• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wavy Vortex Flow

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On the Structures of Taylor Vortices. (Taylor Vortex의 구조에 대한 연구)

  • Hwang, Jong-Yeon;Yang, Kyung-Soo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.27 no.8
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    • pp.1081-1088
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    • 2003
  • Numerical investigation on the structures of various Taylor vortices induced in the flow between two concentric cylinders, with the inner one rotating and with a pressure-driven axial flow imposed, is carried out, and compared with the experiments of Wereley and Lueptow [Phys. fluid, 11(12), 1999] who studied the Taylor vortices using PIV in detail. Especially, the properties of helical vortices and random wavy vortices are discussed, and their three-dimensional structures are visualized using the numerical data. Our simulation also predicts that random wavy vortices have quasi-periodic movement which can be explained by traveling waves formed in the azimuthal direction. The numerical results are well consistent with the experimental findings of Wereley and Lueptow.

Numerical Study of Wavy Taylor-Couette Flow(I) -Without an Axial Flow- (Wavy Taylor-Couette 유동에 대한 전산해석 (I) -축방향 유동이 없는 경우-)

  • Hwang, Jong-Yeon;Yang, Gyeong-Su
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.697-704
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    • 2001
  • The flow between two concentric cylinders, with the inner one rotating, is studied using numerical simulation. This study considers the identical flow geometry as in the experiments of Wereley and Lueptow[J. Fluid Mech., 364, 1998]. They carried out experiment using PIV to measure the velocity fields in a meridional plane of the annulus in detail. When Taylor number increases over the critical one, the flow instability caused by curved streamlines of the tangential flow induces Taylor vortices in the flow direction. As Taylor number further increases over another critical one, the steady Taylor vortices become unsteady and non-axisymmetrically wavy. The velocity vector fields obtained also show the same flow features found in the experiments of Wereley and Lueptow.

Effects of Reynolds Number on Flow and Heat/Mass Characteristics Inside the Wavy Duct (Reynolds 수에 따른 꺾어진 덕트에서 열/물질전달 특성 고찰)

  • 장인혁;황상동;조형희
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.809-820
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    • 2003
  • The present study investigates effects of flow velocity on the convective heat/mass transfer characteristics in wavy ducts of a primary surface heat exchanger application. Local heat/mass transfer coefficients on the wavy duct sidewall are determined by using a naphthalene sublimation technique. The flow visualization technique is used to understand the overall flow structures inside the duct. The aspect ratio and corrugation angle of the wavy duct is fixed at 7.3 and 145$^{\circ}$ respectively, and the Reynolds numbers, based on the duct hydraulic diameter, vary from 100 to 5,000. The results show that there exist complex secondary flows and transfer processes resulting in non-uniform distributions of the heat/mass transfer coefficients on the duct side walls. At low Re (Re<1000), relatively high heat/mass transfer regions like cell shape appear on both pressure and suction side wall due to the secondary vortex flows called Taylor-Gortler vortices perpendicular to the main flow direction. However, at high Re (Re>1000), these secondary flow cells disappear and boundary layer type flow characteristics are observed on pressure side wall and high heat/mass transfer region by the flow reattachment appears on the suction side wall. The average heat/mass transfer coefficients are higher than those of the smooth circular duct due to the secondary flows inside wavy duct. And also friction factors are about two times greater than those of the smooth circular duct.

Three-dimensional Fluid Flow Analysis in Taylor Reactor Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD를 이용한 테일러 반응기의 3차원 유동해석)

  • Kwon, Seong Ye;Lee, Seung-Ho;Jeon, Dong Hyup
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.448-453
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    • 2017
  • We conducted the three-dimensional fluid flow analysis in a Taylor reactor using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The Taylor flow can be categorized into five regions according to Reynolds number, i.e., circular Couette flow (CCF), Taylor vortex flow (TVF), wavy vortex flow (WVF), modulated wavy vortex flow (MWVF), and turbulent Taylor vortex flow (TTVF), and we investigated the flow characteristics at each region. For each region, the shape, number and length of vortices were different and they influenced on the bypass flow. As a result, the Taylor vortex was found at TVF, WVF, MWVF and TTVF regions. The highest number of Taylor vortex was observed at TVF region, while the lowest at TTVF region. The numerical model was validated by comparing with the experimental data and the simulation results were in good agreement with the experimental data.

Large Eddy Simulation of Flow around Twisted Offshore Structure with Drag Reduction and Vortex Suppression (와류감쇠 및 저항저감형 나선형 해양 구조물 주위 유동 LES 해석)

  • Jung, Jae-Hwan;Yoon, Hyun-Sik;Choi, Chang-Young;Chun, Ho-Hwan;Park, Dong-Woo
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.49 no.5
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    • pp.440-446
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    • 2012
  • A twisted cylinder has been newly designed by rotating the elliptic cross section along the spanwise direction in order to reduce the drag and vorticies in wake region. The flow around the twisted cylinder at a subcritical Reynolds number (Re) of 3000 is investigated to analyze the effect of twisted spiral pattern on the drag reduction and vortex suppression using large eddy simulation (LES). The instantaneous wake structures of the twisted cylinder are compared with those of a circular and a wavy cylinder at the same Re. The shear layer of the twisted cylinder covering the recirculation region is more elongated than that of the circular and the wavy cylinder. Successively, vortex shedding of the twisted cylinder is considerably suppressed, compared with those of the circular and the wavy cylinder. Consequently, the mean drag coefficient and the fluctuating lift of the twisted cylinder are less than those of the circular and the wavy cylinder.

A STUDY ON TAYLOR FLOW ACCORDING TO RADIUS RATION AND ANGULAR VELOCITY (반경비 및 각속도의 변화에 따른 Taylor 유동에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, K.Y.;Kim, H.B.;Chung, H.T.
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.127-133
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    • 2007
  • This paper represents the numerical study on Taylor flow according to the radius ratio and the angular velocity for flow between tow cylinder. The numerical model is consisted of two cylinder which inner cylinder is rotating and outer cylinder is fix, and the axial direction is used the cyclic condition because of the length for axial direction is assumed infinite. The diameter of inner cylinder is assumed 86.8 mm, the numerical parameters are angular velocity and radius ratio. The numerical method is compared with the experimental results by Wereley, and the results are very good agreement. The critical Taylor number is calculated by theoretical and numerical analysis, and the results is showed the difference about ${\pm}10\;%$. As $Re/Re_c$ is increased, Taylor vortex is changed to wavy vortex, and then the wave number for azimuthal direction is increased. Azimuthal wave according to the radius ratio is showed high amplitude and low frequence in case of small radius ratio, and is showed low amplitude and high frequence in case of large radius ratio.

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Numerical Study of Radial Temperature Gradient Effect on Taylor Vortices (반경방향으로의 온도구배가 Taylor Vortex에 미치는 영향에 대한 수치적 연구)

  • Kang, Chang-Woo;Yang, Kyung-Soo;Yoon, Dong-Hyeog
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.33 no.11
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    • pp.900-908
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    • 2009
  • Numerical simulation has been carried out to investigate the influence of radial temperature gradient on the Taylor Vortex flow. Varying the Grashof number, we study the detailed flow and temperature fields. The current numerical results show good agreement with the experimental results currently available. It turns out that wavy spiral vortices are generated by increasing temperature gradient. We classify flow patterns for various Grashof numbers based on the characteristics of flow fields and spiral vortices. The correlation between Grashof number with wave number shows that the spiral angle and size of Taylor vortices increase with increasing temperature gradient. Temperature gradient does not have a great influence on the heat transfer rate of the cylinder surfaces.

Numerical Study of Wavy Taylor-Couette Flow (II) -With an Axial Flow- (Wavy Taylor-Couette 유동에 대한 전산해석 (II) -축방향 유동이 있는 경우-)

  • Hwang, Jong-Yeon;Yang, Gyeong-Su
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.705-712
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    • 2001
  • The flow between two concentric cylinders, with the inner one rotating and with an imposed pressure-driven axial flow, is studied using numerical simulation. The case without the axial flow was investigated in the preceding paper. This study considers the identical flow geometry as in the experiments of Wereley and Lueptow[Phys. Fluid, 11(12), 1999]. They carried out experiments using PIV to measure the velocity fields in a meridional plane of the annulus in detail. When an axial flow is imposed, the critical Taylor number is increased. The axial flow stabilizes the flow field and decreases the torque required to rotate the inner cylinder. The velocity vector fields obtained also show the same flow features found in the experiments of Wereley and Lueptow.

Axial Wall Slits Effect on the Helical Flow in the Gap between two Concentric Cylinders

  • Liu, Dong;Yang, Xiao-Yong;Ding, Jian;Kim, Hyoung-Bum
    • International Journal of Fluid Machinery and Systems
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.60-64
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    • 2012
  • The helical flow regime was investigated by using DPIV when the rotating Reynolds number is small. The wall slits were azimuthally located along the inner wall of outer cylinder and the slits number of each model was 9 and 18, another plain wall model was also studied for comparison purpose. The helical vortex flow regime can be observed in all the three models. The negative temperature gradients determine the direction of the rotation and movement of the helical vortex. But the helical wavy vortex flow can only be found in the plane and 9-slit models. And the result showed that the existence of slit wall accelerated the transition process.