• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wideband antenna

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Study of Electromagnetic Characteristics for Air discharge using Ultra - wideband Antenna (광대역 안테나를 이용한 기중방전현상에 대한 전자기적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee K. W.;Yoon S. C.;Kim M. Y.;Baik K. S.
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1489-1491
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    • 2004
  • PD in air is accompanied by light, sound and electromagnetic wave. Light and sound can be prevented from blocking between PD sources and sensor but electromagnetic wave can be transferred to long distance without any interference an captured by antenna. This paper investigated the wideband antenna is appropriate for sensing Partial discharge in air. PD was generated from simulated PD source which consist of needle and flat electrode with small gap. Signals obtained from wideband antenna were diminished in both time and frequence region with the distance between PD source and antenna.

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Design of Wideband Cylindrical Monopole Antenna

  • Chun, Joong-Chang;Shim, Jae-Ruen;Kim, Tae-Soo
    • Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.69-73
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    • 2007
  • A new wideband cylindrical monopole antenna is presented for multiple band applications. Multiple band property of the proposed antenna is achieved by adjusting the coupling structure with steps between the antenna base and the ground plane. The measured -10 dB impedance bandwidths are $1.74{\sim}3.06GHz\;and\;5.59{\sim}10.62GHz$, which can cover various kinds of wireless services, such as $PCS(1.75{\sim}1.87GHz),\;IMT-2000(1.92{\sim}2.17GHz),\;WiBro(2.3{\sim}2.39GHz),\;WLAN(2.412{\sim}2.483GHz,\;5.725{\sim}5.825GHz),\;DMB(2.63{\sim}2.655GHz)$, High-band $UWB(7.2{\sim}1.02GHz)$.

Bandwidth Enhancement of Circularly Polarized Dielectric Resonator Antenna

  • Sun, Ru-Ying
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.26-31
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    • 2015
  • Axial-ratio (AR) bandwidth enhancement is achieved for a circularly polarized (CP) cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) using a wideband hybrid coupler (WHC) combined with dual probe feed. The presented WHC, comprised of a Wilkinson power divider and a wideband $90^{\circ}$ shifter, delivers good characteristics in terms of 3 dB power splitting and consistent $90^{\circ}$ (${\pm}5^{\circ}$) phase shifting over a wide bandwidth. In turn, the proposed CP DRA, for the employment of the WHC, in place of conventional designs, provides a significant enhancement on AR bandwidth and impedance matching. The antenna prototype with the WHC exhibits a 3 dB AR bandwidth of 48.66%, an impedance bandwidth of 52.5% for voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) ${\leq}2$, and a bandwidth of 44.66% for a gain of no less than 3 dBi. Experiments demonstrate that the proposed WHC is suitable for broadband CP DRA design.

Ultra-Wideband Tapered Slot Antennas for Millimeter-Wave Systems (밀리미터파 시스템 응용을 위한 초광대역 테이퍼 슬롯 안테나 설계)

  • Woo, Dong-Sik;Kim, Young-Gon;Cho, Young-Ki;Kim, Kang-Wook
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.913-919
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    • 2008
  • A new design and its experimental results of a microstrip-fed ultra-wideband tapered slot antenna(TSA) for millimeter-wave systems are presented. By utilizing the ultra-wideband microstrip-to-CPS transition(balun), ultra-wideband characteristics of the inherent TSA are retrieved. Also, the design procedure of the TSA is simplified by performing simple impedance matching between balun and antenna. The proposed TSA is shaped by using the Fermi-Dirac tapering function and corrugated at the outer edge. The implemented antenna demonstrates ultra-wideband performance for frequency ranges from 23 to over 58 GHz with the relatively high and flat antenna gain of 12 to 14 dBi and low sidelobe levels. In addition, a 4-element linear antenna array for phased-array systems and mm-wave sensor applications is also presented.

UWB Circular Loop Antenna with Circular Sectors (원형 섹터를 가진 UWB 원형 루프 안테나)

  • Yeo, Junho;Lee, Jong-Ig
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.2816-2822
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, a wideband loop antenna for UWB applications is studied. The structure of the proposed wideband loop antenna is a circular loop antenna with appended circular sectors to obtain an ultra-wideband characteristic. The circular sectors are used instead of conventional triangular sectors to match with the 50 ohm feed line. Optimal design parameters are obtained by analyzing the effects of the gap between the circular sectors and the radius of the circular loop on the input reflection coefficient and gain characteristics. The optimized wideband loop antenna is fabricated on an FR4 substrate with a dimension of 41 mm by 41 mm. Experiment results show that the proposed antenna has a frequency band of 3.1-11.0 GHz for a VSWR < 2.25, which assures the operation in the UWB band. Measured gain ranges 1.3-5.3 dBi in the UWB band.

A Ultra-Wideband Two-Arm Self-Complementary Sinuous Antenna (두 개의 팔을 가진 초광대역 자기상보형 시뉴어스 안테나)

  • Lee, Ho Sang;Yoo, Tae Hoon
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.257-267
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    • 2015
  • This paper presents a ultra-wideband sinuous antenna that operates in a whole frequency range (0.824~5.85 GHz) of Cellular/GSM-800, GSM900, ISM, GPS, DCS/GSM1800, PCS/GSM1900, WCDMA/UMTS/IMT2000, WiBro, WLAN and WiMax. The proposed antenna, which is composed of two sinuous arms, is designed as a self-complementary structure in order to have frequency-independent characteristics. It also uses a wideband balun of Klopfenstein taper structure to match to $50{\Omega}$. Experimental results show that the -10 dB return loss bandwidth of the proposed antenna is 5.24 GHz that ranges from 0.76 to 6 GHz, which covers all the frequency bands of the various wireless services. Within the entire operating frequency range, the measured radiation patterns in both E-plane and H-plane show nearly constant bidirectional broadside beams and the maximum antenna gain is measured to fall between 2.32~6.01 dBi.

Broadband Microstrip Patch Antenna Design (광대역 마이크로스트립 패치 안테나 설계)

  • 이호준;이재영;김종규
    • Journal of the Microelectronics and Packaging Society
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, the wideband microstrip patch antennas for the Personal communications Service (PCS : 1750∼1870 MHz) and International Mobile Telecommunications-2000 (IMT-2000 : 1920∼2170 MHz) dual band are studied. Experimental and simulation results on the dual band antenna are presented. Simulation results are in good agreement with measurements. The experimental and simulation results confirm the wideband characteristics of the antenna. The studied antenna satisfied the wideband characteristics that are required characteristics for above 420 MHz impedance bandwidth for the PCS and IMT-2000 dual band antenna. In this paper, through the designing of a dual band antenna, we have presented the availability for PCS & IMT-2000 base station antenna. An impedance bandwidth of 33% (VSWR<1.5, 650 GHz) and a maximum gain of 7dB can be achieved. The radiation pattern is stable across the passband.

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Single-Feed, Wideband, Circularly Polarized, Crossed Bowtie Dipole Antenna for Global Navigation Satellite Systems

  • Tran, Huy Hung;Ta, Son Xuat;Park, Ikmo
    • Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.299-305
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    • 2014
  • A wideband circularly polarized (CP) antenna with a single feed is proposed for use in global navigation satellite systems. Its primary radiation elements are composed of two orthogonal bowtie dipoles, which are equipped with double-printed vacant-quarter rings to allow direct matching of the antenna to a single $50-{\Omega}$ coaxial line and to produce CP radiation. The crossed bowtie dipole is appropriately incorporated with a planar metallic reflector to produce the desired unidirectional radiation pattern as well as to achieve a wideband characteristic in terms of impedance matching and axial ratio (AR) bandwidths. The designed antenna was fabricated and measured. The prototype antenna with an overall 1.2-GHz frequency size of $0.48{\lambda}_o{\times}0.48{\lambda}_o{\times}0.25{\lambda}_o$ produced a measured ${\mid}S_{11}{\mid}$<-10 dB bandwidth of 1.05-1.79 GHz and a measured 3-dB AR bandwidth of 1.12-1.64 GHz. It also showed right-hand CP radiation with a small gain variation (${\pm}0.3dB$) and high radiation efficiency (>93%) over the operational bandwidth.

Passive parasitic UWB antenna capable of switched beam-forming in the WLAN frequency band using an optimal reactance load algorithm

  • Lee, Jung-Nam;Lee, Yong-Ho;Lee, Kwang-Chun;Kim, Tae Joong
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.715-730
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    • 2019
  • We propose a switched beam-forming antenna that satisfies not only ultra-wideband characteristics but also beam-forming in the WLAN frequency band using an ultra-wideband antenna and passive parasitic elements applying a broadband optimal reactance load algorithm. We design a power and phase estimation function and an error correction function by re-analyzing and normalizing all the components of the parasitic array using control system engineering. The proposed antenna is compared with an antenna with a pin diode and reactance load value, respectively. The pin diode is located between the passive parasitic elements and ground plane. An antenna beam can be formed in eight directions according to the pin diode ON (reflector)/OFF (director) state. The antenna with a reactance load value achieves a better VSWR and gain than the antenna with a pin diode. We confirm that a beam is formed in eight directions owing to the RF switch operation, and the measured peak gain is 7 dBi at 2.45 GHz and 10 dBi at 5.8 GHz.

Open Ended Folded-Slot Antenna with a Wide n-Shaped Slot for Ultra-Wideband Applications

  • Yoo, Jin-Ha;Lee, Young-Soon
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 2020
  • A microstrip feedline based open ended folded-slot antenna is proposed for ultra-wideband (UWB) applications. The prototype of the proposed antenna is fabricated on the FR4 dielectric substrate. The proposed antenna has a wide n-shaped slot that is useful for designing circuit components on the same printed circuit board (PCB) as that of the radio frequency (RF) modules. The proposed antenna use two kinds of slots as radiators, and each slots have different characteristics because of the different type of ends of the slot. The wideband characteristic can be obtained by resonances of each slot which are occurred at different frequencies. The measured impedance bandwidth (S11≤ -10 dB) is 2.9-11.56 GHz, and the antenna peak gain is 2-4 dBi over the UWB range. The antenna has a stable omni-directional radiation pattern and only a small group-delay variation across the UWB passband. In addition, we present a modified design with band-notched characteristics of a 5 GHz wireless local area network (WLAN) frequency band.