• Title/Summary/Keyword: Wind direction

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CORRECTION OF THE EFFECT OF RELATIVE WIND DIRECTION ON WIND SPEED DERIVED BY ADVANCED MICROWAVE SCANNING RADIOMETER

  • Konda, Masanori;Shibata, Akira
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • v.1
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    • pp.386-389
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    • 2006
  • The sea surface wind speed (SSWS) derived by microwave radiometer can be contaminated by change of microwave brightness temperature owing to the angle between the sensor azimuth and the wind direction (Relative Wind Direction). We attempt to correct the contamination to the SSWS derived by Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR) on Advanced Earth Observing Satellite II (ADEOS-II), by applying the method proposed by Konda and Shibata (2004). The improvement of accuracy of the SSWS estimation amounts to roughly 60% of the error caused by the RWD effect.

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Study on the Characteristics of Wind Field at Ground Level around Pusan (부산지역 지표 바람장의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김유근;이화운;홍정혜
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.135-142
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    • 2001
  • In order to investigate horizontal wind field in the boundary layer around Pusan area, wind speed and wind direction measured at 14 AWS(Automatic Weather Station), 1997, was used. The wind direction at PRM(Pusan Regional Meterological Office) was showed that southwest and northeast wind dominated for spring and summer, northeast wind for fall and northwest for winter. Anticline flow was showed at \`Gaekumm\` which is located between Mt. Backyang(641m) and Mt. Yumkwang(503m) and affected on wind field at \`Pusanjin\`. The low wind speed and various wind direction was represented at the basin topography, \`Buckgu\`, \`Jeasong\`, \`Ilkwang\` and \`Kijang\`. The annual mean wind speed at 14 sites, 2.5ms(sup)-1, was lower than that measured at PRMO, 3.9ms(sup)-1. The wind direction analysis showed that the case of same direction in compare with that measured at PRMO is about 54% and case of opposite direction is about 12%. Annual and seasonal mean windrose showed wind direction is affected by not only synoptic weather state but also topography.

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A Study on Fluctuating Wind Profile in CFD Simulation for Evaluating Wind Load (CFD 시뮬레이션을 이용한 풍하중 산정 시 변동풍속 프로파일에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Doo-Jin;Han, Sang-Eul
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2021
  • In this paper, the effect of the turbulence intensity in across-wind direction on the wind load in CFD(Computational fluid dynamics) simulation was analyzed. 'Ansys fluent' software was used for CFD simulation. And the fluctuating wind speed applied to the simulation was generated according to Korean Design Standard and Von Karman wind turbulence model. The turbulence intensity in across-wind direction for simulation was applied from 0 to 100% of the turbulence intensity in along-wind direction. The analysis results showed that the turbulence intensity in across-wind direction had a particularly great effect on the wind load in across-wind direction.

Serviceability evaluation methods for high-rise structures considering wind direction

  • Ryu, Hye-Jin;Shin, Dong-Hyeon;Ha, Young-Cheol
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.275-288
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    • 2020
  • High-rise buildings are very slender and flexible. Their low stiffness values make them vulnerable to horizontal loads, such as those associated with wind or earthquakes. For high-rise buildings, the threat to serviceability caused by wind-induced vibration is an important problem. To estimate the serviceability under wind action, the response acceleration of a building at the roof height is used. The response acceleration is estimated by the same wind speed at all wind directions. In general, the effect of wind direction is not considered. Therefore, the response accelerations obtained are conservative. If buildings have typical plans and strong winds blow from relatively constant wind directions, it is necessary to account for the wind direction to estimate the response accelerations. This paper presents three methods of evaluating the response accelerations while considering the effects of wind direction. These three serviceability evaluation methods were estimated by combining the wind directional frequency data obtained from a weather station with the results of a response analysis using wind tunnel tests. Finally, the decrease in the efficiencies of the response acceleration for each serviceability evaluation method was investigated by comparing the response acceleration for the three methods accounting for wind direction with the response acceleration in which wind direction was not considered.

Load Ratio between Two Adjacent Wings of Load Cell Type Anemometer according to Wind Direction (풍향에 따른 로드 셀형 풍향풍속계의 인접한 두 날개 사이의 하중 비)

  • Han, Dong-Seop
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.357-361
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    • 2012
  • Anemometer is a meteorological instrument that measures wind direction and wind speed in real time, and is mounted to the cranes that are used at ports, shipbuilding yards, off-shore structure, or construction sites that are influenced by wind, and it is used in conjunction with the safety system. Load cell-type anemometer measures the wind direction through the ratio of load between 4 positions by mounting the thin plate to 4 load cells, and measures wind velocity through the summation of loads. In this study, we compared and analyzed the results in the theoretic approach, analytic approach and experimental approach to derive the correlation between load ratio and wind direction. Wind direction was selected as the design variable, and selected 9 wind direction conditions from $0^{\circ}{\sim}90^{\circ}$ with $11.25^{\circ}$ space for analysis, and 10 wind direction conditions with $10^{\circ}$ space for experiment.

Development of Load-Cell-Based Anemovane (로드셀형 풍향풍속계 개발)

  • Jeon, Byeong Ha;Han, Dong Seop;Lee, Kwon-Hee
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.685-691
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    • 2013
  • A load-cell-type anemovane operates based on wind vector properties. The developed load-cell-type anemovane is of a fixed type in which the wing does not rotate, unlike in the case of existing anemovanes. The load-cell-type anemovane is required to accurately derive the correlation between the load ratio and the wind direction in order to develop a qualified product. This is because the load ratio repeats every $90^{\circ}$ owing to the use of four load cells, and its value varies nonlinearly according to the wind direction. In this study, we compared analytical results with experimental results. Fluid analysis was carried out using ANSYS CFX. Furthermore, the prototype was tested using a self-manufactured wind tunnel. The wind direction was selected as the design variable. 13 selected wind direction conditions ranging from $0^{\circ}$ to $90^{\circ}$ with an interval of $7.5^{\circ}$ for analysis were defined. Furthermore, 10 wind direction conditions with an interval of $10^{\circ}$ for the experiment were defined. We derived the relations between the pressure ratio and the wind direction through the experiment and fluid analysis.

An Analysis of Local Wind Field based on Urban Development (도시개발에 따른 국지 바람장 분석)

  • Song, Dong Woong
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.133-140
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    • 2011
  • A numerical study with Envi-met model is experimented to investigate the characteristics of wind pattern in Gangwon innovation city. In all case, most conditions such as wind speed, temperature, and surface are considered as the same, but wind direction is the only different factor. The wind directions considered in this study have a meaning of prevailing wind direction. When the prevailing wind with the direction of $247^{\circ}$ blows into the city, the ventilation passage toward the outside of city is formed and the stagnation of air is not expressed. In case of having the direction of $270^{\circ}$, most evident ventilation passages are composed. When the inflow wind direction is the north, $0^{\circ}$, there is some possibility of stagnation phenomenon. The case where the representative wind direction of three kind will flow with development, in compliance with the building is caused by with screening effect of some and shows a true stagnation phenomenon, wishes in the park and flowing water and the greens area to be for a long time formed and the wind direction is maintained.

Response of the Wave Spectrum to Turning Winds (풍향 변화에 대한 파랑 스펙트럼의 반응)

  • 윤종태
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.111-121
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    • 1997
  • The spectral energy balance model is composed and the nonlinear interaction is approximated by the discrete interaction parameterization as in WAM model. The numerical results of durational limited growth test agree very well with those of the exact model, EXACT-NL. The response of a wave spectrum to a change in wind direction is investigated numerically for a sequence of direction changes 30$^{\circ}$ , 45$^{\circ}$ , 60$^{\circ}$ , 90$^{\circ}$ . The high frequency components relax more repidly to the new wind direction than the low frequency components and the relaxation process also depends on the wave age. For wind direction changes less than 60$^{\circ}$ , the coupling by nonlinear interaction is so strong that the secondary peak in input source distribution is counteracted by the negative lobe of the nonlinear interaction. For wind direction changes grater than 60$^{\circ}$ , a second independent wind-sea spectrum is generated in the new wind direction, while the old spectrum gradually decays as swell.

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Characteristics of Wind Direction Shear and Momentum Fluxes within Roughness Sublayer over Sloping Terrain (경사가 있는 지형의 거칠기 아층에서 풍향시어와 운동량 플럭스의 특성)

  • Lee, Young-Hee
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.591-600
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    • 2015
  • We have analyzed wind and eddy covariance data collected within roughness sublayer over sloping terrain. The study site is located on non-flat terrain with slopes in both south-north and east-west directions. The surface elevation change is smaller than the height of roughness element such as building and tree. This study examines the directional wind shear for data collected at three levels in the lowest 10 m in the roughness sublayer. The wind direction shear is caused by drag of roughness element and terrain-induced motions at this site. Small directional shear occurs when wind speed at 10 m is strong and wind direction at 10 m is southerly which is the same direction as upslope flow near surface at this site during daytime. Correlation between vertical shear of lateral momentum and lateral momentum flux is smaller over steeply sloped surface compared to mildly sloped surface and lateral momentum flux is not down-gradient over steeply sloped surface. Quadrant analysis shows that the relative contribution of four quadrants to momentum flux depends on both surface slope and wind direction shear.

Effects of the Distance between Houses on the Wind Force Coefficients on the Single-span Arched House (아치형 단동하우스의 동간거리가 풍력계수에 미치는 영향)

  • 이현우;이석건
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.76-85
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the wind force distribution on the two single-span arched plastic house depending upon the house spacing and wind direction, which may provide the fundamental criteria for the structural design. In order to specify the wind force distribution, the variation of the wind force coefficients, the mean wind force coefficients and the drag force coefficients were estimated from the wind tunnel test data. The results obtained are as follows : 1. At the wind direction of 90$^{\circ}$, there was a typical span interval at which the maximum negative pressure was occured at the edge of the inside walls. 2. In the consideration of wind loads, the wind force coefficients estimated from independent single-span arched plastic house should not be directly applied to the structural design on the double houses separated. 3. The average maximum negative wind force on the inside walls was occured at the wind direction of 90$^{\circ}$, and the variations depending on the span intervals was not significant. 4. The average maximum drag force was occured at the wind direction of 300, and the magnitude of drag force was more significant at the first house. As the distance between two houses was increased, the drag force was slightly increased for every wind direction.

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