• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wistar Rat

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Effects of solanum macrocarpon (African eggplant) on haematological parameters of wistar rats exposed to urban air pollution

  • Olajire, A.A.;Azeez, L.
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.109-123
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    • 2012
  • Our study investigated the effects of Solanum macrocarpon (African eggplant) on haematological and biochemical parameters of male albino rats exposed to urban air pollution ($O_3$, $PM_{10}$, CO, $SO_2$, $NO_2$ and VOC). Male albino Wistar rats were exposed for 63 days either to urban air pollution without treatment (A); oral supplementation with Solanum macrocarpon given at 36 and 75 mg/kg body weight (BW), representing C and D respectively and exposed to air pollution; oral supplementation with Solanum macrocarpon given at 75 mg/kg BW after exposure to air pollution (B); or kept in animal house without exposure to air pollution (E). Animals exposed to air pollution showed significant alterations in haematological and biochemical parameters signaling that the blood and organs were badly injured. There were significant elevations in white blood cells (WBC) and its indices, reduction in red blood cells (RBC) and significant depletions of non-enzymic antioxidants, total protein and increase in lipid peroxidation values. Solanum macrocarpon supplementation in the feed of animals halted significantly the deleterious effects of air pollution, with co-administration during exposure given better results.

Experimental Toxocara catiInfection in Gerbils and Rats

  • Zibaei, Mohammad;Sadjjadi, Seyed Mahmoud;Uga, Shoji
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.331-333
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    • 2010
  • Mongolian gerbils and Wistar rats were inoculated orally with 240 and 2,500 Toxocara cati embryonated eggs, respectively, to evaluate the larval recovery in different tissues and organs, such as the liver, lungs, heart, kidney, and skeletal muscles after 5, 30, 49, 70, and 92 days post-infection (PI). Larval recovery rates were 1.7-30.0% in Mongolian gerbils on days 5-92 PI and 0.2-3.8% in rats on the same days. These results indicate that Mongolian gerbils and Wi star rats are suitable experimental paratenic hosts for the study of neurological toxocariasis as well as visceral toxocariasis.

Effect of Splenectomy on the Progesterone Concentration according to Gestation Periods in Rats (비장적출이 임신 Rat의 Progesterone농도에 미치는 영향)

  • 이병오;정원철;오석두;성환후;윤창현
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.141-145
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    • 1995
  • The effect of splenectomy on the concentration of progesterone in pregnant wistar rats showing 4-day regular estrous cycles more than two cycles were investigated. The day after mating with the same male animal was designated day 0 of pregnancy. Splenectomy was conducted on day 0 (early-S), 6 (middle-S) and 13 (late-S) of pregnant rat, respectively. Blood sample were collected at day 1, 7, 14 and 21 of pregnancy. Concentraton of serum progesterone was determined by emzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using specific antibodies and emzyme conjugate(progesterone peroxidase labeled). In normal pregnant rats, serum progesterone concentrations were increased significantly (P<0.05) on day 7 and 14 of pregnancy compared with on day 1 of pregnancy and then dramatically decreased on day 21. However in early and middle splenectomized rats, progesterone concentrations were significantly (P<0.05) decreased on day 7 and 14 of pregnancy compared with same day of normal rats. These observations indicate that luteotropic action and steroidogenesis by corpus luteum of ovary may be regulated by splenocytes in rat.

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The Biomechanical Characteristics of Isoflavone-Treated Ovariectomized Rat's Femur (이소플라본을 투여한 난소절제 흰쥐 대퇴골의 생체역학적 분석)

  • Kang S.;Park Y. H.;Paik M, K.;Om A. S.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.467-474
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    • 2004
  • This study was to investigate the biomechanical characteristics of isoflavone-treated ovariectomized growing rat's femur. 4-week-old Wistar (female rats were randomly divided into 5 groups and assigned to sham(SH) group, and four ovariectomized groups consisting of one ovariectomized(OVX) group and genisetin(10 mg/kg b.w. )(OVX+G), daidzein(10 mg/kg b.w.)(OVX+D), and 17 $\beta$-estradiol(10 $\mu$g/kg b.w.)(OVX+ES) in AIN-76 modified diet for 8 weeks. The OVX groups gained more body weight than the SH group. Femoral weight was increased by feeding genistein and estradiol, whereas femoral length among groups was not significantly different. The breaking farce, stiffness, deformation, and energy values of the OVX group were lower than those of other groups. The stress, strain, and Young's modulus values of the OVX group were higher than those of other groups.

Changes in blood flow at the mandibular angle and Horner syndrome in a rat model of superior cervical ganglion block

  • Kubota, Kazutoshi;Sunada, Katsuhisa
    • Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2018
  • Background: A stellate ganglion block (SGB) causes increased blood flow in the maxillofacial region, exhibiting the potential for regenerative effects in damaged tissue. The focus of this study was to understand the efficacy of SGB for regenerative effects against nerve damage. A rat model of the superior cervical ganglion block (SCGB) was created instead of SGB, and facial blood flow, as well as sympathetic nervous system function, were measured. Methods: A vertical incision was made on the left side of the neck of a Wistar rat, and a 5-mm resection of the superior cervical ganglion was performed at the back of the bifurcation of the internal and external branches of the left common carotid artery. Blood flow in the skin at the mandibular angle and mean facial temperature were measured using a laser-Doppler blood flow meter and a thermographic camera, respectively, over a 5-week period after the block. In addition, the degree of ptosis and miosis were assessed over a period of 6 months. Results: The SCGB rat showed significantly higher blood flow at the mandibular angle on the block side (P < 0.05) for 3 weeks, and significantly higher skin temperature (P < 0.05) for 1 week after the block. In the SCGB rat, ptosis and miosis occurred immediately after the block, and persisted even 6 months later. Conclusions: SCGB in rats can cause an increase in the blood flow that persists over 3 weeks.

Effect of Cytochalasin B in Activation Medium on the Development of Rat Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer Embryos

  • Roh, Sang-Ho
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.109-113
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of cytochalasin B (CB) treatment in the activation medium on the development of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) rat embryos. Fetal fibroblast cells were isolated from a Day 14.5 fetus, and the oocytes for recipient cytoplasm were recovered from 4-week old Sprague Dawley rats. After enucleation and nuclear injection, the reconstructed oocytes were immediately exposed to activation medium consisting of 10 mM $SrCl_2$ with or without CB for 4 hr, and formation of pseudo-pronucleus (PPN) was checked at 18 hr after activation. Then, they were transferred into day 1 pseudopregnant recipients (Hooded Wistar) or cultured for 5 days to check their developmental competence in vivo or in vitro. The number of PPN was not affected by CB treatment during the activation. However, CB treatment supported pre-implantation development of rat SCNT embryos. Embryos generated by the procedures of SCNT were also capable of implanting, with 1 implantation scar found from a recipient following the transfer of 87 SCNT embryos to four foster mothers. The result of the present study shows that rat SCNT embryo can develop to post-implantation stage following treatment with CB.

Effect of chelating agent and organic acid on strontium distribution in Wistar rats (착화제와 유기산이 Wistar rat체내의 Sr 분포에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kee-Ho;Lee, Je-Ho;Park, Sang-Yoon;Lee, Seung-Hoon;Ryu, Yong-Wun;Yun, Taik-Koo
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.41-49
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    • 1990
  • $^{88}SrCl_2$ was injected to the tail vein of Wistar rats and investigated its distribution and clearance in the tissues and blood. We also measured the changes in Sr binding to the blood plasma protein by administrating chelating agents and organic acids. For the blood, 60% of the Sr occurred in the plasma and 40% on the cell membrane. Fifty percent of Sr in the blood plasma was bound to plasma protein. Sr on the cell membrane seemed to be bound loosely. The binding in the lymphocyte was higher than in the erythrocyte .and granulocyte. Within one hour Sr was quickly disappeared from the blood stream, to be accumulated in the bone. Twenty four hours after the injection, Sr decreased rapidly in the organs of soft tissue, but slowly in the bone. The binding of Sr to plasma protien decreased from 57% of the control to 27-33% in the group treated with chelating agents, EDTA, EGTA and DTPA and to 19% and 40% in the groups treated with organic acids, citrate and oxalate, respectively.

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Effect of Dietary Protein Levels, Caffeine and Green Tea on Body Fat Deposition in Wistar Rats (Wistar Rat에 있어서 체지방 축적에 미치는 식이단백질 수준, 카페인 및 녹차의 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Chi-Ho;Choi, Byung-Kyu;Lee, Woon-Chang;Park, Chang-Il;Furugawa, Yuzuro;Kimura, Shuichi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.595-600
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    • 1992
  • This study was performed to investigate the effects of dietary protein levels(5% and 15% PEP), caffeine or green tea powder on body fat deposition in rats. Male weanling Wistar rats weighting the average of 90g were allotted into 6 experimental groups, each of which was fed two different levels of dietary protein with or without caffeine or green tea powder(5p+0.15% caffeine ; 5p+6.1% green tea powder ; 15p+0.15% caffeine ; 15p+6.1% green tea powder) during 8 weeks of the experimental period. Caffeine and green tea powder were supplemented at the levels of 0.15% and 6.1% of experimental diets. The rats fed 5% PEP diet which had received caffeine or green tea powder showed significantly(p<0.01) reduced gain in body weight. The food efficiency of which rats fed both 5% and 15% PEP diet supplemented with 6.1% green tea powder was significantly low(p<0.05, respectively) compared with the control group. Rats fed diets containing 0.15% caffeine and 6.1% green tea powder showed the significant reduction(p<0.01) of hite adipose tissue weight, triglycerides levels of liver and plasma. The addition of 0.15% caffeine or 6.1% green tea powder to 5% PEP diet resulted in significantly(p<0.01) higher levels of plasma total cholesterol, free cholesterol, cholesterol ester, but HDL-cholesterol levels were significantly(p<0.01, in 5% PEP group) high. The atherogenic index(Tchol-HDLchol/HDLchol) in rats fed 6.1% green tea powder diets decreased especially compared with the control group.

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Effect of Mineral-rich Salt Intake on Diabetic Goto-Kakizaki Rats (미네랄이 풍부한 천일염이 Goto-Kakizaki Rat에 미치는 영향)

  • Jin, Yong-Xie;Kim, Haeng-Ryan;Kim, So-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.355-359
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this study was to determine the hyperglycemic effects of mineral-rich salt in type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats and normal Wistar rats. Animals were divided into five groups, including a normal group, fed three different experimental salts [purified salt (PS), mineral-rich salt (WS1 and WS2), and bamboo salt (BS)] in the form of 1% salt solution for 12 weeks. Liver, kidney, and spleen weights were significantly increased in GK rats of salt groups as compared to Wistar normal group without salt. However, there was no difference among the salt groups. For serum lipids, total cholesterol level in the BS group and triglyceride level in the WS group were significantly reduced compared to those of the PS group. The concentration of blood glucose in the GK-PS group increased continuously during the experimental period, whereas that in the GK-WS group was significantly reduced at 12 weeks. In GK rats, glucose levels among the salt groups in OGTT by glucose were not significantly different compared to normal rats. Insulin and glucagon levels in blood were not significantly different among the groups, and no such association was observed for insulin. Pancreatic lslets of Langerhans in the PS group showed irregular formation compared to those of the normal, WS, and BS groups.

Spermatozoa Characteristics of Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Wistar Rat: Acrosome Reaction and Spermatozoa Concentration (Streptozotocin으로 유발된 당뇨병성 Wistar Rat 정자의 첨체반응 및 수 변화 특성)

  • Cheon, Yong-Pil;Kim, Chung-Hoon;Kang, Byung-Moon;Chang, Yoon-Seok;Nam, Joo-Hyun;Kim, Young-Soo;Gye, Myung-Chan;Kim, Moon-Kyoo;Kim, Kil-Soo
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 1999
  • Some of the information concerning sexual function in the male diabetes has been focused upon the problems of endocrine or semen parameters. However, the characteristics of acrosome reaction and spermatozoa concentration at the epididymis and vas deferens have scarcely been studied, and the causes of the infertility has not been critically identified. So, we designed to inspect the spermatozoa concentration and the characteristics of acrosome reaction at epididymis and vas deferens of diabetic Wistar rat induced by streptozotocin (STZ, 70 mg/kg, ip). Experimental animal was sacrificed at 3 days and 14 days after the STZ injection. In the diabetes-induced rat, the levels of insulin and glucose had a pattern of inverse proportion. The spermatozoa concentrations in caput and corpus epididymis were significantly decreased in all diabetic condition. In cauda epididymis, however, there was significant decrease in sperm concentration at 14 days onward. In diabetic rat, the spontaneous reaction rate of spermatozoa of cauda and vas deferens were significantly higher than the control group. The ARIC (acrosome reaction to ionophore challenge) value of caudal sperm was 28.7 at control, 22.1 at 3 days, and 8.3 at 14 days. In the present study the spermatozoa concentration was decreased and the spontaneous reaction rate was increased by diabetes. In ARIC-test, it is revealed that the fertility of spermatozoa of 14 days group was lower than control or 3 days group. Diabetes mellitus may be provoke the decreased fertilization rate and subsequent infertility and subsequent infertility.

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