• Title, Summary, Keyword: WEHI-231

Search Result 5, Processing Time 0.029 seconds

WEHI-231 cells are defective in the ligand-induced internalization of B cell antigen receptor

  • Yoon, Sang Soon;Kim, Tae Jin
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
    • /
    • v.1 no.3
    • /
    • pp.196-202
    • /
    • 2001
  • Backgorund: WEHI-231 B cell line is a representative model for $IgM^+$ mature B cells. To understand the signaling differences between mature and immature B cells, we compared the responsiveness of WEHI-231 and Bal 17 B cell lines to BCR cross-linking. Methods: The extents of tyrosine phosphorylation, ligand-induced internalization, and activation-induced cell death upon BCR cross-linking were compared in two cell lines. Results: Despite a higher expression of BCR, cross-linking of BCR on WEHI-231 cell evoked a weaker level of tyrosine phosphorylation and BCR endocytosis than Bal 17 cells. Furthermore, the endocytosed BCR could not enter the lysosomal compartment and stayed as peripheral spots in WEHI-231 cells. Conclusion: WEHI-231 cell showed preferred BCR-mediated signaling pathways leading to a reduced capability of antigen presentation as well as the enhanced apoptosis in comparision with Bal 17 cells. These results might reflect the signaling differences between mature and immature B cells.

  • PDF

CD40 Co-stimulation Inhibits Sustained BCR-induced $Ca^{2+}$ Signaling in Response to Long-term Antigenic Stimulation of Immature B Cells

  • Nguyen, Yen Hoang;Lee, Ki-Young;Kim, Tae-Jin;Kim, Sung-Joon;Kang, Tong-Mook
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.179-187
    • /
    • 2011
  • Regulation of B cell receptor (BCR)-induced $Ca^{2+}$ signaling by CD40 co-stimulation was compared in long-term BCR-stimulated immature (WEHI-231) and mature (Bal-17) B cells. In response to long-term pre-stimulation of immature WEHI-231 cells to ${\alpha}$-IgM antibody (0.5~48 hr), the initial transient decrease in BCR-induced $[Ca^{2+}]_i$ was followed by spontaneous recovery to control level within 24 hr. The recovery of $Ca^{2+}$ signaling in WEHI-231 cells was not due to restoration of internalized receptor but instead to an increase in the levels of $PLC{\gamma}2$ and $IP_3R-3$. CD40 co-stimulation of WEHI-231 cells prevented BCR-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, and it strongly inhibited the recovery of BCR-induced $Ca^{2+}$ signaling. CD40 co-stimulation also enhanced BCR internalization and reduced expression of $PLC{\gamma}2$ and $IP_3R-3$. Pre-treatment of WEHI-231 cells with the antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) strongly inhibited CD40-mediated prevention of the recovery of $Ca^{2+}$ signaling. In contrast to immature WEHI-231 cells, identical long-term ${\alpha}$-IgM pre-stimulation of mature Bal-17 cells abolished the increase in BCR-induced $[Ca^{2+}]_i$, regardless of CD40 co-stimulation. These results suggest that CD40-mediated signaling prevents antigen-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of immature B cells through inhibition of sustained BCR-induced $Ca^{2+}$ signaling.

Differential Functional Expression of Clotrimazole-sensitive $Ca^{2+}$-activated $K^+$ Current in Bal-17 and WEHI-231 Murine B Lymphocytes

  • Zheng, Haifeng;Ko, Jae-Hong;Nam, Joo-Hyun;Earm, Yung-E;Kim, Sung-Joon
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.19-24
    • /
    • 2006
  • The intermediate conductance $Ca^{2+}-activated$ $K^+$ channels (SK4, IKCa1) are present in lymphocytes, and their membrane expression is upregulated by various immunological stimuli. In this study, the activity of SK4 was compared between Bal-17 and WEHI-231 cell lines which represent mature and immature stages of murine B lymphocytes, respectively. The whole-cell patch clamp with high-$Ca^{2+}$ ($0.8{\mu}M$) KCl pipette solution revealed a voltage-independent $K^+$ current that was blocked by clotrimazole (1 mM), an SK4 blocker. The expression of mRNAs for SK4 was confirmed in both Bal-17 and WEHI-231 cells. The density of clotrimazole-sensitive SK4 current was significantly larger in Bal-17 than WEHI-231 cells ($-11.4{\pm}3.1$ Vs. $-5.7{\pm}1.15$ pA/pF). Also, the chronic stimulation of B cell receptors (BCR) by BCR-ligation (anti-IgM Ab, $3{\mu}g$/ml, 8∼12 h) significantly upregulated the amplitude of clotrimazolesensitive current from $-11.4{\pm}3.1$ to $-53.1{\pm}8.6$ pA/pF in Bal-17 cells. In WEHI-231 cells, the effect of BCR-ligation was significantly small ($-5.7{\pm}1.15$ to $-9.0{\pm}1.00$ pA/pF). The differential expression and regulation by BCR-ligation might reflect functional changes in the maturation of B lymphocytes.

Background $K^+$ channel currents in WEHI-231 cells, immature B lymphocytes

  • Nam, Joo-Hyun;Woo, Ji-Eun;Kim, Tae-Jin;Uhm, Dae-Yong;Kim, Sung-Joon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Biophysical Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.39-39
    • /
    • 2003
  • In our previous study, WEHI-231, an immature B cell line, showed intractable increase in [C $a^{2+}$]$_{c}$ after the B-cell receptor (BCR) ligation and treatment with 2-aminoethoxydiphenylborate (2-APB), which was never observed in Bal-17, a mature B cell line (Nam et al., 2003, FEBS Lett). In this study, a whole cell voltage clamp study revealed a specific expression of a novel type of $K^{+}$ current, namely voltage-independent background-type $K^{+}$ channels (IK-bg), in WEHI-231 cells. IK-bg was dramatically increase by the application of 2-APB (50 $\square$M), which induced severe hyperpolarization of WEHI-231 from -45 ㎷ to -90 ㎷, When dialyzed with $Mg^{2+}$ and ATP-free pipette solution, a spontaneous development of IK-bg and membrane hyperpolarization were observed. IK-bg was insensitive to classical $K^{+}$ channel blockers (TEA, glibenclamide, $Ba^{2+}$(1 mM)), whereas blocked by quinine and quinidine in a voltage-dependent manner ($IC_{50}$/=6~9 $\square$M at +60㎷). Phorbol myrstate, a PKC activator, decreased the amplitude of IK-bg. Extracellular acidification (pH 6.5) slightly inhibited IK-bg. Arachidonic acid, riluzole, or hyposmotic stress could not affect the IK-bg after the full development by the intracellular dialysis with Mg-ATP-free solution. In a cell-attached mode of single channel recording from WEHI231, we found two types of voltage-independent $K^{+}$ channels with unitary conductance of 300 pS and 120 pS, respectively. Both channels showed very short mean open times and their open probabilities were increase by the application of 2-APB. In Bal-17 cells, no such $K^{+}$ current was observed in 50 cells tested. In summary, WEHI-231 immature B cells express background $K^{+}$ channels. The pharmacological properties and the large unitary conductance suggest that novel types of two-pore domain $K^{+}$ channels (2-P-K channels) might be expressed in WEHI-231, which may provide an intriguing targets of signal transduction in the immature B lymphocytes.e B lymphocytes.

  • PDF

Higher Expression of TRPM7 Channels in Murine Mature B Lymphocytes than Immature Cells

  • Kim, Jin-Kyoung;Ko, Jae-Hong;Nam, Joo-Hyun;Woo, Ji-Eun;Min, Kyeong-Min;Earm, Yung-E;Kim, Sung-Joon
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.69-75
    • /
    • 2005
  • TRPM7, a cation channel protein permeable to various metal ions such as $Mg^{2+}$, is ubiquitously expressed in variety of cells including lymphocytes. The activity of TRPM7 is tightly regulated by intracellular $Mg^{2+}$, thus named $Mg^{2+}$-inhibited cation (MIC) current, and its expression is known to be critical for the viability and proliferation of B lymphocytes. In this study, the level of MIC current was compared between immature (WEHI-231) and mature (Bal-17) B lymphocytes. In both cell types, an intracellular dialysis with $Mg^{2+}$-free solution (140 mM CsCl) induced an outwardly-rectifying MIC current. The peak amplitude of MIC current and the permeability to divalent cation ($Mn^{2+}$) were several fold higher in Bal-17 than WEHI-231. Also, the level of mRNAs for TRPM7, a molecular correspondence of the MIC channel, was significantly higher in Bal-17 cells. The amplitude of MIC was further increased, and the relation between current and voltage became linear under divalent cation-free conditions, demonstrating typical properties of the TRPM7. The stimulation of B cell receptors (BCR) by ligation with antibodies did not change the amplitude of MIC current. Also, increase of extracellular $[Mg^{2+}]_c$ to enhance the $Mg^{2+}$ influx did not affect the BCR ligation-induced death of WEHI-231 cells. Although the level of TRPM7 was not directly related with the cell death of immature B cells, the remarkable difference of TRPM7 might indicate a fundamental change in the permeability to divalent cations during the development of B cells.