• Title, Summary, Keyword: Voting Behavior

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A Study on Correlation of Voting Behavior and Attitude and Vote Intention in the Poll Survey (사전 태도 및 투표 의향과 실제 투표행동간 상관성 연구)

  • Lee, Kay-O;Jang, Deok-Hyun
    • Survey Research
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.1-30
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    • 2011
  • The purposes of the present study were to analyze correlation of vote behavior and attitude and vote intention in the pre-survey, and to investigate the efficient method of predicting the voting result from the pre-surveys. The previous attitude is measured by the support for the candidate, political self-confidence, self-efficacy and opinion on present issues. The vote intention is surveyed by the past election participation and degree of election interest. Real voting behavior is surveyed by the post enumeration, and the pre-survey and both post-survey are conducted to the same person to analyze the correlation of voting behavior and pre-survey. The real election participation is highly correlated with vote intention, election interest and past election participation. Almost respondents did not change the supporting candidate from the poll survey to the election vote. It is shown that the voting behavior at election of the nonrespondent of pre-survey can be predicted with the demographic charater and attitude of present issues.

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Perceptions of Issue Ownership and Party Choice: A Case of the Korean Legislative Election, 2016 (한국 정당의 이슈 소유권(issue ownership)과 유권자 투표행태: 20대 총선을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Hyono
    • Korean Journal of Legislative Studies
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.171-202
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    • 2018
  • Issue ownership concerns a party's issue handling reputation. When a party is perceived to have the best solution for an issue, voters identify the party as the owner of the issue. Extant literature of issue ownership voting shows that voters tend to vote for a party that they identify as the owner of an issue they concern most. That is, the effect of issue ownership on voting is conditioned by the perceived salience of the issue in question. This study investigates another condition of issue ownership voting: i.e. party behavior in election campaigns. It argues that the effect of issue ownership on voting is conditional: it depends on party behavior as well as issue salience. During the campaign in the 2016 legislative election, only the Democratic Party of Korea, the opposition party at that time, actively presented itself as the owner of economic issues. The analysis results of this study show that the identification of the Democratic Party as the economic issue owner affects voting for the party when a voter thinks the economy to be the most important issue. However, the identification of the other parties as the economic issue owner does not affect voting for them under the same condition. The results support the argument that party behavior as well as issue salience are conditions of issue ownership voting.

A Study on the Voting Behavior of National Assembly Members: Focused on the FTA Ratification of the 18th and 19th National Assembly (FTA 비준동의안에 대한 국회의원들의 투표행태 분석: 제18대, 제19대 국회를 중심으로)

  • Kang, Sinjae;Ka, Sangjoon
    • Korean Journal of Legislative Studies
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.67-101
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the significant factors having an effect on voting behavior of legislators in the FTA ratification votes of the 18th and 19th National Assembly. The previous studies show that the ideology and party affiliation of lawmakers are the most important factors influencing voting decisions of legislators. The study investigates whether these factors plays a significant role in voting on the FTA ratification. Statistical results show three important findings. First of all, we expected that the influence of the party variable be the most important factor due to the strong discipline of the Korean party. However, the results show that the constituency-interest variable is the most influential factor in the all analyses. Likewise, the results show that the influence of ideology variables on voting behaviors is very strong even though its impact is different by cases and models. This indicates that in the analysis of the voting behaviors of legislators, it is necessary to examine the effect of ideological variables in depth and in various ways. In addition, the results reasonably suggest that the party variable be consistently important even though its statistical significance is not shown in some models. Because the study analyzes the voting on the free trade agreement(FTA) bill, the results may not be commonly applicable to other voting behavior of legislator. Likewise, there is a limit to discussing the general characteristics of lawmakers based on the analysis on the 5 FTA ratifications. Nevertheless, the finding of the study is very significant. This is because it comprehensively analyzed the factors having an influence on the voting behavior of the legislators on FTA ratifications submitted to the National Assembly steadily since the 16th National Assembly. In addition, the study is very meaningful because it analyzed the ideological variables of the legislators in various perspectives considering that it is not easy in measuring the ideology of the lawmakers.

The Relationship between General Programming TV's News Ratings and the Vote Shares of Conservative Parties (종합편성채널의 뉴스보도 시청률과 보수 정당의 선거득표율 간의 관계)

  • Lee, Seung Yeop;Lee, Sang Woo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.80-89
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    • 2017
  • Television viewing affects viewers' attitudes and opinions on their political issues. Since the beginning of General Programming TV services in 2011, they are criticized of their politically biased programming. In order to investigate the effect of General Programming TV on voters' behavior, we analyzed whether or not there is a change in the voting behavior of the conservative parties among the areas with high and low TV ratings of general programming TV. Based on the result of 18th presidential election in December 2012, we could not find any difference in voting behavior on the Saenuri party among the areas with high and low ratings of general programming TV channels. However, in the 6th provincial election in June 2014, while the voting shares of the Saenuri party were higher in the areas with high ratings of TV Chosun, Channel A, and JTBC than in those areas with low ratings.

Voter Perceptions and Behavior in East Asian Mixed Systems

  • Rich, Timothy S.
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.21-34
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    • 2013
  • How do mixed legislative systems shape voter behavior and public perceptions? Through an analysis of the electoral systems in Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan, this paper evaluates the extent to which the public in these three countries understand their mixed systems and whether claims of voter ignorance translate into irrational voting behavior based on the institutional effects of mixed systems. Through a multi-method approach including data from outside of East Asia, this analysis seeks to determine whether these three cases exhibit patterns consistent with other mixed systems. Empirical analysis affirms levels of strategic voting consistent with comprehension of electoral rules. Furthermore, this analysis suggests a disconnect between practical knowledge and electoral expectations.

Action Selection by Voting with Loaming Capability for a Behavior-based Control Approach (행동기반 제어방식을 위한 득점과 학습을 통한 행동선택기법)

  • Jeong, S.M.;Oh, S.R.;Yoon, D.Y.;You, B.J.;Chung, C.C.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.163-168
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    • 2002
  • The voting algorithm for action selection performs self-improvement by Reinforcement learning algorithm in the dynamic environment. The proposed voting algorithm improves the navigation of the robot by adapting the eligibility of the behaviors and determining the Command Set Generator (CGS). The Navigator that using a proposed voting algorithm corresponds to the CGS for giving the weight values and taking the reward values. It is necessary to decide which Command Set control the mobile robot at given time and to select among the candidate actions. The Command Set was learnt online by means as Q-learning. Action Selector compares Q-values of Navigator with Heterogeneous behaviors. Finally, real-world experimentation was carried out. Results show the good performance for the selection on command set as well as the convergence of Q-value.

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The Relationship among Media use, Political cynicism, Voting Behavior in 2012 General Elections (2012 국회의원 총선에서 나타난 미디어 이용, 정치 냉소주의, 투표 참여 간의 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Hyok-Nam
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.60
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    • pp.28-51
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    • 2012
  • This study explored the influence of media use on the audiences' intention to vote as well as their political cynicism in 2012 General elections. I offered three research questions: Research Question 1: What is the impact of media use on the political cynicism? Research Question 2: What are the impact of political intersest, political knowledge, media malaise, political efficacy on the political cynicism? Research Question 3: What is the impact of political cynicism on vote behavior? This study analysed survey data. Based on the results of hierarchial regression analysis and path analysis(AMOS), Internet news use was found to have a significant impact on the political cynicism. But the use of newspaper, TV news were not related to political cynicism. The political efficacy decreased political cynicism effectively, The findings from this study indicate that the relationship between media use and political cynicism is contingent on many factors and that cynicism has a negligible impact on citizen participation. This study also found that persons higher in efficacy were less cynical than low in efficacy. This suggest that cynicism is not always bad thing, that it may in fact be an indication of "an interested and critical citizenry". In conclusion this study showed that we need more in-depth analyses on the relationships among attention to media use, political cynicism and voting behavior to activate political participation.

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The Analysis of Roll Call Data from the 18th Korean National Assembly: A Bayesian Approach (제 18대 국회 기명투표 분석: 베이즈(Bayesian) 방법론 적용)

  • Hahn, Kyu S.;Kim, Yuneung;Lim, Jongho;Lim, Johan;Kwon, Suhyun;Lee, Kyeong Eun
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.523-541
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    • 2014
  • We apply a Bayesian estimation procedure to the analysis of roll call voting records on 2,389 bills processed during the 18th Korean National Assembly. The analysis of roll calls yields useful tools for to combining the measurement of legislative preference with the models of legislative behavior. The current Bayesian procedure is extremely exible, applicable to any legislative setting, irrespective of the extremism of the legislator's voting history or the number of roll calls available for analysis. It can be applied to any legislative settings, providing a useful solution to many statistical problems inherent in the analysis of roll call voting records. We rst estimate the ideal points of all members of the 18th National Assembly and their condence intervals. Subsequently, using the estimated ideal points, we examine the factional disparity within each major party using the estimated ideal points. Our results clearly suggest that there exists a meaningful ideological spectrum within each party. We also show how the Bayesian procedure can easily be extended to accommodate theoretically interesting theoretical models of legislative behavior. More specically, we demonstrate how the estimated posterior probabilities can be used for identifying pivotal legislators.

Political Regionalism in Korean Congressional Elections 1988$\sim$2004: A case study with provincial border regions Yeongdong, Muju and Kimcheon (총선으로 본 지역주의 -영동.무주.김천 지역을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Jai-Han
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.381-395
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    • 2007
  • After the democratization process since 1988, the national scale voting behavior in congressional elections has changed from a rural-government party and urban-opposite party connection to a political regionalism oriented pattern. In this context, the case study with provincial border regions aims to investigate possible party identification change of the region, and to find a relationship between polling score ratio and socio-political characteristics of the candidates. As a result, Yeongdong shows a strong negation to the presumed Chungcheong local party and shows a continuous party identification with the Kyungsang local party. Muju reveals a more or less weakened identification with the Jeolla local party, on the contrary, Kimcheon shows a unchanged strong identification with the Kyungsang local party. The regional neighborhood effect was verified quite partly between the subdivision districts of the border regions. With a application of linear fitting method, it is certified that voters have attached great importance to the belonging party, native place, as well as political career of the candidates as a voting criterion.

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