• Title, Summary, Keyword: Walter benjamin

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The Internal Representations of (1973) as seen through Walter Benjamin's Dialectical Images (프랭크 무리스의 콜라주 애니메이션 <프랭크 필름>(1973)에 나타난 내적 표현 : 발터 벤야민의 변증법적 이미지를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Young-Ok;Moon, Jae-Cheol
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.53-70
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    • 2015
  • In industrialized societies throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, Over Produced and Mass consumption images were constantly shown to people via Mass-Media as means to provoke one's desire. Frank Mouris, the American independent animator, captured and showed the infinite nesting of industrialized image with his autobiographical story through his work (1973) and made it as an intense visual flow. This innovative art animation has broke the traditional form of narrative animation and won the Annecy Animation Festival Grand Prix and the Academy Awards in 1974. This was also selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant in 1996. This study explores and shows that how these a-half million images to express Franks Mouris's autobiographical story in could be analyzed by the concept of Walter Benjamin's 'dialectical images'. Typically, the term 'dialectic' need to be formed by contradiction or opposite concept in the basic principles, but a dialectical image of Benjamin could be formed without any opposite concept while maintaining the uniqueness of each new relationship of the past. Benjamin's dialectical images are no longer stay in the historical past, It always meets with the present when someone realizes the past in the present moment. I suggest three different aspect according to Benjamin's point of view to analyse this animated film such as 'Historical-dialectical imaging of private/collective memory', 'Reconfiguring of present through analysing the relationship between the image flows and its own time/space', and 'Old future over the existing fragment and the presence of fragment. has the great value not only to present the experimental and innovative aesthetics of animated film, but also to show an analysis of contemporary culture and social aspect in mid-20th century. This study is to explore the diversity of animation representation, aesthetics, and also to suggest a new aspect of animation studies.

Application of Technology Replication and Film Works - Focused on the Concept of Walter Benjamin - (기술 복제의 응용과 영화 작품 - 발터 벤야민의 개념을 중심으로 -)

  • Chen, Yi Wen;Choi, Won-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.241-242
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    • 2019
  • 발터 벤야민은 그의 저서인 '기계복제시대의 예술작품'에서 영화를 인쇄술, 사진술과 같은 기계복제의 예술품으로 묘사하였다. 분명 영화는 복제에 기반을 둔 예술이다. 나아가 21세기에는 컴퓨터 기술이 향상과 함께 컴퓨터그래픽에 대한 의존도는 더욱 높아졌다. 이러한 경향은 영화를 제7의 예술로 추동하는 '놀랄 만한' 효과와 그 영향을 약화시켰다. 바로 벤야민이 기계복제로 인해 우려했던 지점이기도 하다. 하지만 기술의 향성은 부정적 우려와 함께 영화제작의 효율성을 제고하고 있는 것도 사실이다. 이에 연구자는 기계복제에서 나아가 디지털까지 확장된 영화에 대해 연구하고자 한다.

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Street Optics (거리의 시각)

  • Kenaan, Hagi
    • The Journal of Art Theory & Practice
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    • no.10
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    • pp.25-46
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    • 2010
  • Street art operates within an already given visual order: the visuality of the modern city in which the regimentation of the image has become fully adaptive to-what Fredric Jameson termed-the logic of late capitalism. What is the relationship between street art and the hegemonic forms of the image dictated by the "city's rulers"? Does street art evoke an alternative kind of spectatorship? Can the unsolicited visual intervention in the life of the city open up an "optics" that resists the reifying patterns of the contemporary gaze? This paper follows Baudrillard's pioneering analysis of graffiti, arguing that the visuality of a certain kind of street images carries an important potential of challenging the hegemonic manner in which the contemporary image has come to dominate the field of vision.

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A Study on the Aesthetic Ontology of Digital Hybrid Image (디지털 하이브리드 이미지 존재론에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Heon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 2019
  • This paper investigates how digital technology innovates the aesthetic ontology of film images. The modern civilization of computer and internet bring about the new ontology of film images. Digital hybrid image expands the contradictory combination of physical reality and filmic fantasy. It is inevitable to recount Walter Benjamin' s concept of mechanical reproduction in the age of digital cinema. The modern condition of image arts changes the concept of mechanical reproduction to the logic of digital configuration. In addition, computer simulation innovates the film aesthetics of montage to the aesthetics of digital collage. The technological and aesthetical development of computer simulation and internet network leads to the new ontology of digital hybrid images. This study suggests a new theoretic point that the aesthetic ontology of digital hybrid images leads to the expansion of filmic fantasy and expression.

A Study on the Formative Characteristics of Allegory Appearing in Body Painting (바디페인팅에 나타난 알레고리의 조형적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Mi-Yun
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.189-198
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    • 2011
  • The existing approaches to the body painting have been dominated by the angles focused on the 'performance' and the 'body art'. The performance-focused approach, in which body painting serves simply as a make-up for the performer, one of the elements of performance to help it communicate effectively its meaning and come to perfection, might be in itself lacking in the attention to the placement of the body painting as a new genre of art. This thesis has two aims to explain the concept of Allegory as the contemporary meaning and to examined the formative characteristics and other characteristics of Allegory through theoretical research. For this purpose, this study is based upon allegorical cognition of Walter Benjamin and the allegorical method of Craig Owens. The formative characteristics of allegory are summarized as appropriation, deconstruction and site-specificity as follows. First, the constructed result has contrived characters because its image which derived from body painting based on the past shown image. Second, Allegoric body painting refuses an aesthetically valuable piece which can be interpreted formal completion, it shows intactly deconstruction of its configuration, substance and style. Third, Allegoric body painting has site-specificity facts which can be expressed for diverse meanings. Through these facts, the final goal of this thesis will find specific character for Allegory and apply to body painting.

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Investigation about Figure Industry by Extension of Image Media (Game, Animation, Motion Picture) (영상미디어(게임, 애니메이션, 영화 분야)의 확장에 따른 피규어 산업에 대한 고찰)

  • Sohn, Jong-Nam;Lee, Jong-Han
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2008
  • Various image media such as game, animation, movie is developing. Goods called Figure as extension that use contents source of one kind in several forms were made, and is drawing a lot of popularity today. However, is handled as simple toy of children in the Korea. So, development of allied industry is slow. In case of overseas recognized the importance by means of marketing in contents industry. In this paper, explain meaning about figure and kinds of figure and through philosophical thought and theory, analyzed personality which figure has through scientific investigation(theory of Walter Benjamin, Freud and psychologists). Nowaday, figure industry of the Korea and other foreign country is continuing development. Especially the contents of Hanryu(Korea) star figure has lots of value and possibility of future growth.

A study on the library of 'The Name of the Rose' as a Haptic space (촉지적 공간으로서의 영화 '장미의 이름'의 장서각에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Miyoung;Joh, Hahn
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.100-111
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    • 2013
  • The theories of optical/haptic perception provide us contrasting insights into the perception of space in movie and architecture. Through the lenses of these theories, this study aims to analyse the optical and haptical aspect of the medieval library of the film, The Name of the Rose. The dominance of vision over the other senses has been maintained by many philosophers, such as Plato, Aristotle, and Aquinas, and this trend leads to the development of the hierarchical and perspective space of Renaissance and Modern Architecture. Those conceptions of optical space help us not only identify space as clear and distinct three-dimensional entity but also separate the subject and the object. However, tactile/haptic perception is more useful to explain the experience of film and contemporary architecture than optical perception. This haptic space is developed by Alois Riegl, Walter Benjamin, and Gilles Deleuze. This study intends to search for the difference between two perceptions on the architectural space of the movie, examine the relation between architecture and human, space and user.

Adorno's Negative Aesthetic Interpretation of Meta-phenomena in Architectural Design - With a Focus on Mimetic Moments in Generation of Concepts - (건축디자인의 메타성에 대한 아도르노의 부정미학적 해석 - 개념발생의 미메시스적 계기를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Young-Tae
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 2013
  • This study relates to meta-phenomena in architectural design. Among others, this study aims to interpret and demonstrate the cognitive thoughts and methodological systems in 'autonomy and instrumentality' presented in works of art by positivist architects focusing on diagrams after the second modernity in addition to earlier formal experiments by John Hejduk, Peter Eisenman, Bernard Tschumi, and Daniel Libeskind. In order to achieve these aims, this study approached the mimetic concepts developed by Walter Benjamin and Theodor Adorno. Especially, meta-phenomena in the methods of architectural design were connected to productivity in Adorno's mimetic concepts. Also, in terms of formation and creation of works of art, the mimetic backgrounds of Adorno's theories on aesthetics were identified from features of concepts on the part of formal experiments. The results were systemized methodologically based on meta-phenomena appearing in pure arts and overall architectural design. These were presented as a framework to interpret 'autonomy and instrumentality' that exist in the working of negativity and mimesis. In this way, logics and intuition in architectural design as well as methodological systemization of convergent creativity were proved valid. In conclusion, Adorno's mimetic concepts systemized based on negativity and critical awareness may lead to new concepts. It has been proved that it is valid for security of meta-phenomena of architectural design as a production of autonomous spaces for differences and creation.

The Concept of Reproduction and the Criteria of an Exhibition in Contemporary Arts (현대미술에 있어서 '복제'의 개념과 전시규범의 문제 -${\gg}$살바도르 달리 탄생 100주년 특별전${\gg}$의 전시물 <성경> 연작을 중심으로)

  • Chang, Dong-Kwang
    • The Journal of Art Theory & Practice
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    • no.2
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    • pp.169-190
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this article is to delve into the problems of originality of the artwork by examining issues of reproduction within the contemporary art market. In contemporary arts, especially in terms of art production and consumption, we can't overlook society and its economic structure and its connection with of capitalism. As the purity of art creation has turned into an exchange value, art, especially an object as artwork, has fallen into the status of production in an economic marketing system. Walter Benjamin mainly referred to that point in his thesis Das Kunstwerk im Zeitalter seiner technischen Reproduzierbarkeit, which originated the sociology of plastic arts. This thesis, published in 1936, traced how the artistic functions of photograph and movie had been changed through the social development. His main concerns were movie and photograph but what I am concentrating from his point of view, is that even in the field of plastic arts, the manufacture of reproduction has been practiced as a primary method within the social and political contexts and development. Though I am referring to this in the main body of this article, reproduction in contemporary art strongly needs a new definition since it has been spread all over like a newest virus, not only by collector's personal taste or hut also by commercial circulations of these reproductions to the public. This relates to Benjamin's argument about the value of an exhibition at a museum(Ausstellungswert). Since the function of an artwork has been one of cultural industry, the manufacturing of reproduction raises unexpected problems, such as, the originality of the artwork, the value of an exhibition at a museum, its achievement as documentary and as a territory of art criticism. In this point of view, I want to inquire into the value and criteria of an exhibition in contemporary art through the review of the definitions and the intrinsic attributes of reproduction. Somehow in a broad sense, the reproduction is a product coming out of representation or copy (replica) of an original art work or an model. Therefore, the problems it presents differ from the Simulacre, which is an image without an original one. In terms of the Meanings of reproduction, we can distinguish it as reproductions, copies, and productions. These types of reproductions are not the original artworks reflected by the creative intention of the artists. For example, a publishing company reproduced some of lithographs of Salvador Dali in the 1960s. They are commercial copies in the form of representation or reproduction with no artistic and creative intention of the artist. However, In despite of this theoretical basis, reproductions of the famous artists are still displayed without any verification for of the public's quest for the artworks. Moreover, many commercial companies that are planning to exhibit art works of the world-famous artists only for their profits keep trying to speak ill of and judging by the law the honest art critics' articles which discuss the true values of exhibition. If freedom of expression is one of the ideals of democracy, even the judgment of the originality of the artworks should be freely expressed.

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Style for a Study on Visual Tactility of Game Animation (게임에니메이션의 시각적 촉각성 연구)

  • Park, Sung-Won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.6 no.11
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    • pp.110-117
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    • 2006
  • With the New media of present age we are living at, strongly entice consumers through various sensible technology and give influences on our life. They are visually formed but make us feel them as if formed tactile. The masses of today are meeting media through all the senses in daily life according to the spread of on-line media and in such course they want momentary and tactile share. Since appearance of mass society and cinema following such current, art has appealed to dispersive and tactile perception, and such public way of perception makes it possible to experience 'visual tactility' in daily life in accordance with the development of on-line game culture among others. The shock effects, given by editing of game animations which are produced for epic experience of on-line game, arouse tactility in addition to visibility. Under this assumption and on the basis of visual tactility theory as well as montage theory of image by Walter Benjamin, the research intends to explain that public tactile shock does not result from simple graphic effect but from montage effect and dispersive acceptance.

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