• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wind energy conversion systems (WECS)

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Design and Experimental Validation of a Digital Predictive Controller for Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Systems

  • Babes, Badreddine;Rahmani, Lazhar;Chaoui, Abdelmadjid;Hamouda, Noureddine
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.232-241
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    • 2017
  • Advanced control algorithms must be used to make wind power generation truly cost effective and reliable. In this study, we develop a new and simple control scheme that employs model predictive control (MPC), which is used in permanent magnet synchronous generators and grid-connected inverters. The proposed control law is based on two points, namely, MPC-based torque-current control loop is used for the generator-side converter to reach the maximum power point of the wind turbine, and MPC-based direct power control loop is used for the grid-side converter to satisfy the grid code and help improve system stability. Moreover, a simple prediction scheme is developed for the direct-drive wind energy conversion system (WECS) to reduce the computation burden for real-time applications. A small-scale WECS laboratory prototype is built and evaluated to verify the validity of the developed control methods. Acceptable results are obtained from the real-time implementation of the proposed MPC methods for WECS.

Power Quality Improvement Using Hybrid Passive Filter Configuration for Wind Energy Systems

  • Kececioglu, O. Fatih;Acikgoz, Hakan;Yildiz, Ceyhun;Gani, Ahmet;Sekkeli, Mustafa
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.207-216
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    • 2017
  • Wind energy conversion systems (WECS) which consist of wind turbines with permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) and full-power converters have become widespread in the field of renewable power systems. Generally, conventional diode bridge rectifiers have used to obtain a constant DC bus voltage from output of PMSG based wind generator. In recent years, together advanced power electronics technology, Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) rectifiers have used in WECS. PWM rectifiers are used in many applications thanks to their characteristics such as high power factor and low harmonic distortion. In general, L, LC and LCL-type filter configurations are used in these rectifiers. These filter configurations are not exactly compensate current and voltage harmonics. This study proposes a hybrid passive filter configuration for PWM rectifiers instead of existing filters. The performance of hybrid passive filter was tested via MATLAB/Simulink environment under various operational conditions and was compared with LCL filter structure. In addition, neuro-fuzzy controller (NFC) was preferred to increase the performance of PWM rectifier in DC bus voltage control against disturbances because of its robust and nonlinear structure. The study demonstrates that the hybrid passive filter configuration proposed in this study successfully compensates current and voltage harmonics, and improves total harmonic distortion and true power factor.

Development of fault diagnostic system for mass unbalance and aerodynamic asymmetry of wind turbine system by using GH-Bladed (GH-Bladed를 이용한 풍력발전기의 질량 불평형 및 공력 비대칭 고장진단 시스템 개발)

  • Kim, Se-Yoon;Kim, Sung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.96-101
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    • 2014
  • Wind power is the fastest growing renewable energy source in the world and it is expected to remain so for some times. Recently, there is a constant need for the reduction of Operational and Maintenance(O&M) costs of Wind Energy Conversion Systems(WECS). The most efficient way of reducing O&M cost would be to utilize CMS(Condition Monitoring System) of WECS. CMS allows for early detection of the deterioration of the wind generator's health, facilitating a proactive action, minimizing downtime, and finally maximizing productivity. There are two types of faults such as mass unbalance and aerodynamic asymmetry which are related to wind turbine's rotor faults. Generally, these faults tend to generate various vibrations. Therefore, in this work a simple fault detection algorithm based on spectrums of vibration signals and simple max-min decision logic is proposed. Furthermore, in order to verify its feasibility, several simulation studies are carried out by using GH-bladed software.

Adaptive self-structuring fuzzy controller of wind energy conversion systems (풍력 발전 계통의 자기 구조화 적응 퍼지 제어기 설계)

  • Park, Jang-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.151-157
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    • 2013
  • This paper proposes an online adaptive fuzzy controller for a wind energy conversion system (WECS) that is intrinsically highly nonlinear plant. In real application, to obtain exact system parameters such as power coefficient, many measuring instruments and off-line implementations are required, which is very difficult to perform. This shortcoming can be avoided by introducing fuzzy system in the controller design in this paper. The proposed adaptive fuzzy control scheme using self-structuring algorithm requires no system parameters to meet control objectives. Even the structure of the fuzzy system is automatically grows on-line, which distinguishes our proposed algorithm over the previously proposed fuzzy control schemes. Combining derivative estimator for wind velocity, the whole closed-loop system is shown to be stable in the sense of Lyapunov.

The technological state of the art of wave energy converters

  • GURSEL, K. Turgut
    • Advances in Energy Research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.103-129
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    • 2019
  • While global demand for energy increases annually, at the same time the demand for carbon-free, sulphur-free and NOx-free energy sources grows considerably. This state poses a challenge in the research for newer sources like biomass and shale gas as well as renewable energy resources such as solar, wind, geothermal and hydraulic energy. Although wave energy also is a form of renewable energy it has not fully been exploited technically and economically so far. This study tries to explain those reasons in which it is beyond doubt that the demand for wave energy will soon increase as fossil energy resources are depleted and environmental concerns gain more importance. The electrical energy supplied to the grid shall be produced from wave energy whose conversion devices can basically work according to three different systems. i. Systems that exploit the motions or shape deformations of their mechanisms involved, being driven by the energy of passing waves. ii. Systems that exploit the weight of the seawater stored in a reservoir or the changes of water pressure by the oscillations of wave height, iii. Systems that convert the wave motions into air flow. One of the aims of this study is to present the classification deficits of the wave energy converters (WECs) of the "wave developers" prepared by the European Marine Energy Center, which were to be reclassified. Furthermore, a new classification of all WECs listed by the European Marine Energy Center was arranged independently. The other aim of the study is to assess the technological state of the art of these WECs designed and/or produced, to obtain an overview on them.

Optimization of Wind Power Dispatch to Minimize Energy Storage System Capacity

  • Nguyen, Cong-Long;Lee, Hong-Hee
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.1080-1088
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    • 2014
  • By combining a wind turbine with an energy storage system (ESS), we are able to attenuate the intermittent wind power characteristic making the power derived from a wind farm dispatchable. This paper evaluates the influence of the phase delay of the low-pass filter in the conventional smoothing power control on the ESS capacity; longer phase delays require a larger ESS capacity. In order to eliminate the effect of the phase delay, we optimize the power dispatch using a zero-phase low-pass filter that results in a non-delayed response in the power dispatch. The proposed power dispatching method significantly minimizes the ESS capacity. In addition, the zero-phase low-pass filter, which is a symmetrical forward-reverse finite impulse response type, is designed simply with a small number of coefficients. Therefore, the proposed dispatching method is not only optimal, but can also be feasibly applied to real wind farms. The efficacy of the proposed dispatching method is verified by integrating a 3 MW wind turbine into the grid using wind data measured on Jeju Island.

Maximum Power Point Tracking in PMSG Using Fuzzy Logic Algorithm

  • Trinh, Quoc Nam;Lee, Hong-Hee
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.135-138
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    • 2009
  • In this paper, a novel maximum power point tracking (MPPT) for a PMSG-based variable speed wind power system is proposed using the fuzzy logic algorithm. The control algorithm is developed based on the normal hill climb searching (HCS) method, commonly used in wind energy conversion systems (WECS). The inputs of fuzzy-based controller are the derivations of DC output power and the step size of DC/DC converter duty cycles. The main advantages of the proposed MPPT method are no need to measure the wind velocity and the generator rotational speed. As such, the control algorithm is independent of turbine characteristics, achieving the fast dynamic responses with non-linear fuzzy systems. The effectiveness of the proposed MPPT strategy has been verified through the simulated results.

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Modeling of Solar/Hydrogen/DEGS Hybrid System for Stand Alone Applications of a Large Store

  • Hong, Won-Pyo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.27 no.11
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    • pp.57-68
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    • 2013
  • The market for distributed power generation based on renewable energy is increasing, particularly for standalone mini-grid applications in developing countries with limited energy resources. Stand-alone power systems (SAPS) are of special interest combined with renewable energy design in areas not connected to the electric grid. Traditionally, such systems have been powered by diesel engine generator sets (DEGS), but also hybrid systems with photovoltaic and/or wind energy conversion systems (WECS) are becoming quite common nowadays. Hybrid energy systems can now be used to generate energy consumed in remote areas and stand-alone microgrids. This paper describes the design, simulation and feasibility study of a hybrid energy system for a stand-alone power system. A simulated model is developed to investigate the design and performance of stand-alone hydrogen renewable energy systems. The analysis presented here is based on transient system simulation program (TRNSYS) with realistic ventilation load of a large store. Design of a hybrid energy system is site specific and depends on the resources available and the load demand.

Type-2 Fuzzy Logic Predictive Control of a Grid Connected Wind Power Systems with Integrated Active Power Filter Capabilities

  • Hamouda, Noureddine;Benalla, Hocine;Hemsas, Kameleddine;Babes, Badreddine;Petzoldt, Jurgen;Ellinger, Thomas;Hamouda, Cherif
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1587-1599
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    • 2017
  • This paper proposes a real-time implementation of an optimal operation of a double stage grid connected wind power system incorporating an active power filter (APF). The system is used to supply the nonlinear loads with harmonics and reactive power compensation. On the generator side, a new adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) based maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control is proposed to track the maximum wind power point regardless of wind speed fluctuations. Whereas on the grid side, a modified predictive current control (PCC) algorithm is used to control the APF, and allow to ensure both compensating harmonic currents and injecting the generated power into the grid. Also a type 2 fuzzy logic controller is used to control the DC-link capacitor in order to improve the dynamic response of the APF, and to ensure a well-smoothed DC-Link capacitor voltage. The gained benefits from these proposed control algorithms are the main contribution in this work. The proposed control scheme is implemented on a small-scale wind energy conversion system (WECS) controlled by a dSPACE 1104 card. Experimental results show that the proposed T2FLC maintains the DC-Link capacitor voltage within the limit for injecting the power into the grid. In addition, the PCC of the APF guarantees a flexible settlement of real power exchanges from the WECS to the grid with a high power factor operation.