• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wear behavior

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Analysis of Sliding Wear Behavior of Mild Steel According to Hardness of Dissimilar Mating Materials (이종 상대재 경도에 따른 철강재료의 미끄럼 마모 특성 해석)

  • Lee, Han-Young
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.195-200
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    • 2016
  • This study examines the wear behavior of mild steel pins mated against alloyed tool steel discs in a pin-on-disc type sliding test machine and provides specific clarification regarding the effects of disc hardness on the wear behavior of a mating mild steel pin. The analysis confirms these effects through the observation of differences in the wear rates of the mild steel pins at low sliding speed ranges. These differences occur even though the hardness of the mating disc does not affect the wear characteristic curve patterns for the sliding speeds, regardless of the wear regime. In the running-in wear regime, increasing the hardness of the mating disc results in a decrease in the wear rates of the mild steel pins at low sliding speed ranges. However, in the steady-state wear region, the wear rate of a pin mated against the 42DISC is greater than the wear rate of a pin mated against the 30DISC, which has a lower hardness value. This means that the tribochemical reactivity of the mating disc, which is based on hardness value, influences the wear behavior of mild steel at low sliding speed ranges. In particular, oxides with higher oxygen contents, such as $Fe_2O_3$ oxides, form predominantly on the worn surface of the 42DISC. On the contrary, the wear behavior of mild steel pins at high sliding speed ranges is nearly unaffected by the hardness of the mating disc.

A Study on the Rail Materials Technology for Subway Based on its Sliding Wear Behavior (지하철 레일의 미끄럼 마모거동을 고려한 재료설계에 대한 고찰)

  • Lee, Han-Young
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.364-369
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    • 2014
  • To assess the wear behavior of rails against subway rail car wheels, we investigate the sliding wear behavior of pins derived from two types of rails (normal rails and heat-treated rails) against a disc derived from a subway rail car wheel, using a pin-on-disc-type tribometer. We base the sliding wear test conditions on the sliding conditions for wheel flange-rail gauge corner contact. We demonstrate the remarkable transition in the wear behavior of the pins derived from the rails, from severe wear to mild wear, as a function of the sliding distance. The wear rate of the heat-treated rail material in the running-in wear region is much lower than that of the normal rail material. Furthermore, the wear rates of the pins in the running-in wear region decrease with increasing hardness and with decreasing sliding speed. However, there is little difference between the heat-treated rail pin and the normal rail pin in the wear rate in the steady-state wear region. Stricter controls on the decarburized layer beneath the surface of rails are required to reduce the wear rate in the running-in wear region.

A Study on Clothing Behavior and Clothing Image of Out/Inner Wear According to Sex Role Stereotype (성역할정체감이 겉옷.속옷에 대한 의복행동 및 의복이미지 선호에 미치는 영향)

  • 윤은아;이선재
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.152-163
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    • 2000
  • This study intends to analyze the sex role stereotype that could be effective variable for conduction clothing behavior and clothing image preference, to find out the relationship between sex role stereotype and out/inner wear clothing behavior and clothing image preference of women, and to provide useful information for establishing marketing strategies of out/inner wear market. A total of 628 samples were selected from adult female in Seoul. Questionnaire was used as major method of gathering data. They were analyzed by SAS package. Main result of this study were follows: 1. In the relationship between clothing behavior and clothing image preference and demographic variables, four clothing-behaviores of out wear, and comfort and aesthetics of inner wear showed significant differences according to all of the demographic variables. 2. In the relationship between sex role stereotype and clothing behavior and clothing image preference, four types of sex role stereotype were showed significant differences in comfort, modesty, aesthetics and masculine-feminine image of out wear, and masculine-feminine image of inner wear. 3. In the consistency between out wear clothing behavior and clothing image preference, and inner wear clothing behavior and clothing image preference according to sex role stereotype, all cases except one showed no significant consistency.

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Wear Behavior of Al/SiC Composites Fabricated by Thermal Spray Process (1) - Effect of Sliding Speed on Wear Behavior - (용사법에 의해 제조된 Al/SiC 복합재료의 마모거동 (1) - 미끄럼 속도의 영향 -)

  • Lee, Kwang-Jin;Kim, Kyun-Tak;Kim, Yeong-Sik
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.351-355
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    • 2011
  • Al/SiC composites were fabricated by thermal spray process, and the dry sliding wear tests were performed using the various sliding speed of 10, 30, 60 and 90 RPM through 1000 cycles. The applied load was 10 N and radius of wear track was 15 mm. Wear tracks on the Al/SiC composites were investigated using scanning electron microscope(SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). In the case of sliding speed of 10 RPM, adhesive wear behavior caused by plastic deformation of composits surface was observed. In the cases of sliding speed of 30, 60, 90 RPM, abrasive wear behavior on the adhered layer formed by debris were observed. Through this study, it was found that the wear behavior of Al/SiC composites was mainly influenced by the sliding speed.

Effects of Corrosion Resistance Characteristics of Opponent Materials in relative Motion on Sliding Wear Behavior of Mild Carbon Steel (상대재 내식성이 철강재료의 미끄럼마모 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Han-Young
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.139-147
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    • 2019
  • This study investigates the effects of corrosion resistance characteristics of opponent materials in relative motion on the sliding wear behavior of mild carbon steel. Pin specimens made of mild carbon steel are tested at several sliding speeds against mating discs made of two types of alloyed steels, such as type D2 tool steel (STD11) and type 420 stainless steel (STS420J2), with different corrosion resistance characteristics in a pin-on-disc type sliding wear test machine. The results clearly show that the sliding wear behavior of mild carbon steel is influenced by the corrosion resistance characteristics of the mating disc materials at low sliding speeds. However, the sliding wear behavior at high sliding speeds is irrelevant to the characteristics because of the rising temperature. During the steady state wear period, the sliding wear rate of mild carbon steel against the type 420 stainless steel at a sliding speed of 0.5 m/s increases considerably unlike against the type D2 tool steel. This may be because the better corrosion resistance characteristics achieve a worse tribochemical reactivity. However, during the running-in wear period at low sliding speeds, the wear behavior of mild carbon steel is influenced by the microstructure after heat treatment of the mating disc materials rather than by their corrosion resistance characteristics.

Apparel Store Patronage Behavior of Female Consumers in Satellite Cities (신도시 여성 소비자의 의류상점 선택행동에 관한 연구)

  • 고애란
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the models of apparel store patronage behavior of various store types for each of two clothing categories in terms of lifestyle activities, information sources, shopping orientations and store attributes. The data were collected via a questionnaire from 326 adult females of ages over 20's living in satellite cities around Seoul and were analyzed by factor analysis, Multiple Regression analysis and path analysis. The results of this study were as follows: 1) There were significant relationships between lifestyle activities, information sources, shopping orientations and store attributes in both of formal wear and casual wear purchase. 2) Patronage behavior of department store in formal wear purchase was influenced by shopping activities, personal information sources, brand/store loyalty orientation. Regional store preference and store image attributes influenced the franchise store patronage behavior in formal wear purchase. Discount store patronage behavior in formal wear purchase was predicted by self-assurance/innovativeness and store image and service attributes. Information search of printed material/TV and store image and service attributes influenced off-price store patronage behavior for formal wear, while shopping activities and department store preference influenced off-price store patronage for casual wear. Traditional market patronage behavior for formal were was influenced only by brand/store loyalty, while traditional market patronage behavior for casual wear was influenced by sports activities, brand/store loyalty and price attributes.

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A Study on Friction and Wear Behavior of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polyetheretherketone (탄소 섬유 보강 폴리에테르에테르케톤의 마찰 및 마모 거동에 관한 연구)

  • Ryoo, Sung-Kuk;Kim, Kyung-Woong
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.772-779
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    • 2000
  • The friction and wear behavior of short carbon fiber reinforced polyetheretherketone was studied experimentally under dry sliding conditions against SCM440(AISI 4140) disks with a different surface roughness and hardness at the low sliding speeds and the high pressures on a pin-on-disk apparatus. Under the low disk surface roughness value the earsplitting noise and stick-slip were occurred. The increased adhesion friction and wear factor with stick-slip made the friction and wear behavior worse. Under the high disk surface hardness the break and falling-off of carbon fibers were accelerated. The carbon fibers fallen off from the matrix were ground into powder between two wear surfaces and this phenomenon caused a abrasive friction and wear factor to increase. So the friction and wear behavior became worse. With the transfer film made of wear particles formed on a disk, the carbon powder film formed on a pin lowered a friction coefficient.

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A Study on Friction and Wear Behavior of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polyetheretherketone (탄소 섬유 보강 폴리에테르에테르케톤의 마찰 및 마모 거동에 관한 연구)

  • Ryu, Seong-Guk;Kim, Gyeong-Ung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.930-937
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    • 2001
  • The friction and wear behavior of short carbon fiber reinforced polyetheretherketone was studied experimentally under dry sliding conditions against SCM440(AISI 4140) disks with different surface roughness and hardness at the low sliding speeds and the high pressures on a pin-on-disk apparatus. Under the low disk surface roughness value the earsplitting noise and stick-slip were occurred. The increased adhesion friction and wear factor with stick-slip made the friction and wear behavior worse. Under the high disk surface hardness the break and falling-off of carbon fibers were accelerated. The carbon fibers fallen off from the matrix were ground into powder between two wear surfaces and this phenomenon caused abrasive friction and wear factor to increase. So the friction and wear behavior became worse. With the transfer film made of wear particles formed on a disk, the carbon powder film formed on a pin lowered a friction coefficient.

Effects of Process Parameters on the Wear Behavior of Thermally Sprayed Ni-based Hard Coatings (니켈기 경질 용사코팅의 마모거동에 미치는 공정조건의 영향)

  • Kim, Kyun-Tak;Kim, Yeong-Sik
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.157-161
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    • 2010
  • This study investigated the effects of spray parameters on wear behavior of the Ni-based hard coatings fabricated by thermal spray process. The experiment was designed by an orthogonal array, the Ni-based hard coatings were fabricated according to this experimental design. The wear test was performed on these coatings using ball-on-disk wear tester. The ANOVA was used to analyze the effects of spray parameters on the wear rate of these coatings, as a result, oxygen gas flow and acetylene gas flow were determined as main factors effected on the wear rate. The effects of these two factors on wear behavior were observed by using SEM and EDX.

Wear Behavior of Saffil/SiCp reinforced Metal Matrix Composites at the room temperature (Saffil/SiCp을 이용한 금속 복합재료의 상온 마모 거동)

  • 조종인;한경섭
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.46-49
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    • 2003
  • Aluminum based metal matrix composites(MMCs) are well known for their high specific strength, stiffness and hardness. They are gaining further importance because of their high wear resistance. In this study, Al/Saffil-20%, Al/Saffil-5%/Al2O3(particle type)-15% and Al/Saffil-5%/SiC(particle type)-15% hybird MMCs' wear behavior were characterized by the pin-on-disk test under various normal load The superior wear resistance was exhibited at Al/Saffil-5%/SiC(particle type)-15% MMCs. And this MMCs' predominant wear mechanism is subsurface cracking in the low load wear regime. Others(Al/Saffil-20%, Al/Saffil-5%/Al2O3(particle type)-15%) showed the similar wear resistance with each other at the same test condition. In the low load & room temperature condition, the wear resistance was improved due to the high hardness of the ceramic reinforcements. As the test load increased, the wear properties were governed by the wear properties of matrix.

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