• Title, Summary, Keyword: Weed occurrence

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Occurrence and distribution of weed species on horticulture fields in Chungnam province of Korea

  • Hwang, Ki Seon;Eom, Min Yong;Park, Su Hyuk;Won, Ok Jae;Lee, In Yong;Park, Kee Woong
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.353-360
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    • 2015
  • A survey of weed occurrence was conducted to identify problematic weed species in a horticultural crop field to get basic information for effective weed control. Surveys of weed species occurring in horticultural crop fields (garlic, onion, red pepper and Chinese cabbage) were conducted in Chungnam province of Korea from April to October in 2014. A total of 516 sites of the 17 regions were identified as having 114 weed species belonging to 32 families. The most dominant weed species in the horticultural crop fields were Chenopodium album var. centrorubrum (8.83%), followed by Digitaria ciliaris (5.71%), Conyza canadensis (5.46%) and Capsella bursa-pastoris (4.67%). Specifically, as a result of this study, the occurrence of 35 species of exotic weeds, such as Chenopodium album and Taraxacum officinale, were confirmed. Almost 68% of the investigation sites was determined under dominance value 1 (range of cover < 10; numerous individuals) by Braun-Branquet cover-abundance scale, indicating a proper weed control in horticultural crop field. As a result of scientific and technological advances, an improved cultivation method is changing the weed occurrence in agricultural land. Additional research needs to be undertaken for the development of weed control methods through such periodic monitoring of occurrence of weeds.

Occurrence and distribution characteristics of weed species on upland Chinese cabbage fields in Chungnam province (충남지역 배추재배지 발생잡초 분포특성)

  • Hwang, Ki Seon;Eom, Min Yong;Park, Su Hyuk;Won, Ok Jae;Suh, Su Jeoung;Lee, In Yong;Park, Kee Woong
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.303-308
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted in order to utilize the basic data for weed control by surveying the occurrence of weed species. Total 63 sites of upland Chinese cabbage fields in Chungnam Provinces were investigated. The result of survey, 71 weed species in 25 families were identified and classified to 39 annuals, 16 biennials and 16 perennials. Based on the occurrence ratio, the most weed species belonged to Compositae (20 species). 8, 6 and 5 weed species belonged to Poaceae, Cruciferae and Polygonaceae, respectively, and these 10 weed species in the most six families accounted for 50% of total weed occurrence. The most dominant weed species in upland Chinese cabbage fields were Portulaca oleracea (8.07%), followed by Digitaria ciliaris (7.54%), Rorippa palustris (6.44%), Chenopodium album (5.73%), Echinochloa crus-galli (5.02%) and Cyperus amuricus (3.95).

Weeds on Rice Paddy Field of Jeonnam Western Region (전남지역 벼 재배방법에 따른 잡초 발생 특성)

  • Im, Il-Bin;Im, Bo-Hyeok;Park, Jea-Hyeon;Jang, Jeong-Han;Im, Min-Hyeok;Lee, In-Yong
    • Weed & Turfgrass Science
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.295-307
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    • 2015
  • Surveys of weed species in paddy fields were conducted to identify weed occurrence on July 2013. Total 237 sites of paddy fields in 9 City/Gun, Jeonnam Provinces in Korea were investigated. From the survey, 45 weed species in 18 families were identified and classified to 33 annuals and 15 perennials. Based on the occurrence ratio, the most weed species belonged to Poaceae (9 species) and 8 and 4 weed species belonged to Cyperaceae and Scrophulariaceae, respectively. These 21 weed species in the most four families accounted for 46% of total weed occurrence. The most dominant weed species in Korean paddy fields were Echinochloa spp. (18.5%), followed by Monochoria vaginalis (12.3%), Lemna perpusilla (8.2), Eleocharis kuroguwai (5.2%) and Scirpus juncoides (5.2%). The most dominant weed species in machine transplanting paddy fields were Echinochloa spp. (14%), followed by Monochoria vaginalis (12%) and in water seeded rice paddy fields were Echinochloa spp. (25%), followed by Monochoria vaginalis (11%). This information could be useful for estimation of future weed occurrence, weed population dynamics and establishment of weed control methods in paddy fields.

Weed Occurrence in Lowland Rice Field in Gyeongbuk Province (경북지역 벼재배답에서 발생하는 잡초 분포)

  • Kim, S.J.;Kim, Y.H.;Lee, W.H.;Choi, C.D.;Kim, C.Y.;Choi, B.S.
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.262-268
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    • 1997
  • The experiment was carried out to obtain the basic information of weed control in lowland rice field in Gyeongbug province. The results were as follows : In weed distribution on life cycle, annual weed was occupied by 56.5% and perennials were 43.5%, respectively. In morphological distribution of weeds, grass weed was 25.2%, sedges was 12.3% and broad leaf weeds was 62.5%. In particular, weed occurrence of grass weed was much more increased than that of 1971 and 1981 year. Dominant weed species was Echinochloa crusgralli, Sagittaria trifolia, Eleocharis kuroguwai and Monochoria vaginalis in plain land, mid alpine area, and cold salty wind area. Dominant weeds was approximately similar occurrence in normal soil and poorly drained soil Gelds, but sandy soil field was not. Echinochloa crusgalli was dominant in hand transplanting and direct seeding on dry paddy field. Meanwhile, in machine transplanting, Sagittaria trifolia and Ludwigia prostrate were dominant, and occurrence of Echinochloa crusgalli was increased to delaying transplanting. As a result, major dominant weed was Echinochloa crusgalli, Sagittaria trifolia, Ludwigia prostrate, Eleocharis kuroguwai, and Monochoria vaginalis in terms of predominance.

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Occurrence and Distribution of Weed Species on Upland Fields in Chungnam Province (충남지역 밭작물 재배지 잡초발생 및 분포현황)

  • Hwang, Ki Seon;Eom, Min Yong;Park, Su Hyuk;Suh, Su Jeoung;Lee, In Yong;Park, Kee Woong
    • Weed & Turfgrass Science
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.262-268
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to provide basic information for weed control by surveying the occurrence of weed species. Surveys of weed species occurred in food crop (barley, maize, potato, soybean) fields were conducted in Chungnam province from April to September in 2014. Total 321 sites of food crop fields in 17 City / Gun in Chungnam province were investigated. From the result of this survey, 130 weed species in 36 families were identified and classified to 77 annuals, 27 biennials and 26 perennials. Based on the occurrence ratio, the most dominant weed species in Chungnam province food crop fields were Digitaria ciliaris (10.19%), followed by Conyza canadensis (7.82%), Portulaca oleracea (5.22%), Chenopodium album var. centrorubrum (5.21%), Capsella bursa-pastoris (3.47%) and Alopecurus aequalis (3.47%). Forty-four exotic weed species were identified. This information could be useful for estimation of future weed occurrence, weed population dynamics and establishment of weed control methods in food crop fields of Chungnam province.

Occurrence and Distribution of Weeds on Orchard Fields in Chungbuk Province of Korea (충북지역 과수원 발생 잡초 분포 현황)

  • Lee, Chae Young;Park, Jae Seong;Lee, Hee Du;Kim, Eun Jeong;Hong, Eui Yon;Hong, Seong Taek;Woo, Sun Hee
    • Weed & Turfgrass Science
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.71-81
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to investigate the weed occurrence and distribution on the orchard fields (apple, pear, peach, grape) at 387 sites in Chungbuk province of Korea from May to September in 2015. From the result of this survey, 200 weed species in 47 families were identified and classified to 82 annuals, 40 biennials and 78 perennials. Based on the occurrence ratio, the most dominant weed species in Chungbuk province orchard fields were higher in order of Digitaria ciliaris (4.12%), Echinochloa crus-galli (3.60%), Stellaria aquatica (3.45%), Artemisia princeps (3.07%) and Chenopodium album (3.06%). The composition of major occurred weed families, Compositae, Poaceae, Leguminosae and Cyperaceae were 21, 9, 6 and 6%, respectively. Coefficient of similarity between a various orchards based on the degree of dominance were ranged from 68.7-91.8%. The most important weed species at apple, peach, grape was Digitaria ciliaris while these for pear was Poa annua. Fifty-one exotic weed species were also identified. The results of this study could be useful information for estimation of future weed occurrence, weed population dynamics and establishment of weed control methods on the orchard fields in Chungbuk province of Korea.

Study on Transplanting Cultural Methods of Turf Seedling VI. Depression Effect of Biennial Weed Species as Mowing Height (잔디(Zoysia japonica Steud.) 육묘 이식재배법에 관한 연구 VI. 예초고에 따른 월년생 잡초종의 억제효과)

  • Lee, Myung-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.260-266
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to control biennial weed which gives a lot of damage to landscaped and early growth of lawns in early spring. The results obtained from the mowing experiment are as follows. (1) Average of occurrence rate of weed species of the total treatments was 17.9%, (2) Occurrence rate of weed species was as 24.7% at 12.5 mm low mowing section. The rate indicates that the lowest weed depression effect was appeared at the lowest mowing among 4 mowing sections. (3) Occurrence rate of weed species was 10.6% at 22.5 mm mowing section. The highest weed depression effect among the 4 mowing sections was observed at the 22.5 mm mowing section. (4) Occurrence rates of weed species were 18.2% and 18.3% at 32.5 mm and 42.5 mm high mowing section, respectively.

Occurrence and Distribution of Weeds on Upland Crop Fields in Chungbuk Province of Korea (충북지역 주요 밭작물 재배지 발생 잡초 분포 현황)

  • Lee, Chae Young;Park, Jae Seong;Kim, Eun Jeong;Lee, Hee Du;Hong, Eui Yon;Woo, Sun Hee
    • Weed & Turfgrass Science
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.209-218
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to investigate the weed occurrence and distribution on the upland crop fields (garlic, barley, potato, maize, red pepper, soybean and Chinese cabbage) at 795 sites in Chungbuk province of Korea from Apr. to Oct. in 2014. From the result of this survey, 188 weed species in 42 families were identified and classified to 96 annuals, 40 biennials and 52 perennials. Based on the occurrence ratio, the most dominant weed species in Chungbuk province upland crop fields were higher in the order of Portulaca oleracea (8.14%), Digitaria ciliaris (6.72%), Echinochloa crus-galli (6.55%), Rorippa palustris (6.00%) and Chenopodium album (5.89%). The composition of major occurred weed families, Compositae, Poaceae, Polygonaceae and Cruciferae were 19, 10, 7 and 6%, respectively. In the winter upland crop fields, the dominant weeds were in the order of Capsella bursa-pastoris (12.36%), Alopecurus aequalis (11.05%) and Stellaria alsine (8.42%). In the summer upland crop fields, the dominant weeds were in the order of Portulaca oleracea (8.58%), Digitaria ciliaris (7.18%) and Rorippa palustris (6.28%). Fiftythree exotic weed species were identified. The results of this study could be useful information for estimation of future weed occurrence, weed population dynamics and establishment of weed control methods on the upland crop fields in Chungbuk province of Korea.

A Survey of Weed Occurrence and Management on Apple Orchard Fields in Chungnam Province in Korea (충남지역 사과원의 잡초관리방법과 잡초발생특성)

  • Hwang, Ki Seon;Park, Kee Woong
    • Weed & Turfgrass Science
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.5-9
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    • 2016
  • This survey was conducted to identify weed occurrence and to investigate weed management methods in the apple orchard fields in Chungnam province including Daejeon and Sejong from April to June and from September to October, 2015. In this survey, 64 weed species in 27 families including 39 annuals and 25 perennials were identified. Based on the importance values, the most dominant weed species in the first survey was Poa annua (6.51), followed by Veronica didyma (5.36), Plantago asiatica (5.36). In the second survey, Stellaria media (5.73), Digitaria ciliaris (5.36), and Rumex crispus (5.18) were dominant. When the 64 weed species were classified by family, the most abundant weed species belong to Compositae (12 species), followed by Poaceae (7 species), Polygonaceae (6 species), and Cruciferae (6 species). These 31 weed species in the most occurred four families accounted for 48% of total weed occurrence. Based on the questionnaire survey in which weed management methods in the apple orchard were asked, applied mowing + herbicide, mowing + tillage, and mowing + sod-culture was methods commonly conducted in apple orchard fields.

Occurrence of Weed Species on Turf Sod Production Areas in Jangsung-gun, Jeonnam Province (전남 장성지역 한국잔디 재배지 잡초발생 현황)

  • Choi, Sung Hwan;Ahn, Soo Jeong;Lee, Dong Woon
    • Weed & Turfgrass Science
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.247-255
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to provide basic information for weed control by surveying the occurrence of weed species in turf sod production areas. Surveys of weed species occurred in turf sod production areas were conducted in Jangsung-gun, Jeonnam province from September 2014 to May 2016. Total 50 sites of turf sod production areas in two soil conditions were investigated. On the upland soil condition in turf sod production areas, 66 weed species in 27 families were identified and classified to 49 annuals and 17 perennials and on the paddy soil condition, 69 weed species in 22 families were identified and classified to 53 annuals and 16 perennials. Based on the importance values, the most dominant weed species on the upland soil condition in the first survey (September 2014) was Digitaria ciliaris (8.49%), followed by Erigeron annuus (7.94%) and Rorippa indica (6.56%). In the second survey (May 2016) was Oxalis corniculata (7.26%), followed by Capsella bursa-pastoris (6.21%) and Conyza canadensis (6.21%). Whereas the most dominant weed species on the paddy soil condition in the first survey (September 2014) was Erigeron annuus (9.52%), followed by Mazus pumilus (7.41%) and Cyperus iria (6.82%). In the second survey (May 2016) was Commelina communis (5.08%), followed by Alopecurus aequalis (5.08%) and Erigeron annuus (4.79%). This information could be useful for estimation of future weed occurrence and effective weed control methods in turf sod production areas in Jangsung-gun, Jeonnam Province.