirty female Wistar rats, 7 weeks old, were divided into a control and two experimental groups. The control was received normal diet. The two experimental groups were received diets contaminated artificially with 10 or 5,000 ug/g of lead administration group, histopathological changes were observed in the kidney, liver, heat, brain and lung from the 4th week of experiment. Desquamation of renal epithelia and inclusion bodies in the epithelia of renal tubules were demonstrated in the kidneys. But the liver did not show acid-fast inclusion body. Degeneration of cardiac muscles were seen. The number of mast cells were increased in the cardiac muscles. Darkly stained neurons in the cerebral cortex, some inflammatory cells around meningeal vessels and distended Virchow-Robin spaces were observed.

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INHIBITORY EFFECTS OF RED GINSENG EXTRACT ON PRENEOPLASTIC NODULE FORMATION IN THE RAT LIVER OBSERVED BY RAPID BIOASSAY OF CARCINOGENESIS

  • Kim, Yun-Bae;Lee, Yong-Soon
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.159-179
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    • 1988
  • This study was carried out to investigate the inhibitory effects of red ginseng extract on preneoplastic nodule formation in the rat liver using a rapid bioassay of hepatocarcinogenesis. Wistar male rats in test groups were fed diets containing 3.0, 0.3 or 003% of red genseng extract for 6 weeks after 2 week of dosing with diethylnitrosamine (DEAN, 200 mg/kg B.W., I.P.) or saline solution. The rats in the control groups were treated with DENA or saline alone. Three weeks after the beginning of the experiment, the two-thirds partial hepatectomy was performed on all animals. The inhibitory effects were investigated by measuring the number, total area and size of hyperplastic nodules enhanced by the 2/3 partial hepatectomy following induction with DENA. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1. In general, the body weight gains of the rats fed diets containing red ginseng extract were higher than those of other groups.

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The Relationship between Hypertension and Central Serotonergic Nervous System Activity in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

  • Kim, Sung-Jin;Ko, Kwang-Ho
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.301-307
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    • 1988
  • Relationship between the maintenance of hypertension and central serotonergic nervous system activity in opontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was studied. Serotonin turnover-rates were measured in 5 brain areas as an index of serotonergic neuronal activity and compared at the ages of 14 weeks in two types of animals; (1) spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) (2) normotensive wistar kyoto rats (WKY). In 14-week old SHR, central serotonin turnover rate was significantly lower in telencephalon, hypothalamus/thalamus and midbrain than normotensive rat, but significantly higher in cerebellum. There were no significant differences between serotonin turnover rate in pons/medulla of SHR and that of normotensive rat. THese data suggest that the abnormally lower turnover rates of serotonin in telencephalon, hypothalamus/thalamus and midbrain may be one of the underlying neuronal factors for manifestation of hypertension in SHR.

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Effect of Cumambrin A Treatment on Blood Pressure in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (고혈압 흰쥐에서 Cumambrin A의 혈압 강하 효과)

  • Hong, Yong-Geun;Yang, Min-Suk;Pak, Yun-Bae
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.226-230
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    • 1999
  • We have isolated a sesquiterpene lactone, cumambrin A from the dried flowers of Chrysanthemum boreale Makino and reported its chemical structure. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the exogenous administration of cumambrin A has a pharmacological effect on normalization of blood pressure in the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). In vitro studies: Relaxative response induced by cumainbrin A was increased with dose-dependent manner and showed maximizing response at a concentration of $5{\times}10^{-4}M$. Further, this relaxative response was significantly increased at a condition of endothelium present than that of endothelium denuded. In vivo studies: The normalizing effect of cumambrin A on blood pressure was also increased with time-dependent manner and then gradually recovered to normal condition at approximately 4 hrs after cumambrin A treatment.

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Combined Eeffect of Exercise and L-arginine Supplementation on Cardiovascular and Immune Responses in SHR (L-arginine 투여와 훈련이 SHR의 심혈관 반응과 면역력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kawk Yi-Sub
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.703-706
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the combined effect of L-arginine supplementation and regular physical exercise on HR, BP, eNOS and Macrophage activation using SHR. To examine the differences among HR, BP, eNOS, and Macrophage activity levels, normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats were used as a control. Thirty two male rats (six weeks old) were divided into four groups; eight WKY control (WKYC), eight SHR control (SHRC), eight SHR supplemented with L-arginine (SHRA), and eight SHR trained and supplemented with L-arginine (SHRTA). Obtained results were as follows : In the heart and blood pressure, there was significant differences anong the four group (p<.05) compare to SHRC. In the eNOS levels, there was significant differences among the four groups (p<.05) compare to SHRC. In the macrophage activity, there was significant differences among the four groups (p<.05) compare to SHRC. In conclusion, For the SHRC group, the level of eNOS is higher than that of WKYC, and we can expect tissue damage caused by toxic free radical. However, this can be stabilized by the L-arginine supplementation and regular physical training. we can also conclude regular aerobic training decrease cardiovascular stress caused by stabled macrophage activity. Therefore, we can trace it is the effect of training in SHR.

Functional Recovery Following the Transplantation of Olfactory Ensheathing Cells in Rat Spinal Cord Injury Model

  • Muniswami, Durai Murugan;Tharion, George
    • Asian Spine Journal
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.998-1009
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    • 2018
  • Study Design: Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) from rat olfactory mucosa were cultured, characterized, and transplanted into a rat model of spinal cord injury (SCI). Purpose: To evaluate different doses of OECs in a rat model of SCI. Overview of Literature: SCI causes permanent functional deficit because the central nervous system lacks the ability to perform spontaneous repair. Cell therapy strategies are being explored globally. The clinical use of human embryonic stem cell is hampered by ethical controversies. Alternatively, OECs are a promising cell source for neurotransplantation. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of different doses of allogenic OEC transplantation in a rat model of SCI. Methods: OECs were cultured from the olfactory mucosa of Albino Wistar rats; these cells were characterized using immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. Rats were divided into five groups (n=6 rats each). In each group, different dosage ($2{\times}10^5$, $5{\times}10^5$, $10{\times}10^5$, and >$10{\times}10^5$) of cultured cells were transplanted into experimentally injured spinal cords of rat models. However, in the SCI group, only DMEM (Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium) was injected. Rats were followed up upto 8 weeks post-transplantation. The outcome of transplantation was assessed using the Basso, Beattie, Bresnahan (BBB) scale; motor-evoked potential studies; and histological examination. Results: Cultured cells expressed 41% of p75NTR, a marker for OEC, and 35% of anti-fibronectin, a marker for olfactory nerve fibroblast. These cells also expressed $S100{\beta}$ and glial fibrillary acid protein of approximately 75% and 83%, respectively. All the transplanted groups showed promising BBB scores for hind-limb motor recovery compared with the SCI group (p<0.05). A motor-evoked potential study showed increased amplitude in all the treated groups compared with the SCI. Green fluorescent protein-labeled cells survived in the injured cord, suggesting their role in the transplantation-mediated repair. Transplantation of $5{\times}10^5$ cells showed the best motor outcomes among all the doses. Conclusions: OECs demonstrated a therapeutic effect in rat models with the potential for future clinical applications.