• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wistar Rat

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Studies of CheongSimYeonJaTang that get weight, hematology, biochemistry change by Wistar rat's aging (청심연자탕(淸心蓮子湯)이 Wistar rat의 노화에 따른 체중, 혈액학적 및 혈청 생화학적 변화에 관한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Ju, Lip-San;Ahn, Taek-Won
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.337-345
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    • 2004
  • Using aged Wistar rat living body change by aging CheongSimYeonJaTang was each orally administrated and achieved research about aging control. In Wistar rat 10, 30, 50 week and 40 week CheongSimYeonJaTang between 10 weeks form condition change of weight, change of intestine weight, hematology, blood chemistry, research result about serum content following conclusion get. 1. Observed gain in weight than control group form of CheongSimYeonJaTang to aged Wistar rat. 2. Is thought to promote activation of living body action gaining intestine weight along with gain in weight. 3. Displayed decrease of MDA's content of serum than control group form of CheongSimYeonJaTang to aged Wistar rat. 4. Change that is Wistar rat's hematological value by aging according to 10, 30, 50 week WBC, RBC, Hgb, monocytes, eosinophil etc. increase, and HCT, PLT etc. showed tendency that decrease according to old-week, and observed improvement that is hematological value than control group form of CheongSimYeonJaTang. 5. Change that is Wistar rat's biochemical value by aging was measured highest in 50 week because ALT, AST, BUN, CRN, T-bili., T-chol, TG, TP, ALB, A/G, P etc. increase according to 10, 30, 50 week, and observed improvement that is biochemical value than control group form of CheongSimYeonJaTang. Is considered by being effect that CheongSimYeonJaTang living body function decline by aging by this result.

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Studies of Dokhwaljihwang that get weight, hematology, biochemistry change by Wistar rat's aging (Wister rat의 노화에 따른 체중, 혈액학적 및 혈청 생화학적 변화에 미치는 독활지황탕(獨活地黃湯)에 대한 실험적(實驗的) 고찰(考察))

  • Lee, Su-Young;Ahn, Taek-Won
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.327-335
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    • 2004
  • Using aged Wistar rat living body change by aging Dokhwaljihwang was each orally administrated and achieved research about aging control. In Wistar rat 10, 30, 50 week and 40 week Dokhwaljihwang between 10 weeks form condition change of weight, change of intestine weight, hematology, blood chemistry, research result about serum content following conclusion get. 1. Observed gain in weight than control group form of Dokhwaljihwang to aged Wistar rat. 2. Is thought to promote activation of living body action gaining intestine weight along with gain in weight. 3. Displayed decrease of MDA's content of serum than control group form of Dokhwaljihwang to aged Wistar rat. 4. Change that is Wistar rat's hematological value by aging according to 10, 30, 50 week WBC, RBC, Hgb, monocytes, eosinophil etc. increase, and HCT, PLT etc. showed tendency that decrease according to old-week, and observed improvement that is hematological value than control group form of Dokhwaljihwang 5. Change that is Wistar rat's biochemical value by aging was measured highest in 50 week because ALT, AST, BUN, CRN, T-bili., T-chol, TG, TP, ALB, A/G, P etc. increase according to 10, 30, 50 week, and observed improvement that is biochemical value than control group form of Dokhwaljihwang. Is considered by being effect that Dokhwaljihwangimprove living body function decline by aging by this result.

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Ultrastructural characteristics of the pancreatic acinar cells in the diabetes-prone BB rat (BB랫드의 췌장 샘포세포의 미세구조적 특징)

  • Jeong, Young-gil;Kim, Kil-soo;Lee, Chul-ho;Won, Moo-ho;Cho, Sung-whan;Kim, Moo-kang
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1996
  • Functional and morphological characteristics of the exocrine pancreas in genetic model BB rat of insulin dependent diabetes medllitus(IDDM) were carried out. Wistar rat was used as control animal. Flow rate of pancreatic juice, output of amylase and protein, and plasma glucose and insulin levess were examined. Also light and ultrastructural characteristics of the exocrine pancreas were observed. Pancreatic flow rate, output of amylase and protein, and insulin level were lower;glucose level was higher comparing with those of the control Wistar rat. In Wistar rat, exocrine pancreas was typical light microscopically. Zymogen granules and cell organelles were well developed in fine structure. Cell size of the periinsular acini was larger, and number of zymogen granules were more than those of the teleinsular acini. Most acinar cells were dark cells which containe well-developed RER in their cytoplasm. On the other hand, some light cells which have the dilated RER cisterns were found. In BB rat exocrine pancreas, cell size of per-and tele-insular acini similar to that of Wistar rat. The number of light cells occupied 40-50% compairing with that of Wistar rat. Zymogen granules were lower in number than that of Wistar rat and divied into three types in morphological characteristics ; type I showing normal structure, type II showing the wide hallo and small electron dense core in center of the zymogen granule and type III not having the electron dense core in the zymogen granule. The present ratio of type I, type II and type III are less than 5%, 30-40% and more than 50%, respectively.

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White Matter Damage and Hippocampal Neurodegeneration Induced by Permanent Bilateral Occlusion of Common Carotid Artery in the Rat: Comparison between Wistar and Sprague-Dawley Strain

  • Kim, Seul-Ki;Cho, Kyung-Ok;Kim, Seong-Yun
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.89-94
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    • 2008
  • In order to reproduce chronic cerebral hypoperfusion as it occurs in human aging and Alzheimer's disease, we introduced permanent, bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries (BCCAO) in rats (Farkas et al, 2007). Here, we induced BCCAO in two different rat strains in order to determine whether there was a strain difference in the pathogenic response to BCCAO. Male Wistar and Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (250-270 g) were subjected to BCCAO for three weeks. Kluver-Barrera and cresyl violet staining were used to evaluate white matter and gray matter damage, respectively. Wistar rats had a considerably higher mortality rate (four of 14 rats) as compared to SD rats (one of 15 rats) following BCCAO. Complete loss of pupillary light reflex occurred in all Wistar rats that survived, but loss of pupillary light reflex did not occur at all in SD rats. Moreover, BCCAO induced marked vacuolation in the optic tract of Wistar rats as compared to SD rats. In contrast, SD rats showed fewer CA1 hippocampal neurons than Wistar rats following BCCAO. These results suggest that the neuropathological process induced by BCCAO takes place in a region-specific pattern that varies according to the strain of rat involved.

Studies of Chengsimyeonja-tang and Taeumjowi-tang that Get Change by Wistar rat's Aging (청심연자탕(淸心蓮子湯)과 태음조위탕(太陰調胃湯)이 Wistar rat의 노화(老化)에 미치는 영향)

  • Ahn, Taek-Won;Lee, Hyun;Chou, Li-Shan
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.74-84
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    • 2005
  • 1. Objectives The purpose of this study is to find out effects of Choeongsimyeonja-tang and Taeumjowi-tang on the against decline of physical function as aging. 2. Methods In Wistar rat 10, 30, 50 week and 40 week Choeongsimyeonja-tang & Taeumjowi-tang between 10 weeks form condition change of weight, change of intestine weight, hematology, blood chemistry, research result about serum content following conclusion get. 3. Results and Conclusions 1. Observed gain in weight than control group form of Cheongsimyeonja-tang & Taeumjowi-tang to aged Wistar rat. 2. Is thought to promote activation of living body action gaining intestine weight along with gain in weight. 3. Displayed decrease of MDA's content of serum than control group form of Cheongsimyeonja-tang & Taeumjowi-tang to aged Wistar rat. 4. Change that is Wistar rat's hematological value by aging according to 10, 30, 50 week WBC, RBC, Hgb, monocyces, eosinophil ere. increase, and HCT, PLT ere. showed tendency that decrease accorcling to old-week, and observed improvement that is hematological value than control group form of Cheongsimyeonja-tang & Taeumjowi-tang.5. Change that is Wistar rat's biochemical value by aging was measured highest in 50 week because ALT, AST, BUN, CRN, T-bili., T-chol., TG, TP, ALB, A/G. P ete. increase according to 10, 30, 50 week, and observed improvement that is biochemical value than control group form of Cheongsimyeonja-tang & Taeumjowi-tang. Is considered by being effect that Cheongsimyeonja-tang & Taeumjowi-tang living body function decline by aging by this result.

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Studies of SipIMiGwanJungTang that get weight, hematology, biochemistry change by Wistar rat's aging (십이미관중탕(十二味寬中湯)이 Wister rat의 노화에 따른 변화에 미치는 실험적(實驗的) 고찰(考察))

  • Choi, Ye-Won;Anh, Taek-Won
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.317-326
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    • 2004
  • Administrating PalMoolGoonJaTang and SipIMiGwanJungTang to 40-weeks-(old Wistar rat for 10 weeks so, I researched into weight change, weight change of internal organ, and hemtological and serological changews. Then I got these conclusions. 1. Observed gain in weight than control group form of SipIMiGwanJungTang to aged Wistar rat. 2. Is thought to promote activation of living body action gaining intestine weight along with gain in weight. 3. Displayed decrease of MDA's content of serum than control group form of SipIMiGwan JungTang to aged Wistar rat. 4. Change that is Wistar rat's hematological value by aging according to 10, 30, 50 week WBC, RBC, Hgb, monocytes, eosinophil etc. increase, and HCT, PLT etc. showed tendency that decrease according to old-week, and observed improvement that is hematological value than control group form of SipIMiGwanJungTang 5. Change that is Wistar rat's biochemical value by aging was measured highest in 50 week because ALT, AST, BUN, CRN, T-bili., T-chol., TG, TP, ALB, A/G, P etc. increase according to 10, 30, 50 week, and observed improvement that is biochemical value than control group form of SipIMiGwanJungTang As those results, PalmoolGoonJaTang and SipIMiGwanJungTang are effective against dacline of physical function as aging. Moreover, considered to the serogical results, SipIMiGwanJungTang is much more effective than the other.

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Serotonin as a Possible Modulator of Impulsive Behavior in Wistar Rats (위스타 랫드의 충동성 조절에 대한 세로토닌의 역할)

  • Kim, Chong Ah;Cheong, Jae Hoon
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.59 no.4
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    • pp.184-189
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    • 2015
  • We compared impulsive behaviors in Wistar rats and in Wistar-Kyoto rats. There was no significant difference in locomotor activity between them. However, Wistar rats showed high activity in 5-choice serial reaction time track. When Wistar rats were treated with atomoxetin (3 mg/kg), methylphenidate (2 mg/kg) or amphetamine (2 mg/kg), they showed less impulsive behavior. Serotonin contents in prefrontal cortex and brain stem also increased. In conclusion, we suggest that Wistar rats could be used as animal model for impulsive behavior analysis. In addition, serotonin might be related with this impulsivity.

Hmatological and Biochemical Study of F344 and Wistar Rats (F344와 Wistar 랫드의 계통별에 따른 혈액 및 생화학적 연구)

  • Cho, Jae-Chon;Jang, Dong-Deuk;Shin, Dong-Whan;Hong, Choong-Man
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Pathology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.46-52
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    • 1997
  • The hematology and clinical chemistry data based on the well defined normal data are essential in the safety assessment. It is important that normal values of cliniclal pathology parameters would be optimized to be accurate. So the purpose of this experiment was to compare the ranges of normal data in hematology value and serum chemistry between both sexes of F344 and Wistar rats at 5, 10, 20, 40 and 90 weeks. of age. The neutrophils eosinophils and monocytes increased with age in male Wistar rats. And serum total bilirubin and potassium were highest and alkaline phosphatase was lowest at 90 weeks in Wistar rats. As compared with Wistar rat the serum aspartate aminotransferase of F344 rats increased with age in both sexes but inorganic phosphorus decreased with age. The serum alkaline phosphatase decreased with age and potassium was highest at 90weeks. These normal data would be useful in improving the accuracy of clinical pathology value in the safety assessment.

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Relationships between Dapsone Metabolic Activity and Polymorphism of Arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 in the F2 Hybrid Rats (잡종 2세대(Fischer 계: Wistar-Kyoto 계) 흰쥐에서 Arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2의 다형성과 Dapsone의 대사능과의 연관성에 대한 연구)

  • 신인철;강주섭;고현철;이창호;안동춘;백두진;심성한;조율희
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 2002
  • The arylamine N-acetyltransferases (NATs) are a family of enzymes that N-acetylate mylhydrazines and arylamines through transfer of an acetyl group from acetyl coenzyme A. This activity was found to vary among individuals as a Mendalian trait and the basis of the genetic differences in human NAT activity is one of the best of the genetic studied examples of pharmacogenetic variation. The classical N-acetylation polymorphism is regulated at the NAT2 locus, which segregates individuals into rapid, intermediate, and slow acetylator phenotypes. In this study, the relationship between NAT2 activity phenotype using HPLC:UV assay for the determination of dapsone and monoacetyldapsone in plasma and NAT2 genotype by PCR-RFLP (polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism) was investigated in the F2 hybrid (Fischer 344 vs Wistar-Kyoto) rats. Three Common mutant alleles at the NAT2 gene locus have been identified in the F2 generation progeny of Fischer 344 rats as raid acetylator and Wistar-Kyoto rats as slow acetylator segregated into three modes (low, intermediates, and high) with simple Mendelian inheritance. The metabolic activity of NAT2 of the intermediate and rapid acetylators is significant1y greater than slow acetylator, but the metabolic activity of rapid acetylator is not significantly different from Intermediate type. Therefore, we could observe that complete trimodal NAT2 genotypic alleles and incomplete trimodal NAT2 metabolic phenotypic distribution in tile F2 hybrid rats. These observations suggest that the relationships between NAT2 genotype and metabolic phenotype exists and F2 hybrid (Fischer 344: Wistar-Kyoto) animal models about NAT2 polymorphism might be applied in the toxicity and pharmacogenetic studies of arylamine drugs and carcinogens.

Hypoglycemic effect of Chlorella vulgaris intake in type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki and normal Wistar rats

  • Jeong, Hye-Jin;Kwon, Hye-Jin;Kim, Mi-Kyung
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2009
  • The aim of this study was to examine the hypoglycemic effect of chlorella in 6 week-old type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK, n=30) rats and 6 week-old normal Wistar (n=30) rats. Animals were randomly assigned to 3 groups respectively, and were fed three different experimental diets containing 0%, 3% or 5% (w/w) chlorella for 8 weeks. In diabetic GK rats, the insulinogenic-indices were not significantly different among the groups. The concentrations of fasting plasma glucagon and hepatic triglyceride, and the insulin/glucagon ratios of the GK-3% chlorella and GK-5% chlorella groups were significantly lower than those of the GK-control group. The HOMA-index and the concentrations of fasting blood glucose and plasma insulin of the GK-3% chlorella and GK-5% chlorella groups were slightly lower than those of the GK-control group. In normal Wistar rats, the insulinogenic-indices were not significantly different among the normal groups, but that of the Wistar-5% chlorella group was slightly higher than the other groups. The concentrations of fasting blood glucose and plasma insulin, and the HOMA-index of the Wistar-5% chlorella group were a little higher, and the fasting plasma glucagon concentration and the insulin/glucagon ratio of the Wistar-5% chlorella group were significantly higher than those of the Wistar-control and Wistar-3% chlorella groups. In conclusion, this study shows that the glucose-stimulated insulin secretion was not affected by the intake of chlorella, which could be beneficial, however, in improving insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetic GK and normal Wistar rats.