• Title/Summary/Keyword: Wear Mechanism

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Experimental investigation on the wear mechanism of CBN cutting tools (CBM공구의 마모에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • O.C. Kwon;Lee, J.C.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.86-97
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    • 1994
  • An experimental investigation is reported on the wear mechanism of CBN cutting tools. The cutting experiments were conducted on a lathe equipped with a tool dynamometer for cutting force measurement. The investigation of wear mechanism was executed by observing the worn tools using tool microscope and scanning electron microscope. Results indicate that the flank wear occurs dominantly by abrasive wear mode and the crater wear by adhesive wear mode. The results also indicate that the width of flank wear is closely related with the passive component of cutting force.

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A study on design and control of hydraulic pin-on-disc type tribotester (유압식 핀-온-디스크형 마멸시험기의 설계 및 제어에 관한 연구)

  • 박명식;박성환;이진걸
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1436-1440
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    • 1996
  • The wear mechanism of material is an important mechanic property to select a material's life and a optimum work condition. Although there are many researches about a wear mechanism of material, the pin-on-disc type tribotester is widely known to us. It is difficult to add a variable and heavy load in the existing pin-on-disc type tribotester to estimate this wear mechanism. And due to a rotation of a disc, it is impossible to add a constant force. But we can solve this problem by using a hydraulic servo system. Therefore, in order to investigate a wear mechanism of materials, it is necessary to design a hydraulic pin-on-disc type tribotester and construct a controller against a variable disturbance.

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A Study on the Corrosive Wear Mechanism on Atmospherical Temperature of STS 304 Steel (STS 304강의 분위기온도에 따른 부식마멸기구에 관한 연구)

  • 전태옥;박흥식;주창식
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.399-406
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    • 1990
  • This paper is studied to know corrosive wear mechanism of STS304 steel on atmospherical temperature against mating material as the same. The corrosive test was carried out by rubbing the annular surface of two test pieces in distilled water and NaCl aqueous solution. The corrosive wear mechanism was investigated by S.E.M. The experimental results show that there is one Lcr transferring from severe wear to mild wear on change of NaCl concentration and atmospherical temperature, and which is the other still remaining in server wear state. It was found that the critical sliding distance Lcr shorten with increasing NaCl concentration but it is longer with ascending atmospherical temperature and the mild wear state still continues under the condition of high generation rate and elimination rate of the corrosive product. Considering upon the result, the model of corrosive wear mechanism is proposed.

Wear Characteristics of the Extruded Bars of Hypereutectic Al-Si Alloy Powders produced by Rapid Solidification Process (급속응고법으로 제조한 과공정 Al-Si합금분말 압출재의 마멸특성)

  • Ahn, Young-Nam;Cho, Gue-Serb;Ra, Hyung-Yong
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.447-454
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    • 1994
  • Wear resistance and wear mechanism of hypereutectic Al-($15{\sim}40$)wt%Si alloys were investigated. Primary Si particles under $20{\mu}m$ size were formed in hypereutectic Al-Si alloy powders due to rapid solidification. But the Si particles of extruded bars were finely distributed in smaller size than that of atomized powders. The wear mechanism of hypereutectic Al-Si alloys was divided into three types of wear phenomena, which were abrasive wear, delamination wear and severe adhesive wear according to sliding speed and load. At low sliding speed and load, wear mechanism was abrasive wear, so Al-15wt%Si alloy showed the best wear resistance. At high sliding speed and load, wear mechanism was adhesive wear, and Al-40wt%Si alloy showed the best wear resistance.

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Wear Mechanism of Tube Fretting Affected by Support Shapes

  • Kim, Hyung-Kyu;Lee, Young-Ho;Yoon, Kyung-Ho;Kang, Heung-Seok;Song, Kee-Nam;Ha, Jae-Wook
    • KSTLE International Journal
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.68-73
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    • 2002
  • A fretting wear experiment in roam temperature air was performed to evaluate the wear mechanism of fuel rod using a fretting wear tester, which has been developed for experimental study, The main focus was to compare the wear behaviors of fuel rod against support springs with different contact contours (i.e. concave and convex). Wear volume, degree or surface hardening and adhesion tendency of wear particle were examined by the surface roughness tester. The result indicated that with a change of contact condition from contact force of 5 N to 0.1 mm gap, the wear volume of tube increased in the condition of concave spring, but slowly decreased in convex spring. From the results of SEM observation, wear mechanism of each test condition was also dependent on the spring shapes. The wear mechanism of each test condition in room temperature air is discussed.

A study on wear mechanism of tube fretting affected by support shapes (지지부 형상에 따른 튜브 프레팅 마멸기구의 연구)

  • Lee, Yeong-Ho;Kim, Hyeong-Gyu;Ha, Jae-Uk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2002
  • Fretting wear test in room temperature air was performed to evaluate the wear mechanism of fuel rod using a fretting wear tester, which has been developed for experimental study. The main focus was to compare the wear behaviors of fuel rod against support springs at different contact geometries (i.e. concave and convex) and slip directions (axial and transverse). The wear on the tube was examined by the surface roughness tester, which measures the volume. The result indicated that with change of contact geometry from 5N of normal load to 0.1mm gap, wear volume of tube Increased in the condition of concave spring, but slowly decreased in convex spring. From the results of SEM observation, wear mechanism of each test condition was also depend on the above contact parameters. The wear mechanism of each test condition in room temperature air is discussed.

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Fracture Mechanics Study on Wear Mechanism of Ceramics -Discussions on Experimental Results of Wear Test- (세라믹의 마멸기구에 관한 파괴역학적 연구 -마멸실험 결과의 고찰-)

  • 김석삼;김재호
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.636-645
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    • 1990
  • Analytically induced wear mechanism of elastic body under Hertzian contact is applied in acutual wear test of ceramics. There are two types of wear in ceramics, a large scale wear and a small scale wear. The large scale wear is commensurable with Hertzian contact area and the small scale wear with real contact area. Nondimensional parameter, S$_{c}$, is introduced and fully examined to estimate or predict wear rate of ceramics. Ceramic wear for S$_{c}$.leq.0.8 is in small scale wear and for S$_{c}$;geq.1.6 in large scale wear. wear.

Comparison of Wear Property Between Metal and Polymer Matrix Composites (금속복합재료와 고분자복합재료의 마모 특성 비교)

  • KIM, Jae-Dong
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1875-1881
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    • 2016
  • The wear behavior for the two types of composites, those are epoxy matrix composites filled with silica particles and aluminium matrix composites filled with SiC particles, were compared to investigate the wear mechanism for these composites. Especially, the effect of the volume fraction for the epoxy matrix composites and the particle size for the aluminium matrix composites according to the apply load and sliding velocity were investigated. Wear tests of the pin-on-disc mode were carried out and followed by scanning electron microscope observations for the worn surface. The addition of the fillers in the composites were improved the wear resistance significantly and changed the wear mechanism for the both composites. These results were identified by the observation of the worn surface after testing.

A Study on The Wear Process and Wear Mechanism of the Alumina Ceramics with Different Alumina Purity (순도를 달리한 알루미나 세라믹스의 마멸과정 및 이의 기구에 관한 연구)

  • 전태옥;진동규
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.3404-3412
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    • 1994
  • The present study was undertaken to investigate the dry wear process and wear mechanism of the alumina ceramics in the purity variation which are used for the mechanical seal, roll, liner and dies. The wear test was carried out under different experimental condition using the wear testing device and in which the annular surface rubbed on dry sliding condition various sliding speed, contact pressure and sliding distance. In case of alumina purity 95%, there was speed range which wear loss increased rapidly owing to enlargement of heat impact force and temperature rise of wear surface. According as the alumina purity increased, wear loss decreased but alumina purity 85% with much void and defect had the most wear loss than any other alumina purity. The friction coefficient of sliding initial stage of wear curves has a large value but according to increase of sliding distance, it decreased owing to drop of the shear strength of wear surfaces.

A Study on the Wear Mechanism of the Alumina Ceramics for the Wear of STB2 (베어링 강(STB2)의 마멸에 미치는 알루미나 세라믹스의 마멸기구)

  • J.W. Nam;T.O. Jun;D.K. Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.62-72
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    • 1995
  • The present study was undertaken to investigate the dry wear mechanism of the alumina ceramics in the purity variation for the wear of STB2. The wear test was carried out under different experimental condition various sliding speed, contact pressure and sliding distance. According as the alumina purity increased, wear volume of the STB2 decreased and minimum value of wear volume was over to high speed side. According as the sliding speed and sliding distance increased, friction coefficient decreased owing to drop of the shear strength, it decresed largely owing to decreased of elastic modulus and thermal conductivity with decrease in alumina purity. Indicative of minimum, value of wear volume, low speed side was abrasive wear, high speed side was wear of heat softening. The friction surface of ceramics protacted by oxide was transfer from STB2.

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