• Title/Summary/Keyword: Wastewater reuse

Search Result 80, Processing Time 0.094 seconds

A Study on Evaluation and Prioritization Process of Wastewater Reuse Alternative in Watershed Level (유역차원의 하수처리수 재이용 대안평가와 우선순위 결정과정에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Eun-Sung;Jun, Sang-Mook;Lee, Jin Hee;Ahn, Jong Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.259-269
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study aims to show the feasibility of wastewater reuse through hydrological analysis and propose a framework for planning using multi-criteria decision making technique. Ten alternatives of wastewater reuse (BOD: 3.0 mg/L & 4.7 mg/L) and two references in the urban watershed were considered and analyzed by using Hydrological Simulation Program in Fortran (HSPF). Though wastewater reuse has a positive effect on water quantity, it may degrade the water quality due to the high discharge concentration. This study showed that wastewater reuse can be a great alternative for the rehabilitation of distorted water cycle, if the quality is improved up to the natural streamflow and the quantity is increased up to the instreamflow requirement. In addition, to determine the project priority, three criteria were compared: 1) impacts on water quantity and water quality, respectively, 2) consideration of present hydrologic vulnerabilities on water quantity and quality and not, and 3) social and economic considerations and not. From the performance values to all criteria, the specific ranking can be derived and the feasibility of each wastewater reuse project can be checked with the comparison of the existing facilities. As a result, DJ and DR were derived to become effective in any evaluation conditions while SS and WG were improper alternatives if various criteria were considered. The decision making for project prioritization must be careful with the consideration of various impacts of wastewater reuse because the evaluation of wastewater reuse alternative showed very different priorities for each criteria.

Economic Analysis of Wastewater Reuse Systems for Agricultural Irrigation using a System Dynamics Approach (시스템 다이내믹스를 이용한 농업용수 재이용시스템 경제성 분석)

  • Jeong, Han Seok;Suh, Kyo;Jang, Tae Il;Seong, Choung Hyun;Kim, Hak Kwan;Park, Seung Woo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
    • /
    • v.55 no.2
    • /
    • pp.9-20
    • /
    • 2013
  • Many studies have reported additional treatment is needed to use wastewater for agricultural purpose. Economic considerations should be taken into account to establish infrastructure for agricultural reuse because of a large amount of water use in irrigation and relatively low water quality requirement. The objective of this study was to conduct economic analysis of wastewater reclamation and reuse systems for agriculture. A system dynamics approach considering complexity and dynamics in the wastewater reuse systems was used for the economic analysis, which are related with social, environmental, and economic problems. Sensitivity and benefit cost analysis for wastewater reuse systems was conducted through the established economic assessment model. The result of sensitivity analysis showed that water resources development and installation cost were the most sensitive for total benefits and costs, respectively. The scenario-based test of the organized economic assessment model shows marginal cost ranges and enables decision-makers to decide reasonable cost for the wastewater reuse systems for agriculture.

Applicability evaluation of microbubble for membrane fouling reduction in wastewater reuse membrane process (하수재이용 막여과 공정에서 막오염 저감을 위한 마이크로버블 적용성 평가)

  • Lee, Chang-Ha;Kim, Geon-Youb;Kim, Hyung-Soo;Kim, Ji-Hoon;Lee, Kyung-Il
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
    • /
    • v.31 no.2
    • /
    • pp.169-175
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study applied microbubbles to reduce membrane fouling in wastewater reuse membrane processes, evaluated and compared the transmembrane pressure with or without the application of microbubbles and the cleaning efficiency with the application of aeration and microbubbles. In addition, this study analyzed foulants removed from the membrane surface. Changes in the transmembrane pressure of membranes with the presence or absence of microbubbles were observed. As a result, transmembrane pressure (TMP) increasing rate decreased twofold when applying microbubbles to realize stable operations. This study compared and evaluated cleaning efficiency applying aeration and microbubbles. As a result, the cleaning efficiency was 5% higher on average when applying microbubbles. In turbidity and total organic carbon (TOC), foulants were discharged when applying microbubbles twice as much as applying aeration. It is thought that particulate foulants precipitated on the membrane surface were more likely to desorb because the adhesion between the membrane surface and particle was weakened by microbubbles. Therefore, it is considered possible to effectively control membrane fouling because of the increase in cleaning efficiency when applying microbubbles to wastewater reuse membrane processes.

Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) for Eco-Design in a Wastewater Reuse Facility (친환경 설계를 위한 하수처리수 재이용시설의 전과정 평가)

  • Lee, Sin-Won;Kim, Sung-Keun
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.31 no.2D
    • /
    • pp.255-266
    • /
    • 2011
  • In order to evaluate the environmental load occurring from the whole life cycle of a facility, LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) adopted by ISO is not only applied as an individual product but rather a complicated system involving buildings and/or infrastructure in a wide range of scope. The introducing of LCA to a wastewater reuse facility will assist to understand not only the treatment of water contaminants but also the overall system related to the interaction of involved, potential issues. This research implemented LCA for the establishment of the wastewater reuse facility. The results show that a fresh water aquatic Eco-toxicological Impact (88.3%) is the largest environment concern and the maintenance & operation phase has the most impact on the environment utilizing life cycle for the wastewater reuse facility. The civil works and chemical treatments in the maintenance & operation phase led to the biggest environmental impact. The results of this research can provide pertinent data of investigating opportunities for environmental improvement not limited to public officers regulating environmental policies, and could be used to make decisions for an environmentally sound and sustainable design in the initial phase of construction.

Feasibility Study of Wastewater Reuse for the Vegetable Farming in Jejudo (제주도 밭작물의 농업용수 재이용 타당성 평가)

  • Seong, Choung-Hyun;Kang, Moon-Seong;Jang, Tae-Il;Park, Seung-Woo;Lee, Kwang-Ya;Kim, Hae-Do
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
    • /
    • v.51 no.1
    • /
    • pp.27-32
    • /
    • 2009
  • The objective of this study is to assess the feasibility of wastewater reuse for the vegetable farming. The study region, about 250 ha in size, is located on the west coast of Jejudo, Korea. Major agricultural products of the study area are the cabbage, broccoli, garlic and onion. To confirm the feasibility of wastewater reuse, the drought duration and the water requirement analysis were conducted respectively. The average annual precipitation of the study region (1,121 mm) was smaller than that of Jeju island (1,975 mm). The drought duration for a ten-year return period in October through November was more than 20 days. The water requirement for irrigation was calculated by the FAQ Penman-Monteith method which took into account the cultivated crops, planting system, and meteorological conditions of the study region. The water requirement for a ten-year return period was estimated 4.7 mm/day and the water demand for irrigation was $4,584\;m^3/day$. As a result, the irrigation water for the crops was insufficient during their breeding season, especially in October through November. Thus, the result indicated that the study region required the alternative water supply such as wastewater reuse during the non-rainy season. As drought continues to place considerable stress on the availability of fresh water supplies in the study region, irrigation with reclaimed wastewater will play an important role in helping to meet future water demands.

Analysis of Urban Water Cycle Considering Water Reuse Option (물재이용을 고려한 도시지역의 물순환 해석)

  • Lee, Ji-Ho;Pak, Ki-Jung;Yun, Jae-Young;Yoo, Chul-Sang
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
    • /
    • 2007.05a
    • /
    • pp.1925-1928
    • /
    • 2007
  • Water cycle analysis was performed for Gunja basin located in metropolitan Seoul using Aquacycle model in order to assess the problems of urban water cycle. From the water cycle analysis of Gunja basin, it was found that 75% of total rainfall occurred in the form of surface runoff, and groundwater recharge only accounted for about 7%. This suggests serious distortion of water cycle which can be attributed to urbanization. Feasibility analysis of reuse scenarios such as rainwater use and wastewater reuse was then performed to examine their influences on improving the water cycle. From the analysis of water reuse options, it was shown that imported water supply savings of 13% can be achieved through rainwater use, and water supply savings of 31% through wastewater reuse.

  • PDF

Environmental Effects Analysis by the Fertilizer Change with Wastewater Reuse in Paddy Fields (하수처리수의 농업용수 재이용시 시비량 변화에 따른 환경영향 분석)

  • Jang, Tea-Il;Park, Seung-Woo;Cho, Jae-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
    • /
    • 2005.10a
    • /
    • pp.643-648
    • /
    • 2005
  • The objective of this paper is to analyze the environmental effects by the fertilizer change with wastewater reuse for agriculture. For this research, Lysimeter tests are being implemented to cultivate rice with different levels of fertilizer applications with wastewater irrigation., and to analyze the nutrient loading by wastwater reuse in paddy fields was examined the CREAMS-PADDY model. CREAMS-PADDY model is modified from CREAMS model for considering the hydrologic cycles in paddy field. As a result, in the lysimeter treated by irrigation with wastewater and chemical fertilizer with half of the conventional amount showed generally similar tendency to the control plot. This may require the modifications of standard cultural practices for rice in terms of fertilizer and pesticide applications. However, high concentration of sodium in wastewater might cause damage to physico-chemical properties of paddy soil. And the wastewater reuse effects on nutrient loads were quantitatively analyzed and this results provide the reasonable management for agricultural reuse.

  • PDF

Effects of Indirect Wastewater Reuse on Water Quality and Soil Environment in Paddy Fields (간접하수재이용에 따른 논에서의 수질 및 토양환경 영향 분석)

  • Jeong, Han Seok;Park, Ji Hoon;Seong, Choung Hyun;Jang, Tae Il;Kang, Moon Seong;Park, Seung Woo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
    • /
    • v.55 no.3
    • /
    • pp.91-104
    • /
    • 2013
  • The objectives of this study were to monitor and assess the environmental impacts of indirect wastewater reuse on water quality and soil in paddy fields. Yongin monitoring site (YI) irrigated from agricultural reservoir and Osan monitoring site (OS) irrigated with treated wastewater diluted with stream water were selected as control and treatment, respectively. Monitoring results for irrigation water quality showed a significant statistical difference in salinity, exchangeable cation and nutrients. Pond water quality showed a similar tendency with irrigation water except for the decreased difference in nutrients due to the fertilization impact. Soil chemical properties mainly influenced by fertilization activity such as T-N, T-P, and $P_2O_5$ were changed similarly in soil profiles of both monitoring sites, while the properties, EC, Ca, Mg, and Na, mainly effected by irrigation water quality showed a considerable change with time and soil depth in treatment plots. Heavy metal contents in paddy soil of both control and treatment did not exceed the soil contamination warning standards. This study could contribute to suggest the irrigation water quality standards and proper agricultural practices including fertilization for indirect wastewater reuse, although long-term monitoring is needed to get more scientific results.

Trends and Directions in the Development of Wastewater Reclamation and Reuse Technology for Alternative Water Resources (대체수자원 확보를 위한 하수 재이용 기술 동향과 발전방향)

  • Cho, Il Hyoung;Lee, Si Jin;Kim, Ji Tae
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.127-137
    • /
    • 2013
  • Reuse of wastewater will intensify in the coming decades due to water shortage, the change of climatic conditions, the need for industrial and agricultural use and the necessity of improving health and environmental conditions for the growing population. This paper considers (a) the status and trends of wastewater reuse and reclamation in the world, (b) case studies of wastewater reuse projects, (c) analysis of technology level, (d) forecast of global market, and (e) the future views and directions in development of wastewater reuse technologies. Based on the available documented literature, this paper provides a review assessment of the current status of the wastewater treatment processes including potential applications for reuse. Key challenges for both wastewater treatment and reuse are also discussed in the paper and include recommendations, e.g. cost, effluent water quality, energy use and technical solutions, for future developments.

Risk assessment of wastewater reuse for Irrigation water (하수처리수의 관개용수 재이용을 위한 위해성 평가)

  • Han, Jung-Yoon;Yoon, Chun-Gyeong;Jung, Kwang-Wook;Jang, Jae-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
    • /
    • 2005.10a
    • /
    • pp.661-666
    • /
    • 2005
  • Wastewater reuse are exposed public health risk by pathogens. Therefore, this study was examined for microbial risk assessment after irrigation as treated wastewater in paddy rice plots. Five treatments were used: biofilter effluent, UV disinfected water, pond treatment, wetland treatment and conventional irrigation water. Risk assessment was calculated based on the beta-Poisson model by concentration of E. coli from 2003 to 2005. Monte-Carlo simulation (n=10,000) was used to estimate the risk characterization of uncertainty. The risk range was from $10^{-5}$ to $10^{-8}$ except biofilter effluent was $10^{-4}$ in June. The USEPA(1992) has recommended that risk of < $10^{-4}$ is acceptable level of safety for potable waters. In 2005, risk value was lower than 2003, 2004 because of the first irrigation for plowing water is lower E. coli concentration used tap water. It is shown that the first irrigation water quality was important for wastewater irrigation in paddy. UV disinfection and natural treatment used pond and wetland were thought to be an effective for wastewater reuse.

  • PDF