• Title, Summary, Keyword: Western Architecture

Search Result 341, Processing Time 0.035 seconds

Critical Design Logic and the Emergence of South Korean Urban Design in the 1960s: An Analysis of Oswald Nagler's Influence on the Working Methods of the Housing, Urban and Regional Planning Institute (HURPI)

  • Hong, John;Lee, Hyun Jei
    • Architectural research
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.125-134
    • /
    • 2017
  • Rather than the simple adaption of Western design principles to the Korean context, this paper explicates how a unique critical urban design methodology evolved in Korea in the 1960s. Even as the era was a time of major transition and development, most research has offered limited discourse on the topic, imposing a straightforward reading where Japanese colonial influence is supplanted by Western logics. Through the example of the brief but intense activities of the Housing, Urban and Regional Planning Institute (HURPI), this paper offers a more detailed understanding that focuses on the 'how' rather than the 'what' of HURPI's significance. Through first-hand interviews with HURPI director Oswald Nagler and senior member Sung Chull Hong, the research of the institute is revealed as promoting dialectical 'critical design' methodologies that resulted in a sophisticated synthesis of diverse influences from Western, Korean, and Japanese sources. Moreover, the modes of critical design methods are further analyzed in a recently discovered brochure on HURPI's defining research and pilot projects published by the Ministry of Construction.

A Study on the Regional Characteristics of Contemporary Japanese Architecture (일본현대건축의 지역적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 이일형
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • no.22
    • /
    • pp.69-76
    • /
    • 2000
  • Contemporary architecture in Japan is entering an entirely new phase in the second half of the 1980s. In the late 1960s, doubts began to be expressed about Modernism, which until then had been the recognized mainstream of architecture. There was much discussion, but it was only in the early '80s that an active debate was initiated concerning Post-Modernism. Today, however, matters have gone beyond this, and the situation appears particularly significant. The Japanese architecture world was hitherto understand to be fundamentally very different from its western counterparts. There are several trends in current Japanese architecture which have still come out of the Japanese tradition of life, culture, region, climate itself. At the same time, stance of contemporary Japanese architecture start from a common basis in world's design stream which can be called Post-Modernism, Deconstructivism, Neo-Modernism. This study is aimed at analysis of 'Regional Characteristics' in Contemporary Japanese Architecture.

  • PDF

Inheriting and Innovation;The Trend of Landscape Architecture

  • Linyi, Shi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.141-144
    • /
    • 2007
  • Nowadays, landscape architecture development faces several challenges such as how to inherit Chinese cultures and spirits, how to sustain historical and traditional features and how to keep landscape vital in modem development of city and society. Through interpretation of Chinese culture nature which is set as the research principle, this paper concludes to 'natural, suitable and special' leading idea of inheriting, constructing and preserving Chinese landscape. This idea also integrates traditional, modern, western and Chinese cultures and features. With projects and examples, it also explains those bad effects to landscape inheriting: un-enough mending, natural aging, unsuitable policies, and over development etc. This paper also addresses Beijing Tiantan Park and Shanghai Jiangnan Ship Firm landscape design to show successful protection of traditional gardens. Various protections of the architectures and surroundings and innovation of traditional landscape architecture are also stated.

  • PDF

A study on the international trends in problem solving on the national parks (국립공원의 문제와 그 해결을 위한 국제적 동태에 대한 연구)

  • 윤영일
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.52-61
    • /
    • 1996
  • Almost every national parks in the world have problems in their own way. The centennial history of national park itself was that of problem solving. Various attempts and testing have done. A successful example of national park is, however, hardly find out till today except for several western countries. Internationally, the socio-economic approach has become a main stream. However, this approach has resulted into a natural degradation of large-scale as well as in the Third world countries and Korea. The other stream in this area has cultural aspects. The way which decreasing socio-economic conflicts and pursuing solutions by the cultural approach to the problems gives good consequences in the national parks of western europe. The different settings like Korea which have amounts of cultural differences, in contrast with U.S.A. the birthplace of national parks, this way should suggest new possibilities too.

  • PDF

Behaviour of FRP composite columns: Review and analysis of the section forms

  • Rong, Chong;Shi, Qingxuan;Zhao, Hongchao
    • Advances in concrete construction
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.125-137
    • /
    • 2020
  • As confining materials for concrete, steel and fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have important applications in both the seismic retrofit of existing reinforced concrete columns and in the new construction of composite structures. We present a comprehensive review of the axial stress-strain behaviour of the FRP-confined concrete column. Next, the mechanical performance of the hybrid FRP-confined concrete-steel composite columns are comprehensively reviewed. Furthermore, the results of FRP-confined concrete column experiments and FRP-confined circular concrete-filled steel tube experiments are presented to study the interaction relationship between various material sections. Finally, the combinations of material sections are discussed. Based on these observations, recommendations regarding future research directions for composite columns are also outlined.

Pastiche of Western Traditional Costume in Japanese Avant-Garde Fashion (일본 아방가르드 패션에 표현된 서구 전통복식의 혼성모방)

  • Yim, Eun-Hyuk
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
    • /
    • v.19 no.5
    • /
    • pp.970-980
    • /
    • 2011
  • As a type of intimate architecture, fashion has always mediated the dialogue between clothes and the body, or fashion and figure. This study seeks to inquire the current aesthetic consciousness of the body and dress in Japanese avant-garde fashion and intends to research the features and meanings in the pastiche of Western sartorial convention in Japanese avant-garde fashion in order to examine the changing aesthetic attitude in postmodern fashion. The study investigates subjects of the fashion collections of the turn of the twenty-first century, when pastiche strategies frequently appeared in Japanese avant-garde fashion, through the methodology of literature research and case analysis. The results of the study are as follows: by developing the strategy of pastiche, Japanese avant-garde fashion exposes the defectiveness of the Western idea of the idealized and standardized body for mass productions, thus freeing design from its traditional confinement to the human body. Drawing on the re-conceptualization of the sartorial convention of Western tradition, Japanese avant-garde fashion designers tend to experiment with extreme exaggeration in form, refusing to subscribe to the traditional Western values built on the balance and symmetry of the body. Through the combination of the past and the present as well as the inner-wear as outerwear strategy, the historical pastiche challenges convention and symbolism, which results in the discord between signifiant and signifi$\acute{e}$ of clothing.

Relationship between Le Corbusier's Errazuris House Project and Antonin Raymond's Karuizawa Villa (르 코르뷔지에의 에라즈리스 주택계획안과 안토닌 레이몬드의 카루이자와 별장의 상관성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Yon;Jun, Byung-Kweon
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
    • /
    • v.34 no.1
    • /
    • pp.15-22
    • /
    • 2018
  • Raymond, who adopted Le Corbusier's Errazuris House Project, built Karuizawa Villa by incorporating Japan's aspiration for Western modern architecture and strong convictions regarding the preservation of traditional culture heritage, which were prevalent in Japan at the time. Despite the controversy over his plagiarism, Karuizawa Villa shows several unique architectural characteristics. First, in terms of the arrangement and access system, the villa has a common space that affords a view of the lake by accessing from the mountain side. Second, in terms of spatial composition, the common space is connected to the mesonnette by placing a trail to enable enjoyment of natural scenery. In particular, personal space is planned in the shape of a cross by connecting several surfaces to the outside in order to secure enjoyment of the natural environment. Lastly, in the aspect of structure and materials, both architectural buildings adopted masonry by using natural stone as well as building materials suitable for each region and climate by using logs in constructing the main columns and beams. Through Karuizawa Villa, Raymond is considered to have established his own style by combining the standard of Western modern architecture and the elements of Japanese traditional architecture while valuing local architectural technology.

The Development of Attitudes to Historic Conservation - From Eurocentrism to Cultural Diversity -

  • Chung, Seung-Jin;Kim, Chang-Sung
    • Architectural research
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.25-32
    • /
    • 2010
  • This paper investigates the development of attitudes to historic conservation from the turn of the nineteenth century when certain theoretical opinions on the protection of buildings began to be developed, through the time when the Venice Charter was established, to recent international trends in historic conservation. This paper also explores the contribution of these attitudes and ideas towards an international approach for historic conservation. This paper demonstrates that the Venice Charter is the acme of progress in the European stance towards restoration, reflecting European values of architecture and its conservation, and thus it is not sufficiently 'universal' to be unequivocally applied in non-Western countries. Secondly, recent international trends in historic conservation subvert the notions of Western cultural hegemony which have permeated global conservation practices, and accept the diversity of value criteria for heritage and its conservation in different cultural context. Thirdly, this paper argues that the conservation approaches in Asian societies need to move further into the retention and extension of the spirit and naturalistic sensibilities inherent in the architecture. Historic conservation is an expression of different cultural values attached to heritage resources by different societies. For conservation program to be effective, conservation should take place within a socio-cultural context.

The Connectivity of Aesthetic Consciousness Appearing in Korean Traditional Architecture and Furniture (한국의 전통 건축과 전통가구에서 나타나는 미의식의 연계성)

  • Jung, Myung Taek
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
    • /
    • v.25 no.3
    • /
    • pp.155-164
    • /
    • 2014
  • The culture of Korea shows political and religious discrimination by changed the era, but in the culture the inherent spirit of Koreans has been more specific at various angles to. But in the last several decades looking at the domestic furniture design field, the introduction of Western technology with high-tech, the mechanical plastics of modern Western European furniture, and imitations have been flooded. Owing to them our spirit were soon altered and made to face the current leads to confusion. Fortunately, in the latest national and international design fair the domestic furniture companies are breaking the ambiguous identity of the design in the meantime they keep studying and developing of our spirit and the demands of the times. Moreover, a new awareness and heightened interest on Korean traditional and stylish furniture are more elevated. At this moment, a study on the Connectivity of Aesthetic Consciousness Appearing in Korean Traditional Architecture and Furniture is required to overcome the today's confusion and to establish identity and the direction of the domestic furniture industry. Thus, this paper purposes to present the new direction for domestic furniture industry by researching and analyzing on the Korean traditional architecture and traditional furniture with the Korean spirit and a sense of beauty.

  • PDF

A Study on Multi-layered Space in the Architecture of Hiromi Fujii (히로미 후지이 건축에 나타난 중층(重層)공간에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Yoon-Cheon;Lee, Kang-Up
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.56-66
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the multi-layered space utilized as strategy for deconstruction in the architecture of Hiromi Fujii. Although the design of Eisenman and Fujii was based on the philosophical theory of Jacques Derrida, there are many different aspects of architecture. At the same time, Hiromi Fujii could construct his concept of multi-layered space to colligate the academic knowledge of Jacques Derrida, Roman Jakobson and Colin Rowe. This kind of concept for multi-layered space is a critical element to be distinct from the characters between two architects, and it is implied such as an significant concept to analyze the architecture for Hiromi Fujii. This multi-layered space contains interesting and researchable value to understand and to analyze the western architecture theory from the viewpoint of Asian architect. Accordingly, the purpose of the thesis is to find the meaning to establish an theoretical foundation for being under discussion to the architecture of Fujii through the concept of multi-layered space.