• Title, Summary, Keyword: Welfare

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A Study of Social Welfare Expenditures$(1982{\sim}1992)$ of Welfare States : An Analysis Using Fuller-Battese Model (복지국가의 사회복지비 지출 변화$(1982{\sim}1992)$에 관한 실증적 연구 : Fuller-Battese Model을 이용한 분석)

  • Kang, Chul-Hee;Kim, Kyo-Seong;Kim, Young-Bum
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.42
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    • pp.7-40
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    • 2000
  • This paper examines the changes $(1982{\sim}1992)$ of social welfare expenditures of 12 welfare states. This paper focuses on two questions. First, to what extent have there been changes in social welfare expenditure (total social welfare expenditures, income support expenditures, social service expenditures) of 12 welfare states? Second, what are the causes of the changes in social welfare expenditures? Using Comparative Welfare States Data Set by Stephens(1997) and Social Expenditure Database by OECD (1999), this paper attempts to answer two questions. Fuller-Battese model, a data analysis method in pooled cross-sectional time-series analysis, is adopted to identify variables predicting social welfare expenditure changes. This paper analyzes the predictors separately according to the types of welfare states by Esping-Andersen (1990). Predictors are different by the types of welfare states; thus, economic variables such as GDP and financial deficiency have effects on social welfare expenditures of Liberal and Corporatist welfare states. while they have no effects in Social Democratic welfare states. Political variables has effects on social welfare expenditures of Corporatist welfare states, not of Liberal and Social Democratic welfare states. Demographic variables has effects on social welfare expenditures of Social Democratic welfare states rather than Liberal and Corporatist welfare states. This paper provides an additional knowledge about social welfare expenditure changes of 12 welfare states and discusses implications for the development of welfare state in Korea.

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Perception on Housing Welfare of Social Welfare Practitioners (주거복지에 대한 사회복지업무 종사자의 의식조사 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Joo;Kim, Mi-Hee;Park, Nam-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.119-129
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to identify perception on housing welfare of social welfare practitioners. Specific research interest was focused on the area of housing welfare services and necessity, problems when execute housing welfare services, and activating strategy of housing welfare. For the research purpose, questionnaires were distributed to 537 people who work in the field of social welfare including social welfare officials in local government authorities and social workers at community welfare centers nationwide by mail and e-mail and 405 questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS 15.0 program. Respondents thought that the supply of public rental housing was the most important service to promote housing welfare. They also indicated the most serious problem was the lack of budget and housing welfare services and programs. As main reasons of local government's passive attitude toward housing welfare services and programs, respondents mentioned low interest level of housing welfare and lack of housing welfare education. Most of the respondents agreed the necessity of introducing the curricula related to housing welfare and expected to spread interest toward housing welfare in the field of social welfare.

The Characteristics and Determinants of Welfare Attitudes (복지태도의 미시적 결정구조와 특성)

  • Ryu, Jin-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.4
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    • pp.79-101
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    • 2004
  • This paper examines the characteristics and determinants of welfare attitudes in Korea. Based on Survey data, this study focuses mainly on how social-economic position variables, welfare status and welfare compliances influence attitudes towards welfare. Welfare attitudes can be classified by five areas as follows: legitimacy of welfare functions, affordability of welfare costs, need-based welfare principles, responsibility of welfare provision and adequacy of welfare spending. There are the major findings. First, attitudes towards welfare is identified state-friendly or pro-welfare attitudes. Second, among the social-economic position variables, welfare status and welfare norms variables, welfare compliance has statistically the most significant effects on welfare attitudes. Third, the level of pro-welfare attitudes is largely determined by welfare norms and images espoused by individuals. These findings suggest that we can not apply cleavages thesis which are developed by studies on the support for welfare state.

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A Case Study on the Welfare QC Activity as a Management Technique for Improving Quality in Social Welfare Service (사회복지서비스의 질적 향상을 위한 관리기법으로서 복지QC 활동에 관한 사례연구)

  • Park, Kyung-Il
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.40
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    • pp.97-130
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this paper is a case study on welfare QC circle which is considered as one of the management techniques to improve service quality among recently changing welfare environment. Futhermore this paper is also to suggest a new introduction of the welfare QC circle in korean social welfare agency. To accomplish these purpose, this study theoretically examines activity process and techniques of welfare QC circle. In practice, three social workers and one supervisor working at 'D' community welfare center in pusan are participated during six months. As a result, we founded the specific problems that is aroused from youth volunteer group within by fish bone chart, and proposed the alternative choices by 5W1H check sheet, and also certified to decrease turnover ratio in youth volunteering by pareto chart. This study, however, has its limitation in selection only one case study on welfare QC circle of youth volunteering. Welfare QC circle could be much contributed as one of the management techniques to enhance the quality of social welfare service from the viewpoint of the customer, If it is well developed korean welfare QC model which is suitable to social welfare organization and service. Therefore, in order to introduce welfare QC circle in korean social welfare organizations, I would like to suggest to find out a useful text of welfare QC and organize some welfare QC study groups including other suggestions.

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A Study of the Welfare Mix in Korea (한국의 복지혼합에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Dong-Myeon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.45
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    • pp.220-249
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    • 2001
  • In order to understand the provision of social welfare in Korea, this study puts forward a method to measure and tracks the welfare mix, and applies the method to Korea. This is the goal of this study, which is in three parts. First, I critically review the concept of welfare pluralism and develop the welfare mix model, Second, I present a methodology and technique for measuring and systematically comparing the components of the welfare mix. Third, I examine the roles of five welfare providers including state, market, non-profit organization, enterprise and family in the welfare mix of Korea. This study argues that the welfare mix in Korea has some characteristics of 'residual state, expanded market, negligible voluntary sector, and protective family'. The state in Korea has played a relatively little role in the provision of social welfare, enforcing most Koreans being with a meagre social protection. Thus, most of the 'left' needs for social welfare has to be met in the private sector composed of market and enterprises. In addition, in a situation that self/mutual help through family or community is encouraged, the family has played an important role in the welfare mix. But the role of voluntary sector in the welfare mix has remained negligible. Consequently, the characteristics of the welfare mix in Korea can be best described by a welfare society rather than a welfare state.

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The Welfare Mix Structure in Korea: an Expenditure Study of 2000 (한국 복지혼합의 구조: 2000년도 지출추계를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jin-Wook
    • 한국사회복지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.387-411
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this article is to analyse the expenditure structure of the welfare mix; in order to grasp the holistic feature of the Korean social welfare. Most of all, the article attempts to elaborate the estimation methods of social welfare expenditure by including the components from which has been excluded so far - indirect tax expenditure of the government, nursery payments of households, life insurance pay-outs for survivors, inter-household private income transfers and the value of caring work of the family. In so doing, the article estimates that the total social welfare expenditure including state, enterprise, market, NPOs and family reached at 24.7% of GDP in 2000, which is approximately 2.5 times more than public social welfare expenditure. It implies that non-state, private sectors dominates the structure of social welfare provisions in Korea. In addition, based on the analyses of the expenditure structure, the article defines the main feature of Korea's welfare mix as the 'mixed structure of the welfare mix dominated by the protective family', or 'expanded public sector, relatively limited market, and protective family'. Such a family-dominated welfare mix structure in Korea indicates that the fundamental source of solidarity of the Korean social welfare system is family and, therefore, the welfare regime of Korea can be classified as 'Conservative'.

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A Comparative Study on Productive Welfare in the Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism (세 가지 복지자본주의에서의 생산적 복지, 그 성적표 : 복지국가의 경제적 효과와 평등달성의 차이에 관한 체제론적 비교연구)

  • Ahn, Sang-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.49
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    • pp.162-189
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    • 2002
  • In general, every welfare state is to be productive. If not, the welfare state itself cannot be sustainable because resource for the development of welfare only comes from a sound level of economic development However, how to mix welfare and production differs from country to country. This article tackles this phenomenon as a starting point. Granted, contemporary studies of comparative welfare state often starts from the theory of welfare regime which has been suggested by Esping-Andersen. This article also regards the framework as an analytic tool to elaborate upon the concept of productive welfare and to categorize different types of conception of productive welfare. In liberal regime, the concept is so narrowly interpreted that they emphasize micro-efficiency of specific welfare programs. On the contrary, the other two regime types recognize the concept of productive welfare as relatively wide. Therefore, conservative and social democratic regimes underscore macro-efficiency of the welfare state as a whole. Empirical analyses of this article explores each regime's success and failure in terms of achieving fundamental goals of the welfare state, i.e. economic development and enhancement of equality. A series of evidence show that liberal regime fails in achieving both goals, while the other two regimes seem to be relatively successful. In conclusion, it may be pointed out that current tendency of neo-liberalism and anti-welfarism in Korea should be overcome, which must be the prime task of social welfare academia of this country.

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A Study on the Socialization Theory of Social Welfare Institutions -From the Point of View of the Community Welfare in Japan- (사회복지시설의 사회화론에 관한 일고찰 -일본 지역복지의 관점에서-)

  • Lee, Byoung-Rock
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.1
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    • pp.181-201
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    • 2004
  • It has been said that there were many problems in a social welfare institution. Community welfare in Japan is being presented as an alternative solving these problems and underlying theories are deinstitutionalization, normalization, and community care. Recently, in Korea, these alternatives are connected with the logic that social welfare institutions are useless. But if we think the inborn duty of the social welfare institution, we can know the logic problem of these theories. Also, 'the socialization theory of social welfare institutions' has been presented as a solving method. But studies in Korea are having a partiality only to opening to community and are researched separately from community welfare. Under these problem perceptions, this study examined the construction contents of the community welfare in Japan, the relation of community welfare and social welfare institutions, the relation of the community welfare and the socialization theory of social welfare institutions, and the concept and content of the socialization theory of social welfare institutions. This study investigated the discussions in Japan, for studies in Korea are generally based on those of Japan and the domestic community welfare policy has been influenced immensely by Japan. The result of this study is as follows. Firstly, not the social welfare institution in a category of community welfare is excluded, but is prescribed as an essential post, a premise condition, and a composition post of the community welfare. Secondly, the socialization theory of social welfare institutions is also discussed in a category of the community welfare and in the side of community welfare development. Thirdly, the socialization theory of social welfare institutions is presented in the side of not only opening to community, but also a basic practice theory of the social welfare institution reformation including that.

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The effect that social welfare officials' awareness of welfare has on their sense of duty value and duty efficiency (사회복지공무원의 복지의식이 직무가치관과 직무효과성에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Eoun-Suk;Kim, Chong-Tae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.11
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    • pp.133-141
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study is to empirically examine the effect that social welfare officials' awareness of welfare, who play the core role in delivering public welfare service, has on their sense of duty value and duty efficiency. The implications this study suggests are as follows; First, this study has a meaning in that it empirically proved the social welfare officials' awareness level of welfare. Second, this study provided the specific theoretical basis for the approaches and alternatives for the need to improve social welfare officials' awareness of welfare and operate the desirable welfare policy and system, by examining the effect that social welfare officials' awareness of welfare has on their sense of duty value and duty efficiency. Third, we can find the political implication from this study that welfare policy should be established and operated toward the direction of enhancing equalization effect of welfare system, and minimizing free ride or hampering the will to work, if we intend to improve social welfare officials' awareness of welfare. Fourth, this study presented the need to improve the work system of social welfare officials, through the fact that the shorter their work period is, the lower sense of welfare, duty value and duty efficiency they have. Based on the study results above, we suggest the activation of studies on social welfare officials' awareness of welfare, the need to regularly educate social welfare officials about welfare policy, system and value, the need to improve social welfare officials' positive awareness of welfare and their duty performance through deciding welfare policy toward the direction of enhancing social equality and equalization, and the need to improve social welfare officials' work system.

The Impact of Globalization on Social Welfare in Korea (세계화와 한국의 사회복지 : 영향과 함의)

  • Ryu, Jin-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.44
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    • pp.117-145
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    • 2001
  • This paper attempts to assess the impact and implication of globalization on social welfare in Korea. It is no easy task to give an exact definition of globalization and the concept has been used in many different senses, that is, economic, social, cultural, political globalization. In particular, the meaning of globalization is connected to the rise and expansion of neo-liberalism. Globalization tends to undermine national welfare systems by the social dumping, race to the bottom, privatization of social services, labor market flexibility. On the other hand, in many studies the negative impact of globalization on social welfare has been questioned. Instead of end or erosion of the welfare systems, it is emphasized that competitiveness and welfare may go hand in hand. We investigate the question what and how the social welfare system in Korea has been changed in globalization process. In order to answer, this paper examines the changes in welfare ideology, welfare programs, social stratification level after economic crisis. The result of analysis is that in contrast to globalist expectations which is to retrench social welfare, paradoxically, the welfare system in Korea has been reinforced in globalization process. Therefore, the alleged impact of globalization on social welfare will be independent on the structure of domestic institution, political legacies, and on the socialization of global politics such as IMF, World Bank, ILO, UNDP, etc., on the welfare politics of stakeholders in national state.

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