• Title, Summary, Keyword: Water circulator

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A Study on 3-Dimensional Advection-Diffusion Model Operating Density Current Generator in Agriculture Lake (물순환장치 가동에 따른 농업용저수지의 3차원 이송확산모의에 관한 연구)

  • An, Jae-Soon;Lee, Young-Shin;Oh, Dae-Min
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.3275-3284
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    • 2012
  • This study analyzed a 3D hydrodynamic advection diffusion using the EFDC model (Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code) in the agriculture lake to prevent stratification when we install a water circulator. EFDC model was predicted the range of the water circulator and various operational parameters ware derived for minimize the impact of the internal lake. Through EFDC simulation, water circulation is started overall circulation after 30days and a lake overall circulation showed that it was possible operated the water circulator after about 100days. Also, advection diffusion concentration was low in a lake when water circulator operate intermittent condition than continuous condition. And the entire circulation was stable in this condition. The S/B (Surface/Bottom) ratio can reduce the impact of lake as the surface water mixing a lot of. When the same condition (S/B ratio(3:1)), Case 8 (50days operation: 50days stop) of condition were able to minimize the impact of lake.

Enzymatic Cleaning of Ultrafiltration Membrane Fouled with a Semi-synthetic Type Cutting Oil

  • Chung, Kun-Yong;Lee, Jeung-Bok;Chang, Pahn-Shick
    • Korean Membrane Journal
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.60-63
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    • 2000
  • The effect of Candida rugosa and steapsin lipase cleaning was investigated for ultrafiltration polyethersulphone membrane (30,000 dalton MWCO) fouled with the semi-synthetic type cutting oil. The experimental by the water circulator. The enzyme cleaning effect was measured with respect to temperature, cleaning time and enzyme concentration. The optimum cleaning condition for the system was 25$^{\circ}C$ and 2 hour cleaning with 1,000 unites/mL steapsin solution. The pure water flux improvement by the steapsin solution cleaning was about 17% at the optimum cleaning condition.

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Simulating Stratified Reservoir Mixing by a Convection Circulator (대류 순환식 폭기장치에 의한 성층화된 저수지 혼합 모의)

  • Lee, Yo-Sang;Lee, Gwang-Man;Koh, Deuk-Goo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.469-473
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    • 2009
  • 저수지에서 잠재적 대규모 조류발생을 감소시키기 위하여 인공적 성층파괴 장치가 2006년 용담댐에 설치되었다. 본 연구는 저수지에서 여름철 발생하는 성층파괴에 대한 대류순환식 폭기장치의 효과를 검토하기 위해 수행되었다. 성층파괴 장치의 성능을 분석하기 위하여 반경 25m, 높이 45m의 실린더 용기에 34.6만개의 격자로 구성된 CFD모형을 적용하였다. 적용결과, 사면체 격자는 온도와 유속에서 실측자료와 밀접하게 일치하였다. 이와 같은 결과는 난류확산항이 제거되었을때 보다 태양광 열전도를 고려한 경우가 보다 좋은 결과를 보였다. 결과적으로 성층파괴 장치의 지속적인 운영은 인공적 외부력을 통하여 성층화된 수체를 혼합시키는데 유용할 것으로 나타났으나 현재 설치되어 있는 장비로는 크기나 숫자에서 충분하지 못해 원래 목적을 달성하기에는 부족한 것으로 나타났다.

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Characteristics of Absorption and Heat Transfer for Film Falling along a Vertical Inner Tube (3rd. Report, Refrigerating Capacity in Evaporator and Heating Capacity in Absorber) (수직관(수직관)내를 흘러내리는 액막식흡수기(液膜式吸收器)의 흡수(吸收) 및 열전달(熱傳達) 특성(特性) (제(第)3보(報), 증발기(蒸發器)의 냉동능력(冷凍能力)과 흡수기(吸收器)의 난방능력(暖房能力)))

  • Ohm, K.C.;Kashiwagi, Takao;Seo, J.Y.
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.175-181
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    • 1994
  • This paper deals with the correlation of absorption rate in absorber and evaporation rate in evaporator. The evaporator consists of a copper tube of 10mm dia, and 600mm long and chilled water flowing through the tube is fed by the chilled water circulator. The flowrate of LiBr-water solution in the absorber plays a significant role in determining the magnitude of the heat transfer rate from chilled water to refrigerant There exists a flowrate of solution which has a maximum value of heat transfer. It is interesting to note that the absorption rate of absorber increases with increasing the heat transfer rate of the evaporator. Also, absorption rate increases with evaportation rate, and the ratio(the former/the other) depends on the inlet temperature of LiBr-water solution in the absorber. The heating capacity in the absorber is higher than the refrigerating capacity in the evaporator.

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Development of a Grain Circulating Type Natural Air In-bin Dryer (I) - Development of dryer and analysis of drying performance (곡물 순환식의 상온통풍 건조기 개발(I) - 건조기 개발 및 벼의 건조성능 분석)

  • Yun, H. S.;Chung, H.;Cho, Y. G.;Park, W. K.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.227-232
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    • 2000
  • A natural air in-bin grain dryer with a grain circulator was developed for on farm use. Natural air drying test for rough rice was carried out to evaluate drying rate, uniformity of moisture content distribution in grain bed and energy consumption. It took 10 days to dry 8 ton of paddy rice from 21.9%(w.b) of moisture contents to 16.7%(w.b), by prototype dryer and the average drying rate was 0.52%/day. The uniformity of moisture content after drying was superior to a conventional natural air dryer in which grains were not mixed during drying periods. The dryer performance evaluation index was 738.3kJ/(kg.water), which was more effective than that of grain circulation type hot air dryer(3,500∼5,000 kJ/kg.water)

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DEVELOPMENT OF A GRAIN CIRCULATING TYPE NATURAL AIR IN-BIN DRYER

  • Yun, H.S.;Chung, H.;Cho, Y.G.;Park, W.K.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.405-412
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    • 2000
  • A natural air in-bin grain dryer with a grain circulator was developed for on farm use. Natural air drying test for rough rice was carried out to evaluate drying rate, uniformity of moisture content distribution in grain bed and energy consumption. It took 10 days to dry 8 ton of paddy rice from 21.9%(w.b) to 16.7%(w.b) moisture contents using the prototype dryer. The average drying rate was 0.52%/day. The uniformity of moisture content after drying was superior to the conventional natural air dryer where is grains were not circulated during drying periods. The dryer performance evaluation index was 738.3KJ/(kg.water), which was more effective than that of grain circulation t)pe hot air dryer(3,500-5,000 KJ/kg.water).

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The Phase Behavior of Nonionic Surfactants having Sucrose as Hydrophilic Group(II) - The Phase Behavior of Sucrose Monopalmitate/Alkanol/Water System - (당류를 친수기로 한 비이온성 계면활성제계의 상거동(제2보) - 슈크로오스 팔미테이트/알칸올/물 계에서의 상거동 -)

  • Lee, Hyang-Woo;Lee, Jin-Hee;Nam, Ki-Dae
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.246-251
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    • 1997
  • The phase behavior of sucrose monopalmitate/alkanol/water ternary system was investigated. According to compositions of three components ranging from micellar(or inverse micellar) solution up to various lyotropic liquid crystalline(LC) phase, each texture of the separated phases was identified by crossed polarizers equipped with a camera whose stage was connected to a thermostatic circulator. As the carbon atom number in alkanol of the polar oily substance increases, patterns of the various LC phases were also observed hexanol

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EPICS Based RF Control System for PAL Storage Ring (EPICS를 이용한 가속기 RF 제어시스템 개발)

  • Yoon, J.C.;Park, H.J.;Lee, J.Y.;Choi, J.Y.;Nam, S.Y.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.2239-2241
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    • 2003
  • A new RF control system of Pohang Accelerator Laboratory (PAL) storage ring is a subsystem upgraded PAL control system, which is based upon Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS). There are 5 control components, Low Level RF System (LRS), Klystron System, Circulator System, Cavity System, Local Cooling Water System (LCW) at the storage ring of PAL. The new RF control system for the storage ring has been under development for one years, first versions of individual VME (Versa Module Europa) Input/output modules under construction and system integration begun. In this system, VMEbus-based hardware is widely used for front-end controllers (FDS), Input/output controller (IOC). A number of Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) and SUN workstations are also used for Operator Interfaces (OPI) in the control system. This paper describes the development VME I/O module to the new control system and how the design of this new system.

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