• Title, Summary, Keyword: Western Architecture

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Estimation of the load-deformation responses of flanged reinforced concrete shear walls

  • Wang, Bin;Shi, Qing-Xuan;Cai, Wen-Zhe;Peng, YI-Gong
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.73 no.5
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    • pp.529-542
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    • 2020
  • As limited well-documented experimental data are available for assessing the attributes of different deformation components of flanged walls, few appropriate models have been established for predicting the inelastic responses of flanged walls, especially those of asymmetrical flanged walls. This study presents the experimental results for three large-scale T-shaped reinforced concrete walls and examines the variations in the flexural, shear, and sliding components of deformation with the total deformation over the entire loading process. Based on the observed deformation behavior, a simple model based on moment-curvature analysis is established to estimate flexural deformations, in which the changes in plastic hinge length are considered and the deformations due to strain penetration are modeled individually. Based on the similar gross shapes of the curvature and shear strain distributions over the wall height, a proportional relationship is established between shear displacement and flexural rotation. By integrating the deformations due to flexure, shear, and strain penetration, a new load-deformation analytical model is proposed for flexure-dominant flanged walls. The proposed model provides engineers with a simple, accurate modeling tool appropriate for routine design work that can be applied to flexural walls with arbitrary sections and is capable of determining displacements at any position over the wall height. By further simplifying the analytical model, a simple procedure for estimating the ultimate displacement capacity of flanged walls is proposed, which will be valuable for performance-based seismic designs and seismic capacity evaluations.

A Study of Relationship Modern Science and Western Architecture - Focused on the position of Alberto Perez-Gomez - (근대과학과 서양건축의 관계설정에 관한 연구 - Alberto Perez-Gomez의 견해를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Kyung-Ho
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.52-59
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    • 2006
  • Since the time of Vitruvius, the sciences have impacted on the perspectives for architecture and have had a direct influence on the shaping of built space. In recent years, architects have been looking again at sciences as a source of inspiration in the production of their designs and constructions. There are various ways to look at architecture's relationship to science. It is interesting to see how many of the words of day-to-day architectural speech have been drawn from science, the abundant use of references such as topology, fractals, chaos theory, and so on. The reasons for this may be obvious, insofar as science has become the dominant discourse of our times. The numerous attempts have been made to constitute architectural practice so as to bring it into line with the methods of science. But Alberto Perez-Gomez juxtaposed architectural theory and Husserl's. The Crisis of European Science. In Husserl's 'Crisis', it is modern science itself that is laid open question. Through examining its changing relationships to architectural ideas this paper is intended to describe the problematic relationship between science and architecture, in other words, architecture's as science.

A Study on the phenomenal Transformation of the western Architecture in the 20th century -Focused on the Wall as Element of Architecture- (20세기 서양건축의 현상적 전환에 관한 연구 -건축요소로서의 벽을 중심으로-)

  • 김성은
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.20
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    • pp.48-55
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    • 1999
  • The western architecture is being transformed with the utmost rapidity in the 0th century. The architectural culture is strongly influenced by various thoughts and views on life of people. And then it would reflect the sprit of the same times. Architects have much imaginations that tend to limit of the present at a glance. However, if we observe these imaginations in detail, we can find that th4eir imaginations are based on not only the utopian conceptions but abstract theories. And above all, these imaginations are an energy of conflict between the endless asking and the conviction against the traditions and history. The most of architects consider their ideology and conviction as a whole. Furthermore they regard the wall as a element of architecture and attempt to persuade the people through making the realizatiov. In order to understand more easily the architectural characteristics, it is the best way to see the architecture at the high of our eyes. That is the reason why the wall was chosen as a element of architecture. I would like to emphasize the architects who were the representative in their ages and their works that are based on the conceptions at that time. However, I didn't refer to make a comparison with qualities of them anywhere of this study. Because it is necessary that we should be accepted the architectural paradigm as a matter of course.

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Study on the Characteristic of Partiality in Korean Traditional Residential Architecture in view of the Phenomenology (현상학 측면에서 본 한국 전통주거건축의 부분성에 관한 연구)

  • Yook, Ok-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.73-81
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    • 2016
  • Focused on developing form of Western architecture, invisible elements covering actual human life has been dealt with separately and the time was turned away and disparaged. But now the phenomenology, arranging such a meeting of space and time, gives opportunity to look at the actual life in architecture. Recently, Guille Deleuze and Merleau-Ponty tried to recover the sense of touch segregated in skin from body keeping eyes for distance. And the activity can be happened by being connected to the body rather than to eye in the space. From the phase of recognition where the human body tries to identify the object in the space considering a time, it will be changed for the subject to the phase of space-time structure. If the tactility is to erase the distance different from the visuality in dichotomy, it will be occurred to having a tension and makes new relationship to work trying to move the subjective point of view in object. Like this evidence in analysis of architecture, it can be found these in the Korean traditional architecture rather than Western architecture in terms of emphasizing the time and space. And this study will be intensive to the side of the Phenomenology how it is being connected to the movement in the space and time for the subject and object.

A Study on Meaning of the Water and Water space in western (서구건축공간에서 물과 수공간의 의미에 관한 연구)

  • 이영호;김행신
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to find out the meanings of water and water spaces in the Western architecture. The meaning of water is investigated by means of mythology and literature studies. It is found that water has ambivalent meanings, i.e. life and death, creation and destruction, chastity and sensuality. The meanings of water spaces in the Western architecture are dramatic, secret and dynamic, and represent publicity, verticality, formality in addition to desire for authority and realization(embodiment) of paradise. Water space is an essential component of beautiful and dynamic spaces and is used to revitalize dreary spaces.

A Study on evaluation of recognition with type of Housing landscape in Donghae Seaside (동해연안의 주택경관 유형별 인지 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Won-Seok;Kim, Heung-Ki;Kim, Yong-Ki;Sin, Jung-Sup
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.80-89
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    • 2006
  • This study is derived from relation between the natural landscape and architectural landscape. The type of landscape in Donghae seaside consist of three; Road, Mountain, Seaside. And we selected three landscapes about individual housing; Western, Traditional, Modern. This paper is analyzed 18-simulation scenes, which evaluated with semantic differential method in using 12-bipolar adjectives. The results of this study are as follows(ref: table 6). 1)The housing of western style do not correspond with landscape of Road, but landscape of mountain and seaside were suitable to the western style. 2)Mountain in Donghae seaside harmonizes with housing of traditional style. 3)Even though the housing of modern style were marked low assessment in three landscape, we found out relation, modern housing was well-matched with load landscape.

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The Conservation of Historic Environment: Comparative Analysis of Conservation Charters and Principles (역사환경의 보전: 보전헌장과 원리의 비교분석)

  • Chung, Seung-Jin;Kim, Chang-Sung
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 2010
  • It has been criticized that the Venice Charter of 1964 characterizes so much of Western value of architecture and its conservation, despite its significant contribution towards an international conservation approach. Since the 1970s some countries have drawn up their own conservation guidelines to supplement the limitations of the Venice Charter. When we review critically those documents, we find a change in the Western dogma of heritage. Although the Burra Charter of 1979(last version in 1999) and the China Principles of 2002 accept the general philosophy and concepts of the Venice Charter but make responses to special local needs. The Burra Charter has redressed a current Western bias which has permeated global conservation practices, responding to the Australian context. The China Principles also meet special national needs but in accordance with recent international practices. For this reason, the Burra Charter and the China Principles are regarded as well established in national conservation practices but also as representing each country's contribution to contemporary international conservation practices.

A Comparative Study on the Design Characteristics of Catholic Church in Korea, China and Japan - Focus on the basilican brick church in the early stage - (한.중.일 초기 성당건축의 의장적 특성에 대한 비교연구 - 현존하는 초기 삼랑식 벽돌조 성당건축을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Jung-Shin
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2012
  • This Study is concerned with the Design Characteristics of Korean, Chinese and Japanese brick church architecture. The main subject of the study is to investigate the commonness and difference between Korean, Chinese and Japanese brick church architecture in the early stage(1880-1920). In carrying this study into execution, I examined the architectural and historical backgrounds based on the preceding research works, and analysed the plan, the spacial composition, design elements, techniques and materials, etc. The result of this study is as follows ; The basic concept of composition of space is same in order to embody the Basilican space, but the inner elevation and detail of brick structure is different. Chinese churches are more close to Western basilican style church in the point of shape and plan, but in the point of inner elevation and decoration of church, Japanese churches are more close to Western style church. Korean churches are in the middle of its. There are different attitudes of naturalization of western church architecture in Korea, China and Japan.

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Space and Time in the Architectures of the East and the West (동서양 건축에서의 공간과 시간)

  • Kim, Sung-woo
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.97-117
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    • 2004
  • The tradition of architecture in the East and the West are different in many ways. One of the basic cause of such difference, however, is the different ways of perception of space and time. This paper aims to identify the attitude of perception of space and time in the cultures of the East and the West, and its influence on architecture. Degrees of importance placed on either space or time, as well as the modes of perception of space and time are discussed in relation to architecture. Basically, the architecture of the West seems to be more spatially oriented than the East, and this have much to do with the fact that the tradition of Western architecture is visually oriented. On the other hand, East Asian architecture have been more conscious on bodily feeling and its movement in architecture. Spatial units of traditional Eastern architecture, are arranged in such a way in which man can experience the change of space that is supposed to be organized to form a sequential message. Thus, in the East, temporal dimension is more deliberately included in the course of architectural experience compared to the cases of the West. Although it is not easy to attempt any kind of value judgment on such aspects, it is necessary to understand how the different perception of space and time influenced architectural outcome, especially when one wants to understand the cultural cause that have made the architectures of the East and the West very different. Such understanding is particularly important in East Asia where their future of architecture depends much on how they harmonize the Eastern and Western background which are already built up as two cultural structure in their consciousness to be able to create more desirable architecture for themselves.

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A Study on the Modern Domestic Architecture in Taegu Area after the End of the 19th Century (개항(開港) 이후(以後) 대구지역(大邱地域) 근대주거건축(近代住居建築)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Yoon, Jae-Woong
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.85-100
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    • 1992
  • This Study is to analize the transfiguration of the domestic architecture in the process of modernization. Thirty two houses which were located in Taegu province and constructed during the period from 1886 to 1945, were surveyed and analized about the characteristic and their transfiguration. The modern domestic architecture of Taegu province had been constructed greatly by the missonaries and Japanes. The history of development of modern houses in Teagu province can be devided into three period in accordance with the economic policy, housing style and the method of construction. The first period (1886-1910) was the beginning of the modern house. Most of the mission houses of that period were made with brick structure of korean-western style or colonial style. In the second period (1911-1926), colonial, Japanese-western, Japanese housing style were co-exited in Teagu province. During the third period (1927-1945) new method of construction using reinforced concrete and mortar was introduced, therefore the houses become row house (a two or three-family house) and much simpler.

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