• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wind corridor

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Air Corridor Planning Strategy based on the Wind Field and Air Corridor Simulation - A Case Study of Pan-Gyo New Town Development Area - (바람통로 예측모델링을 통한 바람통로 계획전략 - 성남판교 신도시 개발지구를 중심으로 -)

  • 황기현;송영배
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.43-57
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    • 2003
  • This paper presents the air corridor planning strategy based on simulation with MUKLMO_3 (Micro-scale Urban Climate Model) to investigate the wind field and air corridor caused by the land-use change of the New Town Development Area in Pan-Gyo. In the first part, the most frequently observed wind field in the New Town Development Area was measured and used as an initial value to simulate a more realistic wind field and air corridor. Several experiments with different initial values of wind fields were carried out to investigate the wind field change affected by the New Town Development. The results show the features of the wind field of the neutral stability condition in the urban canopy layer with a high resolution near the ground. The wind speed is weakened at this level due to the New Town Development. It was found that the wind field and air corridor are influenced by the land-use change. After the development of the New Town, the speed of the wind field decreased and the main wind directions and air corridor changed. In this study, this model is found to be a useful tool for evaluating air corridor and change of wind field in speed and direction.

A Study on Method of Planning for a Residential Unit under Consideration of Local Climate - Focused on Wind Corridor - (지역기후기능을 고려한 주거단지계획기법에 관한 연구 - 바람길을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Dae-Wuk;Jung, Eung-Ho;Ryu, Ji-Won;Park, Ji-Hye
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.105-112
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    • 2007
  • This research has been implemented based on the area of #369 Dowon-dong, Dalseo-gu, Dae-gu which is considered as a place with satisfactory characteristics for the flow of fresh air into the city. Simulations of the target area both prior to the development plan and after apartment complex blocking were analyzed in regard to blocking planning and pilotis based on the main direction of wind, $90^{\circ}$ (east wind) and $180^{\circ}$ (south wind). In addition, congested wind corridor flow in the target place was identified through a pollution spread simulation according to the wind corridor. Therefore, the flow of wind in the one area is affected by the blocking of the complex and the main direction of the wind. Also blocking, in regard of pilotis, provides a better flow of wind. This study was implemented based on wind formation by apartment complex planning, so further study on the other factors affecting the flow of a wind corridor along with block planning and pilotis need to be carried out. Sustainable environmental factors through analysis of the environmental factors have to be analyzed. Moreover, building and complementing fundamental resources and systematic devices should be supported.

Study on security measures for protecting major national facilities using the wind corridor (바람길을 활용한 국가중요지역 안전대책 강구에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Kee-Nam
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.109-120
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    • 2011
  • How meteorological situations have affected human life for survival have been an important element of living or military strategy throughout history. In modern society, overcrowding of cities has brought about many problems. Moreover, high-rise buildings and land cover have been causing abnormal weather conditions. The wind corridor, especially in urban areas has been flowing differently from the dominant weather condition of the surroundings. Therefore, the wind corridor in urban areas can be a main component in protecting major national facilities in urban areas from damage. Especially the wind corridor is a main factor to derive harm from poisonous substances in air. This paper seeks to find out the wind corridor in urban areas and the efficiency of that. In addition to that, it studies how to use the direction to protect major national facilities and areas from damage. It is considered that this study will be useful to make defence project, not only for preventing CBR(chemical, biological, and radiological) terrorism and violent assembly, but also for evacuation of people in case of big accidents or natural disasters.

A Study on the Layout Type of an Apartment Complex Considering Wind Environment - Focused on the Sinchun Area of Daegu Metropolitan City - (바람환경을 고려한 공동주택의 배치유형에 관한 연구 - 대구광역시 신천지역을 대상으로 -)

  • Son, Kyung-Su;Jung, Eung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.85-95
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    • 2009
  • One of the most important elements in creating the pleasant residential environment is the wind. For the pleasant residential environment, it is important that the air pollutants are not stagnant but appropriately and swiftly diffused and removed by winds. Especially, the river becomes a main route of wind in the urban core. So, it is necessary to secure the space to circulate the sufficient cool air to this area. But, recently many high-rise apartment complexes have been built along the rivers that have the fine view and pleasant environment. As a result, the cool and fresh air coming from mountains hardly diffuses into the urban core but just flows along the river. Considering the facts above, this study selected types of building layout and kind of land cover as complex or architectural design factors that have an influence on wind environment. Based on the factors, it analyzed change in wind environment according to apartment complex development aiming at the Sinchun area which is Daegu Metropolitan City's main wind corridor. Therefore, when apartment complex development is planned in the future, it can offer basic data for establishing plans for more pleasant complexes. As a result of the analysis, it was shown that the layout type of housing and the building height plan in consideration of wind corridor around the river were pretty effective in increasing the wind speed and circulating the air in the apartment complex. Therefore, if wind corridor is considered when apartment complex development is planed in the future, this study can offer useful information contributing to improve comfort in residential environment in the level of complex building as well as city planning.

Air Ventilation Evaluation at Nighttime for the Construction of Wind Corridor in Urban Area (도시지역의 바람길 조성을 위한 야간시간대의 공기순환성 평가)

  • Song, Bong-Geun;Park, Kyung-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.16-29
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate air ventilation using wind patterns of MetPhoMod program at nighttime focused on Changwon-si, Gyeongsangnam-do. Evaluation indices of air ventilation are wind resistant and retention used by results of each wind speed and diversity. The results are as follows. Vulnerable areas of air ventilation are Bonglim-dong, Bansong-dong, Yongji-dong and so on. In high-rise apartment, commercial area and single residential area of Yongji-dong, Sangnam-dong and Sapa-dong, wind is stagnated by high buildings. Therefore, these areas should construct urban spaces to circulate the wind. And to inflow persistingly the fresh wind generated in a rural area, we think that the construction of wind corridor is suggested by development plan and policy wind corridor.

Evaluation of Spatial Characteristic of Wind Corridor Formation in Daegu Area using Satellite Data (위성자료를 활용한 대구지역 바람길생성의 공간적 특성평가)

  • Jung, Eung-Ho;Kim, Dae-Wuk;Ryu, Ji-Won;Cha, Jae-Gyu;Son, Kyung-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.73-84
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    • 2008
  • This study has conducted the survey Daegu area on the evaluation of the wind generation by the spatial geograph conditions and according to the elements that practically affecting the generation of the wind. Because the elements affecting the wind generation are very diverse and interrelated, it is very important to secure accurate fundamental datas. For getting these datas, by applying satellite images to the study, more accurate datas were collected and the result of study is summarized as follows First of all, it has been acknowledged that due to the Daegu,s geographic features, there are a lot of areas with high wind generation, but most of these areas have been distributed in the outskirts of the city, where as in the areas wind generation is relatively very low in the urbanized areas, which indicate that the spatial unbalance is very high. And what is more of wind generation in certain areas where places spatially connected to the urbane district, show very low wind generations, and its influenced range become limited. From this fact, it can be estimated that the effects of the wind corridor coming into the urban district will be reduced. And also through this study, it could be verified that there are ample possibility of applying the satellite data as a means of building up the spatial data for evaluation of formation of the wind corridor.

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Methodology of Climate-Ecological Priority Area Analysis for Air Corridor Planning - In the Case of Pan-Gyo Area - (바람통로 계획을 위한 기후생태적 우선지역 분석 및 설정 방법 - 성남 판교지역을 중심으로 -)

  • 송영배
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.58-73
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    • 2003
  • It is well known that urban environment affects climate, as we can see in the quality of bio-climate. However, climate has not been recognised properly in the urban planning process. The role it flays needs to be examined for better urban environment. The main objective of this study is to investigate the climate-ecological priority area which produces cold fresh air and thermal induced wind circulation between rural and urban areas. The objective is also to improve the quality of bio-climate and wind circulation at blocked urban areas. This paper uses the measurement and analysis method of wind direction and wind speed in order to investigate the climate-ecological priority area and cold fresh air corridor. In this study, local climate conditions i.e. wind speed, wind direction, temperature, humidity etc., were measured at nine fields and analyzed. On the basis of the climate measurement, the climate ecological priority areas were delineated; These will be assigned as climate-ecological conservation areas.

A Status of Atmospheric Environmental Impact Assessment and Future Prospects (대기환경영향평가 현황 및 향후 과제)

  • Koo, Youn-Seo;Choi, Dae-Ryun;Kim, Sung-Tae;Lee, Beom-Ku;Yu, Jung-Min;Lee, Seung-Hoon;Cheong, Chang-Yong;Lim, Jeong-Dae
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.581-600
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    • 2013
  • The current status of atmospheric environmental impact assessment (EIA) has been summerized and future prospective for effective and accurate atmospheric EIA has been proposed by reviewing available papers and reports for the atmospheric EIA. The number of reports for the EIA in the EIA support system which is operated by the Korean Environmental Institute have been dramatically decreased from 282 reports in 2008 to 113 reports in 2012 during recent five years. This is partially due to simplification of the EIA procedure, the contraction of the public development and economic recession. We analyzed details of the EIA report to review how actual atmospheric EIA has preformed according to the EIA guidelines from the Korean Ministry of Environment. The 264 reports of EIA published in 2011 and 2012 had been reviewed especially focusing on the atmospheric evaluation items such as meteorology, air quality measurement and modeling, odor measurement and modeling, wind corridor in urban planning, and climate change. In overall sense, the atmospheric EIA has been performed quite well by abiding the guidelines except for local meteorological data measurement, permit standard for air quality and wind corridor. The new approaches to improve the procedure of atmospheric EIA and to reflect future of national air quality standard of $PM_{2.5}$ have been proposed. The guidelines on how to evaluate the wind corridor, to implement atmospheric EIA for $PM_{2.5}$ permit, and how to acquire local meteorological data by combining local measurement and model prediction are required for the effective and future oriented atmospheric EIA.

Analysis Schemes of Wind Ventilation Forest Types - A Case Study of Daegu Metropolitan City - (바람길숲의 유형별 분석 방안 - 대구광역시를 사례로 -)

  • EUM, Jeong-Hee;OH, Jeong-Hak;SON, Jeong-Min;KIM, Kwon;BAEK, Jun-Beom;YI, Chaeyeon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.12-23
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to suggest analysis schemes of urban forests acting as wind ventilation corridor(wind ventilation forest). For this purpose, wind corridor forests were classified into three types: wind-generating forests(WGF), wind-spreading forests (WSF), and wind-connecting forests(WCF), and they were classified into three grades. WGF, WSF and WCF were classified based on the density of forest type map, vegetation index, and ventilation networks, respectively. As a result of analyzing wind corridor forests for Daegu Metropolitan City(883.56㎢), the area of WGF was classified as 443.1㎢ and distributed in the northern and southern regions of Daegu Metropolitan City. Among them, the first grade of WGF occupied the largest area(345.59㎢) and the highest rate(54.44%) in Dalseong-gun. On the other hand, WGF was not found in Jung-gu, because this administrative district is isolated from the forest area. WSF was 32.4㎢, which included representative urban parks of Daegu Metropolitan City, and WSF were found relatively much in Suseong-gu and Dalseong-gun. However, WSF were distributed throughout Metropolitan City, and the vegetation index was not high. The ventilation network that can form WCF included major rivers and roads in Daegu Metropolitan City, but this network was not connected to the urban park from the outer forest. Therefore, it was judged that the formation of WCF connecting WGF outside the city and WSF inside the city would be important. The results of this study can be used as a basic data for systematic wind corridor forest projects, and can be used as basic data for establishing guidelines for wind corridor forest analysis at national and local levels.

Wind Corridor Analysis and Climate Evaluation with Biotop Map and Airborne LiDAR Data (비오톱 지도와 항공라이다 자료를 이용한 바람통로 분석 및 기후평가)

  • Kim, Yeon-Mee;An, Seung-Man;Moon, Soo-Young;Kim, Hyeon-Soo;Jang, Dae-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.148-160
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    • 2012
  • The main purpose of this paper is to deliver a climate analysis and evaluation method based on GIS by using airborne LiDAR data and Biotop type map and to provide spatial information of climate analysis and evaluation based on Biotop type Map. At first stage, the area, slope, slope length, surface, wind corridor function and width, and obstacle factors were analyzed to obtain cold/fresh air production and wind corridor evaluation. In addition, climate evaluation was derived from those two results in the second stage. Airborne LiDAR data are useful in wind corridor analysis during the study. Correlation analysis results show that ColdAir_GRD grade was highly correlated with Surface_GRD (-0.967461139) and WindCorridor_ GRD was highly correlated with Function_GRD (-0.883883476) and Obstacle_GRD (-0.834057656). Climate Evaluation GRID was highly correlated with WindCorridor_GRD (0.927554516) than ColdAir_GRD (0.855051646). Visual validations of climate analysis and evaluation results were performed by using aerial ortho-photo image, which shows that the climate evaluation results were well related with in-situ condition. At the end, we applied climate analysis and evaluation by using Biotop map and airborne LiDAR data in Gwangmyung-Shiheung City, candidate for the Bogeumjari Housing District. The results show that the aerial percentile of the 1st Grade is 18.5%, 2nd Grade is 18.2%, 3rd Grade is 30.7%, 4th Grade is 25.2%, and 5th Grade is 7.4%. This study process provided both the spatial analysis and evaluation of climate information and statistics on behalf of each Biotop type.