• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wistar Rat

Search Result 235, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

IL-4 and IL-5 Secretions Predominate in the Airways of Wistar Rats Exposed to Toluene Diisocyanate Vapor

  • Kouadio, Kouame;Zheng, Kui-Cheng;Toure, Abdoulaye Abba;Dosso, Mireille;Todoriki, Hidemi
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.47 no.1
    • /
    • pp.57-63
    • /
    • 2014
  • Objectives: We established a Wistar rat model of asthma caused by toluene diisocyanate (TDI) exposure, and investigated the relationship between TDI exposure concentrations and respiratory hypersensitivity, airway inflammation, and cytokine secretions in animals, to better understand the mechanism of TDI induced occupational asthma. Methods: Wistar rats were exposed to two different concentrations of TDI vapor four hours a day for five consecutive days. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed, and differential leucocytes from the BAL fluid were analyzed. Lung histopathological examination was carried out to investigate the inflammatory status in the airways. Production of cytokines interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-5 productions in the BAL fluid in vivo was determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. Results: The TDI-exposed rats exhibited greater airway hypersensitivity symptoms than the control rats. The BAL differential cell count and lung histopathological examination demonstrated that inflammation reactions were present in both the central and peripheral airways, characterized with marked infiltration of eosinophils in the TDI-exposed rats. The cytokine assay showed that IL-4 and IL-5 were predominantly produced in the BAL fluid in vivo. Conclusions: These findings imply that TDI exposure concentrations may greatly affect the occurrence and extent of inflammatory events and that Th2 type cytokines may play an important role in the immunopathogenesis of TDI-induced occupational respiratory hypersensitivity.

Characteristics of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease induced in wistar rats following four different diets

  • Fakhoury-Sayegh, Nicole;Trak-Smayra, Viviane;Khazzaka, Aline;Esseily, Fady;Obeid, Omar;Lahoud-Zouein, May;Younes, Hassan
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
    • /
    • v.9 no.4
    • /
    • pp.350-357
    • /
    • 2015
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has increased worldwide in parallel with overnutrition characterized by high-fat and high-carbohydrate intake. Our objective was to establish, in 16 weeks, a model of NAFLD in Wistar pathogen-free rats following four dietary types. MATERIALS/METHODS: Forty (6 weeks old) healthy Wistar male rats, weighing an average of 150 g were randomly divided into four groups of ten and assigned a diet with the same quantity (15 g/rat/day), but with different composition. The moderate-fat (MF) group was fed a moderate-fat diet (31.5% fat and 50% carbohydrates), the high-fat (HF) group was fed a fat-rich diet (51% fat), the high-sucrose (HS) group and the high-fructose (HFr) group were fed a carbohydrate-rich diet (61%). The carbohydrate contents of the HS group was composed of 60.3% sucrose while that of the HFr group was composed of 59.3% fructose. RESULTS: At week 16, the HF group had the highest percentage of cells enriched in fat (40%) and the highest weight and liver weight (P < 0.05). The HFr group showed significantly higher levels of serum triglycerides, alanine aminotransferase and adiponectin at week 16 as compared to week 1 (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The 15 g/rat/day diet composed of 51% fat or 61% carbohydrates enriched mainly in fructose may induce characteristics of NAFLD in rats.

Effect of Sheep and Chicken Antibodies to Rat Adipocytes Plasma Membranes on Rat Carcass Fat

  • Wang, Jundong;Zhang, Jianfeng;Li, Junping;Hao, Junhu;Wang, Shaolin;Zhang, Jianhai
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.17 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1177-1182
    • /
    • 2004
  • Polyclonal anti-sera were collected from sheep and chicken immunized with adipocytes plasma membranes. Thirty two male wistar rats, weighing 185-215 grams, were divided randomly into 4 groups (trial 1: control group and treat group, trial 2: control group and treat group), with 8 rats in each group. The experiment lasted for 7 weeks. Trial one: The control group received four consecutive daily intraperitoneal injections of 1ml of sheep normal sera. The same 4 day daily dose of group sheep anti-rats sera adipocyte plasma membrane anti-sera was administered to the treat group. The results showed that the treatment for treat group increased body weight by 6.35% (p<0.05) and food intake by 6.85%, and improved food conversion efficiency (Food intake/gain) by 45.00% (p<0.05). Periernal, epididymal and omental adipose deposit weights were decreased by 23.92% (p<0.05), 34.45% (p<0.05) and 0.98% respectively, while total fat content decreased by 20.92%. Trial two: The control group received four consecutive daily intraperitoneal injections of 1 ml of chicken normal sera, the results of injections of chicken anti-rats sera adipocyte plasma membrane antis-era administered to the treat group indicated that chicken anti-rats adipocyte plasma membranes immunization had an disadvantageous effect on the growth of the wistar rats by the end of 7th wk, compared with the control group. The immunized group decreased in total weight by 40 gram (p<0.05) an averagely and in food intake noticeably (p<0.01). The deposition of fat and the rates of TG and FFA in serum had no statistical significance.

Effects of Hyeongbangpaedok-san and Dokhwaljihwang-tang that Get Weight, Hematology, Biochemistry Change by Wistar Rat's Aging (형방패독산(荊防敗毒散)과 독활지황탕(獨活地黃湯)이 Wistar rat의 노화(老化)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Ahn, Taek-Won;Lee, Soo-Young
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.91-102
    • /
    • 2005
  • 1. Objectives The purpose of this study is to find out effects of Hyeongbangpaedok-san(HBPDS) and Dokhwaljihwang(DHJH) against decline of physical function as aging. 2. Methods Administrating HBPDS and DHJH to 40-week-old Wistar rat for 10 weeks so, I researched weight change, weight change of internal organs, and hematological and serological changes. 3. Results & Conclusions 1. Both examining groups, which were taken HBPDS and DHJH, got more weight than control group. But that was regardless. 2. Both examining groups got more weight on internal organs than control group. But that was regardless, too. 3. Both examining groups decreased in amount of MDA in serum, as contrasted with control group. But it was regardless. 4. Both examining groups improved on hematological condition. WBC, RBC, Hgb, monocytes and eosinophil rates were decreasing and HCT and PLT were increasing. Especially monocytes(p<0.001) and eosinophil(p<0.05) rate of DHJH taken group was decreased remarkably. 5-1. Both examining groups show decline in each item of functional examination of liver, such as ALT, AST, T-bilirubin, T-protein, ALB, A/G. T-chol, TG, etc. HBPDS taken group showed meaningful decline in Albumin(p<0.01) and A/G(p<0.01) and DHJH taken group showed meaningful decline in T-bilirubin(p<0.01). 5-2. Both examining groups showed decline in items of functional examination of kidneys. Specially HBPDS taken group showed meaningful decline in CRN rate(p<0.05) and DHJH taken group showed meaningful decline in BUN rate(p<0.05). As those results, HBPDS and DHJH are effective against decline of physical function as aging.

  • PDF

Induction of Cardiovascular Anaphylaxis and Basic Pharmacological Analysis of Involved Mediators in Pithed Rats

  • Park, Kwan-Ha
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.299-305
    • /
    • 2008
  • Active cardiovascular anaphylactic response was induced in ovalbumin-sensitized, pithed Sprague-Dawley and Wistar rats. On intravenous administration of the antigen, ovalbumin, marked tachycardia and pressor responses were immediately elicited. Thereafter, a delayed long-lasting severe hypotensive response was observed. These anaphylactic cardiovascular responses were maximal 2-3 weeks after the sensitization, and the response was slightly diminished 6 weeks after sensitization. The immediate pressor response was blocked by a non-selective serotonin antagonist methysergide at a dose-dependent manner, but not by histamine receptor antagonists mepyramine (pyrilamine) or cimetidine. The delayed hypotension was reduced either by histamine $H_1$ receptor antagonist mepyramine or $H_2$ receptor antagonist cimetidine, both in a dose-dependent manner. The tachycardic response was not influenced by serotonin or histamine receptor antagonists examined in this study. Differently from the cardiovascular responses, there was no observable bronchial contraction in Sprague-Dawley rat trachea in contrast to Wistar rat where the trachea contracted to in vitro antigen challenge. The cardiovascular anaphylactic model seems to be useful for studying cardiovascular events that occur exclusively in peripheral heart-blood vessel systems. The involvement of two major anaphylactic mediators, serotonin and histamine, is partially demonstrated.

Dietary Sodium Effects on Responses of Atrial Natriuretic Peptide, Aldosterone and Renin Release to Acute Volume Expansion in SHR (장기간 고염 섭취한 SHR 고혈압 쥐에서, 급성 혈장량 증가에 대한 Atrial Natriuretic Peptide, Aldosterone 및 Renin 분비 반응의 비교)

  • Kim, Ae-Ra;Lee, Won-Jung;Choo, Young-Eun;Kim, Suhn-Hee;Cho, Kyung-Woo
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.253-261
    • /
    • 1989
  • Responses of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), aldosterone and renin release to acute volume expansion were compared in normotensive Wistar and spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) fed low or high-sodium diet (2 or 25 mmol Na/100 g diet). Experimental diets were fed for 6 weeks from 7-week-old and the growth rate was similar in all groups. In the morning of the experiment, catheters were inserted under ether anesthesia in femoral artery for pressure recording and blood collection, femoral vein for saline infusion, and bladder for urine collection. Then, the rats were placed in restraining cages. When the rats were recovered from anesthesia and the arterial pressure became stabilized, control urine and blood samples were collected. Then, 0.9% saline was infused for 30 min for volume expansion (3% BW). Arterial pressure was significantly higher in the high-sodium SHR but there was no difference between the two groups of Wistar rats. Control plasma levels of Na, K, ANP, renin activity, and hematocrit were not different among the 4 groups. However, plasma aldosterone level was significantly higher in the low-sodium groups. Wistar low-sodium rats showed approximately two times higher plasma aldosterone level than the SHR counterpart. Volume expansion produced a marked increase in plasma ANP level, especially in the high-sodium groups. The low-sodium groups of both strains showed approximately two-fold increase in plasma ANP level. Following a volume expansion plasma aldosterone level and renin activity decreased in all groups. There was a significant logarithmic positive correlation between plasma renin activity and aldosterone concentration. The low-sodium rats produced a greater increase in aldosterone release by small increase in plasma renin than did the high-sodium rats. The low- and high-sodium rats produced a similar degree of diuresis and natriuresis after volume expansion. However, SHR produced a greater natriuresis than did the Wistar rats. The above results indicate that regulatory mechanisms of ANP, aldosterone and renin release are different between the normotensive and hypertensive rats, and between the low- and high-sodium groups.

  • PDF

The Inhibition Effects of Butylatedhydroxyanisole and Flavone on the Microsomal Activation of Cigarette Smoke Components in Rat (Butylatedhydroxyanisole과 Flavone에 의한 연기성분의 생체내 활성억제에 관한 연구)

  • 선우양일;박기현
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.8-13
    • /
    • 1980
  • The inhibition effect of flavone and butylatedhydroxyanisole (BHA) on the microsomal activation of Cigarette Smoke Condensate (CSC) or its Neutral Portion (NP) was investigated in Rat. The activities of Latic acid dehydrogenase (LDH) in serum was measured in the time intervals of 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30 hr, respectively, after the injection (ip) of CSC (5mg/kg) or NP (10mg/kg) to Wistar male rat. Flavone (1mg/kg) and BHA (1mg/kg) were injected along with CSC or NP. The significant enhancement of the LDH activity in serum was observed in both cases of rats treated with CSC and NP. A drastic decrease of LDH activity from 1040 unit to 641 unit was observed after 12 hours of injection of CSC along with flavone. In contrast with the case of flavone, BHA reduced the enzyme activity from 825 unit to 652 unit at the same condition of flavone. Therefore, flavone can be considered to be a better inhibitor on action of CSC in vivo.

  • PDF

Determination of vitamin $B_2$ by the lumiflavin fluorometric method and FMN, FAD, FR by the paper chromatography in the feces and urine (Lumiflavin 형광법(螢光法)에 의한 Rat 분뇨중(糞尿中)의 vitamin $B_2$와 FMN, FAD, FR의 정량(定量))

  • Lee, Hyun-Ki;Bae, Song-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.4 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-6
    • /
    • 1975
  • After ablactation, wistar strain white male rats, weighing 270g and 340g, were fed with a diet of CLEA for three months. The whole daily excretion of each feces and urine were collected, and extracted with water($80^{\circ}C$ hot water). The combined extraction were filtered and the $B_2$ was determined with the parts of the filterates by the lumiflavin fluorometric method, and the FMN, FAD and FR with the rest of the filterates by paper chromatography. The following results were obtained; 1. $B_2$ contents in the feces were $27.52{\gamma}$ per 100 grams per body weight, and $83.93{\gamma}$ per each rat per day. 2. $B_2$ contents in the urine were $18.47{\gamma}$ per 100 grams per body weight, and $56.33{\gamma}$ per each rat per day. The total daily excretion of $B_2$ contents in the feces were 1. 5 times as much as in the urine. 3. Among the total daily $B_2$ excretion of one white wistar strain rat in the feces were the following ; FAD, 81.0% ; FMN, 14.9% ; FR, 3.3%. Therefore the order of the contents were FAD>FMN>FR.

  • PDF

The Biosensor for L-Glutamine Using Tissue Slices of Wistar Rat (Wistar 쥐 조직을 이용한 L-Glutamine 바이오센서)

  • Bae, Jin Hyeon;Choe, Seong Mun;Im, Dong Jun;Kim, Wi Rak
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.38 no.3
    • /
    • pp.200-207
    • /
    • 1994
  • A biosensor for the measurement of L-glutamine has been constructed by immobilizing the slice of Wistar rat kidney and it's organelle on $NH_3$ gas-sensing electrode. The effects of pH, buffer solution, temperature and thickness of slice were investigated in order to optimize electrode response. The tissue sensor had the linearity in the range of L-glutamine concentration $8.0{\times}10^{-5}{\sim}1.0{\times}10^{-2} M$ with a slope of 53.8 mV/decade in 0.05 M phosphate buffer solution, pH 7.8 at $30^{\circ}C$, and optimum thickness of slice and response time were 30 ${\mu}m$ and 3∼5 min, respectively. The organelle sensor showed the linearity within L-glutamine concentration range of $1.2{\times}10^{-4}{\sim}5.0{\times}10^{-3} M$ with a slope of 54.0 mV/decade in 0.05 M phosphate buffer solution, pH 7.8 at $30^{\circ}C$, and response time was 6∼7 min, respectively. Thus, it is clear that the tissue and organelle sensor will be useful for L-glutamine measurements.

  • PDF

The Toxicological Parameter Assessment in Experimental Animals for Various Dosages of Polyacetylene Compounds (Polyacetylene 화합물들의 투여량에 따른 독성)

  • 박진규;진승하
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.49-55
    • /
    • 1989
  • The change in bodyweight, organ weight and the amount of water intake were investigated to assess the effect on a range of toxicological parameters of varying dosages of polyacetylene compounds. Concerning inhibition of solid tumor growth induced by Sarcoma-180 cells in the ICR mouse strain, relytionships between the dosage of polyacetylene compoilnds used and several toxicological parameters were observed. When 40μmoles/kg b.w. of panaxydol tvas administered for 3 consecutive days, the suppression of body weight growth in Wistar rats was about 17% that of the control group, however, the body weight gain was normalized 4 days after stopping arlnlinistration of the polyacetylene compounds. When the dosage of polyacetylenes was reduced to 20μmoles/kg b.w., the change in body weight gain was alleviated to within l0% of the control and the suppremission of the body weight gain increased in order for Panaxydol, Panaxynol, and Panaxytriol. The organ weight did not show any significant change between the control and the polyacetylene administered groups. Electron micrographs of the liver tissues of ICR mice injected with 40Umoles/kg b.w. of panaxydol gave no further significant information about toxicological changes. Keywords Polyacrtylenes, toxicological parameters, body weight, panaxydol, organ weight, electron micrographs .

  • PDF